Aluminium: Its History, Occurrence, Properties, Metallurgy and Applications, Including Its Alloys

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H. C. Baird & Company, 1896 - 666 sider
 

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Innhold

Working in Aluminium
18
Production of aluminium in France from 1854 to 1892 Production
30
Production of the United States from 1883 to 1894 Total aluminium
37
Chemical reactions in Halls baths Alumina is the compound primarily
39
Analyses of American bauxites
43
Localities of the large kaolin beds Value of kaolin as an aluminium
49
Thickness of aluminium leaf Color by transmitted light Ductility
70
Expansion by heat Specific beat
77
CHAPTER IV
83
Reduction of sodium compounds by electricity Jablochaffs apparatus
86
U Roys quantitative tests with sulphuric acid
89
EMails of Lunge and Schmids tests
95
Reaction of aluminium on oxides of manganese zinc iron lead copper
105
Neutral salts of aluminium Basic salts General methods of formation
111
Aluminium borocarbides Aluminium carbide
123
Soda alum Double sulphates of aluminium and the metals Aluminium
129
Method used by Deville at Javel Tilghmans method
135
Washing and drying the precipitated alumina Behnkes method
141
Aluminium oxide Physical and chemical properties
143
Furnace for heating cryolite with chalk Thomsons method 145
147
Preparation of aluminium chloride and aluminiumsodium chloride
152
Theory of an aluminium oxyfluoride not proven Heroults processes
153
Conduct of the operation at Salindres
158
Cost of the purified double chloride Gadsdens method of producing
164
Berzelius method of making artificial cryolite Devilles methods
170
Reichels results Experiments of the author
176
The chemical and physical properties of sodium
181
Detailed description of condensers
187
Charging and discharging the cylinders
193
Devilles attempts to use castiron retorts Devilles improvements
199
Details of Rogers experiments 2
201
Reaction on which the process is based Form of furnace used
206
Erection of large works to operate the Castner process
212
Details of Nettos apparatus
218
CHAPTER VIII
226
Aluminates of calcium zinc copper magnesium iron beryllium Alu
233
Reduction of alumina by carbon Necessary conditions to be fulfilled
236
Aluminium fluoride Methods of production
239
Classification of methods The reduction of chlorine compounds
240
W5hlers experiments 1827 Wohler was repeating Oersteds work
247
Details of the apparatus employed Conduct of the operation
253
Reduction in crucibles Lining of crucibles
259
Condition of the aluminium industry in 1879
263
Devilles views on the aluminium industry in 1859 203
270
Experiments of Percy and Dick 1855
283
The search for a substitute for sodium Websters improvements in
286
H Y Castners invention for producing sodium His experiments
332
Charging the furnaces
335
Analyses of Cowles Bros aluminium bronze
341
Menges patent Farmers process Kleiners process
347
Kleiners process outclassed by later processes Lossiers proposition
353
Electrical measurements on Minets pots
359
Commercial aluminium not chemically pure The most frequent
379
The influence of small amounts of impurities on the physical properties
402
Ideas of P A Emanuel Reduction by hydrogen
406
Process of G A Faure Reduction by or in presence of copper Calvert
413
Absorption of gases by molten aluminium Dumas analyses Authors
419
Ostbergs statement about aluminium in pigiron Brin Bros process
425
Aluminium hollowware casting Purification of aluminium Freeing
426
Weddings remarks on Bassets process Experiment by the author
431
Purification by other gaseous reagents Mallets method of making
433
Reduction by magnesium Gratzels patent Roussins statement Mont
437
Comparison of the hardness of aluminium with other metals Specific
446
Stamping and spinning Grinding polishing and burnishing
456
Devilles views on soldering aluminium
471
Recommendations of the German military commission Use for boats
477
Troemners assay balances Use for aluminium for minor coinage
483
Ise for flashlight powder Recipes of Villon and Black
489
Alloys with copper and iron to be considered separately Alloys with
495
Composition and properties of a definite aluminium amalgam
509
Division into two classes General properties
534
Constitution of aluminium bronzes Are they chemical combinations?
540
Influence of impurities in the aluminium or copper on the properties
546
Various uses to which the bronzes are applied Suitability for heavy
551
Shrinkage of the bronzes in cooling Color 52
553
Professor Tetmayers tests of the strength of the bronzes 559
559
Influence of impurities on the specific gravity Increase of specific
561
Suitability of the bronzes for marine construction chemical purposes
566
Suitability for propeller blades
568
Alloys of Sauvage Baudrin Webster Neogen
571
History of the Mitis process
583
Influence of aluminium on castiron
595
Effect on the grain of the castings
601
Qualitative blowpipe tests The specific gravity as an indication
607
Separations of iron from aluminium
613
Chancels separation of iron from aluminium Peters modification
619
Determination of iron aluminium zinc cobalt and nickel
625
Taste Magnetism Sonorousness
637
Revival of electric methods using dynamos instead of the battery
659
Success of Richardsphosphorized solder Methods of using
660
Aluminiumzinccopper alloys Aluminium brasses
669
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