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maintain a hospital in keeping with the hospital fees collected, and the words distance and facilities for the comfort and conveyance of any patient,” mentioned in section one of this act, shall be construed to mean the nearest hospital, and most comfortable means of conveyance at hand, or that can be procured in a reasonable time: Provided, That if at the nearest hospital the proper medical treatment cannot be secured, then it shall not be a misdemëanor to take any person or patient a greater distance or to another hospital:

SEC. 3. Any person or persons violating the provisions of this Violation. act shall, upon conviction thereof, be fined in any süm not less than two hundred dollar's Tor more than five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail for a period of not less than one hundred days nor more than two hundred and fifty days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

CHAPTER 88.— Wages a preferred claim-In insolvency, etc., of

corporations. SECTION 86. Whenever any corporation formed under the provi- Two months' sions of this [general corporation) act and prior acts shall become wages a prior insolvent or be dissolved in any way, or for any cause, the employees doing labor or service of whatever character in the regular employ of such corporation, shall have a lien upon the assets thereof for the amount of wages due to them, not exceeding two months' wages l'espectively, which shall be paid prior to any other debt or debts of said corporation ; but the word "employees ” shall not be construed to include any of the officers of such corporation.

CHAPTER 106.—Protection of employees as voters.

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SECTION 2. Any remuneration or reward or promise of remunera- Brlbery. tion or reward, whether it be in the form of a money gift or payment, release of debt, payment of board, lodging or transportation, the furnishing of food or clothing, the promise or giving of employment, the increasing or maintaining of wages,

either for the voter or any other person,

either before or after the election, for the purpose and with the object of inducing a voter or voters,

to vote for or against any candidate or measure, or to refrain from voting for or against the same, shall be deemed and considered bribery.

Sec. 7. Any person who attempts to influence the vote of his Influencing employee by directly or indirectly threatening such employee voters. with loss of employment or by intimating that such employee will lose his employment if he votes or fails to vote for a certain candidate or candidates, measure or measures, or that the success of a certain party or candidate will jeopardize his employment, shall be deemed guilty of intimidation, and upon conviction he shall be punished as herein prescribed for the crime of bribery.

CHAPTER 111.Protection of employees as members of labor

organizations. SECTION 1. It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corpora- Preventing tion to make or enter into any agreement, either oral or in writing, employees from

joining union. by the terms of which any employee of such person, firm or corporation, or any person about to enter the employ of such person, firm or corporation, as a condition for continuing or obtaining such employment, shall promise or agree not to become or continue a member of a labor organization, or shall promise or agree to become or continue a member of a labor organization.

SEC. 2. Any person or persons, firm or firms, corporation or cor- Penalty, porations, violating the provisions of section 1 of this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction thereof shall be fined in a sum not less than fifty or more than three hundred dollars, or be imprisoned in the county jail for a period

of not less than twenty-five days or more than five months, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

CHAPTER 124.—Coercion of employees in trading, etc.

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('oercion SECTION 1. Any person or persons, employer, company, corporato trading or tion or association, or the managing agent of any person or persons, boarding.

employer, company, corporation or association, doing or conducting business in this State, who by coercion, intimidation, threats or undue influence, compels or induces his or her evployees to trade at any particular store, or board at any particular boarding house, in this state, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof, in any court of competent jurisdiction, shall be fined in any sum not less than fifty (50) dollars nor more than two hundred (200) dollars, or by imprisonnient in the county Jail for a period of not less than thirty (30) days, nor more than one hundred (100) days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

NEW HAMPSHIRE.

PUBLIC STATUTES OF 1891.

CHAPTER 92.-Employment of children-School attendance.

Truant

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SECTION 17 (as amended by chapter 70, Acts of 1899). Truant 'cers.

officers shall, under the direction of the school board, enforce the laws and regulations relating to truants and children between the ages of eight and sixteen years not attending school and without any regular and lawful occupation, and the laws relating to the attendance at school of children between the ages of eight and

sixteen years. Duties as to Sec. 18 (as amended by chapter 70, Acts of 1899). Truant children at

officers shall, if required by the school board, enforce the laws work.

prohibiting the employment of children in manufacturing, mechanical, or mercantile establishments who have not attended school the prescribed time; and for this purpose, they may, when so authorized and required by vote of the school board, visit the manufacturing, mechanical, and mercantile establishments in their respective cities and towns, and ascertain whether any children under the age of sixteen are employed therein contrary to the provisions of law, and they shall report any cases of such illegal employment to the school board; and the truant officers, when authorized as aforesaid, may demand the names of all children under sixteen years of age employed in such manufacturing, mechanical, and mercantile establishments, and may require that the certificates and lists of such children provided for by law shall be produced for their inspection, Truant officers shall inquire into the employment, otherwise than in such manufacturing, mechanical, and mercantile establishments, of children under the age of sixteen years, during the hours when the public schools are in session, and may require that the certificates of all children under sixteen shall be produced for their inspection; and any such officer may bring a prosecution against a person or corporation employing any such child, otherwise than as aforesaid, during the hours when the public schools are in session, contrary to the provisions of law. A refusal or failure on the part of an employer of children under sixteen years of age to produce the certificate required by law, when requested by a truant officer, shall be prima facie evidence of the illegal employment of the child whose certificate is not produced. Truant officers shall have authority without a warrant to take and place in school any children found employed contrary to the laws relating to the employment of children, or violating the laws relating to the compulsory attendance at school of children between the ages of six and sixteen years.

CHAPTER 93.--Employment of children.

SECTION 10 (as amended by chapter 61, Acts of 1901). No child Age limit, under the age of twelve years shall be employed in any manufacturing establishment. No child under the age of fourteen years shall be employed in any manufacturing establishment, nor in any mechanical, mercantile, or other employment during the time in which the public schools are in session in the district in which he resides.

Sec. 11 (as amended by chapter 61, Acts of 1901). No child Certificate. under the age of sixteen years shall be employed in any manufacturing establishment, or in any mechanical, mercantile, or other employment, during the time in which the public schools are in session in the district in which he resides, without first presenting a statement of his age from his parent or guardian, sworn to before the superintendent of schools or, if there is no superintendent of schools, by some person authorized by the school board of the district in which such child is employed.

And no child under the age of sixteen years shall be employed as aforesaid during the time in which the public schools are in session in the district in which he resides without first presenting a certificate from the superintendent of schools or, if there is no superintendent of schools, some person authorized by the school board, that such child can read at sight and write legibly simple sentences in the English language. And any superintendent of schools or person authorized by the school board who certifies falsely as to matters prescribed by this section shall be fined not less than twenty nor more than fifty dollars for each offense.

Sec. 12 (as amended by chapter 61, Acts of 1901). No minor shall Employment be employed in any manufacturing establishment, or in any me

of illiterates. chanical, mercantile, or other employment, who can not read at sight and write legibly simple sentences in the English language, while a free public evening school is maintained in the district in which he resides, unless he is a regular attendant at such evening school or at a day school : Provided, That upon presentation by Physician's such minor of a certificate signed by a regular practicing physi

certificate. cian, and satisfactory to the superintendent of schools, or, where there is no superintendent of schools, the school board, showing that the physical condition of such minor would render such attendance in addition to daily labor prejudicial to his health, said superintendent of schools or school board shall issue a permit authorizing the employment of such minor for such period as said superintendent of schools or school board may determine. Said superintendent of schools or school board, or teachers acting under authority thereof, may excuse any absence from such evening school arising from justifiable cause. Any parent, guardian, or custodian who permits to be employed any minor under his control in violation of the provisions of this section shall forfeit not more than twenty dollars for the use of the evening schools of such town or city.

Sec. 13 (as amended by chapter 61, Acts of 1901). If any owner, Penalty. agent, superintendent, or overseer of a manufacturing, mechanical, or mercantile establishment, or any other person, shall employ any child in violation of the provisions of either of the three preceding sections, he shall be fined not exceeding fifty dollars for each offense, for the use of the district.

SEC. 18. It shall be the duty of the school board to prosecute Enforcement. offenders for violations of the provisions of this chapter. If they neglect to perform this duty they shall forfeit twenty dollars for each neglect, for the use of the district, to be recovered in the name of the district by the selectmen of the town. All necessary expenses incurred in such proceedings shall be paid by the district.

SEC. 19. No prosecution under this chapter shall be sustained Limitation. unless begun within one year after the offense is committed.

CHAPTER 119.-Inspection of steamboats. Appointment SECTION 1 (as amended by chapter 56, Acts of 1899, and chapter of Inspectors. 72, Acts of 1903). The governor, with the advice of the council,

shall appoint one inspector and three deputy inspectors of electric, naphtha, gasoline, or steamboats, whose duty it shall be to inspect all such boats and the boilers and engines thereof, used for the carriage of passengers or freight for hire on any lake, river, or pond in the State not subject to the authority in this respect of the United States inspection laws, or where inspections under such

laws are not regularly made. Annual in- SEC. 2 (as amended by chapter 6, Acts of 1895). The owners or spections.

lessees of every such boat shall cause it to be inspected by an inspector in all its parts, its engines and its boilers, annually,

within thirty days prior to engaging in the carriage of passengers. Certificate. SEC. 3. If upon such inspection the inspector finds the boat, its

boilers and engines, to be safe and sufficient for the carriage of passengers, he shall prescribe the maximum number of passengers the boat may carry at any one time, and such other rules and regulations as may seem to bim proper for such a boat, and he shall give the owners or lessees a certificate and license accord

ingly. Rules, etc., to Sec. 4. The owners or lessees of every such boat shall cause a be posted.

copy of the rules and regulations so established for it to be posted

in a conspicuous place on the boat. Other Inspec- Sec. 5. An inspector shall examine such boat, its boilers and tions.

engines, at such other time as he shall deem the public interest and safety require, not exceeding three times in any year, to see if the provisions of law and the rules and regulations established

for the boat have been complied with. Boats found SEC. 6 (as amended by chapter 56, Acts of 1899). If any boat to be unsafe, licensed as aforesaid shall, during the period of its license, be etc.

deemed by an inspector unsafe in its hull, or defective in its engine, boilers, or machinery, or if its owners or lessees shall have failed to comply with the rules and regulations prescribed by the inspector, he shall have power to revoke its license and stop and detain the boat until the necessary repairs have been made, or until the rules and regulations have been complied with,

and shall then issue a new certificate or license. Licensed en- SEC. 7 (as amended by chapter 56, Acts of 1899). The owners gineers to employed.

or lessees of any boat licensed to carry passengers or freight, as provided in this chapter, shall not employ any engineer or pilot upon said boat unless such engineer or pilot has been examined by an inspector of steamboats and has a certificate from him that

he is competent to act in that capacity. Engineers, SEC. 8. All engineers and pilots shall be examined by the inspectetc: to be ex. ors as to their competency, under oath; and power to adminisamined.

ter oaths in such cases is granted to inspectors. Penalty. SEC. 9 (as amended by chapter 56, Acts of 1899). If any per

son shall use any such boat for the carriage of passengers which, with its boilers and engines, has not been inspected and licensed as provided in this chapter, or shall employ upon any such steamboat any engineer or pilot who has not been examined and licensed as required by the preceding sections, he shall be fined not exceeding one hundred dollars, or be imprisoned not exceeding one year

or both. Engineer act- SEC. 11 (as amended by chapter 56, Acts of 1899). If any pering without li.

son shall act as engineer or pilot on any boat without the certificate cense, etc.

herein required; or if any engineer or pilot shall, during the period for which he is licensed, neglect his duties or be of intemperate habits, or violate any of the rules and regulations estabIished by the inspector; or if any engineer shall carry more steam than the certificate for his boat allows, or shall in any way or manner interfere with the locked safety valve of the boiler, after the same has been set by the inspector, so as to allow greater pressure in the boiler than the amount specified by the certificate,-bis license may be suspended or revoked by the

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inspector, and he shall be punished by fine not exceeding one hundred dollars, or by imprisonment not exceeding one year, or by both.

SEC. 12 (as amended by chapter 56, Acts of 1899). If any in- Unlawful fees. spector of boats, upon any pretense, receives any fee or reward for his services except what is allowed to him by law, he shall forfeit his office, and be punished by a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment not exceeding six months, or by both.

CHAPTER 159.--Safety appliances on railroads-Bridge guards.

SECTION 26. The proprietors of every railroad shall erect and Telltales to maintain bridge guards at each end of every bridge or other be erected. structure erected less than eighteen feet above the track of their railroad, the character and location of which shall be approved by the board of railroad commissioners.

SEC. 27. If the proprietors of any railroad shall fail to comply Penalty. with the provisions of the preceding section, they shall forfeit fifty dollars for each month of continuance in such failure.

CHAPTER 176.—Earnings of married women.

SECTION 1. Every woman shall hold to her own use, free from Earnings the interference or control of any husband she may have, all prop- separate property at any time earned,

if such earning, were not occasioned by payment or pledge of the property of the husband.

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CHAPTER 180.Employment of women and children.

SECTION 14. No woman and no minor under eighteen years of Hours of la. age shall be employed in a manufacturing or mechanical establish- bor. ment for more than ten hours in one day, except in the following cases :

I. To make a shorter day's work for one day in the week.

II. To make up time lost on some day in the same week in consequence of the stopping of machinery upon which such person was dependent for employment.

III. When it is necessary to make repairs to prevent interruption of the ordinary running of the machinery.

In no case shall the hours of labor exceed sixty in one week.

Sec. 15. The proprietors of every such establishment shall keep Schedule to be posted in a conspicuous place in every room where such persons posted. are employed a notice printed in plain, large letters, stating the exact time of beginning and of stopping work in the forenoon and in the afternoon, and the number of hours' work required of them each day of the week.

Sec. 16. If any owner, agent, superintendent, or overseer of any Penalty. such establishment shall willfully violate the provisions of either of the two preceding sections, he shall be fined not exceeding fifty dollars for each offense.

SEC. 17. A certificate of the age of a minor, made by him and Certificate of by his parents or guardian and presented to the employer at the age. time the minor is employed, shall be conclusive evidence of his age upon a prosecution for the violation of the provisions of section fourteen.

SEC. 18. If any person shall make and utter a false certificate False certifin regard to the age of a minor, with intent to evade the provi- cate. sions of this chapter, he shall be fined twenty-five dollars, or be imprisoned thirty days, or both, for each offense. SEC. 19.

Prosecutions under sections sixteen and Limitation. eighteen shall be barred unless begun within one year after the offense was committed.

H. Doc. 733, 58-2-47

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