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A BAD MAN MAKES A BAD GOVERNOR.
the state of the colony was not flourishing, and Dale "T. I. immediately wrote to England for aid. In less than four months, Sir Thomas Gates arrived, with six ships ca. 1v. and three hundred emigrants.
11 10. Pocahontas, after the departure of Capt. Smith,
1613 received Christian baptism under the name of Rebecca; and then married John Rolfe, a young Englishman and
Baptism of the colony. She went with her husband to England, where special attention was paid her by the king Poca and queen, at the instigation of Smith. She had been pontas. told that he was dead; and when he came to see her she turned away, and for a time could not, or would not speak. He kindly soothed her, and at length she addressed him as her father, and recalled the scenes of their early acquaintance. Having given birth to a son, she was about to return, when she sickened and died, at the
age of twenty-two. Her son survived and reared an offspring, which is perpetuated in some of the best, Vamilies in Virginia.
Virginia-Hudson River-Canada. 1. In 1617, Captain Argall was made acting governor of Virginia. Lord Delaware having attempted to reach the settlement, died on the passage. Argall (61%
Argall's governed with so much rigor, as to excite universal discontent. Not only did he play the tyrant over the duct. colonists, but he cheated the company. The rumor of his oppression made emigration unpopular. By the influence of the good Sir Edwin Sandys, the benevolent Yeardly was sent over to take his place.
9. On what occasion did their numbers receive an accession / 10. With whom did Pocahontas go to England ? What took place there? Whom did she meet and how ? Has she left de. scendants ?
CHAPTER IV.--1. What is here said of Argall? What efteci nad the report of 'uis bad conduct? Who was sent as governor ?
2. Governor Yeardly called the first general assenPD. 11. bly which was held in Virginia, consisting of repreCH. 16. sentatives, chosen from among the people, who were
to act conjointly with the governor and council ap1619 The first pointed by the company, in all matters of importance. general The colonists, who, till then, had been nothing more assembly
the the servants of the company, were thus raised to the distinction and privileges of freemen.
3. In this assembly, which met at Jamestown, eleven
boroughs were each represented by two burgesses. They. For this cheering dawn of civil liberty, the colonists James expressed to the company “the greatest possible thanks,"
," and forth with “fell to building houses and planting corn."
4. In order to attach the colonists more entirely to
their new settlements, there was, about this time, sent Young out, by the advice of Sandys, a considerable number
of young women of humble birth, but of unexcepwives. tionable character, as wives for the young planters.
The price paid for the passage of each was at first one hundred, and afterwards, one hundred and fifty pounds of tobacco. To fail of discharging debts so incurred, was esteemed particularly dishonorable.
5. About this time were introduced also into the 1620. Convicts colony, by order of King James, many idle and dissoseut w lute persons, then in custody for their offences. They
were dispersed throughout the colony, and employed as laborers.
6. A Dutch ship from Africa arriving at Jamestown, Slavery
a part of her cargo of negroes was purchased by the colony. This was the commencement of negro slavery
in the United States. 1609
7. In 1609, occurred the discovery of the Hudson Riser river, which has proved the finest for navigation of any
in republican America. Henry Hudson, the discoverer,
women seut as
2. What important privilege did the people obtain ? Of whom did the first assembly consist ? - 3. Where did they meet ? What did they express, and what do ? — 1. What was done to attach them to their new homes? What price was paid ? - 5 What unwholesome settlers were introduced ? -6. When dia slavery commence ?-7. Who discovered the great river of New York ?
NEW ENGLAND EXPLORED.
was an Englishmen by birth, but was in the service of P'T.L the Dutch East India Company. The next year,
the Dutch sent ships to this river, to open a trade with the ch.!. natives; but the Court of England disowned their claim to the country. The Dutch, however, followed up their good fortune, and soon erected Forts Orange and Manhattan, near the sites of Albany and New York. 8. In 1608, Champlain, under De Monts, conducted
1608 a colony to America, and founded Quebec. Wishing Chamto secure the friendship of the adjacent natives, he plain, consented, the next year, to accompany them on an Quebec. expedition against the Iroquois, with whom they were at war. They entered upon the lake which now bears,
1609 in honor of its discoverer, the name of Champlain, Discovand traversed it until they approached its junction with Lake St. Sacrament, now Lake George. Here, in Chamthe vicinity of Ticonderoga, a bloody engagement plain, took place, in which Champlain and his allies were victorious.
9. Captain Smith, after his return from Virginia, explored the north-eastern coast of the United States with a trading squadron of two ships. Smith sailed in the largest, and the other was commanded by Captain Smith in
. Hunt; before mentioned as having kidnapped twenty- N.Eng seven of the subjects of Massasoit. Smith accurately examined the shore, with its bays and rivers, from the mouth of the Penobscot to Cape Cod, and having With drawn a map, he laid it, on his return, before Prince Hunt Charles, with a hint, that so beautiful and excellent a country deserved to bear an honorable name. The Prince listened to his suggestion, and declared that it should thereafter be called New ENGLAND.
10. The French having established themselves within the limits of the northern colony of Virginia, Capt. Argall was sent from Jamestown to dispossess them.
7. What was done by the Dutch? Were the English satisfied? What important cities were begun ? - 8. Relate what was done by Champlain at the North ? – 9. In what enterprise was Captain Smith now engaged ? With whom? What was done on Smith's return ?
THE DUTCH UNDER KING JAMES.
P'T. I. He destroyed Port Royal, and all the French settle
ments in Acadia. On his return he visited the Dutch CH. Iv. at Manhattan, and demanded possession of the country Argall in the name of the British sovereign. The Dutch subdues traders made no scruple to acknowledge the supremacy French of King James, and, under him, that of the governor
10. Relate Captain Argall's expedition and its results ?
EXERCISES ON THE CHRONOGRAPHER.
What event marks the beginning of this period? What is its date ? Point it out on the chronographer. Sir Walter Raleigh obtained a transfer of Gilbert's patent in 1583, and sent two vessels to the south under Amidas and Barlow. Queen Elizabeth named the country which they discovered, Virginia. Point out the place of this date.
Raleigh sent out a squadron of seven ships under Sir Richard Grenville, in 1585. Point out this date on the chronographer. Both these attempts to colonize the country were unsuccessful, and Raleigh again sent out a colony in 1587, under Captain White. Show the place of this date.
Gosnold discovered Cape Cod in 1602. What is the place of this date ? De Monts discovered the bay of Fundy and founded Port Royal in 1604. Point out this date. The London and Plytnouth Companies were established by James I., in 1606. Point out the place of this year. Chesapeake Bay was discovered by Captain Christopher Newport, and Jamestown founded in 1607.
Captain Smith was taken prisoner by the Indians and res. cued by Pocahontas the same year. Point out its place on the chronographer. The London Company obtained a new charter from James I. in 1608, and Lord Delaware was appointed governor. Show the place of this year.
Governor Yeardley called the first General Assembly, in Virginia, in 1619. What is the place of this date? Henry Hudson discovered the Hudson river in 1609. Champlain, under De Monts, discovered Lake Champlain in the same year. Point out the place of the year. In 1614, Captain Smith explored the northeastern coast of the United States which Prince Charles named New England. Point out the place of the date. At what epoch does this period termi nate ? What is its date? Point out its place on the hro). uographer.
EXERCISES ON THE CHRONOGRAPHER.
The teacher can, if he chooses, change the order of the P'T. I. questions and ask, “When did Raleigh send out ?” &c.
P'un Then say to the pupil, “ Locate the year.” But the author would not recommend that the pupil's memory should be severely taxed to remember dates.