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General Aviation Revitalization Act of 1994
Section 231(a)(2) of the Clean Air Act
Section 9514 of title 10, United States Code
Sections 5 and 6 of the Aviation Medical Assistance Act of 1998
Sections 1 and 2 of the Act of March 30, 1920 .
Sections 31 and 38 of title 18, United States Code
Section 5 of the Airport Security Improvement Act of 2000
Section 9 of the National Transportation Safety Board Amendments Act
Selected subject index
The Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure is pleased to publish the latest version of the Compilation of Selected Aviation Laws. The compilation was first published in 1983 and has been revised periodically since then. The last revision was published in April 2001.
The laws included in this compilation reflect the variety of issues with which the Committee has dealt since receiving jurisdiction over civil aviation in 1975. While most of the economic aspects of the airline industry were deregulated in 1978, safety, security, and capacity enhancement continue to be important issues for the Committee and its Aviation Subcommittee. The United States has achieved a remarkably safe system. The laws contained in this compilation are designed to ensure that that safety record is maintained and that airport and airway capacity keeps pace with the increasing demand for air travel.
This compilation includes all the significant changes to aviation laws since the last one was published. It incorporates changes made in the 107th Congress ending in December 2002. It also includes changes to aviation laws made by the Omnibus Appropriations Act, which was actually not enacted until February 2003.
The pivotal event during this period was the terrorist attack of September 11, 2001. This led to passage of legislation to stabilize the airline industry, improve aviation security, and create a Department of Homeland Security. The relevant provisions of those laws are all encompassed by this compilation.
During the 107th Congress, the Aviation Subcommittee under the leadership of Chairman John L. Mica and ranking Democratic member William O. Lipinski held 26 hearings on the following topics:
• The Federal Aviation Administration's Efforts to Mod
ernize the Air Traffic Control System. March 14, 2001.
May 24, 2001. Publication 107-22. [Full Committee hear
Evolution Plan. June 13, 2001. Publication 107-24.
June 20, 2001. Publication 107-26.
• GAO Report on FAA Rulemaking. July 11, 2001. Publi
cation 107-31. • Air Traffic Congestion at LaGuardia Airport (field hear
ing held at the World Trade Center in New York, NY).
July 16, 2001. Publication 107-33. • Competitiveness of the U.S. Aircraft Manufacturing In
dustry. July 26, 2001. Publication 107-39. • H.R. 2107, to Preempt State Law Requiring Approval of
Certain Airport Projects. August 1, 2001. Publication
107-42. • Update on the Status of the STARS Program. September
13, 2001. Publication 107-44. • Aviation Security. September 21 and 25, 2001. Publica
tion 107-47. • Deployment and Use of Security Technology. October 11,
2001. Publication 107-52. • Restrictions on General Aviation Flying in Class B Air
space. October 17, 2001. Publication 107-54. • Checked Baggage Screening Systems. December 7, 2001.
Publication 107-59. • Aviation and Transportation Security Act: 60 Day Dead
line for Screening Checked Baggage. January 23, 2002.
Publication 107-60. • Aviation Security with a Focus on Passenger Profiling.
Feb. 27, 2002. Publication 107-64. • H.R. 3479, to Expand Aviation Capacity in the Chicago
Area. March 6, 2002. Publication 107-66. • Reauthorization of the National Transportation Safety
Board (joint hearing with the Subcommittee on Rail
roads). March 14, 2002. Publication 107-69. • Adequacy of FAA's Oversight of Passenger Aircraft
Maintenance. April 11, 2002. Publication 107-74. • Arming Flight Crews Against Terrorist Attacks. May 2,
2002. Publication 107-80. • Ways to Improve FAA's Organizational Structure. July
16, 2002. Publication 107-89. • Aviation Security. July 23, 2002. Publication 107-91. • Airport Security (field hearing held in Orlando, FL).
Sept. 17, 2002. Publication 107-96. • Financial Condition of the Airline Industry. Sept 24,
2002. Publication 107-98.
As a result of these hearings, action was taken on the following bills during the 107th Congress:
• H.R. 1407 (Young) to permit airlines to meet and dis
cuss their schedules in order to reduce flight delays. The
port Improvement Program (AIP) funds to construct con-
proved it on April 24, 2002 (House Report 107-496). On June 20, 2002, the House approved the bill by a vote of 284 to 143. The legislation was enacted by section 370
of the Consolidated Appropriations Resolution, 2003. • H.R. 2926/S. 1450, the Air Transportation Safety and
System Stabilization Act. This bill passed the House by a vote of 356 to 54 on September 21, 2001 and was signed by the President the next day (Public Law 107
42. 115 Štat. 230) • H.R. 3150/S. 1447 to improve aviation security. This bill
passed the House on November 1, 2001 by a vote of 286 to 139. The Conference Report (House Report 107-296) passed the House on November 16, 2001 by a vote of 410 to 9. This bill created the Transportation Security Administration within the Department of Transportation and federalized security at airports. The Aviation and Transportation Security Act was signed by the President on November 19, 2001 (Public Law 107-71, 115 Stat.
597) • H.R. 3447 (Mica) to provide economic relief to the gen
eral aviation industry. The Subcommittee approved this bill on December 13, 2001 and the Committee approved it on February 27, 2002 (House Report 107-406). No fur
ther action was taken. • H.R. 3479 (Lipinski) to expand capacity at Chicago's
O'Hare airport. The Committee approved this bill on June 26, 2002 (House Report 107-568). On July 15, 2002, the bill failed to pass the House under the suspension of the rules procedure, where a two-thirds vote is required, by a vote of 247 to 143. Subsequently, on July 23, 2002, the bill did pass the House by a vote of 343
to 87. No action was taken in the Senate. • H.R. 4466 (Young) to reauthorize the National Trans
portation Safety Board. The Subcommittee approved this bill on April 18, 2002 and the Committee approved it on April 24, 2002 (House Report 107-470). The bill passed the House by voice vote on June 4, 2002. Action in the Senate came too late to resolve differences between the
two versions before the Congressional session ended. • H.R. 4481 (Young) to streamline airport construction
projects. The Committee approved the bill on April 24, 2002 (House Report 107-531). The bill passed the House on July 9, 2002 by voice vote and passed the House again as Title II of H.R. 3479 described above. No action
on it was taken in the Senate. • H.R. 4635 (Young) to allow pilots to carry guns in the
cockpit. The Subcommittee approved the bill on June 19, 2002 and the Committee approved it on June 26, 2002 (House Report 107-555). The bill passed the House on July 10, 2002 by a vote of 310 to 113 after adopting a DeFazio amendment to remove the 2% cap on the number of pilots who could be armed. The legislation was enacted by Title 14 of The Homeland Security Act (Public Law 107-296, November 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2300).