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TUE LEADING MEN

65

CHAPTER II.

Progress of the Pilgrirns from Holland to America.

P'T. L

men.

1. From Delft-Haven, the Pilgrims sailed to Southampton, in Englandd Among the leaders of the party pp. iii

. was Elder BREWSTER, who at this time was fifty-six, C. il. but sound in body, as in spirit. John CARVER was

Leading

22 gear his age, beloved and trusted, as he was good and wise. William BRADFORD was strong, bold, and en. during ; but withal, a meek and prudent Christian. .nl Next these in honor, and superior in native endowments, was EDWARD WINslow. He was at this time twenty-six; Bradford was thirty-two. Miles STANDISH had been in the English army, and was a brave and resolute officer.

2. After remaining in Southampton a fortnight, the party put to sea. But misfortunes befalling, they re- Sept. 8, turned, left the Speedwell, and finally, to the number

parture. of one hundred, they set sail from Plymouth, in the solitary May-Flower. On the 6th of September, they took their last, sad look, of their native shore. After a stormy and perilous passage, they made land, on the 9th of November, at Cape Cod.

3. The mouth of the Hudson had been selected as the place of their settlement, and they accordingly steered southerly; but soon falling in with dangerous Cape breakers, and all, especially the women, being impa. Cod. tient to leave the ship, they determined to return and settle on or near the Cape. The next day they turned the point of that singular projection, and entered the horbor, now called Provincetown.

4. They fell on their knees to thank the kind Power who had preserved them amidst so many dangers; and

Nov. 9.

CHAPTER II.-1. From Holland where did the Pilgrims next go? Name their leading men. What is said of the first named ? The second? The third ? The fourth? The fifth ?-2. What happened when they first put out to sea ? From what place did they last depart? In what vessel ? How many persons ? What was the length and character of the passage ? What the first land made ? - 3. On what place had they intended to settle ? Why did they change their minds? -4. What wus their first act vi arriving ?

66

OBEDIENCE ESSENTIAL TO THE COMPACT.

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P’T.I. then “they did,” says Cotton Mather, “as the light of
P’D. III. nature itself directed them, immediately, in the harbor,
CH. II. sign an instrument, as the foundation of their future
1620. and needful government;" solemnly combining them-
Now. It selves into a civil body politic, to enact all such ordi-

nances, and frame all such constitutions and offices, as, in the from time to time, should be thought most meet and

convenient for the general good; all which they bound 2.

themselves to obey.

5. This simple, but august compact, was the first

of a series, by which the fetters of a vast system of 2 political oppression have been broken. Upon some

parts of the old continent that system still remains; building upon the fiction, that sovereigns own the

world and its inhabitants, having derived all from God; important irans- and that the people are to have only such a measure

of personal freedom, and such possessions, as kings

may choose to bestow. Here was assumed for the 2 었

first time the grand principle of a voluntary confederacy of independent men; instituting government, for the good, not of the governors, but of the governed.

6. There were the same number of persons on board

the May-Flower as had left England; but one, a serPilgrims. vant, had died; and one, a male child, Peregrine White,

was born on the passage. Carver was immediately chosen governor, and Standish, captain.

7. No comfortable home, or smiling friends, awaited the Pilgrims. They, who went oi shore, waded

through the cold surf, to a homeless lésert. But a Nov. 11. place to settle in must be found, and no tu ne was to be They go lost. The shallop unfortunately needed repairs, and

in the meantime a party set out to make discoveries by same land. They found a little corny and many graves) which and in a second excursion they encountered the chill

ing blasts of a November snow storm, which laid in zompact. some, the foundation of mortal disease. The country

was wooded, and tolerably stocked with game.

4. What their next step? For what did they combine into one body ? To what did they bind themselves ? - 5. What may be said of this compact ? - Upon what action are some govern. ments founded ? What was here assumed ? - 6. What liumbei of persons arrived ? What officers werd choren? — 9. What can you say of their first arrival? What had thuy tu do? Whar excursions did they make ?

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8. When the shallop was finished, Carver, Bradford P'T
and Winslow, with a party of eighteen, manned the P'D. III.
feeble bark, and set forth. Steering along the western
shore of Cape Cod, they made, in three days, the inner 1620.
circuit of the bay. “It was,” says one of the number, Dec. 6,
6 very cold; for the water froze our clothes, and made
them many times like coats of iron.” They landed

shallo.
occasionally to explore; and at night, inclosed with
only a slight barricade of boughs, they stretched them-
selves upon the hard ground.

9. On the second morning, as their devotions closed,
they received a shower of Indian arrows; when, sally-
ing out, they discharged their guns, and the savages Dec. 8.
fled. Again they offered prayers with thanksgiving; by the
and proceeding on their way, their shallop was nearly Nausets.
wrecked by a wintry storm of terrible violence. After day,
unspeakable dangers, they sheltered themselves under Dec.io.
the lee of a small island, where, amidst darkness and larke's

Island,
rain, they landed, and with difficulty, made a fire. In

just
the morning, they found themselves at the entrance of within
a harbor. The next day was the Sabbath. They rest- harbor.
ed and kept it holy, though all that was dear to them Sun. 11
depended on their promptness.

10. The next day, the pilgrims landed on the rock
of Plymouth. Finding the harbor good, springs abun-
dant, and the land promising for tillage, they decided qay, 12
to settle here, and named the place from that which Pilgrim
they last left in England. In a few days they brought Ply-
the May-Flower to the harbor; and on the 25th of
December they began building, having first divided the
whole company into nineteen families, and assigned

ther contiguous lots, of size according to that of the
: family, about eight feet front, and fifty deep, to each

person. Each man was to build his own house. Be-
sides this, the company were to make a building of
twenty feet square, as a common receptacle. This was

8. What party set sail in the shallop ? What course did they
take? What sufferings encounter ? -9. What happened on
the second morning? Recollect Capt. Hunt, and say if these
Indians had any cause to dislike the English ? Relate what fur-
ther happened, and where the Pilgrims landed? How did they
spend the Sabbath ? - 10. On what day and year did the Pil.
grims land on the rock of Plymouth? At what time commence
building? How procend with it? How divide the land ?

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24

VISIT FROM THE INDIANS.

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pt.). soonest completed, but was unfortunately destroyed by

fire.

11. Their huts went up but slowly; for though their 1 hearts were strong, yet their hands had grown feeble,

through fatigue, hardship, and scanty fare. Many 2. were wasting with consumptions. Daily some yield15

ed to sickness, and daily some sunk to the grave.

Before spring, half of their number, among whom were They suffer, the governor and his wife, lay buried on the shore but re. Yet they never repined, or repented of the step they

had taken; and when, on the 5th of April, the May

Flower left them, not one, so much as spoke of returnpril 5,

ing to England. They rather confessed the continnal 1621. mercies of a “wonder-working Providence," that had

carried them through so many dangers, and was making them, the honored instruments, of so great a work.

NOTE.-The dates in this part of History are of course given according to Old Style, since New Styie was not adopted by the English government until 132 years after this period. For a clear explanation of this subject, see the word Style, in Webster's large dictionary.

CHAPTER III.

The Savages--Massasoit's Alliance Winslow's Visit to the

Pokanokets.

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- First
visit.

1. The Pilgrims had as yet seen but few of the natives, and those hostile, when Samoset, an Indian, who had

learned a little English at Penobscot, boldly entered March their village, with a cheerful “Welcome Englishmen."

He soon came again, with four others, among whom was Tisquantum, who had spread favorable reports of the English among his countrymen, and was afterwards of great service as an interpreter.

2. They gave notice that Massasoit, the sachem of

the Pokanokets, was hard by. He appeared on a hill, The re- with a body of attendants, armed, and painted with mption.

gaudy colors. The chief desired that some one should

11. What was their condition during this first winter? Did they repine and complain ?

CHAPTER III.-1. Who was Samoset? Tisquantum ? What notice did they give ? Who was Massasoit ? What did be do, and what desire ?

WINSLOW'N VISITS TO MASSASOIT.

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be sent to confer with him. Edward Winslow, fained for P'T. I.
the sweetness of his disposition and behavior, as well P’D). III.
as for his talents, courage, and efficiency, was wisely ch. iu.
chosen. Captain Standish found means to make a
martial show, with drums and trumpets; which gave
the savages wonderful delight.

3. The sachem, on coming into the village, was so well pleased with the attentions paid him, that he acknowledged the authority of the king of England, and entered into an alliance, offensive and defensive, with the colonists, which remained inviolate for more than fifty years.

4. In July, Edward Winslow and Stephen Hopkins, went on an embassy to Massasoit, at Montaup. The

1621. sachem was much pleased, with the present of

July coat, from Governor Bradford, who had ucceeded Embassy Carver. The envoys obtained from him an engageincnt, that the furs of the Pokanokets should be sold to the colony.

5. Massasoit feared the Narragansetts, and was doubtless, on that acco

ccount, desirous of cultivating the friendship of the English. Canonicus, the old hereditary chieftain of that confederacy, perhaps offended at this

gansetts intimacy, or regarding the whites as intruders, medi- threaten. tated a war against them. This he openly intimated,

1622 by sending to Governor Bradford, a bunch of arrows, tied with the skin of a rattlesnake. Bradford stuffed the skin with powder and bali, and sent it back; and nothing more was heard, at that time, of war.

6. The next year, news came to Plymouth, that Massasoit was sick. Winslow taking suitable articles, went to Montaup. He found the Indians bewailing, and practising their noisy powows or incantations, arourd visits love the sightless chieftain. Affectionately he extended his chies hand and exclaimed, “Art thou Winsnow?"

(He could not articulate the liquid l.) “Art thou Winsnow? But, 0, Winsnow! I shall never see thee

2. What was done, and who chosen by the Pilgrims? 3. What alliance inade ? - 4. What visit was afterwards made ? What trade secured ? 5. What Indians was Massasoit afraid of? How did their chief threaten the Pilgrims? How did Governor Bradford reply ? - .6. Give an account of Winslow's second visit to Massasvit.

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Jan.

Winslow

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