station, as well as from their mo- these officers, “ has been devoted to deration, to the confidence of the the attainment of such evidence as country. But the spirit in which would authorize the arrest of those these names were received, af. political incendiaries, to whose maforded no reason for believing, that chinations the present alarming had the selection been made, the state of this city and district is to list forwarded, and the persons ap- be attributed. Having at length pointed at an earlier period, a accomplished this important object quicker reconciliation between the by the assistance of Messrs. Cuviltwo branches of the legislature, lier and Penn, two of the magiswould have been effected, or any trates of the district, to whom the of the evils complained of. Had depositions and accompanying donot the House heard of men, who cuments were submitted, together did not form part of the extreme with our opinion, that the charges party in Canada, and who did not contained in them amounted to go to the full extent of the views of high treason against the parties the assembly, being designated as implicated therein, warrants were "worse than the most violent of issued for their apprehension.” the British party? Was there a Now, Mr. Cuvillier was one of the disposition to give credit for li. agents, who, in company with Mr. berality to any other persons in Neilson, had been deputed to lay that colony, than to such as had the Canadian grievances before the looked to nothing short of an elec- British parliament; nor was there tive legislative council, and labour. the slightest evidence to prove, that ed to produce a separation between he wished to abandon the printhe colony and Great Britain.” ciples of liberty, which he had

The hon. Baronet then chal. ever advocated, or the improvelenged those who in that house ments in the government for which and elsewhere were in the prac- he had always contended; but tice of dilating on the excesses conceiving that the leaders of the committed by her Majesty's troops people were going too far, he felt in the late hostilities, to come for it his duty to stop short, and notward with some better proofs of withstanding his former connexion their allegations, than were con- with the House of Assembly, was tained in the anonymous para now prepared to stand by the gographs of the newspapers. Some vernment in the suppression of atthing had been said of the selection tempts at revolt. of the magistrates, deputed to Sir George Grey was fol. carry into effect the determination lowed by Lord Francis Egerton, of Lord Gosford with respect to who expressed his intention, state prosecutions. Some informa- though with real reluctance, to tion as to the general character of support ministers. That support these gentlemen, might be collected he gave on the ground of the from the despatches. In Lord necessity of the case, without Gosford's despatch of the 22nd of party purpose. He was anxious November, 1837, was contained a to inquire whether it was to the report from the Attorney and So- recent conduct of ministers, that licitor-general, respecting the pro- the present state of affairs was atceedings in the district of Montreal. tributable ; were he indeed looking "Our undivided attention" say for reasons to think they were in fault, he should be at no loss to his Lordship assigned no such find them in the papers which reasons ; " he said “my situation were on the table. He would il. is not an enviable one, and on lustrate his meaning by one or two every private consideration I should passages contained amongst those be glad to relinquish it; it would documents. The first occurred in be better besides to have some one a correspondence which took place in my place, who had not avowed between the noble Secretary of the his wish to carry on the governcolonies and Lord Gosford; in this ment on the principle of concili. it was professed to account for the ation.” Now, Lord Francis Egerdelay which on the part of the ton said, he had always conceived former had taken place in the le- that the most suitable agent in a gislation promised' in the resolu- task of justifiable coercion, was he tions of March. The noble Secre- who had exhausted every means of tary said, “that much as he la- a conciliatory character. mented at all times the neecssity With respect to the conduct of of harsh and coercive measures, he the Canadians, the noble Lord felt a peculiar reluctance, at the remarked that the house had been present moment, in adverting to told that few insurrections had, that course, regretting, as he did, less excuse than the present. He that almost the first measure of believed there was much truth in the present Queen should carry this assertion, but, at the same with it an appearance of harshness time, he thought that, in one point towards any of her Majesty's sub- of view, few insurrections had

been more excusable, for none ever Lord Francis Egerton affirmed received an encouragement like that he knew of no official corre- that which had been given by the spondence presenting a passage so speeches made in that house. The replete with sickly sentimentality opinions advocated in those speeches as this. The noble Lord proceeded had been such as to convince the to comment on the circumstances misguided people of Canada, who attending the successive recall of knew little of the real state of feelthe chief governors of the Canadas. ing here, that however treasonable With regard to Sir Francis Head, it their conduct might be, they would would appear that some difference not fail to meet with much sym. of opinion existed, but Lord Francis pathy from a powerful party himself considered that he had con- among us. Nor was it surprising ducted the affairs of Upper Canada that they should place great rewith peculiar tact. The same might liance on that party seeing the pobe said of Sir John Colborne, who sition in which it stood ; that it had nevertheless been recalled existed not in but over the onc knew. That Lord ment, and that upon it the govern. Gosford should desire to return ment was dependent for itsexistence. home was natural from all the cir. In the late elections the mal-concumstances, and had he only said, tents saw that the influence of the when he tendered his resignation, ministers had been exerted in favour “ The storm is gathering round of those who advocated principles, me, I do not like to remain, relieve and entertained views in common me and appoint a successor, nothing with their own. Undersuch circumcould have been more proper. But stances, he could not call down the


penalties of treason upon a people, years indecision of the other. The who had been misled by persons, Whigs had in reality done no

were themselves peculiarly thing. They promised much; they favoured by the government. talked of infusing a liberal spirit

Mr. Leader was the next to ad- into the Legislative Council, they dress the house, in reference to issued a commission to enquire into Sir George Grey's implied denial grievances which were notorious, of the fact, he insisted that there instead of sending out a governor was good authority for asserting with power to redress them. Mr. that great severities had been com- Leader then stated his conviction mitted by the troops, both at St. that a bill of the despotic and Denis and St. Charles. With re. coercive character of that before gard to the discontents in Lower the house would only aggravate Canada, the whole mischief he matters. At the same time he said had been laid at the door of thought it a fortunate thing for the Assembly. Without meaning to the present ministers, that tliey had detain the house by a defence of connected themselves with a man their conduct, he must contend like Lord Durham, who enjoyed that from first to last, they had a reputation for liberal principles, been exercising a constitutional and was not committed to the coerright solemnly guaranteed to them cive resolutions of the last year. If by this country. If blame then any one of all their party could rewas to be attached to any persons, store peace to Canada he believed he it should fall on those who gave was that person. But he thought to the Assembly a power which it it unwise, now that the revolt seems they were not to use, thus was at an end, to send out a putting into the hands of the Ca- coercion bill together with a large nadian Representation a weapon, body of troops, as his precursors in for the employment of which in the province, to which he was aptheir own defence that house was pointed pacificator now about to inflict punishment After a few remarks from Mr. upon them. The real cause of all E. Rice, in support of the bill, Mr. the discontent, and of the conse- Pakington said that he could not quent disturbances, was to be found accede to the proposed measures, in the Tory misgovernment of the without expressing a hope that the colony during more than twenty House, in the new arrangement years. It had been asserted that which had been forced upon them, all the grievances of the Canadians would not be unmindful of the had been redressed since the interests of the British settlers in Whigs had come into power. But Canada. The number of the Bri. had the Whigs shown themselves tish residents had not yet been equal to the difficult task of ar- adverted to. At the period of the ranging the disputes, and smoothing outbreak at Toronto, which had the asperities caused by the long been occasioned by the correspondmisgovernment of

their prede- ence of the honourable member for cesssors? To that question there Kilkenny, there were, in the upper was a sad but significant answer province, 350,000 inhabitants of Canada has revolted. Such was British origin, and, in the lower, the result of a twenty years misgo- a population of 600,000; 270,000 vernment by one party, and a seven of whom were British. The Bri

tish inhabitants of both the


Now that they were about to vinces, therefore, constituted more remodel the constitution of Canada, than one half of the whole, and a measures surely ought to be taken more enlightened, or more loyal to provide the Protestant populapeople never inhabited any colony, tion of that colony with sufficient or struggled more to preserve the means of religious instruction. Of connexion with the mother coun- the endowments of the Catholic try. He denied, that the French clergy, Mr. Pakington said, he did Canadians had any just cause of not complain, but he thought he complaint; it was, in fact, the had a right to call on her Majes. British portion of the population ty's government to do as their preof the colony that had to complain decessors had done—not to refuse of grave and substantial grievances. this allowance for maintaining the They had not their due share of bishopric of Quebec. the representation of the lower On the following day, the 23rd, province, and they were greatly Sir William Molesworth renewed annoyed by the tax upon their the discussion in a speech of great imports to the British islands. length. Although compelled, he Another just cause of dissatisfac- said, by his duty, to vote against tion on their part, was, the refusal the further progress of a bill of the minister of the crown to which was to suspend the constirenew the allowance for the sup- tution of a free people, he had no port of the bishopric of Quebec, objection to offer to what he unThe hon. Gentlenian then read an derstood was the most important extract from a tract published by feature of the ministerial measure, the Society for the propagation of namely, that there should be sent the Gospelin foreign parts, by which to Canada a person in whom conit appeared, that, after the death of fidence should be placed ; whose the present Bishop of Quebec, it duty it would be to administer the was intended to consolidate that affairs of the province, and to rebishopric with the see of Montreal, duce the people to contented allewithout any increase of the emo- giance. And he thought that, lument attached to the latter.* if there were a nobleman in this

country who for energy, decision of • Mr. Pakington also read an extract

character, manly and liberal sentifrom a letter written by the Bishop of ments, was better fitted than another Montreal, who, in reference to the pro- for so arduous a task, that nobleposed arrangement, said, “ The exigen

was the Earl of Durham. cies of the church induced me to close

Reluctant as he was to pin his with the arrangements, under which I

faith was consecrated Bishop of Montreal,

on any individual, still he and I cannot repent of having done so, felt confident that Lord Durham, for the most distressing inconveniences if left to the unfettered exercise would have been already felt in the of his judgment, would accomplish diocese, had I not been invested with épiscopal powers. But if nothing should be done to endow the see of Quebec, and confine my visitations to the lower prothe project should fail, of erecting a vince. The board may judge how an new diocese in Upper Canada, it will be income of 8901., out of which houseperfectly impossible for me, with my rent is to be paid, can support the stapresent means, to do any tolerable jus- tion of a bishop of the Church Eng. tice to the whole charge; and I fear land, at the seat of the general govern. sometimes, that I shall be compelled to ment of British North America."


the object of his mission. At the months previously, that the House same time, for the exercise of his of Assembly would not assent to delegated authority, the governor his proposal of a permanent civil should be most strictly responsible. list. Lord John Russell had arHe alone should be made answer. raigned the conduct of the Assemable for every act done or omitted; bly for refusing to grant permaall responsibility should be concen- nent salaries to the judges. Yet, trated upon his single head; and incredible as it might seem, after the noble lord should be made to all that had been said, the House feel that, though he alone would actually did pass an act, granting merit all the praise of success, he the salaries in the manner required. must equally bear all the odium, The act was most thankfully reblame, and deep discredit of failure. ceived by Lord Aylmer, who earnIf successful, he would render the estly requested Lord Ripon to most enduring services to his accept it, which, had he done, the country, and acquire the greatest disputes would have been termipolitical renown; but failure would nated, but, for some inconceivamake the state of affairs in Lower ble reason, he refused the bill. Canada still more complicated, and An objection, indeed, had been still more disastrous, and would be urged against it, that the amount accompanied by the utter destruc. of the salaries of the judges had tion of the political character of not been stated, and that they were the nobleman, from whom so much to be voted annually: but the was expected, and to whom so words of the bill were," That much was intrusted.

the salaries, which are now annuThe hon. baronet, then, like ally paid to the said judges, shall most of his predecessors in the de- be secured to them in a fixed and bate, entered at great length upon permanent manner.” And Lord the historical part of the subject. Aylmer fully explained the reaThe Tories he, of course, accused son for not mentioning the aas the principal authors of the mount of the judges salaries in present disasters.- In refutation of the bill. He told Lord Ripon, in a tbe charge, so often made by despatch of the 26th of January, ministers, that the Assembly had 1832, that he did not think it nepromised to grant a permanent civil cessary to make any specific statelist, on the passing of the 1st and ment respecting the salaries and 2nd William 4th., he referred to retired allowances of the judges, a despatch, dated the 15th of for it was well understood beforeMarch 1831, wherein Lord Aylmer hand, that the Assembly was fully informed Lord Ripon, that the prepared to continue them upon House of Assembly would not the present liberal footing. This grant a permanent civil list, unless bill received the unanimous conthe casual and territorial revenues sent of the legislative council ; and were surrendered. This despatch Lord Aylmer, in his address to was acknowledged by Lord Ripon the local parliament, said, that he on the 15th of May, and it was had great satisfaction in noticing not till the following September it, but that, although it coincided that the Act in question was passed; altogether with the views of the consequently Lord Ripon must ministers, it contained one or two have been aware, at least four provisions, which imposed upon

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