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ON

THE BLACK SEA

AND

SEA OF AZOF:

BEING

A NARRATIVE OF TRAVELS IN THE CRIMEA

AND BORDERING PROVINCES;

WITH

NOTICES OF THE NAVAL, MILITARY, AND COMMERCIAL

RESOURCES OF THOSE COUNTRIES.

By H. D. SEYMOUR, M.P.

WITH MAP, &c.

SECOND EDITION.

LONDON:
JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET.

1855.

The right of Translation is reserved.

DK 509 1552 1855

LONDON: PRINTED BY WILLIAM CLOWES AND SONS, STAMFORD STREKT,

AND CHARING CROSS

PRE FACE.

The following work is partly the result of my own personal observation, and partly a compilation from some of the most approved authors who have written on the Crimea and the resources of Russia. It was prepared for the press during last winter, and the publication of it has been retarded by the attention which, for the last few months, I have been obliged to bestow on other matters. As the Crimea is still an object of deep interest, and as I am not aware that the notices I have collected have yet been presented to the public in a succinct form, I hope by the following pages that I may help to satisfy public curiosity and add something to the stock of information which we possess respecting the Southern parts of European Russia.

Having paid one visit to the Crimea in the year 1844, and two visits to Southern Russia in 1844 and 1846, I have been able to correct and verify the descriptive parts of the book by my own experience. The careful work of M. Dubois de Montpereux' has been my principal guide on geology, archæology, and ancient history, and from his magnificent atlas I have borrowed a few illustrations. I have abstracted from the Etudes sur la

a Voyage autour du Caucase, par Frédéric Dubois de Montpereux. 6 vols. with an Atlas. Paris, 1839.

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