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CONTENTS

CHAP. I.

On the Wisdom af the Creator, (Page 6.)

Instances from the few Principles employed to execute his

Purposes in the natural World. Attraction, Gasses, Rare-

faction, Condensation, &c.
Probability that similar Laws extend to the human Race.

CHAP. II.

upon Earth. (Page 16.)

That he might exercise his Faculties and Virtues. Proof,

from the improvable Reason which distinguishes Mankind
from all other Animals. Remarks on the Fallacy of the
Scale of Existence. Faculty of improvement useless,

without a Situation fit to call it forth.
Purpose of this improvement, a higher State of Existence.
Proofs from Reason and Revelation.
Statement of the proposed Argument.

CHAP. IV.

Whether Equality or Inequality of Ranks and Fortunes

is the Condition best suited to the Exercise of Virtue.

(Page 85.)

Effect of a Community of Goods upon the Opportunities of

Virtue. Nature of Virtue examined. Rewardable Vir-
tue supposes Difficulty. Opportunities to practical Virtue
in civil Society . Duties of the Rich; of the middle
Ranks ; of the Poor. Difference between Poverty and
Indigence. Case of Peruvian Society supposed. Low
State to which it would reduce Mankind. Conclusion in
favour of various Conditions.

Statement of the Principle under every Condition of So-

ciety. Its Effect universal, in bringing the Population up
to the Supply of Food. First Result of the Principle,
the Division of Property. Mode of Operation exem-
plified, in the Case of a Single Family, for whose increase
the allotted District is too small. This the date of the Re-

cognition of Property among the existing Families.
II. This Division of Property is followed by the Division of

Ranks through the Effect of casual Misfortunes, and
moral Habits, causing Property, at first equal, to run
into large Masses. Vain Attempts in the ancient Repub-
lics to obviate this Tendency. Inequality becomes more

striking in the Progress of Civilization.

These Effects dependent upon the relative Ratio of the In-

crease of Population, and of human Sustenance. Their

Consequence, individual Exertion.

Law of Increase, a Law of Design.

Wisdom of the Ordinance.

argued.

CHAP. III.

On the Goodness of God displayed in the Christian Dis-

pensation. (Page 261.)

The Sacrifice of Christ, a Scheme to obviate the fatal Effects

of Sin.

The Influence of Grace, to counteract the moral Weakness

consequent upon the Fall.

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