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IND E X.

A.

AcRE, arrival of the Crusaders at, 273
Adela, daughter of Wm. the Conqueror, 191;
her sons Stephen and Henry. ib.
Agincourt, battle of, 468; striking and stir.
ring pictures of 472; dramatised by Shak-
spere, 475; on the slaughter of the French
prisoners at, 484
Agriculture of the Anglo-Saxons, 120
Aids, the levying of, prohibited by Magna
Charta, 265
Alban, St., account of 34; persecutions of,
35; his martyrdom, ib. ; sonnet to, 36
Alfred, biographical notices of 62; his strug-
gles and exalted character, 63; his abilities
and wise policy, 66; his wi-e legislation,
67; the first scholar in his dominions, 67;
an elegant poet, 68: his varied accom
plishments and qualifications, 69 et seq.
“Alfred the Fugitive,” a drama, 72 et seq.
Alfric, Bp., the best philologist of his age, 69
Aliens, quarrels with, 580 et seq.
Alnwick, castle of 163
Anglo-Saxon literature, on the study of 62
Anglo-Saxon period of British history, 42
Anglo-Saxons, anarchy among the, 83 ; op.
pressed by the Danes, 87; their slaughter
of the Danes, ib. ; industry of the, 120 ;
their fishing, 121; their clothing, 123;
their bread, ib. ; their wine, 124; their
handicrafts, 126; chronological list of their
kings, 128; chronological history of the,
130; their contests with the Danes, 131,
132
Anne, sister of the Duke of Cleves, married
to Henry VIII., 573
Anne Boleyn, espoused by Henry VIII.,
572; trial and execution of, 573; the fall
of, as related by Hume, 585; her letter,
588 ; Milman's tragedy of £89–598
Antoninus, makes a truce with the Britons,
33
Augustin, sent as a missionary to England,
57; appointed primate of all England, 58
Aquitaine, English power in, 380

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Bible, translation of the, into English, 599
Bishoprics of England conferred on foreigners,
100 -
Bishops, considered in the double capacity of
clerks and barons, 236
“Bloody Statute,” passed in the reign of
Henry VIII, 573
Bolingbroke, return of, dramatised, 416
Bolingbroke and Mowbray, banishment of,
dramatised, 410 et seq.
Bonduca, the British queen, her resistance
to the Romans, 18; her speeches, 19, 20;
defeated by Paulinus, 21, 22; scene from
the tragedy of “Bonduca,” 22
Bonner, Bp. of London, his sanguinary per-
secutions, 636, 637
Bosworth Field, battle of, 525
Bread, among the Anglo-Saxons, 123
Brigantes, the, 17
Britain, Caesar's invasion of, 1 et seq.; its
early history, 1 ; first acquaintance of
the Romans with, 2; minerals of, ib. ;
tin of, ib. ; the Celtic inhabitants of, 3 ;
conquered by the Romans, 3; invaded by
Claudius, 15 ; reduced to anarchy and dis-
tress, 42; arrival of the Saxons in, 43 ;
the aboriginal inhabitants expelled, 44;
record of events from the Anglo-Saxon
Chronicle, 44, 45
Britons, primitive history of the, 3; their
habits and customs, 6 ; their dress, ib.; the
Caledonians and the Maeatae the greatest
among the, 30 : Herodian's description of
the, 32 -
Bruce, Robert, Earl of Carrick, his resistance
to Edward I., 352
Brunan-burh, battle of, 75; Saxon song on
the, 75 et seq.
Buckingham, Edward Stafford, Duke of his
trial, dramatised by Shakspere, 556 ; be-
headed, 57.1 / -

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CADE, John, insurrection of, 506
Caedmon, the Saxon poet, 60; selections
from, 61
Caesar's invasion of Britain, 1 ; his prepara-
tions, 1, 2; his landing, 4; his depar-
ture, 5 -
Calais, siege of, by Edward III., 388
Caledonia, invaded by Severus, 30; manners
and customs of the inhabitants, 30, 31
Camulodunum, the capital of Cymbeline, 6
Cangians, the, 17
Canute, the Danish king, 88; becomes king
of England, ib.; his greatness as a man
and a sovereign, 89; a patron of literature
and poesy, ib.; his visit to Ely Abbey, 90;
his letter to his Danish subjects, 91; his
practical reproof to his courtiers, 92
Caractacus, the British king, captured by
the Romans, 17; his noble speech, 17, 18
Carausius, put to death, 33

Carlisle, castle of, 163
Cartismandua, queen of the Brigantes, 17
Cassibelan, the British king, 16
Cassiterides, of Britain, 2
Castles of the Norman kings, 144
Catherine Howard, married to Henry VIII.,
573
Catherine Parr, married to Henry VIII.,
574
Celts, the great national family of 3
Christians, martyrdom of, in Britain, 34, 35
Chronology of the Anglo-Saxon kings, 128;
of English history to the battle of Has-
tings, 129; of the principal events from
the accession of the Conqueror to the
death of Henry III., 343–348; from the
accession of Edward III. to the death of
Elizabeth, 671
Civilization in France, Guizot's History of,
45
Claudius, his invasion of Britain, 15 ; re-
ceives the surname of Britannicus, 16
Clergy, their greatness during the middle
age, 235
Clifford, Lord, his ferocious revenge, 510
Cloth of Gold, field of the, 574
Clothing, among the Anglo-Saxons, 122
Clovis, of France, 46
Cogidunus, a British king, 17
Cornish insurrection, Lord Bacon's account
of the, 538
Cranmer, Abp., rise of, 572; martyrdom of,
638

Cressy, battle of, by Froissart, 385
Cromwell, Thomas, Earl of Essex, rise of,
572; his great power, 572, 573; his trial
and execution, 573; fall of, as related by
Hume, 608
Crusades, Hume's account of the, 174;
under Richard I., 267; great preparations
for the, 268; the fleet for the prosecution
of the, 269; arrival at Acre, 273; fearful
loss of life, 273
Crusaders, divisions among the, 274; their
departure for Jerusalem, 275, 277; op-
posed by Saladin, 276
Cymbeline, Shakspere's historical drama of,
5–15; a powerful British king, 6
Cyprus, conquest of, by Richard I., 272

D.

DANEGELDT, a tax levied for payment to the
Danes, 87
Danes, their ravages in England, 64; the
most accomplished warriors of the age,
66; their augmented power, 86; impose
the Danegeldt, 870; slaughtered by the
Anglo-Saxons, their revenge, 87; their
extortions, 87; become masters of Eng-
land, 88; their power extinguished, ib.
David, Prince of Wales, death of 350
Days of the week, their Saxon origin, 59
Dermot, King of Leinster, 242

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EAST ANGLTA one of the kingdoms of the
Saxon Heptarchy, 49
Edgar and Elfrida, account of, 83
Edith, banishment of, 101
Edmund, the Saxon king, 88
Edmund de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk, execu-
tion of 571
Edric, Duke of Mercia, 87
Edward, son of Ethelred, called to the
Saxon throne, 89
Edward the Confessor, 94
Edward I., annals of 349 et seq.; joins the
Crusaders in the Holy Land, ib. ; his con-
quest of Wales, 350, 352; his attempt to
conquer Scotland, ib. ; ode on his treat-
ment of the Welsh, 354 ; his death, 352;
chronology of events from the reign of 671
Edward II. defeated at Bannockburn, 368–
371 ; his fall and cruel death, 372; drama
of, by Marlowe, 376
Edward III., his possessions in France, 380;
the order of descent from which he laid
claim to the throne of France, 384, 385;
gains the battle of Cressy, 385; his siege
of Calais, 388 ; the Countess of Salis-
bury, 397; anecdote of, ib.; the story
dramatised, 398 et seq.
Edward VI., annals of his reign, 623 et seq.;
his illness and death, 627; sonnet on, by
Wordsworth, 626
Edwin, King of Northumbria, converted to
Christianity, 58
“Edwin the Fair," Taylor's drama of 78

et seq.
Eleanor, daughter of the Count of Provence,
336

Eldred, Abp., 139; his malediction on the
Conquest, 140; his death, ib.

Elfrida, beauty of, 85; married to Earl
Athelwold, ib.; married to King Edgar,
86; murders her step-son, ib.

Elizabeth, Princess (afterwards Queen), her
sister Mary's persecution of, 634; reign of
639; her learning and talents, 640; her
judicious choice of ministers, 642; her

death, 646; her resistance to the Spanish
Armada, 657; chronology of the principal
events from the accession of Edward I. to
her reign, 671
Ely Abbey, Canute's visit to, 90
England, Saxon rulers of 88; the discontents
in, as related by Froissart, 433
English dominion, decay and subversion of in
France, 479 et seq.
ENGLISH History, Half Hours of;-the
Roman period, 1–41; Anglo Saxon
period, 42–134; Saxons and Normans—
from William I. to Henry III., 135–348;
annals of Edward I., 349; a series of
dramatic scenes from, suggested, 93 ; (see
DRAMATIC Scenes)
English possessions in France, 380
Essex, one of the kingdoms of the Saxon
Heptarchy, 48, 49
Essex, Earl of, account of his fall, 659;
dramatised by Landor, 664
“Essex and Bacon,” Landor's drama of 644
Ethelbert, the king of Kent, converted to
Christianity, 55 et seq.
Etheldred, forced to fly to Normandy, 87
Ethelwald, declared a rebel, and killed in
battle, 74 -
Evesham, battle of, 336, 339; ballad written
on, 340
“Evil May Day,” historical account of, 579
Exeter, Duke of, his conspiracy against
Henry IV., 443; his defeat and execution,
446, 447

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“FAIR Rosamond,” life and death of 243;
poem on, 243 et seq.
Falkirk, battle of, 362
Feudal System, Guizot's account of the,
208–212 et seq. ; its introduction into
England, 309
“Field of the Cloth of Gold,” 574
Fishing, among the Anglo-Saxons, 121
France, English possessions in, 380; the
order of descent from which Edward III.
laid claim to the throne, 384, 385; the
decay and subversion of the English
dominion in, 479 et seq.
Francis I., his meeting with Henry VIII. on
the “Field of the Cloth of Gold,” 574
et Seq,
Franks, detested by the English, 100; their
civil contests, 101; fly from the country,
102
Frenchmen, their domineering spirit, 579;
quarrels with the, 581
Froissart, Sir John, how he arrived in
England, 426

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Gaul, Caesar's preparations in, for the inva-
sion of Britain, 4; condition of during the
fourth century, 46; invasion of by bar-
barians, 47; destruction of Roman society
in, 47
Gauls, manners and customs of the, 6
Godwin, Earl, 93; the wealth and power of
England in his hands, 94 ; marries his
daughter to King Edward, ib.; drama of
94 et seq.; banishment of 99; historical
events connected with, 100 et seq.; his
death and character, 104
Greek fire, its invention and use, 272, 273.
Gregory “the Great,” biographical notices
of, 56
Grey, Lady Jane, proclaimed as Queen of
England, 627; death of, 632
Guilford, Lord, execution of, 635
Guizot's remarks on the overthrow of the
Roman power by barbarian tribes, 45
Guthrun, the Dane, converted to Christian-
ity, 64
go of Lusignan, the dethroned King of
Jerusalem, 271

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HANDICRAFTs among the Anglo-Saxons, 176
Hankes, martyrdom of 637
Harold, the Saxon king, historical notices of,
104; his vow, ib.; drama of 104 at seq.;
his coronation, 111; defeated at the battle
of Hastings, 112, 113; is slain, and buried
at Waltham Abbey, 113; speech of, before
the battle of Hastings, 119
Hasting, the Danish general, 64; his ravages
in England, 65
Hastings, battle of 111; Harold defeated at
the, 112, 113; castle of 162; speeches of
Harold and William I. before the battle of,
119, 120
Hastings, Lord, death of 520
Hengist, the Saxon chief, enters Britain, and
defeats the Picts and Scots, 43; subdues
the province of Kent, and lays the founda-
tion of the first Saxon kingdom, ib.; his
victorious career, 45
Henry I., surnamed Beau Clerc, 177; his
accession, ib.; his wife Maud, 178; state
of the country under, 187; popularly called
the Lion of Justice, 188; legend respecting,
189; his children, ib.; union of his daughter
Matilda with Geoffrey Plantagenet, 191.
Henry II., accession of, 215; his contests
with Thomas à Becket, 221 et seq.; drama
of the “King and the Archbishop,” 229
et seq.; his family troubles, 237, 253; pen-
ance of 238, 239; his conquest of Ireland,
239; death of his “Fair Rosamond,” 243;
his death, 253; character of, 256
Henry III., annals of, 324 et seq.; nominated
to the throne by the Earl of Pembroke,
336

Henry IV., the Duke of Exeter's conspiracy
against, 443; death of, from Holinshed, 457;
dramatised by Shakspere, 457-465
Henry V. and the Lord Chief Justice, 465;
anecdote of, 466; dramatised by Shak-
spere, 468; gains the battle of Agincourt,
468, 472; dramatised by Shakspere, 475;
his illustrious character and death, 481
Henry VI, his early succession, 481; crowned
at Paris, 482
Henry VII., character of, by Lord Bacon,
551
Henry VIII., events of his reign, 568 et seq.;
his children, 574; his visit to France and
the “Field of the Cloth of Gold,” 574; his
meeting with the French king, 575; last
days of, as related by Hume, 610; condi-
tion of the people during his reign, 616; the
causes of his resistance to the Pope, as re-
lated by Sir Walter Scott, 620, 621
Heptarchy of the Saxons, 48; its different di-
visions and their sounders, 48, 49; proposed
to substitute the word Octarchy, 50; geo-
graphical divisions of the, ib.
Hooper, Bishop of Gloucester, martyrdom of
636
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JAFFA, arrival of the Crusaders at, 276;
battle of, 277
Joan of Arc, the “Maid of Orleans," her
first interview with Charles VII., 490;
dramatised by Shakspere, 491; brief
history of, 493; relieves Orleans, and ex-
pels the English, 496; her victorious
career, b. ; crowns the king, 497; her
capture, ib. ; her trial and execution, 499
et seq.
Johannes Scotus, 70
John, King, his contentions with the Papal
power, 302, 304; his abject submission,
308; his contentions with the barons of
England, 309; signs Magna Charta, 312;
the last days of, 318; death of 321;
scenes of, from Shakspere, 321 et seq.
John and Arthur, the two royal competitors
for the throne of England, 291; the latte.
murdered, 293 ; dramatic scenes of, 29-

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MAEATE, their manners and customs, 30, 31
Magna Charta, historical account of 263;
its essential clauses, 263 et seq.; always
considered a fundamental law, 265; its
principal provisions, ib. ; signed at Runne-
mede, 312
“Maid of Orleans” (see JoAN of ARC)
Manufactures among the Anglo-Saxons, 127
Margaret, Countess-Dowager of Salisbury,
executed, 573
Mary, Queen of England, reign of 629; her
persecution of the Princess Elizabeth, 634
Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland, her event-
ful career, 647; her marriage with the
Dauphin, 648; fate of her husband, Lord
Darnley, 650; her marriage with Both-
well, Duke of Orkney, ib. ; her flight with
Bothwell, b. ; her abdication, and flight to
England, ib. ; her imprisonment and exe-
cution, 651 et seq.
Matilda, daughter of Henry I., married to
Geoffrey Plantagenet, 191; her invasion
of England, 199
Maud, wife of Henry I., 178; her invasion
of England, 199
Maximianus Herculius, 34
Mercia, one of the kingdoms of the Saxon
Heptarchy, 49; the “Wars of," a tragedy,
50 et seq.
Medals found in Britain, 2
Miracles, pretended, 606
Monasteries, suppression of the, as related by
Hume, 605; their number, and great
wealth, 607, 608; dissolution of, 572, 573
Money, power of granting, according to
Magna Charta, 265
More, Sir Thomas, death of, 600

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PANDolf, the Papal legate, 307; King John
does homage to him, 308
Papal power, contentions of King John with
the, 302, 304; its fulminations, 306
Parliamentary representation, historical no-
tices of, by Hallam, 333
Paulinus defeats Boadicea, the British queen,
21
Peasants, insurrection of the, temp. Edward
III., 407
Pembroke, Earl of nominates Prince Henry
to the throne, 336
People, oppressions of the, 187
Percies, revolt of the, 447, 454
“Perkin Warbeck,” tragedy of, by the Rev.
J. White, 545
Philip Augustus of France, 274
Philip II. of Spain, his invasion of England,
656
Picts defeated by Hengist, 43
Piers Gaveston, death of 366
Plautius, the Roman praetor, his attack on
Britain, 15 ; his conquests, 16
Poictiers, William of, his description of the
Saxons, 146
Poitiers, battle of 391
Popery, sonnet on the revival of, 628
Princes in the Tower, murder of the, 522
Protestant martyrs, 635

R.

RAYMoND, prince of Antioch, 271

Reformation in Scotland, beginning of the,
as related by Sir Walter Scott, 6.18

Rhodes, seizure of, by Richard I., 270

“Revolt of the Percies,” from Holinshed,
447, 454; dramatised by Shakspere,
448, 454

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