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who did not fail to observe, that the tention, as well as my wish, to give like offence called for the like pu- every information in my power; and nishment, whatever might be the rank I should feel myself particularly hoof the offender, could not sit easy noured and flattered by as many upon General Clavering, after the questions as the committee shall production of those letters which think it proper to put to me on this the Hampstead baker had saved from occasion.” He then declared, that the fire, to rise in judgement against when he was asked whether he had him. Clearly, however, as he was ever any communication with Mrs convicted, by his own hand-writing, Clarke on the subject of army proof naving given false testimony, his motions, he understood that conversaevil genius would not suffer him to tion was meant, not communication profit by that forbearance which the by letter; and that when he had House of Commons seemed willing been asked if he knew whether Mrs to have shewn towards him ; and he Clarke had used her influence in fa. addressed a letter to the chairman of vour of any person whatever in the the committee, requesting that he army with the commander-in-chief, might be called again before the he thought that question related to House, in order to explain a seeming other persons, and did not include inconsistency in his evidence. Upon himself. this Mr Williams Wynn observed, The letters which had been found that if General Clavering chose to at the baker's were then produced, be examined again, he must remem- and acknowledged by General Claber it was at his peril. The gene- vering to be his writing. Mr Whit. ral however appeared, and was asked bread closely examined him; and he what part of his evidence he wished declared that he had himself offered, to explain. “It was intimated to Mrs Clarke 1000l., if she could obme yesterday," he said, “ that an tain him permission to raise a regiidea had gone forth that part of the ment. She wrote to him in reply, evidence I had given on a former that his royal highness would not evening was not correct. I certainly hear of it; and from that answer it started at the idea, having been tho. was his decided opinion that she did roughly satisfied in my own mind, not possess any influence over the that it was my intention to state every duke, in the distribution of military thing to the very best of my know- promotions. After a long examinaledge. Yesterday, however, I re. tion, he was directed to withdraw, ferred to the minutes, which I had and Mr Williams Wynn rose, to disnot seen before, and it did certainly charge a painful duty, he said ; but appear to me that the answers I had painful as it might be, it was a duty, given to the questions were not per- and he would not shrink from the fectly such as I should have given, performance of it. The committee had 'I clearly comprehended those must be aware of the nature of the questions; and however extraordina- testimony given by the witness who ry this may appear to the committee, had just withdrawn, and as he had I pledge my sacred honour and word, been warned that he was to give his the mistake was perfectly involuntary evidence at his own peril, and had on my part; and it was my entire in- exposed himself to the animadversion of the House, he moved that Gene. vice, withdrew his motion for the ral Clavering had prevaricated in his present. evidence. General Montague Mat. On the last evening of thew called upon Mr Wynn not to the inquiry, Miss Taylor Feb. 22. press a motion which went to affect was again called in. The the honour and feelings of a gallant solicitor-general asked her if her fa. and deserving officer. He had listen. ther did not go by the name of ed attentively to the evidence, and Chance. Mr W. Smith objected to could not say there was any prevari- this mode of examination, the fact cation. Sir Matthew White Ridley being of little consequence; and Mr also defended the general. Mr Perce. Whitbread, observing that the preval said, he was not zealous to cover sent questions pressed upon the withim ; but though there existed con- ness were very severe, maintained that tradictions between his letters and

any temporary change in her father's his verbal testimony, he still did not name, arising from embarrassment, think it could be proved that he had or other circumstances, could not af. prevaricated. Mr Yorke observed, fect her credit. The question, howthat General Clavering had come to ever, was insisted on, and she answer. the bar to explain his formerevidence: ed, that she had never heard him call. it was not therefore a trifling variation ed by any other name than Taylor.that was to be considered prevari- But, said Mr Cavendish Bradshaw, cation. He thought it would be might he not, to avoid his creditors, better to put off the consideration of have taken the name of Chance, or such points, except in cases of gross any other name, without your knowand wilful falsehood, till the inquiry ledge!- Then how should I know it, was concluded. The day of reckoning she replied.—Mr Perceval now took would come, when the House ought up the examination. Is your father to take up the consideration of the alive :-He is.-Has your mother various acts of corruption, imposition, been in custody for debt within a and swindling which had come out short time?-I cannot answer that. in the progress of this business. Sir - Do not you know that your moT. Turton also, and the secretary at ther has been in execution for debt? war spoke in favour of the general. And here he expressed his regret that Upon this Mr Wynn exposed in a he should be thus compelled to hurt perspicuous mannerthecontradictions her feelings, for she burst into tears, involved in General Clavering's tes, and replied, My mother has nothing timony, and warned the committee to do with the present subject.--The what the public would think, if they question, however, was repeated, and saw that delinquents of a higher rank she was informed that she must anwere suffered to escape, while men swer it. Still she hesitated, saying, in humbler life were punished for the 'I must appeal to the indulgence of same offence. Mr Wilberforce. rea- the chairman : I cannot answer it. soned to the same effect, but advi. The chairman said, it was his duty to sed Mr Wynn to adjourn the discus- call upon her for an answer; and upsion. This Mr Perceva! advised on its being again asked, Do you also, till the inquiry was concluded; know that your mother is in custody and Mr Wynn, yielding to that ad. for debt ? she acknowledged, in tears,

that it was so. How long ? She re. her parents; and Mr Williams Wynn plied, still weeping, nearly two years. said, it was not to be endured, if, beThen she was directed to withdraw, cause her explanation was not made and Mr Perceval said, the gentlemen at once, without regard to decorum on the opposite side of the House, or natural feeling, that therefore a when ready to condemn his mode of suspicion was to be cast upon her examination, appeared to forget that veracity. The feeling of the House this witness had represented herself, and of the country were most decion a former night, as the legitimate dedly with Mr Wynn upon this subdaughter of married parents ; though ject ; and the prejudice which prevailit was now proved, by the imprison- ed against the duke was materially ment of her mother, that her parents heightened by the indignation which were never married. Mr W. Smith

was felt against the means that had replied, he did condemn his mode of been used to defend him. examination. First, it had been at- Before the committee concluded tempted to cast imputations upon its inquiry, Mr Yorke questioned the character of the witness herself, the general officers in the House as and when that had failed, her veracity to the improvements which the Duke was to be questioned, because she of York had made in the army. Gehad the misfortune to be the offspring neral Chapple Norton affirmed, that of an illicit connection. In his opi. he had done more service to the army pion, her delicacy in endeavouring to than all his predecessors, the com. conceal that circumstance, instead of manders-in-chief. He was the instruweakening, strengthened her yet un- ment, through that House, of giving shaken claims to credit. The same bread to the soldier, when he had litopinion was maintained by Mr Whit. tle or nothing to eat. He first got bread. The question for the decision an allowance of bread to the soldiers, of the committee was not, he said, and afterwards of beer, and then their whether Miss Taylor's birth was re- pay increased, upon which they are spectable, but whether her testimony very comfortable. Before that time was creditable. Besides, he believed they had a very scanty pittance to the chancellor of the exchequer had subsist on in this country; so scanty, assumed more than the evidence indeed, that when the 33d regiment would justify, when he asserted that was about to return home froin a fo. she had represented herself as the reign station, and the commanding daughter of married parents. Her officer, according to the articles of former evidence was then read, and war, made known to the men, that it was found that she had made no any one who wished to remain behind such statement. She had been ask- upon that station was at liberty to ed, what are your parents, and her do so; the men informed him that it auswer was, my father was a gentle was their intention all to remain beman; an answer which Sir John Se- hind, and continue abroad, because bright declared, impressed him at the where they were they had sufficient time with an opinion that she was an to eat, and if they came to England, ilegitimate child. Mr Barham cried they should not have a dinner. This cut against this attempt to discredit evil his royal highness had remedied. a correct witness, not upon her own The York hospital also had been inKitimony, but upon the errors of stituted in the duke's time, and, he

took it for granted, very much by was appointed to command it, and his means ; and men, when they were having a very intimate knowledge of discharged now, were not left to pe. it since, that it is materially improved rish. Mr Yorke asked, whether, in in every respect ; that the discipline his opinion, the discipline of the army of the soldiers is improved ; that was improved since his royal high- owing to the establishments formed ness took the command ? Generat under the directions of his royal Norton answered, I am one of those, highness, the officers are improved in unfortunately, who think there was knowledge ; that the staff of the ara very good system of discipline in my is much better, and much more the army before his royal highness complete than it was ; that the caval. came to the head of it. Not satisfied ry is improved; that the officers of with this, Mr Yorke asked if the cavalry are better than they were; state of the army was not improved that the army is more complete in since Lord Amherst's time ; but the officers; that the system of subordigeneral replied, there was a very nation among the officers is better good system then, or our regiments than it was; and that the whole syswould not have gained the advanta- tem of the managementofthe clothing, ges which they did. General Fitz, the interioreconomy of the regiments, patrick, however, declared, that the and every thing that relates to the army had derived very great im- military discipline of the soldier, and provement, in every respect, from his the military efficiency of the army, royal highness's management. Sir has been greatly improved since his

James Pulteney was certain that its royal highness was appointed comdiscipline in the field had improved to mander-in-chief.” “Do you,” said a very great degree. He recollected Mr Yorke, “ consider the improve. when it was a matter of difficulty to ments you have specified to be owing place five or six regiments upon the to the personal superintendance and ground, so as to be enabled to act a- personal exertions of his royal highgainst an enemy : that operation was ness ?" Sir Arthur replied, "the now performed with as much ease as improvements to which I have adthat of placing a company. When five verted have been owing to the reor six regiments were so placed, it was gulations of his royal highness, and once a matter of great difficulty to to his personal superintendance, and make them move in an uniform line: his personal exertions over the gethis, also, was now done with the ut- neral officers and others who were most precision and facility. Unques. to see those regulations carried into tionably he thought the discipline of execution.” General Grosvenor the army, and

power of action, rose last, to testify his high sense of had been very considerably improved the advantages the army had deri

system of the Duke of York, ved from the zeal, attention, and care and to that system great part of our of his royal highness; and this evimilitary glory was owing. Sir Ar. dence in favour of the duke's genethur Wellesley's testimony was more ral merit as commander-in-chief hafull and comprehensive. “ I can say, ving been entered in the from my own knowledge,” he said, minutes of the investiga. Feb. 99, « as having been a lieutenant-colonel tion, the committee conin the army when his royal highness cluded their sittings,

their

by the

CHAP. VII.

Duke of York's Letter to the Speaker. Mr Williams Wynn's Motion against General Clavering. Debates upon the Evidence. Motions of Colonel Wardle, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr Bragge Bathurst, Mr Bankes, and Sir Thomas Turton. Final Acquittal and Resignation of the Duke.

When the House assem- rupt participation in any of the itFeb. 23. bled on the following even- famous transactions which have-ap

ing, the Speaker received peared in evidence at the bar of the a letter in these words from the Duke House of Commons, or any conniof York:

vance at their existence, but also the

slightest knowledge or suspicion that “Sir, I have waited with the they existed at all. greatest anxiety until the committee “ My consciousness of innocence appointed by the House of Commons leads me confidently to hope that to inquire into my conduct as com- the House of Commons will not, upmander-in-chief of his Majesty's army on such evidence as they have heard, had closed its examinations, and I adopt any proceeding prejudicial to now hope that it will not be deemed my honour and character ; but if, improper to address this letter through upon such testimony as has been you to the House of Commons. adduced against me, the House of

“ I observe, with the deepest con- Commons can think my innocence cern, that, in the course of this in- questionable, I claim of their justice quiry, my name has been coupled that I shall not be condemned with. with transactions the most criminal out trial, or be deprived of the beneand disgraceful ; and I must ever fit and protection which is afforded regret and lament that a connexion to every British subject, by those should eyer have existed which has sanctions under which alone évidence thus exposed my character and how is received in the ordinary adminisnour to public animadversion. tration of the law,”

" With respect to any alleged offences connected with the discharge When the Speaker had read this of my official duties, I do, in the most to the House, he suggested, that, solemn manner, upon my honour as instead of the usual course of ordera prince, distinctly assert my inno. ing the letter to lie on the table, it cence, not only by denying all cor. should immediately be copied into

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