et seq.


Arthur, son of Constance of Bretagne, a

competitor for the throne of England, 291;
ACRE, arrival of the Crusaders at, 273

murdered by his uncle John, 293 ; drama-
Adeli, daughter of Wm. the Conqueror, 191 ; tic scenes of, 294 et seq.; Shak-pere's
her sons Stephen and Henry, ib.

dramatic scenes of, 300; story of, by Holin-
Agincourt, battle of, 468 ; striking and stir. shel, ib.

ring pictures of, 472 ; dramatised by Shak. Arthur and Hubert, dramatic scenes of, 294
spere, 475 ; on the slaughter of the French
prisoners at, 484

Asers, from Asiatic Tartary, 42
Agriculture of the Anglo-Saxons, 120 Asser, the monk of St. David's, invited to
Aids, the levying of, probibited by Magna Alfred's court, 64
Charta, 265

Athelstan, the Anglo-Saxon king, 74; de-
Alban, St., account of, 34 ; persecutions of, feats the Danes, 75; his victorious career,

35 ; his martyrdom, ib. ; sonnet to, 36 ib.
Alfred, biographical notices of, 62 ; his strug Athelwold, Earl, deceives King Elgar, and
gl-s and exalted character, 63 ; his abilities

espouses Elfrida, 85; assassinated by King
and wise policy, 66 ; his wi-e legislation, Edgar, 86
67 ; the first scholar in his dominions, 67 ;
an elegant poet, 68 ; his varied accoin

plishments and qualifications, 69 et seq.
“ Alfred the Fugitive," a drama, 72 et seq. Babington's conspiracy, 651; followed by
Alfric, Bp., the best philologist of bis age, 69 numerous executions, 652
Aliens, quarrels with, 580 et seq.

Bannockburn, Sir Walter Scott's account of
Alnwick, castle of, 163

the battle of, 368-371
Anglo-Saxon literature, on the study of, 62 Barbarians of the north, their invasions, 46,
Anglo-Saxon period of British history, 42 47
Anglo-Saxons, anarchy among the, 85; op. Barnet, battle of, 512

pressed by the Danes, 87 ; their slaughter Barons of England, their contentions with
of the Danes, ib. ; industry of the, 120; King John, 309; their success, 312
their fishing, 121; their clothing, 123; Barns of Ayr, 358
their bread, ib. ; their wine, 124 ; their Battle, trial by, 252
handicrafts, 126 ; chronological list of their Battle Abbey, account of, 116; foundation
kings, 128 ; chronological history of the, of, 117; desecration of, 119
130 ; their contests with the Danes, 131, Bayeux tapestry, account of the, 113; pre-

served in the hotel of the Prefecture at
Anne, sister of the Duke of Cleves, married Bayeux, 114; description of the, 114 et
to Henry VIII., 573

Anne Boleyn, espoused by Henry VIII., Beaumont and Fletcher's tragedy of “Bon.

572 ; trial and execution of, 573; the fall duca,” scene from, 22
of, as related by Hume, 585 ; her letter, Bede, the Venerable,” biographical notices

588 ; Milman's tragedy of, 589—598 of, 55 ; selections from his " Ecclesiastical
Antoninus, makes a truce with the Britons, History,” 56

Bericus, the Roman, 15
Augustin, sent as a missionary to England, Bertha, queen of Ethelbert, converted to the

57 ; appointed primate of all England, 58 Christian faith, 57
Aquitaine, English power in, 380

Bertrand de Guesclin, story of, 404

age, 235

Bible, translation of the, into English, 599 Carlisle, castle of, 163
Bishoprics of England conferred on foreigners, Cartismandua, queen of the Brigantes, 17

Cassibelan, the British king, 16
Bishops, considered in the double capacity of Cassiterides, of Britain, 2
clerks and barons, 236

Castles of the Norman kings, 144
“Bloody Statute," passed in the reign of Catherine Howard, married to Henry VIIL,
Henry VIII., 573

Boling broke, return of, dramatised, 416 Catherine Parr, married to Henry VIII.,
Bolingbroke and Mowbray, banishment of, 574
dramatised, 410 et seq.

Celts, the great national family of, 3
Bonduca, the British queen, her resistance Christians, martyrdom of, in Britain, 34, 35

to the Romans, 18; her speeches, 19, 20; Chronology of the Anglo-Saxon kings, 128 ;
defeated by Paulinus, 21, 22 ; scene from of English history to the battle of Has-
the tragedy of "Bonduca," 22

tinge, 129 ; of the principal events from
Bonner, Bp. of London, his sanguinary per the accession of the Conqueror to the
secutions, 636, 637

death of Henry III., 343–348; from the
Bosworth Field, battle of, 525

accession of Edward III. to the death of
Bread, among the Anglo-Saxons, 123

Elizabeth, 671
Brigantes, the, 17

Civilization in France, Guizot's History of,
Britain, Cæsar's invasion of, 1 et seq. ; its 45

early history, 1; first acquaintance of Claudius, his invasion of Britain, 15; re-
the Romans with, 2; minerals of, ib. ; ceives the surname of Britannicus, 16
tin of, ib. ; the Celtic inhabitants of, 3; Clergy, their greatness during the middle
conquered by the Romans, 3; invaded by
Claudius, 15; reduced to anarchy and dis Clifford, Lord, his ferocious revenge, 510
tress, 42; arrival of the Saxons in, 43; Cloth of Gold, field of the, 574
the aboriginal inhabitants expelled, 44; Clothing, among the Anglo-Saxons, 122
record of events from the Anglo-Saxon Clovis, of France, 46
Chronicle, 44, 45

Cogidunus, a British king, 17
Britons, primitive history of the, 3; their Cornish insurrection, Lord Bacon's account
habits and customs, 6 ; their dress, ib.;


of the, 538
Caledonians and the Mæatæ the greatest Cranmer, Abp., rise of, 572; martyrdom of,
among the, 30 : Herodian's description of

the, 32

Cressy, battle of, by Froissart, 385
Bruce, Robert, Earl of Carrick, his resistance Cromwell, Thomas, Earl of Essex, rise of,
to Edward I., 352

572 ; his great power, 572, 573 ; his trial
Brunan-burh, battle of, 75 ; Saxon song on and execution, 573; fall of, as related by
the, 75 et seq.

Hume, 608
Buckingham, Edward Stafford, Duke of, his Crusades, Hume's account of the, 174 ;

trial, dramatised by Shakspere, 556 ; be under Richard I., 267; great preparations
headed, 571

for the, 268; the fleet for the prosecution

of the, 269; arrival at Acre, 273 ; fearful

loss of life, 273

Crusaders, divisions among the, 274 ; their
CADE, John, insurrection of, 506

departure for Jerusalem, 275, 277 ; op-
Cædmon, the Saxon poet, 60 ; selections posed by Saladin, 276
from, 61

Cymbeline, Shakspere's historical drama of,
Cæsar's invasion of Britain, 1; his prepara 5--15; a powerful British king, 6

tions, 1, 2; his landing, 4; his depar. Cyprus, conquest of, by Richard I., 272

ture, 5
Calais, siege of, by Edward III., 388

Caledonia, invaded by Severus, 30; manners

and customs of the inhabitants, 30, 31 DANEGELDT, a tax levied for payment to the
Camulodunum, the capital of Cymbeline, 6 Danes, 87
Cangians, the, 17

Danes, their ravages in England, 64; the
Canute, the Danish king, 88; becomes king most accomplished warriors of the age,

of England, ib.; his greatness as a man 66 ; their augmented power, 86; impose
and a sovereign, 89; a patron of literature the Danegeldt, 870; slaughtered by the
and poesy, ib. ; his visit to Ely Abbey, 90; Anglo-Saxons, their revenge, 87; their
his letter to his Danish subjects, 91; his extortions, 87; become masters of Eng.
practical reproof to his courtiers, 92

land, 88; their power extinguished, ib.
Caractacus, the British king, captured by David, Prince of Wales, death of, 350

the Romans, 17; his noble speech, 17, 18 Days of the week, their Saxon origin, 59
Carausius, put to death, 33

Dermot, King of Leinster, 242

on, 340

Diocletian, persecution of, 33

death, 646 ; her resistance to the Spanish
Doomsday Book, Thierry's account of, 141 Armada, 657 ; chronology of the principal
Dover, capture of, by the Conqueror, 135 events from the accession of Edward I. to
Dover Castle, defence of, by Southey, 328 her reign, 671
Dramatic scenes, on the introduction of, 5; Ely Abbey, Canute's visit to, 90

from English History suggested, 93 ; England, Saxon rulers of, 88; the discontents
various examples of, 22, 72, 79, 94, 104, in, as related by Froissart, 433
150, 168, 182, 203, 229, 294, 321, 330, English dominion, decay and subversion of in
363, 376, 398, 410, 416, 421, 448, 457, France, 479 et seq.
466, 475, 487, 513, 545, 556, 562, 589, ENGLISH HISTORY, Half Hours of ;-the

Roman period, 1–41; Anglo Saxon
Druids, of Britain, account of the, 26; period, 42-134 ; Saxons and Normans-

Julius Cæsar's description of the, 27, from William I. to Henry III., 135—348;
28; religious system of the, 28; their annals of Edward I., 349; a series of
chief deities, ib. ; their peculiar doctrines, dramatic scenes from, suggested, 93 ; (see


English possessions in France, 380

Essex, one of the kingdoms of the Saxon

Heptarchy, 48, 49
East Anglia one of the kingdoms of the Essex, Earl of, account of his fall, 659;
Saxon Heptarchy, 49

dramatised by Landor, 664
Edgar and Elfrida, account of, 83

“Essex and Bacon," Landor's drama of, 644
Edith, banishment of, 101

Ethelbert, the king of Kent, converted to
Edmund, the Saxon king, 88

Christianity, 55 et seq.
Edmund de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk, execu Etheldred, forced to fly to Normandy, 37
tion of, 571

Ethelwald, declared a rebel, and killed in
Edric, Duke of Mercia, 87

battle, 74
Edward, son of Ethelred, called to the Evesham, battle of, 336, 339 ; ballad written

Saxon throne, 89
Edward the Confessor, 94

"Evil May Day," historical account of, 579
Edward I., annals of, 349 et seq. ; joins the Exeter, Duke of, his conspiracy against

Crusaders in the Holy Land, ib. ; his con Henry IV., 443; his defeat and execution,
quest of Wales, 350, 352 ; his attempt to 446, 147
conquer Scotland, ib. ; ode on his treat-
ment of the Welsh, 354 ; his death, 352;

chronology of events from the reign of, 671
Edward II. defeated at Bannockburn, 368–

"FAIR ROSAMOND,” life and death of, 243;
371 ; his fall and cruel death, 372 ; drama

poem on, 243 et seq.
of, by Marlowe, 376

Falkirk, battle of, 362
Edward III., his possessions in France, 380 ;

Feudal System, Guizot's account of the,
the order of descent from which he laid

208--212 et seq. ; its introduction into
claim to the throne of France, 384, 385;

England, 309
gains the battle of Cressy, 385 ; his siege

“ Field of the Cloth of Gold," 574
of Calais, 388; the Countess of Salis-

Fishing, among the Anglo-Saxons, 121
bury, 397; anecdote of, ib.; the story

France, English possessions in, 380; the

order of descent from which Edward III.
dramatised, 398 et seq.
Edward VI., annals of his reign, 623 et seq. ;

laid claim to the throne, 384, 385; the
his illness and death, 627; sonnet on, by

decay and subversion of the English

dominion in, 479 et seq.
Wordsworth, 626
Edwin, King of Northumbria, converted to

Francis I., his meeting with Henry VIII. on
Christianity, 58

the "Field of the Cloth of Gold,” 574
“Edwin the Fair," Taylor's drama of, 78

Franks, detested by the English, 100; their
Eleanor, daughter of the Count of Provence,

civil contests, 101 ; fly from the country,

Eldred, Abp., 139; his malediction on the

Frenchmen, their domineering spirit, 579;
Conquest, 140; his death, ib.

quarrels with the, 581
Elfrida, beauty of, 85; married to Earl

Froissart, Sir John, how he arrived in
Athelwold, ib. ; married to King Edgar,

England, 426
86 ; murders her step-son, ib.

Elizabeth, Princess (afterwards Queen), her

sister Mary's persecution of, 634; reign of, GARDINER, Bishop of Winchester, 573
639; her learning and talents, 640; her Garter, order of the, its origin, 397; the
judicious choice of ministers, 642; her story dramatised, 398 et seq.

et seq.

et seq.

Gaul, Cæsar's preparations in, for the inva Henry IV., the Duke of Exeter's conspiracy

sion of Britain, 4; condition of during the against, 443; death of, from Holirshed, 457;
fourth century, 46; invasion of by bar dramatised by Shakspere, 457-465
barians, 47; destruction of Roman society Henry V. and the Lord Chief Justice, 465;
in, 47

anecdote of, 466; dramatised by Shak-
Gauls, manners and customs of the, 6

spere, 468; gains the battle of Agincourt,
Godwin, Earl, 93 ; the wealth and power of 468, 472; dramatised by Shakspere, 475;

England in his hands, 94 ; marries his his illustrious character and death, 481
daughter to King Edward, ib.; drama of, Henry VI., bis early succession, 481; crowned
94 et seq. ; banishment of, 99, historical at Paris, 482
events connected with, 100 et seq. ; his Henry VII., character of, by Lord Bacon,
death and character, 104

Greek fire, its invention and use, 272, 273. Henry VIII., events of his reign, 568 et seq.;
Gregory “the Great," biographical notices his children, 574; his visit to France and
of, 56

the "Field of the Cloth of Gold,” 574; his
Grey, Lady Jane, proclaimed as Queen of meeting with the French king, 575; last
England, 627; death of, 632

days of, as related by Hume, 610; condi-
Guilford, Lord, execution of, 635

tion of the people during his reign, 616; the
Guizot's remarks on the overthrow of the causes of his resistance to the Pope, as re-
Roman power by barbarian tribes, 45

lated by Sir Walter Scott, 620, 621
Guthrun, the Dane, converted to Christian Heptarchy of the Saxops, 48; its different di-
ity, 64

visions and their founders, 48, 49; proposed
Guy of Lusignan, the dethroned King of to substitute the word Octarchy, 50; geo-
Jerusalem, 271

graphical divisions of the, ib.
Hooper, Bishop of Gloucester, martyrdom of,


HANDICRAFTS among the Anglo-Saxons, 176 ICENIANS, the, 16
Hankes, martyrdom of, 637

Innocent, Pope, his contentions with King
Harold, the Saxon king, historical notices of, John, 304

104; his vow, ib.; drama of, 104 et seq.; Ireland, conquest of by Henry II., 239 €
his coronation, 111; defeated at the battle seq. ; historical notices of, 240 ; the inha-
of Hastings, 112, 113; is slain, and buried bitants divided into clans, 241; more
at Waltham Abbey, 113; speech of, before addicted to pasturage than agriculture,
the battle of Hastings, 119

ib.; the militia of, 242; invasion of, and
Hasting, the Danish general, 64; his ravages subjugation, ib.; conquest of, as related
in England, 65

by Froissart, 429
Hastings, battle of, 111; Harold defeated at

Isaac, sovereign of Rhodes, 270, 271
the, 112, 113; castle of, 162; speeches of
Harold and William I, before the battle of,

119, 120
Hastings, Lord, death of, 520

JAFFA, arrival of the Crusaders at, 276;
Hengist, the Saxon chief, enters Britain, and battle of, 277

defeats the Picts and Scots, 43; subdues Joan of Arc, the "Maid of Orleans," her
the province of Kent, and lays the founda first interview with Charles VII., 490;
tion of the first Saxon kingdom, ib.; his dramatised by Shakspere, 491; brief
victorious career, 45

history of, 493 ; relieves Orleans, and ex.
Henry I., surnamed Beau Clerc, 177; his pels the English, 496; her victorious

accession, ib.; his wife Maud, 178; state career, ib, ; crowns the king, 497 ; her
of the country under, 187; popularly called capture, ib. ; her trial and execution, 499
the Lion of Justice, 188; legend respecting,
189; his children, ib.; union of his daughter Johannes Scotus, 70

Matilda with Geoffrey Plantagenet, 191. John, King, his contentions with the Papal
Henry II., accession of, 215; his contests power, 302, 304 ; his abject submission,

with Thomas à Becket, 221 et seq.; drama 308; his contentions with the barons of
of the “ King and the Archbishop,” 229 England, 309; signs Magua Charta, 319;
et seq.; his family troubles, 237, 253; pen the last days of, 318; death of, 321;
ance of, 238, 239; his conquest of Ireland, scenes of, from Shakspere, 321 et seq.
239; death of his “Fair Rosamond," 243; John and Arthur, the two royal competitors
his death, 253; character of, 256

for the throne of England, 291; the latter
Henry III., annals of, 324 et seq. ; nominated murdered, 293 ; dramatic scenes of, 29,

to the throne by the Earl of Pembroke, et seq.

Jury, trial by, 251

[ocr errors]


Norman kings, castles of the, 144

Norman period, on the administration of the
KATHARINE, Queen, trial of, 559

laws during the, 247
Kent, one of the kingdoms of the Saxon Norinandy, English power in, 382, 385 ; re-
Heptarchy, 48

covered from the English by the French,


Normans, rapidly absorbed by the conquered
LATIMER, Bishop, martyrdom of, 637

Saxons, 145
Laws, on their administration during the Northampton, battle of, 509
Norman period, 247

Northumbria, one of the kingdoms of the
Llewellyn, prince of Wales, death of, 350

Saxon Heptarchy, 49; altars and images
London, the Conqueror's march upon, 137 of, overthrown, 59
“Lytell Geste,” ballad of the, 288


Odin, the leader of an Asiatic army, 42
MÆATÆ, their manners and customs, 30, 31

Ordeal, trial by, during the Norman period,
Magna Charta, historical account of, 263 ; 248

its essential clauses, 263 et seq. ; always | Ordovices, the, 17
considered a fundamental law, 265; its Orleans, siege and capture of, 490 et seq.
principal provisions, ib. ; signed at Runne (see JOAN OF ARC)
mede, 312

Ostorias, the Roman general, his conquests
“Maid of Orleans" (see Joan of ARC)

in Britain, 17
Manufactures among the Anglo-Saxons, 127
Margaret, Countess-Dowager of Salisbury,

executed, 573
Mary, Queen of England, reign of, 629 ; her PANDOLF, the Papal legate, 307; King John

persecution of the Princess Elizabeth, 634 does homage to him, 308
Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland, her event. Papal power, contentions of King John with

ful career, 647; her marriage with the the, 302, 304 ; its fulminations, 306
Dauphin, 648 ; fate of her husband, Lord Parliamentary representation, historical no*
Darnley, 650; her marriage with Both tices of, by Hallam, 333
well, Duke of Orkney, ib. ; her flight with Paulinus defeats Boadicea, the British queen,
Bothwell, ib. ; ber abdication, and flight to 21
England, ib. ; her imprisonment and exe Peasants, insurrection of the, temp. Edward
cution, 651 et seq.

III., 407
Matilda, daughter of Henry I., married to Pembroke, Earl of, nominates Prince Henry

Geoffrey Plantagenet, 191 ; her invasion to the throne, 336
of England, 199

People, oppressions of the, 187
Maud, wife of Henry I., 178; her invasion Percies, revolt of the, 447, 454
of England, 199

"Perkin Warbeck," tragedy of, by the Rev.
Maximianus Herculius, 34

J. White, 545
Mercia, one of the kingdoms of the Saxon Philip Augustus of France, 274

Heptarchy, 49; the "Wars of," a tragedy, Philip II. of Spain, his invasion of England,
50 et seq.

Medals found in Britain, 2

Picts defeated by Hengist, 43
Miracles, pretended, 606

Piers Gaveston, death of, 366
Monasteries, suppression of the, as related by Plautius, the Roman prætor, his attack on

Hume, 605; their number, and great Britain, 15 ; his conquests, 16

wealth, 607, 608 ; dissolution of, 572, 573 Poictiers, William of, his description of the
Money, power of granting, according to Saxons, 146
Magna Charta, 265

Poitiers, battle of, 391
More, Sir Thomas, death of, 600

Popery, sonnet on the revival of, 628

Princes in the Tower, murder of the, 522

Protestant martyrs, 635
NAVAL victory, the first one gained by the

English over the French, 315
New Forest, the, 165

RAYMOND, prince of Antioch, 271
“No Normans," the ancient English cry of, Reformation in Scotland, beginning of the,

as related by Sir Walter Scott, 618
Norman army, its march to London, after Rhodes, seizure of, by Richard I., 270

the battle of Hastings, 135—137 ; its “Revolt of the Percies," from Holinshed,
devastations, ib.

447, 454 ; dramatised by Shakspere,
Norman government, character of the, 259 448, 454

« ForrigeFortsett »