clearness, and with a genuine spirit towards us which we heartily appreciate.

I fear the prospects of the treaty in our Senate are by no means flattering. It is a most inopportune moment to submit it, but I believe with you that even if not ratified, it will not be useless. The negotiations have helped beget a spirit which will tend to avert immediate conflict, and will prepare the way for a future settlement.

May I beg you to send me a copy of your Budget Speech, which I see you have just delivered ? I am glad to infer from your delivery of these speeches that you have quite regained your health. I found myself excessively fatigued on getting home, more so than I had realised in Washington. I fancy you were also.

Mrs. Angell begs to be remembered to you, and we both desire to send our most cordial regards to Lady Tupper.-Yours very truly,




February 18, 1888. MY DEAR SIR CHARLES,—In parting from you after our protracted labours I cannot refrain from expressing to you the great pleasure I have had in the harmonious and cordial relations that have existed between us throughout. It is impossible for personal intercourse to be more friendly and more satisfactory than ours has been.

I congratulate you most heartily on the result of our labours, which is so largely due to your

knowledge, tact, and firmness. In my opinion, you have done enormous service to Canada and Great Britain.

If the treaty be adopted it will remove the longstanding causes of irritation between the Dominion and the United States, and pave the way for more complete intercourse of all kinds.

It will give to Canada, unquestioned for the future, a territorial jurisdiction greatly in excess of that which she has in practice enforced.

It will secure her undoubted rights in the valuable inshore fisheries for the protection of which she will now be entitled to the co-operation of the United States.

In addition, the treaty recognises in the fullest way the right of Canada to prevent her ports from being used as a basis of operations for the deep-sea fisheries, unless and until a fair equivalent is given for the privilege.

On the other hand, the concessions made in the shape of possibilities and conveniences to United States fishermen do not greatly exceed what has already been voluntarily accorded by the last published negotiations by the Canadian Government.

The treaty, as a whole, is a fair and honourable settlement of the controversy, and I for one am proud to have been permitted to take part in the negotiations.

In a private letter just received from Mr. Bayard he encloses a suggestion which I enclose for your consideration and that of your Government.

It appears to me that it would be a great stroke of policy for the Canadian Government spontaneously to offer to withdraw all pending proceed

ings, provided such withdrawal were not construed as an admission of any claim for damages.

Such action would be an effective evidence of the conciliatory spirit of the Canadian Government, and indirectly it would also be a proof that they were well satisfied with the arrangements made, and accepted them as disposing of every cause for unfriendly feeling

Hoping we may soon meet again, and with great respect and regards,-Believe me, yours very truly,



February 28th, 1888. MY DEAR MR. CHAMBERLAIN,- In consequence of a severe cold taken on my return to Canada, I have been unable, until this moment, to reply to your kind letter of the 18th instant, received just as I was leaving Washington.

I thank you very much for the warm tones in which you refer to the cordial relations which existed between us during our protracted labours at Washington, and I quite agree with you in the opinion that we have much reason to congratulaté ourselves and those we represented upon the result of our efforts. You must allow me to say that the opinion I formed after meeting you at Birmingham, that no better selection could have been made by Her Majesty for the high and responsible position you occupied, was strengthened day by day as I witnessed the ability, tact, and firmness with which you met and overcame the all but insurmountable obstacles we encountered, and if we should succeed in the Senate in preserving

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the Treaty from rejection, it will be largely due to your success by personal intercourse in conciliating and removing the prejudices of its members.

For obvious reasons the friends of the Treaty do not say much about it, but the time is not distant when the great services you rendered to Canada and the Empire will be fully recognised and freely expressed.

I enclose a copy of my statement to the inevitable reporter when I reached Montreal. I also send a copy of the Governor-General's speech in opening Parliament.

We will obtain the support of all our friends in the House of Commons and of leading members of the Opposition. I will do all I can to prevent too strong approval until the question has been dealt with by the Senate at Washington. We have readily adopted your suggestion to propose abandoning proceedings in the Courts, providing. such action is not to be held as forming a claim for damages. I requested Lord Lansdowne to telegraph my concurrence in the proposal to have very little in the protocols except the proposals and counter-proposals on each side. I fear it will not be possible for me to be present at the dinner to be given by the Canadian Club, but I know our case will be safe in your hands, and that the opportunity to help the Treaty in the U.S. Senate will not be lost.-With best wishes and hoping ere long to have the pleasure of meeting you again, I remain, with the utmost respect and esteem, yours faithfully,


Highbury, Moor Green, Birmingham,

April 2, 1888. MY DEAR SIR CHARLES,—It is a pleasure to me to inform you that, acting on my suggestions, Lord Salisbury has recommended the Queen to confer upon you the honour of a baronetcy in recognition of your great service in connection with our recent mission, and that Her Majesty has approved the recommendation.

I am very glad to be the first to congratulate you on this well deserved distinction, and to express once more the gratification I have had in all our official and personal relations.

With kind regards to Lady Tupper and yourself,—Believe me, yours very truly,

J. CHAMBERLAIN. The official letter which Lord Salisbury, then Prime Minister, wrote to me, showed that the Imperial Government were not surprised at the conclusion of the matter.


August 24, 1888. DEAR SIR CHARLES,-I have great pleasure in being authorised to inform you that the Queen has been pleased to confer upon you the honour of a baronetcy in token of her appreciation of the good service you rendered to her and to the Empire at the recent Conference at Washington. The value of that service will not be affected in the end by the untoward conclusion to which the discussion of the present Senate at Washington has come.-Believe me, yours very truly, SALISBURY. SIR CHARLES TUPPER.

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