Cultures in Contact: Scandinavian Settlement in England in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries
This volume examines the Scandinavian impact on England in the ninth and tenth centuries, with particular reference to Scandinavian settlement and the diverse ways in which the Scandinavians and the native populations responded to each other. Many previous studies have described the settlement as involving a rapid assimilation of the settlers with native society and culture, and a swift process of integration. This volume challenges that view and shows that the processes of assimilation, integration and accommodation were gradual and complex, displaying important regional variations. Where did the Scandinavians come from? What type of society did they eventually settle into? What were the implications of the drawing of different cultures in contact, and how is this portrayed in the surviving material? An important aim of this volume is to open up new interdisciplinary dialogue in Viking Studies, and it analyses documentary, archaeological, artefactual and linguistic evidence. The volume also seeks to develop more theoretically sophisticated accounts of Scandinavian settlement, and brings the study of this subject up-to-date in terms of developments in other branches of history, archaeology and linguistics. Recent discussion in other fields concerning, for example, material culture and language have shown that they did not simply reflect changes in society but were also active, constituent elements in creating and re-creating social and cultural identities. The volume focuses on the creation of local and regional identities and affinities, and moves on from the traditional depiction of the issues in terms of a simple dichotomy of 'Scandinavian' and 'English'. It takes a more rigorously contextual approach than has hitherto been the case in the study of Scandinavian settlement, and seeks to throw new light on the consequences of cultures in contact.
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Ethnicity Migration Theory and the Historiography
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Alfred Alfred's Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Anglo-Saxon England Anglo-Saxon settlements Anglo-Scandinavian Archaeol Archaeology Archbishop areas artefacts ASC s.a. bishops Britain British burial Cambridge charters Christian church Cnut conquest context Danelaw Danes Danish identity Dumville early medieval East Anglia East Midlands eastern England ecclesiastical Edward the Elder eleventh century elite Ethelred ethnic identity evidence example excavated Fellows-Jensen genetic grave-goods Guthrum Hadley Hamerow Hiberno-Norse Hist Keynes kingdom kings land language Lapidge late ninth Lincoln Lincolnshire linguistic London material culture Mercia metalwork migration minster monuments Norse-derived North northern England Northumbria Old English Old Norse Oxford pagan place-names political population pre-Viking region royal rulers Sawyer Scandinavian settlement Scandinavian settlers social society Stenton Stocker strap-ends suggest tenth century thegn tradition treaty University Press Viking Age Viking Age England Viking settlement vols volume Watling Street Wessex West Saxon whilst Whitelock Wormald Wulfstan York Yorkshire