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RALEIGH'S ATTEMPTS UNSUCCESSFUL.

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names

Seven

She ordered some of her people to draw their boat P'T.I.
ashore to preserve it, and others to bring the English- P:D. II.
men on their backs through the surf. She then con-
ducted her guests to her home, and had a fire kindled,
that they might dry their clothes, which were wet with
rain. In another room, she spread a plentiful repast
of fish, venison, esculent roots, melons, and fruits. As
they were eating, several Indians, armed with bows
and arrows, entered. She chid them, and sent them
away, lest her visiters should suffer from alarm.

6. When the navigators returned to England, and
made this report to Elizabeth, she was induced to call Queen
the country VirgiNIA, as a memorial that the happy
discovery had been made under a Virgin queen. This Virginia

, name soon became general throughout the coast.

7. Raleigh now found many adventurers ready to embark in his project; and in 1585, he fitted out a

1585. squadron of seven ships, under the command of Sir ships un Richard Grenville, who followed the course of Amidas and Barlow, and touched at the same islands. In one of these he cruelly burned a village, because he suspected an Indian of having stolen a silver cup. He then left a colony under Captain Lane, at the island of Roanoke. The colonists, reduced to great distress for

Colony u want of provisions, were, the next year, carried to En- Roanoko gland by Sir Francis Drake, who was returning from a successful expedition against the Spaniards in the West) Indies.

8. Soon after their departure, they were sought by a ship, which had been sent by Raleigh with supplies; and afterwards by Sir Richard Grenville. He not finding them, most unwisely left fifteen of his crew to keep possession of the island, and then returned to England. Of this small number nothing was afterwards heard. Fifteen Probably they were destroyed by the injured and revengeful savages.

der Grenville,

under

Lane.

men lost

6. Who gave

name to the country? What name ? - 17. Whom did Raleigh next send? When? What was done by Sir R. Grenville ? What can you say of the colony which he left-8. What of another small colony ?

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P'D. II. ca. 1.

Second

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9. In 1587, Raleigh again sent out a colony of ono hundred and fifty adventurers to the same island, under Captain White. He soon returned to England to soli

cit supplies for the colony. Before he departed, his 1581.

daughter, Mrs. Dare, gave birth to a female infant, the Roanoke first child of English parents born in America. The rolony. infant was baptized by the name of Virginia. Clinet

10. The attempts made by Raleigh for the relief of this colony were unremitted, but unsuccessful; and three years elapsed before he could procure the means of sending Captain White to their relief. It was then

too late. Not one remained; nor, though repeatedly Raleigh's

sought, has any clue to their fate ever been found. colony. Appalled and in danger of perishing himself, White

returned, without leaving one English settler on the

shores of America. 1602. 11. In 1602, Bartholomew Gosnold, with thirty-two visits N. men, sailed from Falmouth, and steering due west, he England. was the first English commander who reached the country by this shorter and more direct course.

He approached the coast near Nahant, then bearing to the south he discovered and named Cape Cod, which was the first ground in New England ever trod by English12. From Cape Cod he sailed round Nantucket

and discovered Martha's Vineyard. He then entered Buz-zard' Bay, and finding a fertile island, he gave it, in honor of the Queen, the name of Elizabeth. Webvilo western shore, on a small island in a lake, Ke built a

fort and store-house, and prepared to leave a small Matites colony. But the natives became hostile, and his in

tended settlers would not remain. Having freighted
his vessel with sassafras root, then much esteemed in
medicine, he hoisted sail and reached England with all

Gosnold

men.

9. What of the second ? What name was given to the first na. tive born English child ? - 10. Were attempts made to relieve this colony ? Does any one know what became of Mrs. Dare, or her child, or any of the colony ? - 11. Give some account of Gosnold ? Point out on the map his course ? Tell where he ap. proached. What discoveries he made ? 12. At what place did he prepare to colonize? Was he successful in planting , colony?

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P'D. II.

But wherever one made a

his
men,
after a passage

of five weeks, the shortest then P’T. 1. known.

13. Henry IV., of France, in 1603, granted to the ch. 1. Sieur de Monts, the country called Acadia, extending

1603 from the 40th to the 46th degree of north latitude.

Henry The next year De Monts sailed from France, taking I. Sarnuel Champlain as his pilot. He entered an exten- Acadia. sive bay, called it La Baye Francaise, (Bay of Fundy,] and on its eastern side, he founded Port Royal. He DeMonte discovered and named the rivers St. John and St. Croix, Port and sailed along the coast as far as Cape Cod.

Royal. 14. The English becoming alarmed at this encroachment on territory which they claimed, James l., the 1606. successor of Elizabeth, dividing the country into two 380 to districts nearly equal, granted the southern part, or 40tbe first colony of Virginia, included between the 34th and granted 41st degrees, to a company of merchants called the to both London Company; and the northern or second colony nies of Virginia, included between the 38th and 45th degrees, to another corporation, called the Plymouth Company. The king vested these companies with a settle right of land along the coast, fifty miles each way, and extending into the interior one hundred miles from the inight place of settlement.

15. The Plymouth Company, in 1607, sent out Ad- in 100 miral Raleigh Gilbert, with a hundred planters, under Captain George Popham, the president of the company. Settle They landed at the mouth of Kennebec river, where ment at they built and fortified a store-house. The sufferings bec. of the colony, through the winter, were severe. They 1607 lost their store-house by fire, and their president by death, and the next year returned to England, considering the country “a cold, barren, mountainous desert,” where, in the quaint language of that period, they de clared, “ they found nothing but extreme extremities.”

12. What of his voyage in regard to time ? — 13. What was granted to De Monts? By whom? What voyage and discoveries did he make ? Who accompanied him ? — 14. Between what two companies did ihe English now divide the country? What names give to each division ? Trace the two divisions on Map III, unless you draw the Maps, and have one of your own to exbibit. 15. Whom did the Plymouth company send out o What was the success of the settlement at Kerneboe 1

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P'T. I. 16. Thus, after a period of one hundred and ten
P'D. II. years, from the time that Cabot discovered North
CH. 11. America, and twenty-four years after Raleigh planted

the first colony, there was not, until 1607, an English,
man settled in America.,

CHAPTER II.

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First settlement of Virginia. 1. In 1607, the London Company sent out Captain Christopher Newport, with three ships, and one hundred and five men; among whom

Xhes the navigator Gosnold, and Captain John Smith, the Father of Virginia. 6finerad

2. The 'fleet sailed by the West Indies, and being

driven north of Roanoke in a storm, an accidental dispeake covery was thus made of the entrance of the Chesa

peake bay, the boundaries of which were now named 1607 Capes Charles and Henry, in honor of the king's sons.

3. The adventurers şailed at once into the bay, and up the Powhatan river) to which they gave the name

of the James, Upon its banks, fifty miles from its James mouth, they fixed their residence, and raised a few May 13. huts. The place was called Jamestown, an appellation

which it still retains, although nothing now remains but a few falling ruins.

4. The King of England, James l., had given the colonists a charter; that is a writing, made like a deed,

which he signed, and to which the great seal of En charter gland was affixed. These written instruments when

made for the settlers, in a wise and righteous manner, gave them privileges which were of great value. But, in this case, the charter left with the king all the power to govern the country.

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16. In 1607 what might be said of English colonization ?

Chapter II.-1. Whom did the London company send out ? 2. What discovery was accidentally made ? - 3. What course did the feet take? Where did the emigrants settle ? -4. What is a charter ? Did these emigrants receive a favorable charlor i

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5. To the colonists no assurance was given, but the P'T I, vague promise, that they should continue to be En

P'D. II.
glishmen. Religion was established by law, according ca. 11.
to the forms and doctrines of the church of England. No priv
There was, for the present, no division of property; to
and for five years, all labor was to be for the benefit of tlers.
the joint stock.

6. The government was to be administered by a
council, nominated by the king, but to reside in the
colony. As soon as the emigrants landed, the council
was organized. They chose Edward Wingfield, their presiden

Wing-
president. They were envious of Captain Smith. He

field, 2d,
was the proper person to be their head, because he had Smith.
more talents and more zeal for the settlement, than
any other man. But troubles gathered fast, and then
they a

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neighboring Indiang soon annoyed the colony

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by their petty hostilities. Their provisions failed, and Disasters
the scanty allowance to which they were reduced, as
well as the influence of a climate to which they were
not accustomed, gave rise to disease; so that the num- Aug. 22.
ber of the colonists rapidly diminished. Sometimes Death of
four or five died in a day, and there were not enough 1607
of the well, to give decent burial to the dead. Fifty
perished before winter, among whom was the excellent
Gosnold.

3. The energy and cheerful activity of Smith, threw
the only light, which glanced upon the dark picture.
le so managed as to awe the natives, and at the same
time to conciliate and obtain from them supplies of Excel-
food; while, among the emigrants, he encouraged the lent man
faint hearted, and put in fear the rebellious. Winter at of Smilbe
length came, and with it, relief from diseases of cli-
mate, and plentiful supplies of wild fowl and game.

9. The London company, with an ignorance of ge-
ography, which even then was surprising, had given
directions that some of the streams flowing from the

5. How was it about religion property ? 6. What about the government? Who was chosen president ?-7. What misfortunes befel the colony ?-8. What can you say of the con. duct of Captain Smith ? - 9. What directions hud Smith ro. ceived From whoin?

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