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there will be no end of it's rambling: licentiousness knows no bounds. Were the laws altered, were Christianity abolished, and two, or three, or a greater number of wives allowed ; even this large liberty might prove unsatisfactory. Something forbidden will be still left to create a new longing: a depraved appetite can find no sweetness, but in that which is denied.
And this disposition is seen in other passions,
Haman went forth joyful, and with a glad Ether v. heart. But when he saw Mordecai in the king's gaté, that he food not up, nor moved for him, he was full of indignation. And Haman told of the glory of his riches, and the multitude of his children, and all the things, wherein the king had promoted him above the princes and servants of the king. - Yet all this availeth me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew fitting at the
One, little, insignificant facrifice refused to his vanity, destroyed the relish of every other gratification. To persons, whose minds are engrossed by any excessive passion, the abundance they possess is nothing, the trifle wanted employs all their thoughts.
1 Kings xxi.
Naboth the Jezreelite' had a vineyard, which was in Jezreel, hard by the palace of Ahab king of Samaria. And Ahab Spake unto Naboth, saying, Give me thy vineyard, that I may have it for a garden of herbs, because it is near unto my house; and I will give thee for it a better vineyard than it. And Naboth said, the Lord forbid it me, that I should give the inheritance of my fathers to thee. And Ahab came to his house heavy and displeased, because of the word which Naboth had spoken 10 him; and he laid him down upon his bed, and turned away his face, and would eat no bread. Shall we only say? men are found to want equally with a great deal, as with
a little : Or may we not add ? that this very abundance, is the real source of their necessities; or at least of the exquisite misery, which they feel under them. To fall sick for a garden of herbs, a man must be King over ten of the tribes of Israel.
But we need not go so far for arguments; or illustrate the insatiable nature of one irregular desire, by comparisons drawn from others: let us venture nearer to our subject; and take one example from Scripture, out of many, of the same perverseness, in the very passion we are treating of.
There were two men in one city; the one 2 Sam. xii. rich, and the other poor. The rich man had exceeding many flocks and herds; but the poor man had nothing, fave one little ewe-lamb, which he had bought and nourished up; and it grew up together with him and with his children; it did eat of his own meat, and
drank of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was unto him as a daughter. And there came a traveller 'unto the rich man; and he Spared to take of his own flock, and of his own herd, to dress for the way-faring man that came unto him; but took the poor man's lamb, and dressed it for the man that was come to him.
The offender in this sad, cruel instance, had already many, both wives and concubines. But all is too little. Nothing is acceptable, but the wife of another man, a faithful subject, a brave soldier, absent from his own family, enduring hardships, and braving death in his service.
The allowance of polygamy and concubinage, as we see by this example, is no security against the sin of adultery; and perhaps might not so much as lessen the temptation to it. For although it is very possible, that these liberties might
prevent the transgression, in some particular instances; yet they might also, on the other hand, create or inflame that vehemence of a pampered appetite, and rage of roving fancy, which is so unreasonable and dangerous, and is never to be satisfied with indulgence. Did ever a miser long less for gold, because he had already too much ? Did ever an ambitious man arrive at the extent of his wilhes? He imagines perhaps, that he fees fome end of his desires; and that the next accession of power, which he has in view, shall be the utmost he will ever aim at: but he finds, that the horizon retires before him, and will stand still only when he ceases to pursue it.
Nothing has been said of that perpetual uncertainty and disquiet, those jealousies and contests, those innumerable and endless distractions, which will be found attendants on polygamy and