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and rating seemed to be required house of 81. rent shall confer the by & subsequent clause.

franchise. He considered this a Lord John Russell then wentonto far easier and better mode of ascerstate what he meant to propose with taining the real value than that regard to these amendments. He proposed in the Lords' amendment ; should move that the House entirely for there would be constant varidisagree with that class of amendations and exaggerations and diftiments which preserved to the culty respecting the amount to be present corporators certain trusts, set down for repairs and insurance, powers, and authorities, not re- which by the fixed sum of twentytained for the old English corpo- five per cent. would be avoided. rators by the English Act. He Sir Robert Peel, in a long would agree to the limitation of speech, defended the amendments the corporations to the eleven towns of the Lords, and after a good deal in schedule A; but instead of the of discussion, and a division on the cumbrous machinery, by which it boundary question, the two parwas provided, that the local con- ties came to issue on Lord John cerns of other towns. whose corpo- Russell's new proposition with rerations were abolished, should be spect to the franchise, which was managed by Commissioners, he only carried by a majority of fifshould prefer that the provisions of teen; the numbers being 169 to the 9th George the Fourth be ex- 154. tended to them, if they made no A variety of alterations were application for corporations within then introduced in the Lords" ' twelve months after the passing Amendments, and the Bill was once of the bill. To the boundary more sent up to that House, which clauses he would add a proviso, declined to assent to the Commons giving to the Lord-lieutenant au- alterations : a conference then thority to include suburbs, and took place between the Houses ; make a better division of wards on but with no effect; and the application from the inhabitants. matter ended by Lord John RusHe would restore the clause re- sell moving in the House of Comspecting the appointment of mons, that “the Lords' amendSheriffs. (By this clause the ments should be further considered Town-Councils selected three per- that day three months.” sons, of whom the Lord-lieutenant It certainly might be desired was to choose one.) With respect that the Conservative party, and to the franchise, the noble Lord in particular, that portion which proposed to fix the qualification (in is composed of Irish gentlemen, effect) at eight pounds with rating having once brought themselves to to be ascertained in the following concede the great principle of way. He would provide that one- granting popular corporations to fourth of the sum at which a the Irish towns, could have been house was rated should be added induced to overlook a difference of to that sum, for repairs, insurance, a pound or two, in the qualification. and other charges. When the two An opportunity was thus lost of sums added together made ten getting rid, by a timely and digpounds, the occupant acquired the nified concession, of one of those right of voting; which is equiva- questions, upon which success does lent to a provision that a rated not add to the strength of the

conquerors, while it aggravates the while he admitted, that the system irritation of the vanquished. When had not succeeded to the extent the arguments made use of by the that might have been anticipated opponents of a mitigation of harsh by hopes of the most sanguine de and exclusive laws and institutions scription, contended that it had have no better foundation than answered infinitely better than any state necessity, however, real, they which preceded it. It had accomcommand, at the best, a reluctant plished the communication of the assent and very often recoil upon blessings of a civilized education to those who advanced them. We the people of Ireland without dismay be sure, in the present case, tinction, to a degree infinitely bethat if the Protestant Establish- yond what might have been exment is to fall, its ruin will be pected. little delayed by the substitution The noble marquess then entered of a 101. for an 8l. franchise, in into very copious details in support such municipal corporations as it of this assertion, and in defence of is now proposed to establish ; as the system generally, little can we doubt that its security The Duke of Wellington said, is not promoted by those, who that he had never thought well of make a practice of interposing it this scheme of education, and had as a barrier, between the Irish originally voted against its adopRoman Catholics, and the civil tion; but having since, when in privileges which they are eager to office, become a party to carrying possess, in common with the Pro- it into execution, and having contestants of the kingdom.

curred in grants of money for its On the 25th of May, the Bishop support, it was now out of his of Exeter, in one of his long and power to sanction the resolutions controversial speeches, moved three before the House. It was imposresolutions, in the House of Lords, sible, said his grace, to alter a to the following effect.

system like this every day, or as “ Ist. That it appears that the often as a ministry was changed. system of national education in When once adopted, it was absoIreland has failed to attain the lutely necessary that it should be objects, which are stated in a letter continued on the principles on written by Mr. Stanley, now Lord which it was originally framed. Stanley, to the Duke of Leinster; The duke proceeded to observe, especially as to uniting Roman with his usual good sense, that, Catholics and Protestants in the however important might be the same schools.

resolutions of that House, their “ 2nd. That the working of the lordships must be aware, that the system has tended to the undue Government and the House of encouragement of the Roman Ca- Commons were likely to carry the tholic religion, and discouragement fourth report of the commissioners of the Protestant religion in Ireland. into execution, in the course of the

“ 3rdly. That the modifications session, and it did not appear derecommended in the fourth report, sirable that the House of Lords have not been found adequate to should take a course inconsistent prevent or mitigate the evils com. with that determination. plained of.”

His grace then intimated his The Marquess of Lansdowne, intention of moving the order of

the day, in case the Bishop of in his qualification, four competiExeter persisted in taking the sense tors appeared to dispute the vacant of the House upon his resolutions. office. Colonel Thompson and Mr.

The resolutions were opposed by Ewart, the ex-members for Hull the Bishops of Derry and Nor- and Liverpool, and Lord Nugent, wich.

divided the inclinations of the Lord Wicklow coincided with “ liberal” section of the constituthe Duke of Wellington in his ency; while Lord Teignmouth view of the case.

took the field on the conservative Lord Winchilsea, the Bishop of interest. Lord Nugent soon withLondon, and Lord Roden, sup- drew; but Mr. Ewart and Colonel ported the Bishop of Exeter. Thompson, who both rejoice in

Lord Fitzgerald and Vesey said, the designation of “Radical," he could not abandon the hope of could not accommodate their rival seeing a 'system of united educa- pretensions. Neither would give tion working successfully in Ire- way; and, although the event of land. He felt strongly the diffi- the poll fully justified Mr. Ewart, culties in which the commissioners Colonel Thompson displayed, were placed in endeavouring to throughout the proceedings, no adapt any system whatever to that little degree of irritation at that country, divided as it was. If gentleman's presumption in interthey had ultimately failed, it was posing himself upon this occasion. from circumstances which no man, Lord Teignmouth was returned by or set of men, could control, and a majority of 404. The numbers which no human power could pre- being, for the noble lord, 4,166 ; vent.

Ewart, 3,762; Thompson, 186. Lord Melbourne remarked, that So that Lord Teignmouth's success he should have preferred meeting was independent of any advantage the resolutions with a direct nega- which might have been derived tive, but he did not object to the from the division which prevailed course taken by the Duke of Wels in the opposite party. Colonel lington.

Thompson's confidence in his preThe order of the day was car- tensions does not seem to have ried by a majority of 71 to 26. been affected by the somewhat sig.

Early in the year, the Conserva- nificant language of the poll. He tives accomplished an unaccustomed sought consolation for his disaptriumph, by returning their candi- pointment by attacking his co-radate to Parliament, at an election dical adversary, through the mefor a metropolitan borough. Sirdium of the newspapers, fixing Samuel Whalley, who had pre- upon him, by way of climax, after viously represented Marylebone, other terms of reproach, what both having been constrained to aban- seemed to consider, the uncomplidon his seat, on account of a defect mentary denomination of “Whig.''

CHAPTER VIII.

Preparations for the Coronation-Lord Londonderry's Dissatisfaction

- Discussions in the House of Lords - Lord Filzwilliam's Opinion of the Ceremony-Marquess of Salisbury-Lord LondonderryLord Brougham-Coronation - Exemplary conduct of the Populace Marshal Soull's Popularity-City Banquet-Expences of the Coronation- Debate in the House of Commons on the Tithe resolutions Mr. Warr's attack on Ministers for abandoning the Appropriation Clause-Lord Morpeth -- Mr. Hüme - Mr. O'ConnellMr. Harvey - Mr. Shaw's Amendment, that the proposed Deduction shall be 25 per cent. instead of 30 per cent., carried - Lord Howick's anticipations of the results of the Bill-Million Loan-Settlement of the Arrears-Proposals of Sir R. Peel and Lord John Russell on this Subject Debates on the third Reading--Mr. D. Brown moves that the Bill be read that Day six Months Lord Ebrington's strong Declaration against the Irish Church EstablishmentSir Riobert Peel states his readiness to support Church Reform in Ireland -Mr. O'Connell's Opinion of the Bill-Mr. Grote charges the Ministers with Tergiversation Lord John Russell - Division-Bill Passes-Lord Melbourne introduces the Bill in the Couse of LordsLord Brougham's Observations on the Abandonment of the Appropriation Principle-Bill passes the Lords - Debate on Grant to Maynooth College-Lord Morpeth's Remarks on Froude's Remains" - Mr. Gladstone's Vindication of the University of Oxford-Debates on the Irish Poor-law Bill in the House of Lords-Lord Fitzwilliam-Duke of Wellington supportsthe Bill-Lord Lyndhurst's Speech against it Lord Radnor-Lord Devon-Lord Brongham, Marquess of Lans. downe-Division on second ReadingAmendments in CommitteeDivision om Lord Fitzgerald's Amendment--Bill passes the House of Lords-Debate on the Malta Commission-Lord Ripon-Lord Glenelg-Duke of Wellington— Projected Formation of a Colony in New ZealandMr. F. Baring brings in a Bill for the Purpose of sanclioning the Scheme-Opposed by GovernmentMr. Hawes and Mr. Ward complain of a Breach of Faith on the Part of Ministers -Lord Howick's Vindication of his ConductSir R. Inglis and Mr. W. Gladstone speak against the Bill, which is also opposed by Sir W. James-Mr. Goulburn, Mr. Pease, and Lord Sandon ohject to its Details-Bill losl-Attempt to persuade the House of Commons to reconsider its Decision with respect to the Site of the New Houses of ParliamentColonel Davies moves for a Select Committee-Is supported by Mr. Muckinnon and Mr. Hume— Sir Robert Peel defends The present Site-Discussion on the Subject generally-Motion negatived.

THE young Queen's coronation tain quarters, where innovation is

, , vanced, the predominant topic of no sooner understood that “The conversation, the central point to Banquet” was not to be celebrated which the attention of the public in Westminster Hall, in conwas undividedly directed. Thereformity with the usage of ancient were, probably, few of her Ma- times, than the Marquess of Lonjesty's subjects, however stoical on donderry, amongst others, zealously ordinary occasions of the kind, exerted himself to avert such an who could bring themselves to unbecoming concession to the regard, with unconcern, this so- principles of economy, and comlemnity, which, indeed, inspired menced a course of agitation” on a feeling so powerful and so uni- the subject; the public prints versal, that a radical journal, some- were accordingly enlisted in the what spleneticly, pronounced the cause ; the tradesmen of the capital entire people to be “coronation diligently admonished to bestir mad." "Nor was the sentiment themselves and public meetings confined to the United Kingdom. were convened. No very sigual Foreigners of various conditions, success seems to have crowned and from all quarters of Europe, their operations. However, on flocked in to behold the inaugura- the 28th of May, the noble Martion of the maiden monarch of the quess presented a petition from the British empire. In the metropolis, merchants, traders, and others of for some weeks anterior to the the metropolis, praying, that the event, the excitement was extreme. coronation might be deferred till The thousand equipages which August, and then be conducted in thronged the streets, the plum- a scale of befitting splendour. ed retainers of the ambassa- Earl Fitzwilliam, who would seem dors, the streams of swarthy stran- to be somewhat of a freethinker on gers, and the incessant din of such matters, declared, that he preparation which resounded by viewed the ceremony of a coronanight as well as by day, along the tion as little better than an idle intended line of the procession, and ridiculous pageant. Would constituted, of themselves, a scene the loyalty of noble Lords, he asked, of no ordinary animation and in- be augmented by the childish terest, and sustained the public ceremony of putting coronets upon mind in an unceasing stretch of their heads, and compelling them expectation.

to walk in an absurd procession ? There was, however, that, in the He avowed his opiniou, that coroprogramme of the approaching nations were only suitable to some ceremony, which awakened dis- barbarous ages, and hinted, that he satisfaction and complaint in cer- was by no means certain that thə

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