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70

NOBILITY OF SOUL.

15

P'T.I.

P'D. III

to the

acorns.

his company:

Attack
and

10. After enduring such hardships as human natura

shudders to contemplate, most of the party, to save cu. vi. life, got on board a vessel, and at length reached MasReturn sachusetts. A few remained, who lived on malt and

These resolute puritans were not, however, Bay.

discouraged, but most of those, who left the settlement in the winter, returned in the spring with Hooker and

11. Winthrop, in the meantime, commenced building Fort at the projected fort. A few days afterwards, a Dutch brook. vessel, which was sent from New Netherlands, ap

peared off the harbor to take possession of its en

trance. The English having by this time mounted two repulse. pieces of cannon, prevented their landing. They pro

ceeded to complete the fort, which was named after the two Lords patentees, Say-Brook.

12. The Pilgrims, in the exercise of their wonted virtues, now sold their claim to lands in Windsor, to the people of Dorchester; and the patentees were content, that the Massachusetts settlement should proceed.

13. Thomas Hooker is regarded as the principal founder of Connecticut. In him a natural “grandeur of mind” was cultivated by education, and chastened by religion and adversity. He was commanding and dignified in his ministerial office; yet, in private life he was generous, com ssionate, and tender.

So attractin Eug. ive was his pulpit eloquence, that in England he drew

crowds, often from great distances, of noble, as well as plebeian hearers.

14. His congregation in England esteemed his min

istry as so great a blessing, that, when persecution 1633. drove him from his native land, they desired still to be

with him, although in these sends of the earth.” А Geowo. portion of his people had preceded him, and were al

ready settled at Newtown, since Cambridge. As he landed, they met him on the shore. With tears of

Hooker

land.

Meets his hurchia

10. Were they discouraged ? -11. What happened at the mouth of Connecticut river ? — 12. What peaceable compromise was made among the various settlers ? 13. Describe the prin. cipal founder of Connecticut. · - 14. What showed the affectior of his people in England ? Did the church come to America together?

112

WISDOM, UNION, AND LABOR.

71

P'D. IIL

man

affection he exclaimed, “Now I live ! if ye stand P'T. I. fast in the Lord !"

15. Associated with Hooker, both in council and Ch. Fil. action, was John Haynes, a gentleman of excellent endowments, of unaffected meekness, and possessed

A good of a very considerable estate. So desirous were the people of Massachusetts to detain him, that they made him their governor; but he would not separate himself from his friend and pastor.

16. Warned by the calamities of the preceding autuinn, Hooker would not delay, although his wife was so ill, as to be carried on a litter. The company de- June, parted from Newtown early in June, driving their 1636 flocks and herds. Many of them were accustomed to journey affluence; but now, they all,-men, women and little across children,—travelled on foot, through thickets, across derness streams and over mountains,—lodging at night upon the unsheltered ground. But they put their cheerful trust

3 in God; and we doubt not the ancient forest was, night and morning, made vocal with His praise.

17. At length they reached their destined location, which they named Hartford. The excellent Haynes was chosen chief magistrate; and the soil was pur- Good chased of the natives. The succeeding summer was conduct one of the utmost exertion. Houses were to be built, lands cleared, food provided for the coming winter,

3 roads made, the cunning and terrible savage to be guarded against, and, chiefly, a church and state to be organized. All was to be done, and all was accomplished, by wisdom, union, and labor.

15. Give an account of John Haynes. - 16. Describe the journey of Hooker and his people ? - 17. Where was their location? Who was made governor ? How did they get the right of soil ? · What had they to do? By what means did they accoraplish their undertakings ?

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72

A RIGHTEOUS WAR

CHAPTER VIII.

P'TI.

P'D. III.

The

hostile.

The Pequod War. 1. The Pequods were endeavoring to unite ine In

dian tribes in a plot to exterminate the English, espeCH. vui. cially those of the colony, named from its river, Con

NECTICUT. They had sought, as we have seen, tho alliance of their former enemies, the Narragansetts, but through the influence of Roger Williams, Mian:

tonomoh, the war-chief of that nation, remained true to 1636.

the whites. Uncas, the Mohegan sagamore, formerly Pequods a vassal, and of the same family with Sassacus, was

now his inveterate foe. 3

2. The Pequods murdered Captain John Oldham, near Block Island. They made other attacks, and carried away some prisoners. They cut off stragglers from Saybrook, and had become so bold as to assault the fort, and use impudent and threatening language.

Every where they were, or seemed to be, lurking, with July, purposes of murder. The whole settlement, thus conof the stantly excited, was in the severish condition of intense settlers

. and continual fear. The people neither ate, slept, or

labored, or even worshipped God in the sanctuary, without arms and ammunition at hand.

3. A general court was called on the last of May, at Hartford. Thirty persons had already been killed,

and the evidence was conclusive that the savages de1637.

signed a general massacre. The court, therefore, May, The righteously declared war.

4. The quota of troops from the three towns now wur. settled, shows the rapid progress of the settlement.

Hartford was to furnish ninety men, Windsor fortytwo, and Wethersfield eighteen, making one hundred and fifty. John Mason was chosen captain. The

court declare

CHAPTER VIII.-1 & 2. What causes had the Pequod Indi. ans given to the Connecticut people, to declare war against them ? What was the condition of the people ? - 3. When and where did the general court meet? Whiat did they do ? - 4. What troops were to be raised, and how apportioned ?

THE PEQUOD NATION ANNIHILATEL.

73

P'D. II.

ed.

troops embarked at Hartford, sailed down the river and P'T. I. along the coast to Narrangansett Bay. Miantonomoh furnished them two hundred warriors, Uncas sixty. Ch. VII. There were actually embodied of the English, only Route of seventy-seven, of whom twenty, commanded by Cap- troops tain Underhill, were from Massachusetts. Guided by Mason. a Pequod deserter, they reached Mystic, one of the two forts of Sassacus, at dawn of day.

5. Their Indian allies showed signs of fear, and Mason arranging them at a distance around the fort, advanced with his own little army. If they fell, there was no second force to defend their state, their wives and helpless children. As they approach, a dog barks, and an Indian sentinel cries out, “Owannox, Owan- day 28, nox!” the English, the English! They leap within Fort at the fort. The Indians fight desperately, and victory destroy is doubtful. Mason then seizes and throws a flaming brand, shouting, “ we must burn them.” The light materials of their wigwams were instantly in a blaze. Hemmed in as the Indians now were, escape was impossible; and six hundred, all who were within the fort, of every sex and age, in one hour perished.

6. The subjects of Sassacus now reproached him as the author of their misfortunes, and to escape destruction, he, with his chief captains fled to the Mohawks; but he was afterwards slain by a revengeful 1637. subject. Three hundred of his warriors, having burn- Pequod ed his remaining fort, fled along the sea-coast. Ma- Fairfield. son, aided by fresh troops from Massachusetts, pursued the fugitive savages; traced them to a swamp in Fairfield, and there fought and defeated them.

7. Nearly one thousand of the Pequods were destroyed; many fled, and two hundred, beside women and children, remained as captives. Of these, some, fequoda we are grieved to relate, were sent to the West Indies exuuct. and sold into slavery. The remainder were divided between the Narragansetts and the Mohegans. The two

The

4. Give a particular account of the armament-their number, -cominander, and route. What assistance was received ? 5. Describe Mason's arrangements-his approach and the fate of the Pequods within the fort ? -6. Of those remaining ? 7. How many were destroyed? What was done with the residuel

74

THE FOUNDERS OF NEW HAVEN

P'D. III.

First

3

Its ar-
range-

P’T.1. Sachems, Uncas and Miantonomoh, between whom

was mutual hatred, now engaged to live in peace. CA. vm. The lands of the Pequods were regarded as conquered

territory, and the name of the tribe was declared extinct.

8. The prowess of the English had thus put the

natives in fear, and a long peace ensued. All the thanks churches in New England commemorated this delivergiving

ance, by keeping a day of common and devout thanks. giving

9. The war had fallen heavily upon the colony. Their farming and their finances were deranged; but

order and industry restored them. In 1639, they for1639. mally conjoined themselves, to be one state or comgovern- monwealth, and adopted a constitution. This ordainment. ed two annual general courts, at one of which, to be

held in May, the whole body of freemen should choose

a governor, deputy-governor, six magistrates, and other ments. necessary officers.

10. Theophilus EATON and JOHN DAVENPORT, 1637. puritans of much distinction in England, were regard

ed as the founders of the colony of New Haven. Haven. These two friends collected their associates, and ar

rived at Boston, July 26th, 1637. Massachusetts was desirous of securing such settlers, but they preferred

a separate establishment; and seeking a commercial Arrival station, they explored the coast, fixed on Quinnipiac,

and in 1638, they moored their vessels in its harbor.

11. The company had made some little preparation for the settlement the preceding summer, yet many sufferings were to be endured. The spring was uncommonly backward, their planted corn perished repeatedly in the ground, and they dreaded the utter failure of the crop; but at length they were cheered by warm weather, and surprised by the rapid progress of vegetation.

12. The first Sunday after they arrived, they met ng. With their lands? What two sachems engaged to live in peace? -8. On what occasion was the first New England thanksgiving ? -9. When did they adopt a constitution ? What can you say of the court held in May ? - 10. Who were the founders of New Haven ? Describe their first operations ? - 11. What was the weather, and their prospects for a crup?

Founders of N.

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