pf) 1. north-west should be followed up, in order to find a P'D. II. passage to the South Sea. . Smith was superior to the CH. 11. company in intelligence, but he knew the duties of a

subordinate; and he therefore prepared to explore the can obey head waters of the river

Chickahominy which answeras well as ed as nearly as any one, to their description.

10. Powhatan, the chief of the savage confederacy on the waters of the James and its tributaries, had been visited by the colonists early after their arrival

His imperial residence, called from its beautiful loca1607.

tion, Nonesuch, consisted of twelve wigwams near the Powhat-- site of Richmond. Next to him in power was his amand brother, Opechacanough, who was chief of the la brother. munkies on the Chickahominy. Smith embarked in a

barge on that river, and when he had ascended as far as possible in this manner, he left it, with the order that his party should not land till his return; and, with four attendants, he pursued his objects twenty miles farther up the river.

11. The Indians who had watched his movements, fell upon his men, took them prisoners, and obliged them to discover the track of their captain. He, in pursuit of game, soon found himself hunted by swarms

of savage archers. In this extremity he bound to his capture breast, as a shield, an Indian youth, who was with

nim; and then he shot three Indians, wounded others, and kept the whole party at bay. Attempting to retreat to his canoe while yet watching his foe, suddenly he sank to his middle, in an oozy creek. The savages dared not even then touch him, till, perishing with cold, he laid down his arms and surrendered.

12. They carried him to a fire, near which, some of

his men had been killed. By his Indian guide and Lisad interpreter, he then called for their chief. Opechaca

nough appeared, and Smith politely presented to him his pocket compass. The Indians were confounded at the motions of the fly-needle, which, on account of the




9. What did he know, and what do ? ~ 10. Whom had the colonists' visited ? Where? Who was chief of the Indians on the Chickahominy? What was the beginning of Smith's ad. ventures on that river ?-11. Relata the circumstances of his

Couture !

abril y



His treat



mysterious glass, they could see, but could not touch, P'T. I.
He told them wonderful stories of its virtues, and pro- p'D. II.
ceeded, as he himself relates, “by the globe-like figure Ch. IL
of that jewel, to instruct them, concerning the round-
ness of the earth, and how the sun did chase the night
round about the world continually,” by which his au-
ditors were filled with profound amazement.

\13. Their minds seemed to labor with the greatness
of the thought, that a being so superior was in their
power; and they vacillated in their opinion whether
or not it was best to put him to death; and as oiten
changed their conduct. They took him to rowhatan,

ment by thence led him round from one wondering cribe to the sava another; until, at the residence of Opernacanough, these superstitious dwellers of the forest, employed their sorcerers or powows, for three days, to practice incantations, in order to learn, from the invisible world, whether their prisoner wished them well or ill.

14. The decision of his fate was finally referred to Powhatan. At his residence, that majestic savage received him in state, but he condemned him to die. Two stones were brought and laid before the chief, and two savages stood with uplified war-clubs. Smith

cue by
was dragged to the spot, and his head placed upon the Pucalow
stones, Pocahontas, a young Indian girl, rushed
forward, and with cries and tears begged of Pow-
hatan, her father, to spare him. He refused. She
then ran and knelt beside the victim, and laid her


his. Then the stern savage relented, and Smith was saved.

15. Smith having now learned much of the Indians, their country, modes of warfare, dispositions and lan- 1608 guage, and having also by his great address and honor- Good

brought able bearing, won their affection and confidence, his captivity proved, under Divine Providence, a means of establishing the colony.

16. During his absence, however, there had been

His res


frou evil.

12 Of the manner in which he gave the natives a great idea of his knowledge ?- 13. Of their thoughts and behaviour to. wards him ?--11. Relate the circumstance of his sentence and doliverance ? -15. What viow may be taken of Smith's captivity?


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P'T. I. disorder and misrule; and when he returned to James P'D. II. town he found only thirty-eight persons remaining CH. 1. The spirits of the people were broken; and all, filled

with despondency, were anxious to leave a country so State of inhospitable. He prevailed upon them, however, partly

the by force and partly by persuasion, to remain till the colony,

next year; when Newport arriving from England, with some supplies and one hundred and twenty emigrants,

hope again revived. 1608. 17. During the year 1608, Captain Smith explored 3 the Chesapeake bay to its head, discovered its fine

streams, and gained new information concerning the

native productions and inhabitants of the country. In explores an excursion which he made


the Rappahannock, the Cher he had a skirmish with the Mannahoacks, a tribe deapcake.

scended from the Delawares, and took prisoner a brother of one of their chiefs. From him he first heard of the Iroquois, who, the Indian told him, “ dwelt on a great water to the north, had a great many boats, and so many men, that they waged war with all the rest of the world.”

18. Immediately on his return he was chosen president of the council. He found the recent emigrants

“goldsmiths and gentlemen.” But he promptly gave ion decide them their choice, to labor for six hours a day, or have wisdom, nothing to eat. He represented to the council in En

gland that they should send laborers; that the search 15

of gold should be abandoned, and that nothing should be expected except by labor.”



CHAPTER IIL Early settlement of Virginia-continued. 1. The London Company had gradually become enlarged by accessions of men of influence, some of

16. What had happened during Smith's absence ? What was the effect of his return ?-17. What did Smith explore ? What learn from report ? - 18. What happened on his return ? W'hat course did he take? What was his advice sent to England 1

CHAPTER III.-1. What had been the progress of the London Company ?



P'D. II.


ed at Berinuda

whom were of the nobility and gentry. Without at P'F. 1. all consulting the wishes, and against ihe interests of the colony, they now obtained from the king a new cu.. charter, by which they were to hold the lands in fee; Goveroand all the powers of government formerly reserved ment to the crown, were hereafter to vest in the company. worse. The council in England, chosen by the stockholders, was to appoint a governor, who was to rule the colonists with absolute sway. 2. The company now collected five hundred adven

Newport turers, many of whom were men of desperate fortunes sent with and abandoned characters. They appointed as gover-dred. nor for life the excellent Lord Delaware, and freighted with the emigrants nine ships, of which Captain Newport was to take the command.

3. As Lord Delaware was not ready to embark with the fleet, the admiral, Sir Thomas Gates, and Sir George Somers, were empowered to govern the colony until his arrival. Newport took into his own ship Gates and Somers. Arriving at the Bermudas, a terrible storm separated the fleet. The admiral's vessel was stranded on the rocky shores of Bermuda; a small ketch perished, and only seven of the vessels reached Jainestown.

4. Smith now found himself without authority; and the three persons who alone possessed it, were per- 1609. haps in the depths of the ocean. His genius, however, sustained him; and he compelled to submission 'head. the disorderly gallants who had just arrived.

5. Pocahontas repeatedly saved the life of Smith, and preserved this earliest English settlement from destruction. In the various furtunes of the colony, she was its unchanging friend, often coming with her at- kindness tendants to bring baskets of provisions in times of scarcity, and sometimes giving notice of hostile designs.

1. What did they obtain? What was the character of the in. strument obtained ? - 2. What was the number, and what was the description of the persons sent out? What office had Lord Delaware? What Capt. Newport ? — 3. What was the fate of Ncwport's ship? What persons had he on board ? —4. Ag neither the governor, or his substitutes were there, what was the position and conduct of Sinith ?-5. What is said of Poca. hontag ?


yet at the




P'T, I.

6. At length, an accidental explosion of gunpowder P'D. II. so injured Smith, that no medical skill there, could CH, IT properly manage his case; and delegating his auSmith thority to George Percy, he returned to England.leaves After his departure, all subordination and industry Virginia. ceased among

the colonists. 7. The Indians, no longer afraid, harassed them, and withheld their customary supplies. Their stores

were soon exhausted. The domestic animals were Oreat devoured; and, in two instances, the act was perpeand di trated of feeding on human flesh. Smith left four huntress. dred and ninety persons. In six months, anarchy and

vice had reduced the number to sixty; and those so feeble and forlorn, that in ten days more they must all have perished.

8. In the meantime, Sir Thomas Gates and his companions, who had been wrecked on the rocks of Bermuda, had found there the means to construct a vessel; and now approaching Jamestown, they anticipated a happy meeting with their friends. But, instead of this,

but few remained, and they wasted to skeletons. Gates Depart- was obliged to yield to the universal cry, desert the are of the settlement, and re-embark with the whole colony. They colony.

departed in the morning, and falling down the stream with the tide, they descried, at evening, near the river's

mouth, three ships. Lord Delaware, their paternal June, 1610.

governor had arrived with supplies; and their hearts were cheered with the consoling thought that God had delivered them. And then the residue returned, a chastened, and a better people.

9. The colony again became flourishing; but in 1611. March, 1611, the governor's health declined, and he May 10, was obliged to leave the country. On the departure inas Dale of Lord Delaware, Percy was again at the head of af

fairs, until the arrival of Sir Thomas Dale, in May.' Although good order and industry now prevailed, yet

its return.

6. What now happened to Smith ? What was the conduct of the colonists ? - 7. What consequences ensued ? -8. Relate the circumstances of Sir Thomas Gates arrival? What was he obliged to do? Where were the people, and what their feelings on Lord Delaware's arrival ? -9. How lung did Lord Delaware remain in the country?


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