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The face was apparently beautiful by nature, but ren

Original. dered still more interesting by the silent beauty of death. EL DORADO-THE GILDED KING. The smile of innocence was on the lips—the smile that death could not remove-the smile that appeared as if some angel had had a hand in forming it—the smile Two centuries and a half ago, the fable of El Dothat spoke of heaven. On the monument was simply rado filled the public mind of Europe. Especially were inscribed the name, Emily. I know not when I have the maritime nations of that day excited by its lure. met with any thing that so touched my heart. The The new world had been discovered. Specimens of scene brought up before me the image of many a lovely its treasure had been deported. The leaven of desire one whom I had seen in youthful beauty deposited in for its undiscovered possessions had spread from court the grave. The emotions, the thoughts of that hour to camp, from princes to beggars, till the whole mass of cannot soon be forgotten. I lingered over the picture, society seemed in commotion. nor minded the lapse of time, till the sun of a long Avarice personified, under the garb of adventure, besummer day was gone down, and the shades of even-strode the ocean. Her footsteps in the new world were ing were falling around me. I looked up and found bathed in blood. She paused not to complete her work that the numerous visitors who had been wandering, as of desolation in the fair islands of the Caribbean, till well as myself, among these haunts of melancholy in- after she had disturbed the sacra penetralia of the conterest, had all departed, and the gates were shut. tinent. She caused the din of arms to resound alike “I felt like one who treads alone

in the primeval forest and the aboriginal city. She Some banquet hall deserted;

scaled the Andes and laid waste savannahs of both the Whose lights are fled, whose garlands dead,

Atlantic and the Pacific shores; while the price of her And all but me departed.”

relentless tributes, the blood of the native inhabitants, Slowly and sadly I retired. The keeper observed me ap- was mingled with the waters of many an inland river. proaching, and uncomplainingly and even kindly opened

Not only was the fiery genius of the Spaniards and again the gate for me. Alone I returned to the city, the Portuguese excited by these golden dreams, but where I arrived just as the last lights of evening were

even the drowsy Hollanders were aroused strike for disappearing.

a share of the spoil; while the French and the English Indiana Asbury University, October, 1811.

mingled in the strife, as their respective expeditions to the coast of Brazil, Guiana and the Islands, testify. It

may be instructive to embody the more striking feaCHRIST THE SOUL OF MUSIC.

tures of this “cunningly devised fable,” of which every All the music on carth which is not made by Christ one has heard something, but of which few historians and for him, is discordant in his ear, and as the raven's give particulars. It was told chiefly of South America, croak. As it was He who gave to David's harp so and perhaps the most satisfactory data respecting it are sweet a sound, vibrated its strings upon the hills of found in Southey's History of Brazil. Bethlehem, inspired the royal bard with his own voice, Wherever the early adventurers landed, their first and directed it in those lovely Psalms to personate him- | inquiries were for the precious metals. Being them. self; so it is no other than he, who still to the present selves as ignorant of the native dialects as were the day, opens the lips of them that sing with the spirit poor savages of European tongues, their intercourse and with the understanding also. He opens their lips for a long time must have been exceedingly vague. to show forth His praise; he gives harmony to their voi-| Not finding what they so eagerly coveted upon the ces, and cheerful melody to their hearts. He lodges coast, expectation pointed them inland, and they natuthe psaltery in their bosoms, and plays upon the hidden rally interpreted the rude signs of the Indians to mean chords of their inmost soul, with the breath his precisely what they wished. Perchance, also, when mouth. He lives in their sighs of sorrow, and in their the natives were able to comprehend what was wanted, shouts of joy; in their longing plaints of love, and in from their desire to please the strangers, which they their hymnings of praises; in their cries at the cross, could accomplish in no other way, they narrated to and in their exultation upon that delectable hill, where, them as well as they might, some ill-defined traditions upon their foreheads, they find themselves sealed with of a better land toward the setting sun. Thus there the Spirit unto the day of redemption. In every breath-originated along the whole Spanish main, rumors of ing of the renewed nature, whether it be of a groan or an inland country abounding with gold. These rumors of a hosanna; in every act of homage, and in every may have related to the kingdoms of Bogota and Tunhailing of holy joy; in the great temple choir of the ja, now New Granada. But in that country there were waiting Church militant, who all harmonize in that one also rumors of a rich land at a distance, applicable to ejaculation, “ Amen, even so, come, Lord Jesus, come Peru; while in Peru similar accounts were gathered quickly!" there, even there is he, the Lord and his referring back to Granada. Thus adventurers from Spirit, present, as the life and inspiration of all, how both sides were allured to continue pursuit long after ever poorly fitted such persons and things may seem the game was taken. for a glorious presence and habitation like his.-Krum “ An imaginary kingdom was soon shaped out as the macher.

object of their quest, and stories concerning it were not



more easily invented than believed. It was said that a || This enterprising knight, after several voyages to North younger brother of Atabalipa fled after the destruction America, was sent out in an expedition against the of the Incas, took with him the main part of their treas- Spaniards at Panama. Having thus gained some ures, and founded a greater empire than that of which | knowledge of the northern regions of South America, his family had been deprived. Sometimes this imagined he undertook in 1595, the discovery and conquest of emperor was called the great Paytiti; sometimes the great Guiana. Anxiety to excite the greatest possible interMoxo, (pronounced Mo-sho;) sometimes the Enim orest in his enterprise, seems to have prompted him to great Paru. In Mexico the great Quivira was what appeal at once to the cupidity and marvelousness of his the Enim was to Peru, the imaginary successor of the countrymen, by publishing among other stories the folfallen dynasty. An impostor at Lima affirmed that he lowing, which he must have known to be chronologihad been in his capital, the city of Manoa, where notcally impossible, from the fact that Diogo de Ordas asfewer than three thousand workmen were employed incended the Oronoco the same year that Pizarro conthe silversmiths' street: he even produced a map of the quered Peru. country, in which he had marked a hill of gold, anoth “A brother of Atabalipa fied after the destruction of er of silver, and a third of salt. The columns of the the Incas, taking with him so great an army of the Orepalace were described as of porphyry and alabaster, the jones, that he conquered the interior of Guiana. When galleries of ebony and cedar, the throne was of ivory, Diogo de Ordas was attempting the conquest of the and the ascent to it was by steps of gold.

Oronoco, and had advanced some three hundred miles “When D. Martin del Bareo was writing his Argen- up the river, his whole stock of powder was blown up. tina, a report was current in Paraguay that the court Provoked at the master of the munition, named Juan of the great Moxo had been discovered. Don Martin Martinez, for this negligence, he condemned him to communicates it as certain intelligence, and expresses death. Entreaty was made for his life; but the utmost his regret that Cabeza de Vaca had turned back from mercy which Ordas would grant, was that he should the Xarayes, for had he proceeded in that direction he be set adrift in a canoe without food. The stream carwould have been the fortunate discoverer.

ried him down, and in the evening a party of Guian“This palace, says he, stood in a lake island. It was ians fell in with him. They had never seen a white built of white stone; at the entrance were two towers, man before; and having thus caught one, blind-folded and between them a column of five-and-twenty feet in him, and led him a journey of fourteen or fifteen days height; on its top was a large silver moon, and two liv- through the country, to be wondered at from town to ing lions were fastened to its base with chains of gold. town, till they arrived at Manoa, the great city of the

“Having passed by these keepers, you came into a Inca. At the entrance of this city they took the banquadrangle planted with trees and watered by a silver dage from his eyes. It was noon when they entered fountain, which spouted through four golden pipes. it. He traveled along the streets till night, and the next The gate of the palace was of copper; it was very day from sun-rise till sun-set, before he came to the small, and its bolt was received into the solid rock. palace. Here he was detained seven months, and not Within, a golden sun was placed upon an altar of sil- permitted to go without the walls. Leave was then ver, and four lamps were kept burning before it day and given him to return, and a party of Guianians, laden night. Manifestly as such fictions were borrowed from with as much gold for him as they could carry, were the romances of Almadis and Palmerin, they were not ordered to re-conduct him to the Oronoco. When they too gross for the greedy avarice of those to whom they drew near the river, the savages fell upon them and were addressed. This imaginary kingdom obtained the robbed them of all the treasure, except two calabashes name of El Dorado, from the fashion of its lord, who full of golden beads, which they suffered him to keep, had the merit of being in a savage costume. His body supposing them to contain food. He got to Trinidad, was anointed every morning with a certain fragrant and from thence to Porto Rico. There he died, and at gum of great price, and gold-dust was then blown upon his death gave the beads to the Church for the good of him through a tube, till he was covered with it: the his soul, leaving this account of his discovery." whole was washed off at night. This the barbarian The court dress, according to his description, was of thought a more magnificent and costlier attire than could gold-dust, conformably to the usual fable of El Dorado. be afforded by any other potentate in the world, and This bait was rather too coarsely gilded, and Raleigh's hence the Spaniards called him El Dorado, or the expedition to Guiana appears never to have gained GILDED ONE."

much eclat, notwithstanding his prediction that “the Thus we have, in brief, the fable which has cost common soldier should there fight for gold and pay himSpain a greater expense of life and treasure than all self, instead of pence with plates of half a foot broad." her conquests in the New World. A history of all the His book closes with a singular piece of flattery to expeditions that were undertaken for the conquest of his distinguished patroness, Queen Elizabeth. He deEl Dorado, would form a volume not less interesting sired that the very Amazons should “hear her virgin than extraordinary. In connection with one of them, name;" and this was merely introductory to his prayer, it becomes necessary to introduce the name of Sir Wal- ||“ that he who is King of all kings, and Lord of lords, ter Raleigh, which is more honorably associated with would put it into her heart, who is Lady of ladies, the discovery and early settlement of our own country.ll to conquer El Dorado."



Reasons why the English were less attentive to these View him in the onward progress of sin, swaying representations appear to have grown out of their sad the sceptre over his blinded followers. How often is experience on a similar errand in the northern seas. In he not worshiped as a god, and enthroned upon the 1577, a stone which had been brought from the frozen | very altars of Jehovah. At one time he stoops to beregions of America was pronounced by the refiners of come a beast in the hands of Aaron; at another he London to contain gold. “The news excited the wake- stands erect as the image of the proud Nebuchadnezzar; ful avarice of the city, and there were not wanting those and in either case prostrate nations worship before him. who endeavored to purchase of the Queen a lease of Such is the peculiar nature of his monarchy that it lands, whose loose minerals were so full of the precious seems equally perfect in the heart of an individual and metal.” A fleet was immediately fitted out under the in the sway of a community. command of Martin Frobisher, for the express purpose The idol temple is not erected merely on the shores of penetrating the Arctic El Dorado.

of India, neither are its votive offerings accumulated, The ships, after encountering innumerable perils | nor its incense fires kindled merely by the hand of Paamid the icebergs of the polar sea, were at length freight- gan priests. ed with fragments of earth, which to the credulous The creations of that modern genius, Speculation, seemed plainly to contain the coveted treasure. Imme- whether based upon the water lots of the Atlantic coast, diately hereafter occurred the first attempt of the Eng- or the paper cities of the west, have formed a chosen lish, under the patronage of Elizabeth, to plant an es- shrine at which thousands have offered sacrifices, and tablishment in America. A magnificent fleet of fifteen where the king has been present to “snuff the incense" sail was fitted out in part at her expense. “The sons of the licensed idolatry. of the English gentry embarked as volunteers, and one Enter the closet of the miser, unlock his chest of hundred persons were chosen to form the colony, which gold, and you behold his god. There every coin is was to secure to England a country more desirable than guarded as sacredly as though it embodied the person Peru; a country too inhospitable to produce a tree or a of his proper sovereign. The prodigal worships the shrub, yet where gold lay not charily concealed in mines, same treasure in the shape of its purchased productsbut glistening in heaps upon the surface. Twelve ves- || the perishing pleasures of sense. sels were to return immediately with cargoes of the Thus as idolatry is confined to no liturgy or form, ore; three were ordered to remain and aid the settle- but triumphs equally in the moody mysticism of fire ment. The northwest passage was now become of less worship, and the bloody rites of human sacrifice; so consideration ; Asia itself could not vie with the riches covetousness is equally at home in high places and in of this hyperborean archipelago.” The disastrous and low, under the shade of the banyan and in the marble mortifying results of such an expedition can easily be palace; while of all its Protean shapes, either may fitly conjectured, and might well serve as lessons of expe- serve as prime minister to the golden king. rience for subsequent years.

Thus far we have only dwelt upon the willing homHappy would it have been for our race, if these base- age of which “the gilded one" seems the passive obless vagaries had constituted either the first or the last | ject. Turn we now to behold him as the acting, movvision of gold that has been seen in the day-dreams of ing spirit of his own wide empire. Like the serpent

But alas! the tale of El Dorado is too true an epit- in a bed of roses, his lothsome coils may sometimes be ome of the history of mankind. What age has not ex- || discovered beneath the very flowers of piety. Now he hibited equal folly in similar pursuits, although fortunate- | whispers in the ear of the prophet's servant, and sends ly most often on a smaller scale.

Gehazi upon the infamous errand which doomed him Who can say that much of the strength of the first to inherit the leprosy of Naaman. Again he superintemptation, which brought “death into the world with || tends the bargain of Judas with the chief priests, and all our woe," did not consist in this, that the forbidden the Savior is bartered for thirty pieces of silver. Anon fruit presented a golden hue? “It was pleasant to the he plots the scheme for Ananias and Sapphira, and as eyes."

the father of lies teaches them, for the sake of gold to “A goodly tree far distant to behold,

| lie unto the Holy Ghost. Who but himself could have Laden with fruit of fairest colors mixed,

ever suggested to man, that the gifts of heaven could Ruddy and gold."

be purchased with money? Who has more profited It would at least appear that the tempter, from that period, chose the color of gold for his own adorning. It has by the traffic in which the pretended indulgences and thenceforth been at once the livery and the court dress sold like things of trade? Yet, as though neither con

graces of the Gospel have been dispensed — bought and of the Prince of this world. He himself has been the tent with this great gain, nor with the mad ambition to great El Dorado, dwelling in “the palace of great Lu

"rule in hell,” a middle world has been invented, on cifer," which Milton represents as standing

the ground of whose imagined tortures to the dead, “High on a hill far blazing as a mount, Raised on a mount with pyramids and towers,

new taxes might be levied on the living. Can any one From diamond quarries hewn and rocks of gold." doubt its author? While thus disguised under the The dust that has glittered on his body has been suffi- mantle of religion, the same spirit has not been idle in cient, in the eyes of the world, to hide its Satanic de- a different sphere. The very trappings of his royalty formity.

I have been hung around the avenues of perdition, while




his personal influence has not been withheld from the agonies. In the siege of Mexico alone, no less than a support of any vice. At one moment he has rode aloft hundred thousand fell by the sword, besides those who on the black rolling fumes of the distillery, which have perished by famine, and other causes incident to war. served him as a car of triumph; at the next he has de Notwithstanding the rapid and relentless destruction scended in the form of a menial to minister at the bar of life in the West India Islands, yet an intelligent Porof alcohol. His mysterious agency has pervaded the tuguese writer represents it to have been insignificant resort of mirth and dissipation, while his majestic pres- compared with what was accomplished by the gold and ence has often been witnessed at the haunts of the slave hunters of Brazil. Yet Peru, under the conquest gamester. What dignitary could more fitly preside of Pizarro, was witness to the greatest atrocities. The over an earthly hell!

Incas, or native emperors of that region of South AmerThe solid land has not been the only scene of hisica, were at once the most wealthy and the most refined power. He has invaded the domains of ocean. Not of all the aboriginal sovereigns. The ruling monarch content with a ceaseless tribute from the gains of com- at this period extended to the strangers hospitality and merce, he has freighted the smuggler’s bark, has fitted kindness, commanding his attendants to offer them no out the slaver, has stowed away her cargo of human injury. beings to endure the horrors of a middle passage, some The perfidious wretches seized upon their benefactimes casting them overboard to lighten the vessel in a tor, put to death his alarmed subjects by thousands, and chase, at others selling them into a hopeless bondage. having extorted from the survivors “as many vessels His hand has been on the helm of the pirate ship, and of gold as would fill an apartment twenty-two feet long, his death-flag has waved at her peak, while the work sixteen wide, and eight high,” as the purchase money of destruction has been done to many an innocent vic-of his freedom, they then burned alive the captive Inca. tim. Again he has stood by the highway robber, and In such facts we have the moral of the fable above pointed out the place of secret assassination. Gilded narrated. Yet how many in both worlds are still in though he may be, this king is a heartless tyrant; for pursuit of El Dorado! Not only men, but maidens when his subjects have done their appointed work, and are chasing the phantoms by which this scheming mongained its reward, he turns their gold into corruption, arch decoys them onward to the anticipated possession and their pleasure to poison, conniving at their self- of a mimic kingdom, over which they may rule. Fordestruction.

tunately the pursuits of the many, though nearly as As though his greatness were in danger of being im- fruitless, are not so desperate as those of the early adpeached from his descent to the meaner branches of ventures. common iniquity, his chief glorying has ever been to Many republicans, however unwittingly, glory in their gather the laurels of war. By the promise of power allegiance to the gilded king. What is worse, Chrishe has promoted civil dissension. He has made inter-tians sometimes so far mistake their calling as to court est the pretense anarchy, and caused brother to spill | his favor. Then they become “most zealous when rea brother’s blood. Under the flag of conquest he has ligion puts on her silver slippers, and they love to walk led nation against nation. In his desolating track, ci- with her in the street, when the sun shines and the ties have been made the bon-fires of victory, and heca. people applaud her.” But how careless do they appear tombs of living men have been offered to appease his of her when in rags or bound in irons! Alas, how Moloch vengeance.

often and how soon do they become like the veritable This brings us to the point whence we started. For characters of Bunyan, Mr. Hold-the-world, Mr. Moneyamong all the wars described in history, none have been love, and Mr. Save-all, of the town of Love-gain, in more inhuman than those enacted in the conquest of the county of Coveting. These persons, after various the New World. Even conquerors before, had shown discourse with the faithful pilgrims, Christian and Hopesome disposition to establish a character for magnanim-ful, were decoyed by Demas, who loved this present ity and personal greatness, although their notions of world, across the plain Ease, to the hill Lucre, to exvirtue were grossly perverted. But the desperadoes amine a silver mine. There they perished either by who now sought for the kingdom, and strove for the falling into the pit, having gone too near the brink therespoils of a monarch, whose only existence was in the of, or having gone down to dig, being smothered by the capacity of their proper master, dead as they were to damps that commonly arise there. Ah, when shall we human feeling, seemed to think that the infamy of their learn deeds would be overlooked amid the glare of their ill " Where our true treasure ? Gold says, "Not in me,' gotten treasure. To prepare the way for the plunder • And not in me,' the diamond. Gold is poor, they had in view, Cortez and his followers butchered

India's insolvent: yet all may find it,

Who lodge a soul immortal in their breast !" the unoffending Indians by thousands, and laid their towns in ruins. On one occasion sixty caciques, or chiefs of the Mexican empire, and four hundred nobles, were burned alive with the utmost coolness and delib We should act with as much energy as those who eration; and to complete the horror of the scene, the expect every thing from themselves; and we should children and relations of the wretched victims were as- pray with as much earnestness as those who expect ev. sembled, and compelled to be spectators of their dying i ery thing from God.

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