Industrial Relations

A bibliography on union-management cooperation. Washington, U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1946. 7 pp.; mimeographed. Free.

A guide to the National Labor Relations Act. By Louis G. Silverberg. Washington, U. S. Department of Labor, Division of Labor Standards, 1946. 58 pp., charts. (Bull. No. 81.) 15 cents, Superintendent of Documents, Washington. Simple description of procedures and practices under the Act.

How to handle problems of seniority. By John A. Lapp. Deep River, Conn., etc., National Foremen's Institute, 1946. 295 pp. $4.

Intended as a guide for those responsible for creating and administering seniority systems, the book analyzes various applications of seniority rules, and gives examples of seniority provisions in collctive-bargaining agreements. One chapter deals with veterans' seniority rights under the Selective Service Act. Labor-management disputes, subsequent to August 17, 1945, involving possession of properties by the Federal Government. By Arthur E. Suffern. Washington, U. S. National Wage Stabilization Board, 1946. 98 pp.; mimeographed. (Research and statistics report No. 2.) Free.

Trend and types of collective bargaining.

By Boris Stern. (In Mill and Factory,

New York, October 1946, pp. 130–132.) Provisions of collective-bargaining agreements on the closed shop, the union shop, maintenance of union membership, and the check-off are described.

Industry Reports

Household employment—a digest of current information. Washington, U. S.
Women's Bureau, September 1946. 75 pp.; mimeographed. Free.
Includes a summary of legislation affecting domestic workers as of September
15, 1946, and information on wages, standards, and training.

Domestic service employment in New York State. New York, State Department of Labor, Division of Industrial Relations, Women in Industry, and Minimum Wage, 1946. 40 pp., bibliography; processed.

Examines problems of household employment and summarizes various proposals for their solution. Data on wages and working conditions of household workers in New York State are presented.

Labor and transportation: Program and objectives of transportation labor in the postwar period. Washington, Railway Labor Executives' Association, 1946. 52 pp., chart. Free.

The report states that this is the first over-all study of the problem of transportation from labor's viewpoint. It offers a general program for all transportation labor followed by a specific program for railroad labor. Emphasis is placed on a general transportation labor program aimed at safeguarding and promoting the welfare of the employees to the end that no branch of transportation, by virtue of the exploitation of its particular employees, be enabled in any way to compete unfairly with the other branches of transportation.

Labor and Social Legislation

The proposed fair employment practice act; facts and fallacies. By A. Bruce Hunt (In Virginia Law Review, Charlottesville, December 1945, pp. 1–38; also reprinted.)

Washington (1205 19th
18 pp.
(Vol. II, 1946,

Two bills introduced in the 79th U. S. Congress are analyzed and an attempt made to clarify some of the issues and objections. Revision of the Wagner Act. By L. B. Wheildon. Street NW.), Editorial Research Reports, 1946. No. 15.) $1. Reviews factors leading up to the demand for revision of the National Labor Relations Act, and current proposals for modifying it, including efforts to impose legal obligations on trade-unions, equalization of labor-management rights, and procedural reforms.

Experience and experiment in labor legislation: Puerto Rico Labor Relations Act. (In Harvard Law Review, Cambridge, Mass., July 1946, pp. 976-983. 75 cents.)

Analyzes the Puerto Rico Labor Relations Act and points out differences between its provisions and those of the National Labor Relations Act. Departures deemed of particular significance are those respecting board control of union-membership discrimination and violations of collective-bargaining agree


Recopilación de las leyes del trabajo, [Dominican Republic]. By Aristides Sanabia. [Ciudad Trujillo), Roques, 1946. 265 pp.

Labor laws enacted to February 1946.

Recopilación legislativa, [Spain], anuario correspondiente al año 1945. Madrid, Ministerio del Trabajo, 1946. 709 pp.

Legislation concerning labor and social welfare.

Labor Organizations and Their Activities

The locus of union control in collective bargaining. By Joseph Shister. (In Quarterly Journal of Economics, Cambridge, Mass., August 1946, pp. 513-545. $1.25.)

In dealing with the control of labor-market conditions by "collective bargaining around the conference table," the author emphasizes the role of national, as distinguished from local, bargaining units, and the growth in recent years of cooperation among unions dealing with the same employer. The article is part of a more comprehensive study of trade-union government and policies. Report of President Philip Murray to the eighth constitutional convention of the Congress of Industrial Organizations, Atlantic City, N. J., November 18-25, 1946. [Washington, Congress of Industrial Organizations], 1946. Discusses general economic and labor conditions in the United States and reviews activities of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.

79 pp:

Spotlight on labor unions. By William J. Smith. New York, Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1946. 150 pp. $2.50.

Critical analysis of the activities of labor unions in the United States and a defense of the unions from several specific criticisms frequently heard. Presents a "code for industrial relations" based on cooperation between labor and management.

State regulation of labor union practices and affairs. (In N. A. M. Law Digest, National Association of Manufacturers, Law Department, Washington, December 1946, pp. 17-48, bibliography.)

Examination of the constitutional power of States to regulate strikes, picketing, boycotts, collective-bargaining contracts, closed shop, and other affairs of labor unions.

Arbetarrörelsen i Sverige. By Sigfrid Hansson; revised by Olof Landqvist. Stockholm, Tidens Förlag, 1946. 167 pp., charts. 6th ed.

Revision of a work on the Swedish labor movement, first published in 1935.

Medical Care

A suggested plan for a preventive medical program in a Federal employees' health service. By U. S. Public Health Service. (In Public Health Reports, Federal Security Agency, U. S. Public Health Service, Washington, November 15, 1946, pp. 1642-1654. 10 cents, Superintendent of Documents, Washington.) A suggested plan to implement the most recent provision (Public law 658, 79th Cong., 2d sess., approved August 8, 1946) for Federal employees' health programs. Such programs may be established by heads of departments and agencies (including Government owned and controlled corporations), after consulting the Public Health Service and considering its recommendations. Services are to be limited to (1) treatment of on-the-job illness and dental conditions requiring emergency attention; (2) preemployment and other examinations; (3) referral of employees to private physicians and dentists; and (4) preventive programs.

The plan presented interprets the act and submits standards and recommendations. The proposals include health examinations to be related to job adjustment, sickness absenteeism, retirement, and other employment factors.

Public medical care. By F. M. Brewer. Washington (1205 19th Street NW.), Editorial Research Reports, 1946. 18 pp. (Vol. II, 1946, No. 10.) $1. Brief summary of action on health measures by the 79th Congress, and of medical care in the United States as exemplified by public health services and voluntary insurance plans, together with a résumé of the new British health program and of State medicine in the Soviet Union.

Final report of the Assembly Health Care Investigating Interim Committee, [California Legislature], House resolution No. 295, [regular session, 1945]. [Sacramento], State Printing Office, 1946. 152 pp., bibliography.

Basic data underlying proposals for a State-operated plan of prepaid medical care. Incidence of illness, adequacy of medical and hospital facilities, and costs were prime considerations. An actuarial report and a public opinion survey contribute to the statistical material. Projects under way in the State which will yield additional material are noted.

Cash sickness funds in Rhode Island and California. (In Social Security Bulletin' Federal Security Agency, Social Security Administration, Washington' October 1946, pp. 43-46. 15 cents, Superintendent of Documents, Washington.)

Both funds derive their revenues mainly from employee pay-roll deductions, formerly paid into the respective State unemployment-insurance funds, and are entirely under State control. Principal financial provisions of the laws governing the two sickness funds are compared.

Trends in dentist-population ratios. By J. W. Mountin, E. H. Pennell, G. S. Brockett. (In Public Health Reports, Federal Security Agency, U. S. Public Health Service, Washington, November 22, 1946, pp. 1689-1701, bibliography, charts. 10 cents, Superintendent of Documents, Washington.)

In 1940 there were 53.6 dentists per 100,000 population, as against 57.9 in 1930, and they were poorly distributed, being concentrated in areas of high per capita income and in large urban communities. Other significant trends are noted.

Occupations and Occupational Adjustment

Aids in counseling. Washington, U. S. Department of Labor, 1946. 6 pp. Free.

List of publications prepared by different branches of the U. S. Department of Labor, selected for their usefulness in counseling, particularly with respect to employment and occupations.

Establishing and operating a retail feed and farm supply store. By Victor E. Hood.
Establishing and operating a confectionery-tobacco store. By George F. Dudik.
Establishing and operating a trucking business. By James C. Nelson and Knute
E. Carlson.
Establishing and operating an automatic merchandising business. By Clara C.


Washington, U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce, 1946. 38, 53, 71, 41 pp., respectively, illus. (Industrial (small business) series, Nos. 45, 48, 52, 58.) 15, 15, 20, 15 cents, Superintendent of Documents, Washington.

The job-hunter's handbook. By Martin W. Schaul. New York, Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1946. 58 pp. $1 (75 cents, paper cover). Tells how to go about finding, in a city, a job suited to the job-hunter's qualifications.


Assistance payments under State-Federal programs, 1945. Washington, Federal
Security Agency, Social Security Administration, Bureau of Public Assist-
ance, 1946. 21 pp.; processed.
Covers old-age assistance and aid to the blind and to dependent children.
Retirement systems for Federal employees-a selected list of references. Washington,
U. S. Civil Service Commission, Library, 1946. 20 pp.; processed.

Annual report of the Comptroller of the City of New York, for the fiscal year 1945–46. New York, 1946. 443 pp.

Balance sheets and statements of operation of the various retirement systems of which the Comptroller is custodian are contained in an appendix. These are the New York City employees' retirement system; teachers' retirement system; Board of Education retirement system; Police Department pension fund; and Fire Department pension fund.

Forty-first annual report of Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching' 1945-46. New York, 1946. 160 pp.

Includes data on grants by the Foundation for university and college retirement allowances and widows' pensions.

Old age and blind pensioners in Canada-financial and statistical summary as at June 30, 1946. (In Labor Gazette, Department of Labor, Ottawa, September 1946, pp. 1328-1330.)

A total of 7,061 blind persons and 199,967 aged persons were receiving pensions in Canada on June 30, 1946. Monthly pensions in the different Provinces ranged from $22.75 to $25 for the blind and from $19.09 to $24.53 for the aged.

Personnel and Industrial Management

The foreman's place in management. By Charles Copeland Smith. New York, Harper & Bros., 1946. 159 pp. $2.

Deals largely with legal and administrative problems in the organization of foremen. Urges management to give greater consideration to the value of foremen in the business organization.

Handbook of job evaluation for factory jobs. By Personnel Research Institute, Western Reserve University. Cleveland, American Institute of Bolt, Nut and Rivet Manufacturers, 1946. 80 pp., forms.

How to supervise people. By Alfred M. Cooper. New York, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., 1946. 162 pp. 2d ed., rev. $2. By

Psychology in_industry: A psychological approach to industrial problems. Norman R. F. Maier. Boston, etc., Houghton Mifflin Co., 1946. 463 pp., bibliography, diagrams. $3.

Australian meat works-some aspects of personnel practice and working conditions. Melbourne, Department of Labor and National Service, Industrial Welfare Division, 1946. 47 pp., illus. (Bull. No. 10.)

Postwar Reconstruction

Rehabilitation: Materials on today's problems for veterans and civilians. By Mary A. Sweeney. Chicago, American Library Association, 1946. 132 pp., bibliography. $1.25.

The presentation is divided into four parts: Rehabilitation; Readjustment; Training opportunities; and Placement for the individual.

Grants and allowances available to transferred workers [under the] resettlement scheme, [Great Britain]. London, Ministry of Labor and National Service, 1946. 8 pp. Manpower, demobilization, and reabsorption report, Colony and Protectorate of Kenya, 1945. Nairobi, Government Printer, 1946. 60 pp. 2s.

Production and Productivity of Labor

Labor productivity. By L. B. Wheildon. Washington (1205 19th Street NW.),
Editorial Research Reports, 1946. 14 pp. (Vol. II, 1946, No. 13.) $1.
Productivity changes since 1939. Washington, U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics,
1946. 25 pp. (Serial No. R. 1854; preprinted from Monthly Labor Review,
December 1946.) Free.
Productivity and unit labor cost in steam railroad transportation, 1935-45. Wash-
ington, U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1946. 4 pp.; mimeographed. Free.
Selected references on productivity. Washington, U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics,
October 1946. 49 pp.; mimeographed. Free.

Incentive for Soviet initiative. By Francis Hughes. (In Economic Journal, London, September 1946, pp. 415–425. 7s. 6d. net.)

Description of the Soviet Government's system of granting rewards to inventors and other persons making useful suggestions for improvements in production.

Veterans' Affairs

Veterans' bonus. By Kendrick Lee. Washington (1205 19th Street NW.), Editorial Research Reports, 1946, 16 pp. (Vol. II, 1946, No. 19.) $1.

Review of the bonus issue after World War I and the suggested arrangements for veterans of World War II.

Order by His Majesty concerning retired pay, pensions, and other grants for members of the air forces and of the nursing and auxiliary services thereof disabled, and for the widows, children, parents, and other dependents of such members deceased, in consequence of service during the 1939 World War. London, Ministry of Pensions, 1946. 45 pp. 9d. net, H. M. Stationery Office, London.

Report of Rehabilitation Board, New Zealand, for year ended March 31, 1946. Wellington, 1946. 32 pp., chart. 1s., Government Printer, Wellington. Describes activities of the Rehabilitation Department and other agencies of the New Zealand Government with respect to various phases of the readjustment of ex-service men and women, including retraining and housing.

Wages and Hours of Labor

Decontrol of wages. By L. B. Wheildon. Washington (1205 19th Street NW.),
Editorial Research Reports, 1946. 17 pp. (Vol. II, 1946, No. 18.) $1.
A national wage policy for 1947. By Robert R. Nathan and Oscar Gass.


ington, Robert R. Nathan Associates, Inc., 1946. 71 pp., charts. Free. A study of hourly and weekly earnings and corporate profits. The authors conclude that wage increases since the end of the war did not warrant extensive price increases. On the basis of their analysis of profits, they assert that a balanced economy at full production and employment requires extensive further wage increases to prevent a blocking of the flow of income into consumption and an ensuing depression.

Should wage rates be increased? (Round Table, No. 452.)

Chicago, University of Chicago, 1946. 20 pp. Broadcast in cooperation with the National Broadcasting Co., November 17, 1946.

The public works wage rate and some of its economic effects. By Viola Wyckoff. New York, Columbia University Press, 1946. 313 pp., bibliography, charts. (Columbia University studies in history, economics, and public law, No. 521.) $3.50.

After examining the various patterns of public-works wage rates paid since 1930, the author concludes that the appropriate hourly wage rate should depend upon the purpose of the public-works project. Effects of public-works wage rates on private wage rates are discussed both theoretically and empirically. Evidence is submitted to support a "very strong presumption that the publicworks wage rates affect the private wage rate." Municipal shift differential and overtime practices. Milwaukee, Wis., City Service Commission, Classification Division, October 1946. 8 pp.; processed. Free. A survey of 18 representative cities of 300,000 or more population, in different sections of the United States.

Health and efficiency of workers as affected by long hours and night work experience of World War II. New York, State Department of Labor, Division of Industrial Relations, Women in Industry, and Minimum Wage, 1946. 28 pp., bibliography; processed.

Profit, income, and living standards.

Melbourne, Institute of Public Affairs

Victoria, 1946. 32 pp. (A "Looking forward” publication.)

On the basis of statistics of income distribution, wage trends, and social-service payments, presented in the pamphlet, the writers conclude that increased production under a profit motive is the best method of raising the standard of living.

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