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other clauses were then agreed to. tions, and another was in agitation

At a subsequent stage of the with respect to the payment of the bill, Mr. Jervis moved, that a registration shilling. clause be inserted relieving elec- Sir William Follett, however, tors from the charge of a shilling pointed out the obvious distinction which was at present paid at the between mere alterations in the time of registration. Lord John machinery of elections, and modifiRussell said, that he had no ob- cations of the elective franchise. jection to the repeal of the pay- The bill was then passed by a mament, but that he did not think jority of 189 to 172. But it was this the proper time for mooting rejected in the House of Lords on the subject, upon which Mr. Jervis the second reading, on the 8th of withdrew his amendment.

March. The House of Commons, On the 19th of February, the nevertheless, passed another bill bill came on for the third reading. conceding the desired relief to the Sir Robert Peel condemned it, as freemen alone, but the session came involving a serious infraction of to a close before the Lords were the great principle understood to called upon to take it into consibe settled when the reform bill was deration. passed. Pecuniary ability and re- On the 15th of February, Mr. sidence the qualifications Grote made his appearance with fixed upon by the framers of that his annual motion for the ballot. bill, after mature deliberation. He Our readers are by this time too called the attention of the House to familiar with all that can be said the progress of the remission of

on the subject, to render it desirathose taxes which had formed an ble that we should load our pages element of the electoral qualifica- with an abstract of the arguments tion in 1832. The house tax had on either side. The debate, how. been repealed entirely, the window ever, was expected with consideratax by nearly one half. And the ble interest, on account of the preparochial rates, which in 1833 vailing impression, that the question amounted to 8,000,0001., now came was becoming an element of disto little more than half that sum. union in the “reform" party. And after all this reduction, the And we shall notice so much of the noble Lord came forward with the discussion, and the subsequent diviconcession of twenty weeks addi- sion, as was of a more personal national indulgence to the 101. house- ture, or might be considered explaholders for the payment of what natory of the sentiments and conduct remained of the rates and taxes. of members immediately connected

Lord John Russell, on the other with government. hand, contended that such objec- Mr. Ward, the seconder of the tions implied a pedantic adherence to motion, after observing that Lord the letter of the reform bill, which John Russell's declaration, at the had, however, already been in commencement of the session, many points altered, without any respecting the ballot, the extensupposed violation of its funda- sion of the suffrage, and the duramental principles - changes had tion of parliaments, had given a been made, for instance, in the regulations relating to pollingplaces, and to the duration of elec. # See last volume, p. 392.

more than common importance to we accept your support, but we the debate, said that the people proscribe your opinions-you shall were anxious to see how far the never hope for a participation in other members of the administra- power unless you leave your sentition were prepared to identify their ments behind you ?" opinions with those of the noble Lord John Russell, again stated Lord. For instance, there was Sir his general objections to the change; John Hobhouse, once, as all the he admitted, indeed, that the evils world knew, an admirer of the bale now existing were of extensive lot, he had represented Westmin. operation, but he did not think it imster, and his change of opinion possible to propose a remedy, that would, if such had taken place, at might have some considerable efleast tend to shake the opinions of fect. So long, however, as gentlethe country in favour of public men felt themselves bound to carry men. For similar reasons, he ob- the ballot out, he feared that any served, the course adopted on this other remedy would be despised by occasion by Mr. Poulett Thom- them, and it would be useless to son, Sir Hussey Vivian, and Sir propose it. Henry Parnell, would be atten- Sir Robert Peel, in a speech of tively watched by their constituents considerable power, applied the and by the country. And he exe leading arguments against the syspressed his conviction that anything tem of secret voting with great like a government opposition to the precision and effect. In the course measure would have for its effect of it he produced the following the production of a new combina- striking passage from Pliny's letters tion most important to the country descriptive of the voter by ballot. and to that House.”

Poposcit tabellasstilum accepit Mr. E. L. Bulwer, in the course demisit caput-neminem veretur of an elaborate speech in favour of -se contemnit." the motion, said he owed it to that On the division, the numbers attachment to literature which had were, ayes, 198; noes, 315:* Mabrought upon him the sarcasm of jority against the ballot, 117. the hon. member for London the The course pursued upon this other night, that he could say, with occasion by certain members of men of much higher station and the House who were closely wealth, that he was independent connected with the administraof official temptation. But I con- tion, was, as Mr. Ward had fess, said he, that it is my weakness hinted it would be, worthy of reto prefer the emoluments and the mark. Although four cabinet mi. distinctions that are open to me in nisters-Lords Howick and Palanother career, to all the more merston, Sir John Hobhouse and dazzling honours that a minister the Chancellor of the Exchequer can bestow. I shall not, then, be voted with Lord John Russell, yet accused of speaking for myself, Mr. Poulett Thomson, President when I ask her Majesty's ministers of the Board of Trade; the two to consider the numbers, the energy, Attornies-general; the Lord Ad. the talent in their own party, by which this question is supported.

• Of these 315 members 254 we Can they turn round to the vast conservatives and the remaining 61 mi. majority of their friends, and say, nisterialists.

were

vocate; Sir George Grey, the Co- noyingnature." At the same time, lonial Under-secretary ; Sir Henry he admitted that there was too Parnell, the Treasurer of the Ord- much reason for the feeling which nance; Mr. J. Parker, a Lord of prevailed in the country in favour the Treasurer; and Mr. E. J. of any change which offered the Stanley, the very whipper-in of smallest hope of relief from the the Whigs, absented themselves oppression at present practised from the division ; while Mr. Ber- upon voters. The measure in quespal, the chairman of committee; tion was certainly advancing in Mr. Robert Steuart, a Lord of the public opinion; and no wonder, Treasury; and Sir Hussey Vivian, since, at the recent elections, intiMaster-General of the Ordnance, midation, and the power which voted against the ministers. It wealth and station give to one man will not be wondered at, that, for over another, had been exercised some time afterwards, rumours of in a more reckless and unscrupuministerial discords and resigna. lous manner, than had ever before tions, were very current.

been witnessed. A few days after the question The Duke of Wellington, after of the ballot had been thus dis remarking, that “ the consequence posed of, Mr. Slaney moved for of the transactions of late years leave to introduce a bill for the had been, to render the possession protection of voters, by making it of political power by individuals penal, and a misdemeanour, with in different parts of the country a summary process before magis- more desirable than it was years trates, for any landlord, customer, ago;" proceeded to say, that Lord master, or other person to interfere Melbourne had complained that with the independent exercise of undue influence had been exercised the elective franchise.

with regard to tenants and tradesThe motion, as it regarded men. “ Now," continued the merely the bringing in of a bill, duke, “ I have been a good deal in met with the support of ministers, the world, my lords, and I know and of certain very thorough-going of no such thing. I know a great conservatives. On the other hand, deal of the exercise of influence Mr. Warburton and Mr. Hume of another description. I hear a derided the proposal as a mockery great deal of it; I see much evi. of legislation, and LordGeorgeBen- dence of it. I mean the exercise tinck went so far as to pronounce of priestly intimidation in a neigh" the nostrum proposed in the billbouring country, where riots are to be nauseous and inefficient.” invariably excited in the course of The motion was carried by a majo- every election. But, with regard rity of 50 to 23.

to that species of influence which On the 23rd of February, Lord has been alluded to the exercise Melbourne, on presenting a peti- of what I must call the improper tion from Leith, in favour of the influence of men of property over ballot, professed himself to be very their dependents--I know of none adverse to that mode of voting, such, and, so far as I am concerned, and stated his conviction, that I always beg that it may never be without mitigating the evils it was

used." intended to cure, it would intro- Lord Brougham observed, that duce others of a “still more an

it had always been his opinion,

that the ballot would afford little, United Kingdom, or the interest or if any, protection as between land- dividends of such, may constitute lords and tenants; but the case either the whole, or part of the was different in towns, where it sum required to qualify a member. was unquestionably required, and In the amount no alteration was where it could not fail to be effi- made. By another clause of the cacious. He felt bound in justice bill, every member, before he takes to the Duke of Wellington to say, his seat, is required to deliver to that, as regarded official influence, the clerk, while the House is sitperhaps less had been exercised by ting, a paper signed by himself, the Government over which the and containing a statement of the noble duke had presided, than by real or personal property, whereany other within his recollection. by he makes out his qualification ;

It may be observed, in this place, and to subscribe a declaration, that that a bill was introduced by Mr. to the best of his belief, he is duly Warburton, and passed in the qualified to be elected a member of course of the session, which had the House. To make a false defor its object to extend to personal claration is declared to be a misproperty, the privilege, hitherto demeanour; and the election beconfined to real, of conferring a comes void if the member sits or qualification for Parliament. By votes without complying with the this enactment, an estate for life, provisions of the Act. The memor for the life of another ; or a

bers for the Universities, and the term of years, of which thirteen eldest sons of peers, and of persons shall be unexpired at the time of qualified to be knights of the shire, election; or personal estate and are of course excluded from the effects of any kind, within the scope of this statute.

CHAPTER V.

Sir William Molesworth's Motion against Lord Glenelg- Lord Pal

merston defends the Colonial Secretary-Lord Sandon's Amendment-Lord Stanley's attack on Lord Palmerston-Mr. Warburton's disapprobation of the Motion-Sir George Grey- The Chancellor of the Exchequer-Sir Robert Peel's taunting Speech-Lord John Russell-—Sir W. Molesworth withdraws his Motion-- Division on the Amendment - Revival of Anti-Slavery agitation-Lord Brougham's conduct on the Slavery Question-His Speech on the Slave Trade-Lord Glenelg's admissions on that Subject-Lord Brougham's Resolutions and Speech in favour of the immediate Emancipation of the Negro Apprentices-Lord Glenelg opposes the Resolutions - Division-Lord Brougham's Resolutions and Speech on the Importation of labourers to the West Indies from the East Orders in Council on that Subject-Lord Glenelg's Explanation-Duke of Wellington's Suggestions-Division-Sir George Strickland moves the Abolition of the Apprenticeship in the House of Commons-Sir George Grey opposes the Motion- Dr. Lushington supports it-Lord Howick's Disclosure respecting Lord Brougham - Lord John Russell-Mr. Gladstone -- Motion Negatived on a Division-Sir Eardley Wilmot repeats the Motion, and carries it on a DivisionDeclines to take further steps-Abolition of Slavery Amendment Bill -West India Prisons Regulation Bill. THE events which had taken it had become popular, we know

not with how much reason, to im. tracted the public attention to the pute to bim a disposition to inertconduct of that department of the ness and delay in the business of state, which was more immediately his department, which in a great responsible for their occurrence. degree impeded the usefulness of There could be no question of the his other qualifications for the superior intelligence and exten- management of it, and to this, his sive information of the nobleman adversaries were fain to ascribe charged with the colonial office; no small portion of the untoward as little difference could exist as circumstances which at present to the singular purity and integ- beset the affairs of the Canadas. rity of his private character. But Early in March (the 6th) Sir

Tplace in Canada naturally at

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