Crime and Punishment in Ancient India
This Study Is An Attempt To Focus Attention On That Aspect Of Society Which Arises Out Of Disobedience Of Established Norms And Rules Invoking Widespread Moral Indignation, Strain, Stress And Tension That Calls For Deterrents. Geographically The Study Is Chiefly Confined To Northern India While The Main Emphasis Is On A Specified Time Period Of History. The Work Is Divided Into Six Chapters. The First Chapter Deals With Source Materials And Their Respective Values. The Chapter On Crime Offers A Glimpse Of Various Crimes Prevalent During The Period From Petty Breaches Of Laws To Grave Offences Against Society And State. The Chapter On Punishment Notes The Nature And Modes Of Punishment And Remissions Of Punishment Under Prescribed Conditions. The Chapter On Police Organisation Deals With The Various Measures Employed By Police Administration To Detect Control And Prevent Crimes And The Role Of Different Officials In The Hierarchy. The Chapter On Judicial Administration Is A Survey Of The Factors Involved In The Intellectual Procedure By Which Judges Could Arrive At Decisions And Various Procedures Adopted Therefor. The Concluding Chapter Discusses Sources Of Hindu Law And Notes That Application And Interpretation Of Law Is Subject To Adjustment With Cycles Of Time And Political Changes, Which Determine The Social Attitude To Crime-Punishment Forms And Relations, Though Law Remains, Unchanged In Essence.
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Sources of Hindu Law
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According to Brhaspati adultery Afar Agni Purana Ancient India Atatayin banishment Bengal Bombay Brahmana Brhas Brhaspati Calcutta capital punishment caste century A.D. Chief Judge committed considered contemporary corporal punishment court crime criminal customs D.C. Ryder Dandin DaSakumaracarita death sentence Delhi Dharma DharmaSastra disputes document duty Fa-hien false female gambling guilds Gupta Hindu law History Hiuen-tsang Ibid inflicted inscriptions justice Kalhana Kalidasa Kamandaka Kashmir Katyayana Kautilya killed King law givers Manu Matsya Purana Medhatithi ment merchants Mimamsa Mitaksara monetary punishment Mrccha Mrcchakatika murder Narada offence ordeal Panas period persons plaint police political Poona prevalent quoted in Sm recognised records reference Rg Veda robbers royal rules Sachau sacred law Sahasa Sanskrit Sanskrit Series Smrti social society Somadeva source of law Sudra theft thief thieves Veda Vedic VIII Vijnanesvara village Vyavahara witnesses woman women XV-XVI XXII Yajnavalkya Yajnavalkya prescribed