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belles-lettres at Venice, where he became acquainted with Sigonio was one of the great scholars to whom we owe

SIGO'NIO CA'ROLO was born at Modena, about the | 1560, fol.; De Republica Atheniensium Libri Quinque; de year 1520. He was a pupil of Franciscus Portus, who Atheniensium et Lacedæmoniorum Temporibus Liber Unus,' taught him Greek. He afterwards studied medicine and Bologna, 1564, 4to.; ‘De Judiciis Romanorum Libri Tres,' philosophy at Bologna, and he also visited the university of Bologna, 1574. 4to.; ' De Occidentali Imperio Libri xx., ab Paria. In i546 he was invited back to Modena to fill the anno 281 ad 575,' Bologna, 1577, fol. ; ‘Historiae Ecclesiaschair of Greek literature, which had become vacant by the ticae Libri xiv.;' this work comes down to the year 311, but departure of Portus. In of it Panvinio, who, like himself

, was a diligent student of anti- much of our knowledge of antiquity, and particularly of quity. His reputation having become widely spread by Roman history. His industry was unwearied, and his various works on classical antiquity, be had invitations both learning was sound and comprehensive. He wrote the Latin to Rome and Padua, at which latier place le accepted the language with ease and correctness, and his style is simple chair of cloquence in 1560. At Padua he again met with and perspicuous. Modern scholars have often been more Robortello, with whom he had already had a dispute on the indebted to Sigonio than they have been willing to allow, names of the Romans, and the disputes between these two and the results of his labours have been used by cne person scholars, being renewed, were carried to such a pitch that the after another, and sometimes without making any discrisenate of Venice found it prudent to silence the combatants. mination between what is right and what is wrong. Hei[ROBORTELLO.)

neccius was largely indebted to liim, as will appear from Sigonio left Padua in the year 1563 for a place in examining bis ‘Syntagma.' If we consider what was done the university of Bologna, where he received a handsome before his time, and what he accomplished towards the ilsalary, and was made a citizen. His reputation attracted lustration of Roman antiquity, we shall find few scholars numerous students to Bologna Roman antiquity was his who have so well deserved a lasting reputation. It woull special subject, and his instruction was characterised both require a minute investigation to ascertain how far some of by comprehensiveness and accuracy. He also occupied the more recent views of the Roman polity have been sugbimself with middle-age history, and with this objeci he gested by the writings of Sigonio. His remarks on the visited the great libraries and collections of Italy. It was at Agrarian laws, though far from being marked by sufficient the request of Pope Gregory XIII., in 1578, ihat he com- clearness and precision, are still worth reading. (De Anmenced the ecclesiastical history, of which his friend Pan- tiquo Jure Italiae.) vinio had formed the plan. Sigonio having discovered some SIGUENZA, a large town of the province of Guada. fragments of Cicero's treatise · De Consolatione,' undertook laxara in Spain, situated on the declivity of a hill near to restore the work, which he completed and published as a the source of the river Henares, in 40° 58' N. lat. and 2° genuine work of Cicero. The fraud was deiecied and ex- 57' W. long. It is the see of a bishop, suffragan of Toledo, posed by Riccoboni, one of his pupils; but Sigonio, instead and has a university, wbich was founded in the year 1441. of confessing the fact, endeavoured to reply to the argu- The town is badly built; the streets are narrow and crooked, menis of his opponent; and so well has he succeeded in but clean. Of the numerous ecclesiastical buildings which imitating the expression and manner of Cicero, that the work this town contains, the cathedral is the only one worthy of men'De Consolatione' long passed for genuine, notwithstanding tion. It was built at the beginning of the fourteenth century, the criticism of Riccoboni; and Tiraboschi, who maintained in the pure Gothic style; it contains one nave and three aisles. this side of the question, was only convinced by seeing some and measures 330 feet by 112. One of its chapels, that of unpublished letiers of Sigonio, in which he acknowledges Santa Catalina, is greatly admired for its large dimensions himself to be the author. Sigonio retired to the neighbour- and the beautiful marble tombs which it contains. Siguenza hood of Modena, where he died in 1584. His numerous is ine antient Saguntia, mentioned by Pliny (iii. 4) as one of writings were collected by Argellati, Milan, 1732-1737, in the six towns among the Arevaci in Hispania Tarraconensis. 6 vols. folio, to which is prefixed a Life by Muratori. Al | Livy (xxxiv., 19) calls it Seguntia; and in the Itinerary' his works on matters of antiquity are also contained in the of Antoninus it is mentioned as Segontia. Inscriptions *Thesaurus Antiquitatum Græcarum et Romanarum' of bearing the latter name have been found in the neighbourGraevius and Gronovius.

bool. It was the seat of a contested battle between Pompey The following, which are among the principal works of and Sertorius. In 1106 Alfonso VI., king of Leon and Sigonio, will indicate the general characier of his labours : Castile, wrested from the Moors, who had occupied it • Regum, Consulum, Dictatorum ac Censorum Romano- since the beginning of the eighth century. An antient rum Fasti, una cum Aclis Triumphorum à Romulo rege castle which commands the town is the only remain of usque ad Tiberium Cæsarem; in fastos et acta iriumphorum Mohammedan architecture. The population, according to explicationes,' Modena. 1550, fol. : there is also a second Miñano (Diccionario Geográfico, fic.), was about 30,000 in edition of this work. Venice, 1556; · De Antiquo Jure 1932. The only trade of the place consists in coarse flanCivium Romanorum Libri Duo; de Antiquo Jure Italiae Libri nels, blankets, and hats, which are exported 10 Toledo and Tres; de Antigno Jure Provinciarum Libri Tres,' Venice, Guadalaxara. P. C., No. 1359.

VOL. XXII.-B

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