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CHAPTER XII.

History of John Thom, alias Sir William Courtenay-His proceedings in

Kent--Convicted for Perjury-Declared Lunatic, and sent to the

County Asylum-Particulars of his Release and Reappearance in Kent

-Debates in Parliament on the Subject-Explanations of Lord J.

Russell and Sir Hussey Vivian--Sir E. Knatchbull obtains a Select

Committee-Lord Howick proposes to strike out Four Members from

Sir E. Knatchbull's List-Altercation between Mr. Praed and Mr. E.

Bulwer-Divisions on Lord Howick's Motion-Lord John Russell moves

the re-appointment of a Committee on Church Lands-Opposed by

Mr. Liddell, who moves Two Amendments—Mr. Hume-Mr. Goul-

burn's Speech-Sir R. Peel-Two Divisions-Act for abolishing Plu-

ralities, &c.-Act empowering Clergymen to be Members of Joint

Stock Companies--Lord Aberdeen's Motion with respect to the Church

of Scotland-Lord Melbourne's Speech-Archbishop of Canterbury-

Continuance of the Bishopric of Sodor and Man—The Bishop of Exe-

ter's attack upon the Church Commission-Church Discipline Bill

Bishop of Exeter's violent opposition to the Measure—The Archbishop

of Canterbury's vindication of the Bill-It is withdrawn-Grant to the

Dissenters objected to by Radical Members-Lord Brougham's Educa-

tion Bill - Compulsory System excluded-Condition of Schools at

present existing-He proposes a Public Board-Its Duties-Local

Boards-Difficulties connected_with Religion-Constitution of Local

Boards-School Committees, Education Qualification-Religious In-

struction—Mr. Slaney's Motion for a Select Committee on Education

-Mr. Wyse's Motion for an Address to the Queen relative to Educa-

tion-His Scheme-Central and Local Boards—Mr. Hume supports

the Motion-Mr. Colquhoun asserts the Superiority of the “ National”

to the “ Dissenter's" Schools-Mr. Slaney-Lord John Russell's Expla-

nation of the Policy of Government on the Question—The Chancellor

of the Exchequer's' Strictures on the “ National” and “ British” and

Foreigo Societies--Division-Motion negatived

(217

Early commencement of the attacks upon Lord Durham in Parliament-

Lord Chandos's Motion respecting the Expenses of his Mission-Lord

John Russell's Speech-Mr. Lambton-Sir Robert Peel supports the

Motion-Lord Palmerston-Division and small Majority-Questions in

the House of Lords respecting the Appointment of Mr. Turton-Sir

Edward Sugden raises a question as to the legality of Lord Durham's

Special Council-Lord John Russell---Mr. O'Connell ridicules Sir E.

Sugden's doubts--Main attack opened upon Lord Durham by, Lord

Brougham-The Ordinance-Discussion in the House of Lords con-

cerning its Legality-Lord Melbourne's Speech-Lord Brougham's

Rejoinder-Lord Brougham's Bill-Debate thereon-Effect of Sir Wil.

liam Follett's Proviso in the Canada Government Bill-Lord Glenelg

and the Lord Chancellor oppose the Bill-Lord Lyndhurst's Argument

-Lord Melhourne's attack on the Duke of Wellington and the Conser-

vatives—The Duke's Reply-Ministers resolve to annul the entire

Ordinance-Question raised respecting the legality of Sir John Col-

borne's Ordinances-Lord Brougham declines to give an opinion

thereon-Lord Mansfield-Observations on Sir J. Colborne's Ordi-

nances- Lord Melbourne's explanatory Clause-Withdrawn – Bill

stripped of its declaratory character and converted into a mere Act of

Indemnity-Lord Brougham moves the Third Reading with reluctance

-Lord Chief Justice Denman opposes the Bill–His Remarks on Lord

Durham's conduct-On Bills of Indemnity in general-Has doubts

about the illegality of the Transportation to Bermudas Bill read a

third time, and passes the House of Lords

[263

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on the general Principles of Law, l'he Attorney-General's Argument-

Sir Edward Sugden discovers a new Objection--Sir Charles Girey holds

the Transportation of Bermuda to be legal-Bill passes through Com-

mittee unamended-Debate on the Third Reading-Mr. Leader-Dr.

Lushington-Discordant Opinions on the legality of the Ordinance-

Mr. Sanford, Sir E. Codrington, and Mr. Aglionby-Lord Ebrington

and Mr. Easthope—Mr. Finch threatens to divide the House-Dis-

suaded from doing so by the Attorney-General-Bill passes the Com-

mons-Lord Lyndhurst's Motion on the Subject of our Commercial

Relations-Duke of Wellington's Remarks on the State of the Navy-

Account of Act XI. of the Legislative Council in India, called the

Black Act-Resistance made to it by British Settlers in India-Mr.

Macauley's Paper on the Subject--Mr. Ward brings the subject before

Parliament, and moves for a Committee-His Statement of the alleged

Grievances-Sir John Hobhouse's Reply-Sir Charles Grey-Mr. Hogg

-Sir J. Carnac-Mr. Wynn condemns Mr. Macaulay-Mr. Ward

withdraws his Motion-Queen Prorogues Parliament- Address of the

Speaker upon that Occasion-Queen's Speech--Sir Robert Inglis's

Commemoration of the Events of the Session-Conservative Tour of

Sir Francis Burdett in the Spring--Progress of Disaffection amongst

the Working Classes-Public Meetings-Torch-Light Assemblages -

“ Chartists" – Incendiary Language of the Demagogues - Immense

Meeting at Kersal Moor-Speech of the Rev. Mr. Stephen's on that

Occasion-His Statement of the Objects of the “ Chartists”-Constant

Attendance of Lord Melbourne upon the Queen-“ Letter to the

Queen," ascribed to Lord Brougham - Proposed Reduction of the

Rates of Postage-Mr. Rowland Hill's Plan-Report of the Committee

-Mr. O'Connell's Arrival at Dublin-Institution of the “ Precursor

Society—Its Character and Objects-Meeting at the Corn Exchange-

Letters to the People of Ireland - Colonel Shaw Kennedy's Resigna-

tion of the Office of Inspector-General of the Irish Constabulary

Force

[287

Rising in Beauharnois-Capture of Mr. Ellice–Gallant Conduct of

Indians at Caughnawaga--Rebels collected at Napierville-Dispersed

Combats at Odell Town-Release of Mr. Ellice-Excesses of the

Loyalists at Beauharnois and other Places — American Invasion of

Upper Canada-Brigands land at Prescott-Attack and Defence of their

Position—They surrender, after a considerable Resistance-Affair near

Sandwich-Atrocities of the Sympathizers-Murder of Dr. Hume-

Courts Martial on the Prisoners-Executions in Lower Canada-Car-

dinal and Duquette-Great number of State Prisoners-Release of the

Exiles of Bermuda— Return of some of the Refugees 'excepted from

the Amnesty-Escape of Theller-Sir John Colborne appointed Suc-

cessor to Lord Durham with full powers-Discontent of the Militia of

Upper Canada–Difficulty of disposing of the Prisoners-Application of

the Inhabitants of Oswego, in New York, in behalf of those taken at

Prescott-Courts Martial at Kingston-Executions_Von Schoultz-

Loyalty of French in Upper Canada-Observations on Colonial Govern-

ment. -New BRUNSWICK. Harmony of the Executive with the

Assembly in that Province-Zealous Loyalty displayed by the Legisla-

ture.-Nova Scotia.- State of Parties--Proceedings of the Legislature.

PRINCE Edward's Island.—Evils arising from profuse Grants of public

Lands-Contrast between the British North American Colonies and the

United States.--NewFOUNDLAND. Religious Dissentions - Roman

Catholic Petition-Alleged Grievances- Memorial of Merchants con-

nected with the Colony-arbitrary Conduct of the House of Assembly

--Alleged Conduct of Roman Catholic Priesthood-Character of the

Population.

(317

West Indies.-Renewal of the Anti-Slavery Agitation in Great Britain

-Charges preferred against Jamaica in particular-Bill for the Ainend-

ment of the Abolition of Slavery Act-Its main Provisions Working of

the Apprenticeship System in BARBADOBS and DOMINICA-Proceedings

of the Legislature of Jamaica-Bill for granting absolute Manumission

in the ensuing August-Temper of the Assembly- Address to the

Queen and Protest-State of Affairs immediately after the passing of

the Act—The Act comes into operation-Conduct of the Negro Popu-

lation on the First of August-Progress of the Disputes between the

Planters and the Labourers-Labourers ejected from Houses and

Grounds-Construction of the Clause of the Colonial Act, giving them

a Right to Three Months' Notice to Quit-Effect of the Proclamation

of the West India Prison Bill in Jamaica-The Assembly declare their

Resolution to suspend their Legislative Functions Their Address-

Dissolution-Behaviour of the Council-Constituency of Jamaica-

New Assembly-Porogued–Their violent Conduct on that Occasion-

Increase of Difficulties with respect to the Arrangeinent of Wages-

General Distrust-Mr. Burge's Note to Lord Glenelg-Statement of

the Views and Complaints of the Planters Sir George Grey's Reply-

Sir Lionel Smith's Vindication of himself-Remarks on Sir Lionel

Smith's Conduct.-British GUIANA.—Death of Sir J. C. Smyth, the

Governor-Succeeded by Mr. Light.-Proposal in the Council of

Policy for abolishing the Apprenticeship-Ordinance passed to that

Effect-Ordinances for the Maintenance of the Aged and Infirın; for

excluding the late Apprentices from the Militia, and for a General

Registry, disallowed by the Colonial Office-Lord Glenelg's Reasons

-Behaviour of the Negroes on the Day of their Emancipation- Mea-

sure attended with more favourable Results than in Jamaica-General

Rate of Wages-Mr. Light's Tour through the Province-Great

Demand for Labour in Guiana–Consequences of a Decrease of con-

tinuous Labour-Resolutions of the Court of Policy for promoting

Emigration of Negroes from other West Indian Colonies at the Public

Expense-Hill Coolies from India-Irregularity of the Free Labourers

- Satisfactory Report from Mr. Light of the State of the Colony-

Good Conduct of the Negroes at Christmas-Emancipation general

throngh the other West Indian Colonies-Effects of the Measure

generally.-ST. LUCIA AND BARBADOES.-Subsidiary Enactments to

the Emancipation Bills in the various Colonies-Orders in Council for

the same Purpose-- Stipendiary Magistrates continued - Repeal of

existing Laws Regarding the Militia suggested by Lord Glenelg -Sir

William Colebrook's abortive Plan for consolidating the Legislatures of

the Leeward Islands.--East Indian DOMINIONS.-New Penal Code

for British India.-Dreadful Famine-Death of the King of Oude-

Disputed Succession-Circumstances under which the reigning Mo-

narch was called to the Throne-Death of the Great Mogul— Retirement

of Sir Charles Metcalf from Agra-Revolution in the Burmese Empire

- Character of the Usurper-Hostile Attitude of the Nepaulese-Expe-

dition to Afghanistan-Quarrel with the Chinese.- New South Wales.

-Condition of the various Colonies-Progress of Civilization in the

Sandwich Islands Anti-Catholic Proclamation of the King. [344

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