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A rencounter.

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P'T. I. more.” Winslow'administered cordials, and he re-
PSD. IN covered. He then revealed a conspiracy which the
CH. I. Indians had formed and requested him to join.

now,” said he, “I know that the English love me.”

7. Agreeably to Massasoit's advice, that a bold stroke should be struck, and the heads of the plot taken off, the intrepid Standish, with a party of only eight, went into the hostile country, attacked a house where the principal conspirators had met, and put them to death.

8. In justice to the Indians, it should be stated, that they were provoked to this conspiracy, by“ Master Weston's men.” These were a colony of sixty Englishmen, sent over in June, 1622, by Thomas

Weston. Though hospitably received at Plymouth, verstone they stole the young corn from the stalk, and thus Men brought want and distress upon the settlers the en

suing winter and spring. They then made a shortlived and pernicious settlement, at Weymouth. Weston was a London merchant, once the friend of the Pilgrims.

9. Notwithstanding all the hardships, all the wisdom 1624

and constancy, of the colonists, the partners of the

concern in London complained of small returns; and 1626. even had the meanness to send a vessel to rival thein

in their trade with the Indians. Winslow went io

England, and negociated a purchase for himself and ** w's ue- seven of his associates in the colony, by which the gocia

property was vested in them; and they sold out to the
colony at large, for the consideration of a monopoly
of the trade with the Indians for six years.
10. New Plymouth now began to flourish.

Foi the land being divided, each man labored for himseli Govers- and his family. The government was a pure democ

racy, resembling that now exercised in a town meeting. Each male inhabitant had a vote; the governo, had two.

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ry. In what respect did the Pilgrims follow the sarhem's ad vice ?. - 8. By whom had the natives been provoked ? -- 9. 09 what account did Winslow go to England ? What bargain dd he make? To whom did the eight first purchasers sell on!! And for what consideration ? 10. Why did New Plymivu'ba now flourisht What was their guvernment at first !

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THE GRAND COUNCIL.

11. Numbers of their brethren of the church at P'T.I. Leyden came over within the first few years to join the P'D. III. settlement. The people of Plymouth gave a thousand ch. iv. pounds to assist them to emigrate. But the good Ro

1625. binson was not permitted to enter the land of his hopes Death of and affections. He died in Leyden, 1625, to the great grief of the Pilgrims.

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CHAP'TER IV.
Grand Council of Plymouth.-New Hampshire Massachusetts

Bay.
1. In November, 1620, the same month in which
the Pilgrims arrived on the American coast, James I.
issued a charter, or patent, to the duke of Lenox, the
marquisses of Buckingham and Hamilton, the earls of

1620. Arundel and Warwick, Sir Ferdinando Gorges, and Grand thirty-four associates; styling them the “Grand Coun- Council. cil of Plymouth, for planting and governing New SweepEngland, in America.” This patent granted them the ing paterritory between the fortieth and forty-eighth degrees of north latitude, and extending throughout the main land from sea to sea.

2. This territory, which had been previously called 1 North Virginia, now received the name of New Eng

land, by royal authority. From this patent were de North rived all the subsequent grants, under which, the New Virginia England colonies were settled. But the persons who New transacted business for the company, were un

unacquainted

England with geography, and avaricious. They accordingly made their grants in an ignorant or dishonest manner; so that much trouble ensued.

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11. Did any of their brethren from Leyden come over ? Did The good Robinson ?

CHAPTER IV.-1. Of whom did the Grand Council of Ply. mouth consist? Of whom receive a charter ? When ? What was the territory granted them? - 2. How was the name changed? What was derived from this patent? Ilow was the business of the company trunsucted i

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WILDERNESS-WORK." 3 Sir Ferdinando Gorges had been an officer in the P:D. III. navy of Elizabeth, and a companion of Sir Walter Ca. iv. Raleigh. He was ambitious, and perhaps thought Gorges he should become the duke or prince of some large

territory. He was the prime mover in getting up the Grand Council of Plymouth, and was made its President. Similar motives actuated Captain Mason, and he became its Secretary.

4. Mason procured from the Grand Council the ab

surd grant of “all the land from the river of Naum1621. keag, (Salem,) round Cape Ann, to the mouth of the March 9, Merrimack, and all the country lying between the two Mariana, rivers, and all islands within three miles of the coast.”

The district was to be called Mariana.

5. The next year Gorges and Mason jointly obtain

ed of the Council another patent of “all the lands 1622. between the Merrimack and Kennebec rivers, extendCharter ing back to the great lakes, and river of Canada.”

This tract received the name of Lacaonia. Under this

grant some feeble settlements were made at the mouth 1623. of the Piscataqua, and as far up the river, as the present ments. town of Dover.

6. The persecution of the Puritans in England cunMie tinued, and Mr. White, a minister of Dorchester, piothe pat- jected another colony to America. As early as 1624,

a few persons were established on the site of Salem.

7. Several gentlemen of Dorchester purchased of

the Grand Council in 1628, a patent “of that part of 1628. New England which lies between three miles north of Patent the Merrimack river, and three miles to the south of

Charles river, and extending from the Atlantic to the South Sea." This tract was in part covered by Masor's patent.

E. John Endicot, a rugged puritan, began in Salem, The pio- the “ wilderness-work for the colony of MassachuSelene. setts.” He brought over his family, and other emi.

grants, to the number of one hundred. Roger Conant

3. Who was Sir F. Gorges ? What person had similar- ob jects? -4. What patent did Mason obtain ?-5. What patent did Mason and Gorges obtain jointly ? --- 6. Who projected ano. ther colony to America ? Where was a settlement begun? What patent was obtained ? - 8. Who was the pioneer for the Bay stu:e? Wbere did ho begin ? How many bring avor ?

ron of Mass,

for Mass.

7

THE BAY COLONY.

P'D'II

and two other persons from New Plymouth, had select P'T. I.
ed this spot, then called Naumkeag, for their settle-
ment; and Conant was there, to give, to Endicot and his co. v.
party, such welcome to the New World, as the desert
forest could afford.

9. The next year, the proprietors in England, ob-
tained of King Charles a charter, confirming the patent
of the Council of Plymouth, and conveying to them
powers of government. They were incorporated by 1629
the name of the “Governor and Company of Massa- to the
chusetts Bay, in New England.” The first general cBay
court of the company was held in England, when they
fixed upon a form of government for the colony, and
appointed Endicot governor.

10. About three hundred persons sailed for America during this year. A part of them joined Mr. Endicot Charles at Salem, and the remainder, exploring the coast for a founded. better station, laid the foundation of Charlestown.

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The Colony of Massachusetts Bay. 1. A more extensive emigration was now thought of, than had been before attempted. But an objection arose; the colony was to be governed by a council besin residing in England. To obviate this hindrance, the sent. company agreed to form a council of those who should emigrate, and who might hold their sessions thereaft.my ir the new settlement.

2. On the election, the excellent JOHN WINTHROP was chosen governor. He had afterwards for his

8. Who was on the spot to receive them ?-9. What did the proprietors obtain ? Where hold their first court ? Whom make governor ? 10. How many came over during 1629? Where did they settle ?

CHAPTER V.--1. What objections arose to an extensive emi. gration? What was done to obviato it ? — 2. Who wou cliuecu to go over us goverisur 9

Sired

> THE BEST.

264

F’D. III.

June.

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113

#T. I. eulogy, a praise beyond that of any other person in

the colony. “ He was,” say they, “ unto us as a moCH.V. ther, parent-like distributing his goods, and gladly 1630. bearing our infirmities; yet did he ever maintain the Fifteen figure and honor of his place, with the spirit of a true emigrate

. gentleman.” The company had determined to colo

nize only their “best.” Eight hundred accompanied Winthrop; and, during the season, seventeen vessels

were employed, bringing over in all, fifteen hundred 3

persons.

3. Winthrop and his friends, found no luxurious table spread for them in the wilderness; but they freely

gave of their own stores, to the famished and enfeebled Arrive at sufferers, whom they met. Regarding Salem as suffi

ciently peopled, the newly-arrived, located themselves without delay, beyond its limits.

Their first care, wherever they went, was to provide for the ministration of the gospel. Settlements were soon begun, and churches established at Charlestown, Dorchester, Bos. ton, Roxbury, Lynn, and Watertown.

4. Unused, as many of these settlers were, to aught

but plenty and ease, the hardships before them, though 1632. borne with a willing mind, were too much for the Hard- body, especially in the case of women. Many died, dured. though in the joy of believing. Among these, was the

beloved Arbella Johnson, of the noble house of Lincoln. Her husband, Isaac Johnson, the principal of the emigrants in respect to wealth, felt her loss so severely, that he soon followed her to the grave. He made a liberal bequest to the colony, and died " in sweet peace.”

5. Agreeably to the charter which the Company of 1631. Massachusetts Bay had received from the king, the vo

ters agreed that important regulations should be enacted in an assembly of all the freemen. A meeting was convened at Boston, in October; when Winthrop was re-elected governor, and Thomas Dudley, who had

2. What his character? What kind of persons and how many accompanied him? — 3. What was the conduct of Winthrop and his friends ? Where were the first villages and churches 1 --What can you say of the hardships endured? Who among others died i 5. When was an assembly held in Boston ? Who was clwson ww oflive!

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