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mid-November than in mid-August. Fresh fruits and vegetables advanced seasonally 2 percent, while canned and dried fruits and vegetables rose 8 and 27 percent, respectively. Egg prices dropped 6 percent to an average of 70 cents per dozen. Butter prices declined 7.7 cents per pound from an all-time high average of 96 cents in midOctober.

Clothing prices increased 1.0 percent on the average, as higher prices were reported for nearly every type of apparel. In midNovember, higher price tags were found on men's suits, broadcloth shirts, cotton work clothing, undergarments, and socks, than in midOctober. Prices for women's cotton dresses and gloves were also consistently higher in mid-November. The cost of leather footwear for all members of the family rose during the month and shoe repairs were also generally higher.

Average retail costs of housefurnishings and miscellaneous goods and services increased 0.9 percent each between October and November. Prices for sewing machines, vacuum cleaners, electric refrigerators, stoves, felt base floor covering, mattresses, cotton sheets, and blankets rose in most cities. Bedroom and living-room suites advanced in some cities and declined in others. The increase in the cost of miscellaneous goods and services was due primarily to higher prices for cigarettes, cigars, gasoline, beauty shop services, and newspapers. New automobile prices also rose during the month.

Fuel, electricity, and ice costs rose 0.3 percent on the average. Retail coal prices advanced somewhat in 17 cities. Electricity costs declined 5 and 7 percent in Portland, Oreg., and Portland, Maine, as lower rates became effective. A rebate was allowed to consumers of gas in Detroit.

Rents were not surveyed in November.

2 In a number of cities in September and October the Bureau was not able to obtain an adequate number of price quotations for some meats because of the severe shortage. For those meats in the cities where an adequate number of prices could not be collected during these months, prices were held unchanged at August levels to allow the computation of the index. For meats in the cities where an adequate sample of prices could be obtained, prices in September and October were compared directly with prices for the last month in which sufficient quotations were secured to compute a reliable meat index. The November index, based on the usual number of quotations, reflects the correct level of prices, and the full price change that occurred from mid-August to mid-November.

TABLE 1.-Indexes of consumers' prices for moderate-income families and percent changes, November 15, 1946, compared with earlier periods

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TABLE 2.-Percent increase in consumers' price index from specified dates to November

15, 1946, by cities

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TABLE 3.-Percent change in consumers' price index, Oct. 15 to Nov. 15, 1946, by cities and groups of items

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TABLE 4.-Indexes of consumers' prices for moderate-income families in large cities, 1935 to November 1946

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Retail Prices of Food in November 1946

RETAIL prices of food in November 1946 in relation to those in selected preceding periods are shown in the accompanying tables.

TABLE 1.-Percent of change in retail prices of food in 56 large cities combined, by commodity groups, in specified periods

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1 The wage formulas apply to Jan. 1, 1941. Jan. 15, 1941, is the nearest date for which data on retail prices of individual foods have been computed.

The index now reflects fully the current level of prices for meats as well as the entire price change that occurred since mid-August 1946. Most meat prices in the intervening months were held unchanged from August levels for those cities where an adequate number of quotations was not obtained because of the severe meat shortage. In other cities prices for some meats were compared directly with the nearest preceding month for which a sufficient number of quotations were secured.

TABLE 2.-Indexes of retail prices of food in 56 large cities combined,1 by commodity groups, on specified dates

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1 Aggregate costs of 61 foods in each city, weighted to represent total purchases by families of wage earners and lower-salaried workers, have been combined with the use of population weights.

The wage formulas apply to Jan. 1, 1941. Jan. 15, 1941, is the nearest date for which data on retail prices of individual foods have been computed.

The index now reflects fully the current level of prices for meats as well as the entire price change that occurred since mid-August 1946. Most meat prices in the intervening months were held unchanged from August levels for those cities where an adequate number of quotations was not obtained because of the severe meat shortage. In other cities prices for some meats were compared directly with the nearest preceding months for which a sufficient number of quotations were secured.

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