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THE DAY OF CHRIST.
BY JOHX TODD BRAME.
truth?” It might be supposed that at least in the land THE DAY OF CHRIST.
of Judea, the footsteps of truth might have been traced. Even thence she had fled in despair and disgust, at the blindness and prejudice of men. True, to the Jew the
sacred page was unfolded; to his keeping were intrust« How blessed are our eyes, That see this heavenly light;
ed “the law and the testimony;" but their voice was Prophets and kings desired it long,
hushed by the buzz of tradition, and the clamor of big. But died without the sight!"
otry. The obvious import of Scripture was obscured
and mystified and misapplied. The masters in Israel, Upon the world “the midnight deep of ignorance instead of displaying truth, in her amiable character had brooded long,” when, in the fullness of time, the and fair habiliments, forged a system, exclusive, dark eternal Son of God made his appearance among men. and bigoted, with scarce a trace of original purity and Darkness covered the earth, and gross darkness the
loveliness. minds of its inhabitants. For four thousand years From this view of the state of the world, we may men' had been groping their uncertain way in the adopt the language of John the Divine and say, “Nogloomy dungeons of inquiry, doubt, and conjecture. man in heaven, nor in earth, nor under the earth, was In the expressive language of the prophet, “ the people able to open the Book” of truth, “nor to look thereon.” dwelt in darkness, and in the land of the shadow of And like the tender-hearted disciple, the lovers of wisdeath." Though the mind of man had received a de- dom and the friends of man, “wept much that no man gree of cultivation, and philosophy and science scatter
was found worthy to open and to read the book.” They ed their feeble rays, a pall was thrown over all spiritual lamented the imperfection of their knowledge, and the subjects, and there prevailed an universal lack of knowl- apparent impossibility of crossing that boundary on edge with regard to the soul; its heavenly origin, im- | which they were standing, in sadness for the past, and mortal nature, and lofty destiny. The night, which despair for the future. How applicable to their condienveloped in its sable robe the minds of men, was un- tion the words of the poetpierced by a single ray; not a solitary star hung upon “O sacred Truth! thy triumphs ceased awhile, its black canopy; the gloom was complete and unlim And Hope, thy sister, ceased with thee to smile!" ited. The Jews formed no exception to this remark. Does darkness follow an eclipse of that sun, which enThey indeed had the means of instruction, but would lightens and animates the natural world? How great, not use them; they would not come to the light, which then, the gloom which shrouded mankind, when the shone from the sacred oracles committed to their care; glorious orb of Truth withdrew its rays, and disappearthey had eyes, but they would not see. But it had noted from the hemisphere of mortals—ascending far aloft been determined in the Divine council that this gloom | and re-commingling its splendor with the fadeless effulshould last for ever—that this midnight should remain|gence of the eternal Throne! If we, in the meridian unbroken until the light of Eternity should dawn upon glory of the Gospel day, complain of a want of light, the ruins of Time. Malachi, the latest of the prophets, and of the limitedness of our vision, how keen must uttered the delightful promise, “Unto you that fear my have been the regrets of those, who painfully conscious name shall the Sun of righteousness arise, with healing of their darkness, knew not the means of enlightenin his wings." About four hundred years after this ment, and upon whose doubtful path-way there twinprediction, John the Baptist, like the morning star, arose kled but a faint glimmering at best of the far-off lumiupon the darkness of our world, to foretell the bright-nary! ness of the approaching “Day." In due time the But divine truth was not to remain for ever a sealed “true Light" himself appeared, and salvation's brilliant || mystery. Though priests and philosophers, and beams, in noon-tide splendor, burst upon mankind. "Old gray-haired sages, who had spent The day-spring from on high hath come down; the Their lives, sequestered in some lonely grot," day-star has arisen in our hearts, and the true and liv- had confessed their incapacity, and been struck dumb, ing and fadeless Light now shines, which enlightens like the magicians of Babylon when they looked upon "every man that cometh into the world.” Now may the hand-writing on the palace walls of Belshazzar; yet the Christian sing,
conclude not thence that there was no one to be found "My Light, my Life, my God is come,
worthy to open and to read the book of truth. “The And glory in his face appears!"
Lion of the tribe of Judah hath prevailed to open the As the natural day reveals objects in their true pro- | book, and to loose the seven seals thereof.” The vail portions, so the Day of Christ-it shows us truth. has been removed; doubt has been put to flight; the
“In vain,” says a fine writer, “had generation after mystery has been solved; the question of Pilate, so oft generation of men asked, in its way to oblivion, What and so vainly repeated, “What is truth?” has been triis truth?” The devotee had urged the inquiry at the umphantly answered. For this purpose came the dishrine of his god; the priest at his altar of sacrifice; || vine Instructor into the world, that he might bear witthe sage had repeated it as he walked amid the works ness unto the truth, that he might open the glowing and wonders of creation; but nothing was heard in pages of the truthful record to the inquiring eye of man. reply, save the faint and bewildering echo, "What is II The Lord Jesus Christ spoke as never man spake.
Never before were truth and error so nicely separated, || the heat of one which is irritable; and if the easiness and so exactly defined. He touched no subject with of the former borders on carelessness or indolence, it out pouring upon it a blaze of light; to every objection may be rendered more alert and scrupulous by the senhe gave an immediate answer; with every difficulty, sitiveness with which it is associated. there came a simultaneous solution; no inquirer ap The tastes and pursuits of married persons must also, proached him in vain for instruction. The Jews were it is evident, be mutually of much importance. In astonished at the extent of his information, the profun-these, similarity is, in some respects, desirable; suitadity of his wisdom, the boldness of his conceptions, the bility almost essential. Taste, in its extensive sense, novelty of bis discoveries, and the dignity of his lan-bears on almost every particular of conduct. It has so guage. Hence they inquired, “Whence hath this man much to do with the minutiæ of life, that, where tastes letters, having never learned ?" The great Teacher are wholly dissimilar, they must perpetually be offendneeded not the tuition of man; he approached not the ing one another. schools of human instruction; he lingered not with the A mutual preference seems, itself, a guaranty for sons of science in the groves of the Academy; he turn- similarity in taste. Still, it is sometimes difficult to ed from the halls of philosophy, and partook of the tree conjecture what attraction can have drawn together perof knowledge, and drank at the living fountain of eter- sons so little capable of sympathy. Perhaps it will be nal Truth. And of the exhaustless stores of his hoard- | said that such pairs are happier than might be expected. ed and inherent wisdom, hath he imparted to us “to But if some license be allowed for dissimilarity in matmake us wise unto salvation."
ters of taste, if the coalition may even be, to an extent, We who stand in the full-orbed radiance of this glo- mutually beneficial, so that the fastidious become less rious Sun, and are permitted to sit at the feet of this critical, the over-refined more simple, the exclusive more illustrious Instructor, are inducted into the kingdom of liberal, by association with a counteracting bias, the spiritual light and knowledge. Spiritual subjects are difference should be in measure, rather than in kind; brought within the range of our comprehension, and or, at least, there should be no jarring, even in the diswe are enabled to understand those things which be- agreement. long to our peace.” In a word, truth is taught-pure, A certain diversity in married persons is intended by unmixed, unalloyed truth-truth without a blemish, nature, and is favorable to mutual improvement. The without a scar, without a wrinkle, without a spot- sedentary student will be agreeably enlivened by his truth, which neither the rage of demons, nor the lapse vivacious partner, if her vivacity be the expression of of revolving years can falsify or deface; to which ages an intelligent mind; and the woman of elegant accomin their flight are but as triumphal cars, bearing it on-plishment will receive from the superior sense and more ward to its vindication and its victory; which shall stand valuable attainments of her husband, a higher tone, unmoved and unhurt amid the “wreck of matter and and will herself be stimulated to advance by her desire the crush of worlds,” and be attested by the approving of assimilating herself to him. And here it may be seal of the final Judge!
observed, that similarity of pursuit, may possibly bring Pittsborough, N. C., July, 1841.
together persons otherwise unsuitable. There is a peculiar fascination in sympathy; and, in ordinary social
intercourse, if we find we have a point exclusively in MARRIAGE.
common with any individual, the attraction has a pecuDIFFERENCES of opinion, and taste, and infirmities|liar force. It has not unfrequently been the basis of of temper, ought, in some measure, to be anticipated; an attachment which should have rested upon general and the duties of the married state to be entered upon grounds. For it is not because voices may blend well with the expectation that they will require concession in a duet, or the flute harmonize with the piano-forte, and sacrifice.
because the cottage or the school may be visited with Temper, while it has a very material bearing on the mutual interest, that there is a promise of harmony for complexion of domestic life, is perhaps the most diffi-| life, or an assurance of congeniality on points involving cult point of any to ascertain. It is not always the ap- daily interests. Inquiry, therefore, should be directed parently good-humored, who have the most agreeable far more to accordance of character, than to similarity temper; neither the seemingly severe who are always upon special points. the most hard to please. Not unfrequently the latter If the union be not congenial, no motive of an exare, to those they love, the most uniformly tender; and trinsic nature should persuade to it. For, as it is the are less subject to caprice, than others who appear more part of woman to adapt herself to her husband, let her indulgent.
ascertain, while still she is at liberty, that such conformSimilar tempers are not always the most suitable. Iity will be easy to her; that his opinions are generally On the contrary, as attachment often springs up be- of the same tone with hers; that his temper is suitable tween persons of dissimilar dispositions, so the points to hers; that his pursuits are not distasteful to her, and in which they differ at times, appear to suit them spe- | above all, that his affection is for herself—having the cially to each other. The sanguine is chastened by the permanency of a principle, rather than the transitorisober; and again, the hopeful spirit cheers the anxiousness of a passion, based upon acquaintance with her and desponding. A temper not easily disturbed, allays || character, and upon suitable qualities in his own. For
THE GREEK CLASSICS.
BY GEORGE WATERMAN, JR.
such attachment, when really conceived, a woman can Of Altica but little is known prior to the reign of scarcely be too grateful. It is the offering of a virtuous Cecrops, who gathered the people together into one heart-a tribute willingly rendered to the object of its body, but not, however, into one city, and became their preference; it is the link appointed by the Author of king. This probably took place, according to the best all good, to bind together the twin souls which he has chronology of those times, about two hundred years formed for union. Surely it may be said that such sym- after the deluge, or 2150 before Christ. At this time pathy is one of the choicest gifts of Heaven-an influ- the regal and sacerdotal office were generally united. ence which, when it does bless the upward journey, is Cecrops divided the people into four tribes, and laid as an emanation from the fountain of bliss, and is a the foundation of a city which afterwards became the promise of a holier bond, when love will be perfected.— capital of the state, and the eye of Greece." Lady of Refinement.
After Cecrops, followed a succession of thirty kings, who ruled Athens for a period of 794 years. Codrus,
the last of this line, was a brave and patriotic man. Original.
During his reign Attica was attacked by the Spartans, THE GREEK CLASSICS.-NO, I.
a neighboring kingdom. The oracle being consulted, returned answer that the invaders would be successful if they did not kill the Athenian king—"whereupon,
Codrus, preferring his country's safety to his own life, Before entering upon a review of the classic wri- || disguised himself in the habit of a peasant, and went ters of Greece, a brief outline of the history of that to a place not far from the enemy's camp, where, pickcountry may not be deemed inappropriate, by the read- ing a quarrel with some of them, he obtained the death ers of the Repository.
which he so much desired. The Athenians, being adFrom the 2d verse of the 10th chapter of Genesis, vertised of what had happened, sent a herald to the we find that the fourth son of Japheth was Javan; and enemy to demand the body of their king, who were so from the 5th verse we learn that “by these (i. e., the much dishearted by this unexpected accident, that they sons of Javan) were the isles of the Gentiles divided immediately broke up their camp, and left off their enin their lands.” The tradition is a very ancient one, | terprise, without striking another blow.” that the isles here spoken of were the Grecian isles; The Athenians fearing that they should never have and that the Grecians derived their name of Ionians another king so worthy, out of respect to his memory (or Javanim) from their great progenitor, Javan. || abolished the regal office, and instituted a republican This tradition is not without support from the sacred form of government, which, for many years, was adwritings. In Dan. viii, 21; x, 20; and xi, 2, we find ministered by ten individuals, annually appointed, and the king, prince, and realm of Grecia (Hebrew, Jaran) | styled the decenial urchons. Solon, an archon and legmentioned. In Joel iii, 6, the Grecians are called Ja-islator, about the year 593, B. C., introduced a new vanim, or descendants of Javan; and again in Zech. || state constitution, which was adopted by the people, and ix, 13, their country is called Javan, or Greece. From continued, with little alteration, the law of the land so these facts it seems evident that this country was orig-| long as Athens maintained her liberties. inally settled by the descendants of this son of Japheth. In the year 504, before Christ, some Grecian colonies
The Athenians, however, give a very different account in Asia Minor rebelled against the government of Daof their origin. They claim to have been as old as the rius, King of Persia. In this rebellion they were assoil on which they lived. On this account they called | sisted by their brethren of European Greece, and parthemselves Autochthentes, (AUTOXJEYTES) which means | ticularly by Athens. This conduct greatly enraged persons produced out of the soil they inbabit; alluding the Persian monarch, and be determined to punish such to an idea, prevalent in ancient times, that all animated arrogance in a summary manner. With an army of nature sprung from a common source—the earth. In half a million, under Datis and Artaphernes, two of his allusion to the same idea, they sometimes called them- most experienced generals, he invaded Greece. Havselves Tettiges, (T&TTI76s) or grasshoppers. “Anding made some few conquests, which were well secured some of them wore grasshoppers of gold, binding them by strong garrisons, he proceeded with 100,000 infantheir hair, as badges of honor, and marks to distin-try and a proportionate number of cavalry, towards guish them from others of later duration, and less noble Athens, and landed on the shores of Marathon. Here, extraction, because those insects were believed to be under the prudent guidance of Miltiades, with an army generated out of the ground.”
of only 10,000 freemen and as many armed slaves, the Of the early history of the Grecian states, with the Athenians and their allies met and completely vanexception of Attica, of which Athens was the capital, quished them. The marble which the self-confident we know but little. They were generally, at least in Persians had brought with them for the erection of a in their early history, independent of each other, and monument in honor of their anticipated conquest, was acted independently, except in times of public danger, | taken from them, and upon it the victorious Athenians or to avenge a public injury, when (as in the case of inscribed the memento of their own preservation! the war with Troy) they acted in a confederate capac The intelligence of this event only served to exas
perate still more the already enraged spirit of the Per
THE GREEK CLASSICS.
sian government. Internal commotions, however, de This state of things did not long continue. Sparta, layed a second invasion for more than ten years. At as soon as she found herself without a rival, began to the expiration of that period, Xerxes, who, by the death manifest her haughty spirit towards all her dependenof Darius, had succeeded to the throne of the Persian cies by severe exactions of money and troops. These empire, having subdued all insurrectionary movements exactions were endured for a time until forbearance among his subjects, turned his attention towards Greece, ceased to be a virtue. Then rebellion followed revolt and determined to inflict upon her a severe punishment in quick succession, by which Athens and several other for her former conduct. With an army of 2,000,000 states recovered their former independence. During disciplined troops, and a still greater number of attend these civil commotions Thebes arose to the height of ants, amounting in all to nearly 5,000,000, he crossed power and glory. Under the guiding hand of the virthe Hellespont to execute his bloody purpose upon his tuous and energetic Epaminondas, she, in the course devoted victims. Against this formidable invader the of a very few years, became the rival of both Athens confederated states raised an effective force of 60,000 and Sparta. The haughty spirit of the latter, unbroken freemen and a larger number of armed slaves. A de- by the successful rebellion of Athens and other states, tachment of about 18,000 were sent to guard the straits sought to crush the rising power of her youthful rival. of Thermopylæ, the chief entrance from Thessaly, But in the satal battle of Leuctra she was stript of all through which it was supposed the enemy would seek her glory, and made to drink to the dregs that cup which to enter. Here the invaders were met, and a severer she had so often mingled for others. Thus the whole battle, or one which reflected greater glory upon the country exhibited a scene of civil discord, which most Grecian arms, was never fought. Had not the allied successfully prepared the way for the encroachment of forces been most treacherously betrayed by professed Philip of Macedon, and the final overthrow of Grecian friends, Xerxes, with his proud army, could never have liberty. affected an entrance. Although defeated, they achieved That designing prince, by intrigue, first gained the a glory for patriotic Greece which will never fade while good will of Athens and Thebes, which latter was at the love of liberty shall swell a single human breast; that time in the meridian of her glory. Through her and the name of Leonidas, associated as it ever must influence Macedon became a member of the Grecian be with his little band of three hundred faithful follow- confederacy, and consequently entitled to a representaers, will be honored and revered while the narrow straits tion in the Amphyctionic Council, a body composed of of Thermopylæ exist, or tongue be found to tell the delegates from each state, and which met at stated peristory of Spartan bravery! This battle was only the ods to regulate every thing throughout the land conpresage of still greater disasters which befell the haugh- nected with religion and the worship of the gods. Soon ty invader. Defeated, both by land and sea, he at after her admission, this council, at the instigation of length returned home in disgrace, leaving his general, some of the emissaries of Philip, denounced the venMardonius, to do what he found himself inadequate to geance of Heaven against the Locrians—the inhabiperform. At the battle of Plataea, which concluded tants of one of the smaller states—for cultivating certhis bloody tragedy, he also was completely defeated, tain portions of territory previously dedicated to sacred and of an army of 200,000, left under his command, purposes. Immediate war was consequently declared not 2,000 escaped.
against the sacraligious nation. The emissaries of Thus disgracefully ended an invasion which threat- Philip succeeded in obtaining for him the chief comened a complete destruction to all the Grecian name. mand of the united forces. Under his guidance the The glory of the victory was claimed by Athens and guilty participators were defeated, and their cities taken. Sparta, as they had taken the lead in all the trials and But the appointment of Philip as general of the Amdangers, being assisted by the other states only as allies.phyctions only prepared the way more completely for Being thus claimed, it was turned by each of these am- the consummation of his own designs. Demosthenes, bitious republics to her own private benefit. The spirit alarmed at the continual encroachments of the Maceof rivalry, which had formerly been cherished between donian power, urged his countrymen, with all the them, and laid aside only in time of mutual danger, strength of patriotic eloquence, to banish their inactivnow, when that danger was removed, manifested itself ity, and arise to the rescue of their liberties—assuring with increased virulence. Athens claimed and for them that if they would, even then, act with vigor, they many years maintained the proud title of “ Mistress of might successfuly check their powerful and insidious the seas;" and by the size of her navy, and the skill of enemy, but if they remained inactive only a little longer, her mariners, was enabled to extend her dominions on the most vigorous efforts would then prove unavailing. every side; while the arms of Sparta were everywhere His eloquence and his patriotism partially succeeded. crowned with success. This spirit of rivalry and jeal- || An army was raised, consisting of Athenians and a ousy was carried on until, by its insolence, it involved small number of allies from the different states. Unanthe whole of Peloponessus in a civil war of twenty-limity of feeling and action, however, nowhere existed, seven years' duration, which eventuated in the entire except among their enemies. A final battle was fought subversion, for a time, of the Athenian democracy, and at Cheronaea, in which the confederates were defeated, the suppression of free principles throughout the Gre- and a common sepulchre contained the slain of Cherocian territories.
naea and the liberties of Greece!
Original. AFFLICTIONS. When all the mercies of my God
Encompassed me around, Ere I had felt affliction's rod, My feet the path with sinners trod
My heart to earth was bound.
But when in judgment he withdrew
The blessings he had lent, And all my schemes of bliss o'erthrewMy stubborn spirit to subdue,
And teach me to repent,
0, then, with broken, contrite heart,
First at his feet I lay, Like leper foul in every part, And agonized with guilt's own smart,
Yet still afraid to pray.
It is not our purpose at this time to institute an inquiry into the true causes which operated in bringing about this melancholy issue. There was one, however, which doubtless exerted a great but silent and almost imperceptible influence, and which, in concluding this sketch, we may be permitted to mention. It is to be found in the domestic institutions of the family. During the heroic ages of Greece woman was the beloved and cherished companion of man.
When the duties of the field called him away from the domestic fireside he parted with painful feelings from the faithful participant of his joys and sorrows, and the time of his return was anticipated with emotions of unmingled pleas
Their children, too, were taught by precept, by example, and by the fear of the gods, to love and venerate each with equal ardor. As the heroic institutions gradually gave way to others, perhaps more refined in appearance, but often less pure in principle, woman lost her high but appropriate place in society. Throughout the Grecian republics female character was degraded, and her influence despised. Her husband ceased to regard her as a companion, and viewed her only as an inferior, competent for nothing but the menial duties of the household. The son, taught by the precept and example of the father, early learned to despise the authority and influence of that being who watched over his helpless infancy, and with maternal fondness anticipated every want of his youthful days. To ascertain the consequence which must ensue from such a course of conduct let us apply the same principles of action to our country. Let the wife and mother here lose her present standing in society—a standing guarantied to her only by the Bible-let her be reduced to all the degradation and misery incident to a debasing superstition—let her children despise her, her husband oppress her, and let her seek in vain for any redress from the laws and institutions of her country-let all these take place, and how long should we enjoy the present happy system of government under which we live? How long would it be before anarchy and misrule, like an overflowing stream, would sweep us away, leaving no other epitaph than that inscribed upon broken colonades and stupendous ruins ? Let the history of the world answer this question, while the destruction of Grecian liberty shall echo the reply!
Then God in mercy raised me up
With his almighty arm, Grace offered me salvation's cup, And Christ came in with me to sup,
And spake my bosom calm.
'Twas then his Spirit warmed my breast,
And quickened every power:
Which was unknown before.
What shall I render to thee, Lord,
For all these mercies given ? Who offered first the great reward, Then loosed on earth love's silver chord,
To make it fast in heaven.
My “broken cisterns” I forsake,
And patient wait thy will;
GOD'S MESSENGER. SERAPHS flash in flames along,
Cherubim his way prepare. Hark! their rustling pinions strong
Thunder on the troubled air! Loud as ocean's stormy roar Breaking on the cavern'd shore.
Original SHORTNESS OF LIFE. LIFE is sustained by fleeting breath
0, mark its transient stay!
To take that breath away.
That God to us has given,
From a cloud by whirlwind's driven,
Dark, surcharged from borean skies, Brightness as of amber heaven,
Fiery forms resplendent rise, Broad their burnish'd wings display, Speed as lightnings on their way.