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FIRST PERMANENT SETTLEMENT.

Fort Carolina and 900

Dots.

2

P'T. 1. who was not a catholic. Ribault, supposing that the P:D. 1. Spaniards would attack by sea, embarked to meet them. CH. III. A tremendous storm shipwrecked his whole fleet. The Sept. 21, Spaniards, meantime, crossed the forest and attacked by He de land. Unprepared and surprised, the defenseless fort

soon surrendered, when all, without distinction of age

or sex, were murdered. The shipwrecked mariners Hugue- were afterwards found, feeble and exhausted, upon

the shore. Melendez invited them to come to him, and trust to his compassion. They came, and he slew them.

9. When the news of this massacre of nine hundred French subjects reached the French king, Charles IX

he took no notice of it, for so bigoted was he, that he Aug. 22, wished the entire destruction of the Huguenots. Yet 1568. so deep was the feeling among the people of France, Kitengo that three years afterwards, individuals headed by the Span- gallant chevalier Gouges, made a descent on the settle

ment of Florida, and put to death two hundred Span

iards. The Spanish colony was thus checked, but it colony was not destroyed; and it proved to be the first permathe U.S. nent settlement, made by Europeans upon the shores

of our republic.

8. Where was Ribault when Melendez attacked the French fort ? How did he treat the people in the fort? How the shipwrecked ?-9. Who took vengeance on the Spaniards ? In what manner ? Was the Spanish colony destroyed? What has it proved to be?

jards.

First

EXERCISES ON THE CHRONOGRAPHER.

(Referring to events of Period I., Part I.) What is the event or epoch which marks the beginning of this period? What is its date ? Point it out on the chronographer.

The Cahots discovered the continent in 1497. Point out the place of this date on the Circle of Time. Verrazanı sailed along the coast in 1524. Point out on the chronogra pher this date. Cartier made his two voyages in 1534-35 Point out these years. The time of Cartier's founding Que bec was 1541. Show the place of this date.

Ribault built Fort Carolina, in South Carolina, in 1564. Laudonniere built Fort Carolina, in Florida, in 1566. Point to these dates. St. Augustine was founded in 1565. Where is this date on the chronographer ? At what epoch does this period terminate ? Point to its place on the chronographer,

The teacher can select other dates and require tie papril: i locale thew on the chronograplıc:.

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PATENT GRAMED BTQUEEN ELI- } 15078{ zaretu to dr. E. GILBERT.
LANDING OF THE PILGRIMS 1620. AT NEW PLYMOUTH.

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CHAPTER 1.

Unsuccessful attempts of Gilbert, Raleigh, and others.

1. QUEEN ELIZABETH, the reigning sovereign of patu England, gave to Sir Humphrey Gilbert, in 1578, by an

P'D. 11, open or patent letter, “all such remote, heathen, and ca. z. barbarous lands,” as he should discover in North America, and of which he should take possession; these lands not having been occupied before, by any Gilbert's

1578. other Christian power. She vested in him and his patent. heirs the right of property, and guaranteed that ail,who should settle there should enjoy the privileges of free citizens and natives of England. The patentee was to acknowledge the authority of the sovereign of England, and pay one-fifth of all the gold and silver obtained.

Chapter I.-1. From whom did Sir Humphrey Gilbert receive his patent ? What lands did it give him? What rights vest in him and his heirs ? What guarantee to those who should settle the country? What enjoin upon the person who received the vatent 1

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P'T. I,

P'D. II.

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Gilbert's two voy

ages.

disasters

and death.

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2. In Gilbert'Arst attempt to plant a colony, he put

to sea, but was obliged to return. In his second, he ch. 1. reached Newfoundland, where he took possession of

the country for his sovereign, by raising a pillar in1579,

scribed with the British arms. From thence, he sailed 1583. south-westerly, till he reached the latitude of the mouth

of the Kennebec., Here the largest of his three vessels was wrecked, and all her crew perished.

3. Gilbert now finding it impossible to proceed, set his face towards England, keeping in the smallest of his remaining vessels, a barge of only ten tons; for his

generous heart refused to put any to a peril, he was His himself unwilling to share. The passage was storiny,

but his pious mind found comfort in the reflection

which, as he sat reading in the stern of his barge, he 1583. Sept. 22. uttered to his companions in the larger vessel;

are as near heaven at sea, as on land.” In the night, the lights of his little bark suddenly vanished, and he was heard of no.more.

4. Sir Walter Raleigh, the brother-in-law of Gilbert,

obtained from Queen Elizabeth, a transfer of his patent. Raleigh Raleigh had learned from the unsuccessful emigrants Sends of France, the mildness and fertility of the south, and

thither he dispatched two vessels, under Philip Amidas, Barlow. and Arthur Barlow. They approached the shore at

Pamlico Sound, and on landing in Ocracok or Roanoke Island, they found grapes abundant, and so near the coast, that the sea often washed over them.

5. The natives were as kindly as their climate and

soil. The king's son, Granganimo, came with fifty of example his people, and received them with distinguished courhospi- tesy. He invited them to his dwelling at twenty miles tality. distance on the coast; but when they went, it chanced

Sir W.

and

he was not at home. His wife came out to meet them

2. In Gilbert's first attempt what happened? In his second how far did he proceed ? In wha: manner take possession ? What disaster did he meet, and at what place ? - 3. What trait of generosity did he exhibit ? What were the last words he was heard to utter ? — 4. Who obtained a similar patent ? Whom did Sir W. Raleigh send out? To what place did they go? What account did they give of Roanoke Island ? -- 5. What of the natives? How did au Indian lady behave ?

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