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Light blue and yellow fur mixed together, and ribbed with yellow silk thread.

Water rat or mole's fur, ribbed with yellow silk thread.

Lead colour silk.

Straw colour silk, or martin cat's fur, ribbed with brown silk.

Very light blue, tinged at the tips with yellow.

Blood red.

Black.

Ginger.

Light starling.

Moorhen, or Waterrail.

Woodcock.

2 mallard's feathers dyed yellow.

13. Stone Fly.

15. Grey Drake.”

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Brown and yellow fur mixed
together, and ribbed with
yellow silk.

White ostrich herl, or white
floss silk, ribbed with a
black horsehair.

Grizzle.

Black, or very dark
blue.

Woodcock.

Dark grey widgeon
or mallard's feather.

NAME. BODY. HACKLE. WINGS.
16. Alder Fly. Copper-coloured floss silk. Black. Woodcock.
17. Red Ant. Dark red silk, with peacock's Red. Jay.
herl wound thickly at the
tail.
18. Black Ant. Black silk, with black ostrich Black. Jay.
herl worked thickly at the
tail.
19. Red Spinner.” Fine red fur, or dark red silk, Red. Light starling.

White with black
list, wound close
to the head.

White.

20. White Spinner.”

21. White Moth,

22, Welchman's Button.

ribbed with fine gold twist. Very light blue (nearly white)

fur, ribbed with the finest

silver twist.
White fur, wound thickly.

Peacock's herl, wound thickly.

Black.

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CHAPTER VIII.

“With pliant rod, athwart the pebbled brook,
Let me with judgment cast the feather'd hook;
Silent along the mazy margin stray,
And, with a fur-wrought fly, delude the prey.”
GAY.

HAVING given, in the preceding chapters, what we hope will prove sufficient instructions for the selection and manufacture of the various implements employed in fly-fishing, it is now our business to explain their use. But we must first remind the reader that a knowledge of the art is not to be acquired from the simple perusal of rules and instructions, any more than a person can learn to swim without entering the water. That knowledge can only result, as in every similar case, in proportion to the display of judgment in applying and of industry in practising them. “He,” saith our father Izaac, “who undertakes to make a man that was none to be an angler by a book, will undertake a harder task than Mr. Hales, a most valiant and excellent fencer, who, in a printed book called “A Private School of Defence,’ undertook to teach that art or science and got laughed at for his labour; M. but that many useful things might be learnt from that book, but he was laughed at because that art was not to be learnt by words but practice—and so must angling. Seeing,” addeth Izaac, “that as no man is born an artist, so no man is born an angler, I thought fit to give thee this notice.” There was formerly a prejudice against the seeking in books for angling instructions, as, indeed, there was against book-learning of every kind; but happily the day is gone to render necessary anything like argument to show the folly of such a prejudice. There is no earthly reason why a book on this subject should not be just as useful to a young angler as other books are to the seeker after other kinds of information; nor why the experience of anglers should not also be preserved and communicated by means of the printer's art, as well as that of others whose writings “ the schoolmaster” has prepared most people, now-a-day, to comprehend and profit by. We take it for granted, therefore, that while it is quite possible to write a good and an instructive book on this fascinating art, the precepts of that

art will be comparatively valueless if not prac

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