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“When I came to reflect at night, as my custom is, upon

the occurrences of the day, I could not but believe that this humour of carrying a boy to travel in his mother's lap, and that upon pretence of learn:ing men and things, is a case of an extraordinary na. > ture, and carries on it a peculiar stamp of folly, I did not remember to have met with its parallel within the compass of my observation, thongh I could : call to mind some not extremely unlike it. From hence my thoughts took occasion to ramble into the general notion of travelling, as it is now made a part of education. Nothing is more frequent than to take a lad from grammar and law, and, under the tui. tion of some poor scholar, who is willing to be ba. nished for thirty pounds a year and a little victuals, send him crying and snivelling into foreign countries. Thus he spends his time as children do at puppet. shows, and with much the same advantage, in staring and gaping at an amazing variety of strange things ;. strange indeed to one who is not prepared to comprehend the reasons and meaning of them, whilst he should be laying the solid foundations of knowledge in his mind, and furnishing it with just .rules to direct his future progress in life under some skilful master of the art of instruction.

Can there be a more astonishing thought in na: ture, than to consider how men should fall into so palpable a mistake. It is a large field, and may very well exercise a sprightly genius ; but I do not remember you have yet taken a turn in it. I wish, Sir, you would make people understand, that travel is really the last step to be taken in the institution of youth ; and that to set out with it, is to begin where they should end.

Certainly the true end of visiting foreign parts is to look into their customs and policies, and ob. serve in what particulars they excel or come short

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of our own; to unlearn some odd peculiarities in our manners, and wear off such awkward stiffnesses and affectations in our behavionr, as possibly may have been contracted from constantly associating with one nation of men, by a more free, general, and mixed conversation. But how can any of these advantages be attained by one who is a mere stranger to the customs and policies of his native country, and has not yet fixed in his mind the first principles of manners and behaviour ? To endeavour it, is to build a gaudy structure without any foundation ; or, if I may be allowed the expression, to work a rich embroidery upon a cobweb.

Another end of travelling, which deserves to be considered, is the improving our taste of the best anthors of antiquity, by seeing the places where they lived, and of which they wrote ; to compare the natural face of the country with the descriptions they have given us, and observe how well the picture agrees with the original. This must certainly be a most charming exercise to the mind that is rightly turned for it, besides that it may in a good measure be made subservient to morality, if the person is capable of drawing just conclusions concerning the un. certainty of human things, from the ruinous altera. tions time and barbarity have brought upon so many palaces, cities and whole countries, which make the most illustrious figures in history. And this hint may be not a little improved by examining every

little spot of ground that we find celebrated as the scene of some famous action, or retaining any footsteps of a Cato, Cicero, or Brutus, or some such great virtuous man.

A nearer view of any such particular, though really little and trifling in itself, may serve the more powerfully to warm a generous mind to an emulation of their virtues, and a greater ardency of ambition to imitate their bright examples,

if it comes duly tempered and prepared for the impression. But this I believe you will hardly think those to be, who are so far from entering into the sense and spirit of the ancients, that they do not yet understand their language with any exactness *.

6 But I have wandered from my purpose, which was only to desire you to save, if possible, a fond English mother, and mother's own song from being shown a ridiculous spectacle through the most polite parts of Europe. Pray tell them, that though to be sea-sick, or jumbled in an outlandish stage-coach, may perhaps bc healthful for the constitution of the body, yet it is apt to cause such dizziness in young empty heads as too often lasts their life-time.

I am, sir,
Your most humble servant,

PHILIP HOMEBRED.'

* The following paragraph, in the first edition of this paper in folio, whether written orginally by the Earl of Hardwicke, or inserted afterwards by Sir R. Steele, was probably suppressed on the first re-publication, at the request of Addison. It is reprinted here from the Spect. in folio, No. 364.

• I cannot quit this head without paying my acknowledgments to one of the most entertaining pieces this age has produced, for the pleasure it gave me. You will easily guess that the book I have in my head is Mr. Addison's Remarks upon Italy. That ingenious gentleman has with so much art and judgment applied his exact knowledge of all the parts of classical learning, to illustrate the several occurrences of his travels, that his work alone is a pregnant proof of what I have said. Nobody that has a taste this way, can read him going from Rome to Naples, and making Horace and Silius Italicus his chart, but he must feel some uneasiness in himself to reflect that he was not in his reti. nue. I am sure I wished it ten times in every page, and that not without a secret vanity to think in what state I should have travelled the Appian road, with Horace for a guide, and in company with a countryman of my own, who, of all men living, knows best how to follow his steps.

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SIR,

Bircoin-lane. • I was married on Sunday last, and went peaceably to bed; but, to my surprise, was awak. ened the next morning by the thunder of a set of drums. These warlike sounds (methinks) are very improper in a marriage-concert, and give great of. fence; they seem to insinuate, that the joys of this state are short, and that jars and discord soon ensue. I fear they have been ominous to many matches, and sometimes proved a prelude to a battle in the honey-moon. A nod from you may hush them; therefore, pray, Sir, let them be silenced, that for the fu. ture none but soft airs may usher in the morning of a bridal night; which will be a favour not only to those who come after, but to me, who can still subscribe myself,

Your most humble
and most obedient servant,

ROBIN PRIDEGROOM,

MR. SPECTATOR,

I AM one of that sort of women whom the gayer part of our sex are apt to call a prude. But to show them that I have a very little regard to their raillery, I shall be glad to see them all at 'The Amorous Widow, or The Wanton Wife, which is to be acted for the benefit of Mrs. Porter, on Monday the 28th instant. I assure you I can laugh at an amorous widow, or wanton wife, with as little temptation to imitate them, as I could at any other vicious character. Mrs. Porter obliged me so very much in the exquisite sense she seemed to have of the honourable sentiments and noble passions in the character of Hermione, that I shall appear in her behalf at a comedy, though I have no great relish for any entertainments where the mirth is not sea. soned with a certain severity, which ought to recommend it to people who pretend to keep reason and authority over all their actions.

I am, sir,

Your frequent reader, T.

ALTAMIRA.'

No 365. TUESDAY, APRIL 29, 1712.

Vere magis, quia vere calor redit ossibus

VIRG. Georg. iii. 278.
But most in spring: the kindly spring inspires
Roviving heat, and kindles genial fires.

ADAPTED.

Flush'd by the spirit of the genial year,
Be greatly cautious of your sliding hearts.

THOMSON's Spring, 160, &c.

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The author of the Menagiana acquaints us, that discoursing one day with several ladies of quality about the effects of the month of May, which infuses a kindly warmth into the earth, and all its inhabi. tants, the marchiòness of S.

who was one of the company, told him, that though she would promise to be chaste in every month besides, she could not engage for herself in May. As the beginning therefore of this month is now very near, I design this paper for a caveat to the fair sex, and publish it before April is quite out, that if any them should be caught tripping, they may not pretend they had not timely notice.

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