Richard I., the Crusader, Hume's account of,
266; his fleet, 269; his dangerous adven-
tures, ib, et seq.; captures a large
Saracen ship, 272; his arrival at Acre, and
its capture, 273; departs for Jerusalem,
275; defeats Saladin, 276; his heroic
bravery, ib. ; his captivity in Austria,
279 ; sums advanced for his ransom, 281 ;
his liberation, 282; his death and cha-
racter, ib.
Richard II., the deposition of, 421; drama-
tised by Shakspere 421 et seq.; the
captivity of, as related by Froissart, 436;
his deposition, 439
Richmond, Earl of, his victory at Bosworth
Field, 525, 526
Ridley, Bishop of London, martyrdom of, 637
Robert, the Captive, 179; takes possession
of Normandy, 180
Robert, Earl of Gloucester, 193
Robert Fitz-Walter, chosen by the Barons
of England as their general, 311
Robin Hood and Sherwood Forest, 284
Rochester Castle, its antiquity and strength,
Roderic, King of Connaught, 242
Rogers, Prebendary of St. Paul's, martyrdom
of, 636
Roman civilization, destruction of, 45
Roman period, 1–41 ; Caesar's invasion of
Britain, 1 ; Cymbeline, 5 ; invasion of
Claudius, 15; Bonduca, 18; the Druids,
26 ; Severus, 30; Diocletian, 33 ; the last
Romans, 36
Roman road, near Silchester, 38
Romans, their first acquaintance with Bri.
tain, 2.; their conquest of Britain, 3; the
written monuments of their rule, ib. ; their
first landing in Britain, 3, 4; their depar-
ture from Britain, 5; last of the, in Bri-
tain, 36
“Roses, White and Red,” their sanguinary
contests, 509
Rouen, captured by the French, 483
Rufus—(see WILLIAM RUFUs)
Runnemede, the place where Magna Charta
was signed, 312


SACE, a nation of Asiatic Scythia, 43

St. Alban, Abbey of, 137

St. Albans, battle of, 509

Saladin, the Saracen commander, 276; op-
poses the Crusaders, 276; his defeat, ib.

Saunders, martyrdom of, 637

Saxons, their arrival in Britain, 42, 43; their
supposed origin, 42; defeat the Picts and
Scots, 43; their irruptions into Britain, ib.;
Saxon kingdom founded by Hengist, 43;
Heptarchy of the, 48; the Normans rapidly
absorbed among the, 145; the Conqueror's
conciliatory policy towards the, 145;
description of the, 146. (See ANGLo-

Scotland, Edward I.'s military operations
against, 350; invaded by Henry VIII.,
574; beginnings of the Reformation in, as
related by Sir Walter Scott, 618
Scott, Sir Walter, his story of William
Wallace, 357; his account of the battle of
Bannockburn, 368
Severus, his invasion of Britain, 31; his
death, 32
Seymour, Jane, married to Henry VIII.,
Seymour, Lord, charged by his brother with
high treason, and executed, 625
Sherwood Forest, Robin Hood's adventures,
Ships of war, all galleys during the Norman
period, 272
Shrewsbury, battle of, 454
Silchester, site of 37; description of, 38, 39;
antiquities of, 40, 41
Silures, the, 17
Sinnon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester, 329;
dramatic scene of 330; ballad written on,
340; slain at the battle of Evesham, ib.;
ballad on, ib. et seq.
Simnell, Lambert, the impostor, historical
notices of, 527
Somerset, Duke of, the Lord Protector of
England, 623; charged with high treason,
and executed, 626
Spanish Armada, invasion of the, 656; de-
feated and destroyed by the English
squadron, 658
Standard, battle of the, 196
Stephen of Blois, his accession to the throne
of England, 191
“Stephen and Maud,” Keats' drama of 202
et seq.
Stonehenge, account of, 26; the purposes to
which it was appropriated, 27; Julius
Caesar's description of, ib.
Surrey, Henry Howard, Earl of, executed,
Sussex, one of the kingdoms of the Saxon
Heptarchy, 48
Sweyn, King of Denmark, invades England,
87; his death, ib. ; succeeded by his son
Canute, ib.
Swithelm, Bishop of Sherburn, sent to India,

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“Wars of Mercia,” a tragedy, 50 et seq.
Warwick, John Dudley, Earl of his opposi-
tion to the Lord Protector, 625; his power
and authority, 626
Wessex, one of the kingdoms of the Saxon
Heptarchy, 48
“White and Red Roses,” historical notices
of the, 509
Wilford, Ralph, the impostor, 544
William I., the Norman, his invasion of Bri-
tain, 111 ; wins the battle of Hastings,
112, 113; his speech before the battle,
120; Thierry's account of his march to
London, 135; coronation of, 137; his con-
ciliatory policy towards the Saxons, 145;
his death, 147; his death and burial dra-
matised, 150 et seq.; his character, 156;
his wife and children, 157; epitaphs and
panegyrics on, 158
William, Prince, shipwreck of, 180; the ship-
wreck dramatised, 182
William Rufus, the son and successor of the
Conqueror, 157; account of his accession,
158; death of 164; inscription on, 168
character of, 173
Wine among the Anglo-Saxons, 124
Wolsey, fall of dramatised by Shakspere,
562; death of 572

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