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all the early demands of the House speedily as possible, this highly of Assembly had been conceded, honourable, but most difficult and and that it was now under the in- dangerous mission. As far as reAuence of a party, who had since garded the principal province, it raised the most unreasonable claims. would be his wish to effect such a

The Earl of Durham said, that kind of settlement, as should proit was impossible for words to duce contentment and harmony express the reluctance with which amongst all classes, and to leave he had undertaken the arduous behind him such a system of task, and incurred the awful respon- government as might tend to the sibility, which he knew must await general prosperity of one of the him in his endeavours to execute most important portions of her the objects of his mission. No- Majesty's dominions. Could he thing but the most determined de- accomplish such an object, he should votion to her Majesty's service, deem no personal sacrifice too and the welfare of his country, great. “I feel, however," conti. could have induced him to place nued the Earl, with an apparent himself in a situation, in which he foreboding of what was to ensue, much feared he should not answer “ that I can only accomplish it either the expectation of his friends by the cordial and energetic supor of the nation. He believed, that port, a support which I am sure I it would be his duty, in the first shall obtain, of my noble friends, place, to assert the supremacy of the members of

her Majesty's her Majesty's government, and to cabinet ; by the co-operation of see that the law was carried into the Imperial Parliament ; and, execution. Having effected that permit me to say, by the generous essentially preliminary object, he forbearance of the noble lords opshould consider, without_refere opposite, to whom I have always ence to party, British or French been politically opposed. From (indeed, he knew no French), that the candour and generosity which he ought to extend protection to have distinguished the noble duke's all, to give justice to all, and remarks this evening, as well as to shield as much the local rights upon other occasions, I trust that of the proprietors of the soil, as he, and those who think with him, the great commercial interests, will give me credit for the good which more affected those who were intentions which I feel, and will called the British settlers. He only condemn me, if they find my should not proceed to Canada for actions such as shall enable them, the purpose of suspending the con- consistently with their own chastitution, as had been said, but to racter, to find fault.” provide for the extraordinary state Lord Glenelg rose to bring the of things which had been produced debate to a close. The fierce de by those whose rebellious acts had nunciations of Lord Brougham made the operation of the consti- seemed to have communicated to his tution impossible. Great and dic- eloquence an asperity akin to that tatorial as the powers were, with of the philippic which provoked which he was invested, he should his resentment. Certain it is, that be anxious to lay them down at Lord Glenelg, on this occasion, the earliest possible time. He expressed himself with unusual should endeavor to execute, as impetuosity, and, by his passionate retaliation, bore testimony to the plained of this, " as he would have chastisement which had been in- been glad to have returned his flicted. Lord Brougham, with his thanks for this the first testimony usual eccentricity, had no sooner of his friendship with which he concluded one of the most vitupe- had favoured him.” His Lordship rative speeches ever delivered with then rather happily availed himself in the walls of Parliament, than of the contrast afforded by the he left the house; depriving his conduct of the Duke of Wellingantagonists, to a certain extent, ton, when placed in juxta-position of the opportunity of reply, since, with that of the noble and learned of course, whatever they said, lord; and commented, in eloquent either by way of argument or re- terms, on the duke's candour and tort, would lose half its effect in magnanimity. his absence.* Lord Glenelg com

The address was then agreed to.

• It is due, however, to Lord Brougham was only partially and slowly recovering to say, that, on a subsequent evening, from a severe indisposition; and bad in explanation of this discourtesy, he been desired, in this weather, not to stated, among other less valid excuses, expose himself at night.”' that, on the evening in question, “he

CHAPTER III.

Debates on Canada continued-Discussion as to hearing Mr. Roebuck

His speech- Mr.Hume moves that the Bill be read that day six months -Sir G. Grey-Lord Francis Egerton's comments on the Despatches ---Ar. Leader-Mr. Pakington's Appeal in favour of the Church of England in Lower Canada - Sir W. Molesworth-Mr. E.L. Bulwer warmly supports Ministers, and attacks the Radicals-Rebuked by

Mr. Grote Sir E. Sugden-Mr. Labouchere -Mr. Gladstone - The Chancellor of the Exchequer-Sir Robert Peel - Lord John Russell's Defence of his Measure-Division Verbal amendments" in the Bill Their important character, Mr. Warburton's Speech

- Mr. E. Ellice interposes on behalf of Ministers-Discussion concerning the Preamble of the Bill-Ministers abandon the preamble

-Sir Robert Peel's triumph--He attacks the InstructionsMr. Harvey ridicules the Ministers-Lord Howick-Mr. Hume compliments Lord Howick - Discussion on the restrictive clause of the Bill -Sir W. Follelt's amendment- Bill read a third time - Debates in the House of Lords on the Bill— Lord Brougham and Lord Melbourne-Apology for Sir Francis Head— Mr. Roebuck heard at the bar-Lord Ellenborough and Lord Fitzwilliam oppose the BillBill

passes the Lords - ProtestsSubstance of the Bill.

O
N the 22nd., Mr. Grote, ac- the first place, Mr. Lymburner re-

cording to notice, moved presented the whole province, or at that Mr. Roebuck be heard at the least, interests common to the whole bar, on behalf of the Assembly of province, and there was no differLower Canada.

ence or dissension at the time; the Mr. Gladstone, while disposed second and more important point, to recognize the advantage of hear. however, was, that Mr. Lymburner ing Mr. Roebuck, said, he felt it had been especially deputed by the to be his duty to protest against any community, or a large portion of it, acknowledgement by the House, for that one particular occasion, of that gentleman, as agent of the whereas Mr. Roebuck relied merely Assembly. On the previous even- on his title as general agent. Now, ing, Mr. Grote had appealed to Mr. Gladstone said, he was not aware the case of Mr. Lymburner, in of any constitutional right or pri1791, but that case differed from vilege of colonies to appoint agents the presen in two particulars. In with powers of this general description, and, if allowed in practice, recapitulation of former statements it must lead to interminable con- and allegations. In conformity fusion.

with his usual practice, he conPerhaps, however, a better argu- founded present grievances with ment was derived by Mr. Gladstone, such as bad ceased to exist, and from the inconvenience that must managed, in this manner, to make ariseupon the recognition of an agent out a formidable catalogue of comrepresenting but one branch of the plaints. Mr. Roebuck's style of legislature, since a similar privilege oratory possesses one remarkable could not be refused to the other, characteristic in respect of which and thus the colonial office would he stands almost alone amongst our be distracted by the competition of public speakers. Far from seeking co-ordinate and conflicting preten- to propitiate his audience, his first sions.

care seems to be to select such Lord John Russell, on the other topics as are most likely to prove hand, was of opinion, that to hear generally offensive to its temper Mr. Roebuck in his individual and its prejudices; the ground of character, would be a precedent this peculiarity is probably to be leading to worse consequences than sought in the fact, that his speeches the other deprecated by Mr. Glad- are less addressed to his immediate stone. It would open the way for hearers, than to a circle whom they any private person hereafter to say, reach through another channel; “ I take great interest in the but, at any rate, it accounts for affairs of a certain colony, or of a their comparative inefficiency in certain bill, and therefore I request the House of Commons. to be heard at the bar of the We shall be content to select House."

one passage

from his vehement haLord Stanley also, though he rangue.---- Sir, I am not one of concurred in the expediency of those who have been in the habit granting Mr. Roebuck a hearing, of deserting a friend in need. In was struck with the technical diffi- his most prosperous days, I have culty involved in that concession, thought myself honoured by the but attempted to pacify his scruples friendship of Mr. Papineau ; and by declaring, that he heard him when I review the political career of under protest, and by no means as that man, raised as he has been to a matter of course. After a few eminence by the sole power of his sensible remarks from Sir George intellect, without the employment Grey, on the inexpediency of wast- of one single disgraceful proceed. ing any more time in discussing a ing, I look in vain through the natter of such subordinate import- whole of that career for one act ance, the motion was acceded to. which deserves reprobation. True

On the motion of Lord John it is, that he denounced, in strong Russell, the Lower Canada Supu language, the conduct of your pression Bill was then read for the colonial administration. I myself second time. After which, Mr. have equally condemned that adRoebuck proceeded to address the ministration; and if there be guilt House from the bar. As might in saying, that Canada has been be expected, the learned Gentle- ill-governed, that her grievances man's speech, on this occasion, have been left unredressed, that amounted to little more than a her oppressors are men ever cruel, and now exasperated, I, Sir, am doned the just and constitutional willing to partake of that guilt. grounds on which they at first Talk to me of being frightened at stood. By the acts, or rather by being called a traitor; at being the neglect of that body, the contold that my life is forfeited; stitution was already suspended in at the newspapers setting forth effect. The act now proposed was that I am to be sent to the Tower! only intended to supply the wants Yes; the Government organs, and created by the refusal of the Asother portions of the press, have sembly to discharge its functions. endeavoured to excite the people It was a temporary measure, renagainst me, and to induce them to dered necessary by the emergencies believe that I and my friends could of the times; and Sir George desire that which England must Grey said, he entertained a hope, view as dishonourable. Do you almost amounting to a certainty, think that I am to he frightened that this measure, in the hands of by such petty warfare? If I be the Earl of Durham, coupled with guilty, why are there not some the general instructions upon other who dare accuse me lawfully. My points, which he knew the Earl papers have been seized—let them had received, would effect the be produced. I have not run away, object so much desired, that past because I know, that there is a jury differences would be buried in obin England, who will render justice livion, and that all parties in the to the accused."

colony would concur in establishMr. Roebuck having withdrawn, ing a firm, a reasonable, a stable, the Speaker put the question that and a liberal form of government. the bill be committed, and Mr. He trusted, too, that, long before Hume moved the postponement of the period limited by this Act, her the committal to that day six Majesty in council would be able months.

to avail herself of the powers conSir George Grey opposed Mr. tained in the bill to shorten its Hume's motion, in a very able duration, with advantage to all speech. After some compliments parties, and to call together, under to Mr. Roebuck's eloquence and better auspices, the ordinary coloability, he observed, that it was no nial legislature. part of his intention to follow him With reference to some remarks through the remote periods of of Mr. Roebuck's on the delay Canadian history, or to comment which had taken place, in comon the grievances which, from year pleting the legislative council on the to year, they had heard so well new model. Sir George referred to stated by him, when a member of the papers on the table, as affording the House. He felt bound, how- sufficient justification of it. It would ever, to advert to this endeavour, appear from these that Lord Goson the part of that gentleman, to ford in June of the preceding make the House believe, that the year, after the most mature deliwhole was merely a financial ques- beration, had sent home a list of tion. This was not a fair repre- persons, whom he had selected as sentation of the fact-every finan- fit to fill the office, men not cial claim had been fully attended pledged to any extreme line of poto by the Government. The As. litical conduct, and entitled as he sembly of Lower Canada had aban. thought from their character and

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