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Mr. F. Baring, moved the second from a civilized nation came into reading of a bill to establish a Bri: contact with the aborigines of a tish colony in this part of the barbarous country, the result was world.

prejudieial to both parties. Sir George Grey opposed the On the other hand, Mr. Ward bill, and was followed by Sir R. contended that, as Christian legisInglis, who contended, that we lators, they ought not to delay had no better right to colonize interference for an instant in the New Zealand, by an Act of Par- transactions now taking place in liament, than to colonize France, the part of the world in question, The real point at issue, said the The Europeans in New Zealand, hon. Baronet, was, whether by a bill a lawless and licentious horde, had not brought in by government, any entailed on that country all the body of private gentlemen were to evils of civilization, unattended by be at liberty, first, to purchase and any of its benefits. Two thousand exercise the rights of sovereignty such persons, unrestrained by any in a foreign country, and then to control, were established there, frame laws, at their pleasure, for and committed, with impunity, the country so acquired. New every kind of outrage. The object Zealand was an independent state, of the present bill was, to extend with which we had diplomatic protection to all who should live relations, and whçse flag we ac- within the range of its provisions. knowledged.

The hon, gentleman then proMr, Hawes complained of the ceeded to say, that Lord Howick conduct of government in oppos- had given decided encouragement ing the measure which had been, to the promoters of the scheme, at least at one time, counte- and that the last persons who nanced by the Secretary at War, ought to oppose it, were the minis(Lord Howick), It had been ters. During the whole course of said, that New Zealand being an his public life, he had never seen independent state, we had no so much vacillation and uncertainty right to purchase the sovereignty of purpose, as had been displayed of any part of it by treaty. Now, by Government towards the perhe saw nothing in that argument. sons connected with this underAnd it seemed to him, that there takirg, whom he (Mr. Ward) himcould be no harm in passing a self, relying on the faith of governbill enabling a society to hold ment, had been a party in deluding. lands in France, or anywhere else, Lord Howick expressed himself provided those lands were honestly to be very much astonished at what obtained.

had fallen from the last speaker. Mr. W. Gladstone remarked, No statement of the views of the that there was no evidence to shew association had been made to him, that the chiefs of New Zealand but such as was of the vaguest had parted with any of their rights character. All that the members of sovereignty. No subject de- of the government had said upon manded more circumspection, on the subject was, they saw no prima the part of the legislature, than facie objection to the colonization this. There was no exception to of New Zealand, but that, before the unvarying and melancholy story consenting to any measure for the of colonization ; whenever settlers purpose, they would require to be ques

satisfied on two points-first, that with respect to the site of the new the subjects of the Crown were not houses of Parliament, Colonel to be inveigled into some wild and Davies, on the 14th of June, made visionary scheme; and secondly, that a motion for a select committee on security should be provided for the the subject. interests of the aborigines. The The Chancellor of the Exche. noble lord then proceeded to shew, quer, however, contended, that, that the Bill before the House after such a lapse of time, the House complied with neither of these was bound to look upon the conditions; and said, that he should tion as closed. There was no longer “ cordially” vote against the se- room for discussion ; money had cond reading

already been voted, and the works The bill was opposed by Sir had been actually, for a consideraWalter James and Mr. Goulburn, ble time, in progress. on grounds both general and par- Upon this subject, it was reticular. Lord Sandon also found marked by Sir Henry Hardinge, great fault with certain of its pro- that, as the foundation of the edi. visions, and Mr. Pease said, that, fice would encroach very much on although originally favourable to the river, it was indispensable that the colonization of the country, he every precaution should be adopted could not, after perusing the bill, for rendering it secure. vote for its second reading. Mr.

The Chancellor of the ExcheHutt and Mr. P. Howard pointed quer assured the House, that no out the advantages which would apprehension need be entertained accrue to Great Britain from the about the security of the foundameasure. The bill was thrown out tion. by a majority of 92 to 32.

The House then divided on the An attempt was made this ses- motion for a committee, which was sion to persuade the House of Com- negatived by a majority of 97 to mons to re-consider its decision 33.

CHAPTER IX.

Remarks on the Policy of the Government, in respect to Spain

Colonel Evans appointed a Knight Commander of the Bath-Lord Palmerston's Reply to enquiries made upon the subject-Sir De Lacy Evans's Speech in Vindication of himself-Debate in the House of Commons on Spanish Affairs-Lord Eliot-Mr. Cutlar Ferguson-Mr. Sidney Herbert —Sir Hussey Vivian-Mr. PembertonMr. Sheil Debate adjourned-Unexpected Division-Discussion on the case of the Vixen-Lord Palmerston's explanation-Duke of Wellington's Remarks on the British Legion-Convention of Evora Monte-Debate in the House of Lords on Lord Minto's alleged instructions to the Commanders of Vessels on the Spanish CoastLord Brougham, Lords Minto and Melbourne at variance in their interpretation of the Quadruple Treaty-Duke of Wellington rescues the Government Division Estimates –- Navy ArmyOrdnance-Supply of Arms to the Spanish Government --Reduction of the Yeomanry Cavalry-Discussion in the House of Commons on the subject-Lord John RussellSir Robert Peel Promotion in the Marines--Defeat of Ministers-The Budget-Mr. Spring Rice's intended issue of Exchequer BillsMr. W. Williams-Mr. GoulburnSir John Reid's Remarks on the honourable conduct of the American Merchants-Mr. Villiers's Motion and Speech for repeal of the Corn Laws—Sir W. Molesworth-Division-Colonel Seale's Motion with regard to bonded corn-Division-Mr. Gillon's motion for augmenting the allowance to the Duke of Sussex-Division-Mr. Hume's motion respecting the King of Hanover's allowance-Division-Rejection of Lord Canterbury's claim for compensation on account of losses sustained at the burning of the Houses of Parliament Division-Danish Claims-Mr. Warburton's motion on the subject-Mr. Cresswell's motion in favour of the claimants on account of losses of ships and cargoes-Debate and Division on Mr. Spring Rice's declaration of his intentions on the subject-- Treasury Minute, carrying the resolution into effect - Motion for the Repeal of the Soap Tar-Lord Sandon's AmendmentDivision.

THE \HE minister to whom the country are confided, has unques

foreign relations of the tionably a strong claim upon our

censure

forbearance and reserve. The manner in which General Evans springs, which regulate his opera- contended with the difficulties of tions, must often, of necessity, be his situation in the north of Spain. concealed, and his ulterior objects But both the one and the other do not admit of exposure to the of these individuals must be held to public eye, till the moment of their answer for deliberately engaging in execution. It is, therefore, both a design not more practicable in unwise and unjust, to

its object than it was praiseworthy measures while they can be in its principle. Some of our but imperfectly understood. No readers may probably recollect a such reasons, however, appear to remarkable expression which Mr. remain for withholding an opinion Canning made use of, when, in upon the policy which the British 1823, on the invasion of Spain by Government has been pursuing the French Government, he was with regard to Spain, All the pressed to repeal the Foreign material circumstances connected Enlistment Act, and to resort to with our disastrous interference a scheme of intervention similar to in the domestic quarrel of the that so unsuccessfully adopted by Spanish people, are now notorious. the present Government, “Sir," The enterprise was set on foot, said Mr. Canning, in Parliament, in defiance of the remonstrances “ let us not be sneaked into a of those who were best competent war," The hostilities, in which to estimate its real character. Both we are at present engaged with General Evans, himself, as well as Don Carlos, could not be denoted the ministers who encouraged his by a more significant phrase. adventure, had been repeatedly Notwithstanding the completewarned that it must fail of success ness of their failure, Government -that by interposing a few thou- did not hesitate to reward the sersand men between the parties they vices of General Evans in Spain, were only about to aggravate the by appointing him to a Knight quarrel; and that of all people, Commandership of the Bath. The the Spaniards were the most im- exact nature of the gallant Colopracticable, either as allies or ene- nel's claim to this decoration is not mies, But these and the like quite obvious. The appointment, representations, proceeding from as might be expected, excited a the

Duke of Wellington and strong feeling of dissatisfactiap in others well acquainted with Spain, the army and navy. Indeed this both in peace and war, produced mark of honourcould only be conferno effect. And now that the re- red at all but at the expense of one sult has evinced the value of them, of the established rules of the insti. it is impossible to absolve the un- tution, which excludes from the successful commander of the re- grade of Knight Commander all spopsibility which his presumption officers below the rank of Major has incurred.

General, or Rear Admiral. At It is assuredly far from our pur- the time, that Colonel Evans was pose to condemn the policy of invested with the order, there were Lord Palmerston, for no other it is said, no less than sixteen reason than because it has been Lieutenant Generals, and sixtyunattended by success; nor are two Major Generals of the British we indisposed to do justice to the army-who were only companions of the Bath. Many of these were after making every allowance for old and tried soldiers, and by no the exaggerations of which the means likely to acquiesce in any gallant officer complained, the superiority of pretension on the total, and most calamitous failure part of Colonel Evans. Soon after of the expedition hardly admit af the investiture of this officer had a dispute. With respect to the been announced, Mr. Bradshaw, sickness and mortality stated to (on the 23th of February) de- have prevailed in the British manded of Lord Palmerston in the ranks, Sir De Lacy Evans obHouse of Commons, whether the served, that, at the commencement appointment of Colonel Evans had of his operations, the whole force passed in the regular course through of the legion amounted to about the War-office, on the recommen- 8,000 men, and including subse. dation of the commander-in-chief? quent reinforcements never ex

Lord Palmerston replied that ceeded 9,600. When they marched the appointment had been made, from Bilboa, the entire infantry " in the usual manner, by her was composed of either striplings, Majesty's Government, and upon or of men too old for service. their own responsibility,” And 2,300 were so crippled from dishe added, that he regarded it, "as ease and other causes, as to be ineained and well bestowed." capable of bearing arms; and they

Sir A. Dalrymple then enquired, were only permitted to remain, if Sir De Lacy Evans had been for lack of means to transport

them appointed, as one of the ten foreign home. At least two-thirds of officers who are eligible by the these men died in the hospital, rules of the institution ?* To without having done a single day's this Lord Palmerston replied in duty. The effective force of the the negative,

legion never exceeded 4,700, The On the 13th of March, Sir De whole number, who perished in Lacy Evans undertook to vindi- Vittoria, and its environs, in six cate his legion and himself in months, was 1,223 : and the total Parliament. The gallant officer loss in the two years, including spoke at great length, and with those who were killed in action, perfect moderation. It would, about 2,078. The number who however, be difficult to do justice passed through the hospitals, durto his speech, in such an abstracting that period, was 1,430: a as our pages alone admit of, since number which did not indicate any its most important features con extraordinary prevalence of disease. sisted of military detail, and his. During the thirty months camtorical comparison. On the whole, paign of the Duke of Wellington as was to be expected, it aimed in the Peninsula, 346,000 men rather at an extenuation, than a passed through the hospitals, on a denial, of the facts with which it standing force of about 60,000. professed to grapple. But still The gallant officer, in enumer

ating other difficulties with which

he had to contend, stated that he • Foreign officers holding English had reason to believe, that the commissions may, to the number of ten, Carlist emissaries in this country be admitted to the second class of the had induced men to enlist in the order, an Honorary Knights Cominanders.

legion, with the intention of desert,

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