Cultures in Contact: Scandinavian Settlement in England in the Ninth and Tenth Centuries
This volume examines the Scandinavian impact on England in the ninth and tenth centuries, with particular reference to Scandinavian settlement and the diverse ways in which the Scandinavians and the native populations responded to each other. Many previous studies have described the settlement as involving a rapid assimilation of the settlers with native society and culture, and a swift process of integration. This volume challenges that view and shows that the processes of assimilation, integration and accommodation were gradual and complex, displaying important regional variations. Where did the Scandinavians come from? What type of society did they eventually settle into? What were the implications of the drawing of different cultures in contact, and how is this portrayed in the surviving material? An important aim of this volume is to open up new interdisciplinary dialogue in Viking Studies, and it analyses documentary, archaeological, artefactual and linguistic evidence. The volume also seeks to develop more theoretically sophisticated accounts of Scandinavian settlement, and brings the study of this subject up-to-date in terms of developments in other branches of history, archaeology and linguistics. Recent discussion in other fields concerning, for example, material culture and language have shown that they did not simply reflect changes in society but were also active, constituent elements in creating and re-creating social and cultural identities. The volume focuses on the creation of local and regional identities and affinities, and moves on from the traditional depiction of the issues in terms of a simple dichotomy of 'Scandinavian' and 'English'. It takes a more rigorously contextual approach than has hitherto been the case in the study of Scandinavian settlement, and seeks to throw new light on the consequences of cultures in contact.
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Alfred Anglo-Saxon Anglo-Scandinavian appear Archaeology areas authority British burial Cambridge charters Christian Chronicle church conquest context continued cultural Danelaw Danes Danish discussion distinct distribution early early medieval East eastern elements elite England English established ethnic evidence example existence given Guthrum Hadley Hist identity important indicate influence Keynes kingdom kings land language late later least Lincolnshire linguistic London material means Middle Midlands migration monuments names ninth Norse North northern Northumbria Old English origins Oxford pagan particular perhaps period place-names political population present question recent recorded reference region represent royal rulers Sawyer Scandinavian settlement sculpture settlers significant similar social society sources stone suggest tenth century tradition types University Press Viking Viking Age vols volume Whitelock Wormald York Yorkshire