might be created hereafter if it were income, we must raise our income to thought necessary; but, at all events, our expences : what more was wantthe subject was open for the consi- ing, we must be prepared to furnish; deration of Parliament. His objec. and it was his wish to strengthen the tions to the financial arrangements hands of government as far as his of Lord Grenville were, that they opinion could have any force, and to proceeded upon the assumption of a facilitate its resuming the wise, the definite annual expenditure during secure, and honourable course hitherthe war, which was absolutely im- to pursued.” This was in the spirit possible ; and that they amounted to of Lord Sidmouth's politics ; aba breach of faith towards the exist- staining from all vexatious opposiing public creditor in the new sink. tion, and with a wish of serving going fund, by which a bonus would vernment for the good of the counbe given at a time when it was not try. The ministry received Mr Vanwanted, while, when it would be use. sittart's speech as it deserved; they fal

, it could not be forthcoming." declared their agreement with the The same subject was entered into main principles which he advanced,

more in detail by Mr Van- and the resolutions * were unanimousJune 25. sittart, on the day before ly agreed to.

the close of the session. The army estimates exceeded those "He had not,” he said, “ opposed of the preceding year by about a the bill for charging the war-taxes, million and a half. Great part of this because he knew how difficult or how increase, however, was rather in estiimpossible it would be to change a mate than in expence, it having been permanent measure which had been recommended by the Commissioners resolved on, and he thought it better of Military Inquiry to put every posto enter upon a discussion not de. sible annual account into the esti. signed for any immediate practical mates, so that many things now apeffect, but rather in the nature of a peared there which had hitherto been historical review of what was past. voted among the extraordinaries of The House would thus reason with the army. The expences of the last cooler minds, and be more likely to year had exceeded the estimate, and agree in a result which might at least 400,0001. was included upon a rough prevent the repetition of any injurious estimate for the clothing of the local practice.". With this view, he pro- militia ; but this sum would provide posed a string of financial resolutions, for the four succeeding years. While explaining the state of our resources, this subject was before the and the beneficial effect of the war. House, Mr Wilberforce Feb. 27,

“ That system,” he said, took the opportunity of " had been proved by experience to expressing his surprise at the system be solid, wise, and economical : it which still prevailed about army had required many sacrifices, and chaplains. « As for the description might require more ; but it was a of persons who were employed in most dangerous delusion to expect to that capacity about ten years ago, perform great achievements without he had an instinctive feeling,” he said, inaking great exertions; and if we “ which made him wish to get rid of could not reduce our expences to our them; but he wished that the army

* Appendix, No. I.


should have the benefit of religion, ties from the heavy burthens to which free from the abuses of the former they had formerly been exposed, he institution. If soldiers went to the should propose a bounty, to be paid parochial church, they often found by the public, for enlisting, not altothere was no accommodation forthem; gether as high as would be given for and as to saying prayers for them at general service, but about ten guia different hour, it was depriving the neas, which he thought would be parish church of what was most in. sufficient. If the voluntary enlistteresting in public worship, when all ment should not succeed, and the ranks and degrees assembled together country should be compelled to have to worship their common Father and recourse to the ballot, then the ten Benefactor. It was of the utmost guineas should be given to the balimportance, he thought, that armies lotted men, either as bounty, if he going on foreign service should have served in person, or to assist him in proper clergymen to administer the procuring a substitute.” The measure consolations of religion to the wound. was opposed by Mr Tierney and his ed and the dying. There ought also electioneering opponent, Sir T. Turto be some religious instruction for ton, upon the same strange ground, the

many black regiments in his Ma- that they could not consent to injesty's service in the West Indies.” crease our disposable force, till they The secretary at war replied, that understood how the force which we considerable improvements had alrea- already possessed had been managed, dy taken place in the appointment of and what was the nature of the fochaplains, and still farther improve- reign service in which they might be ments were intended. This is a sub. employed. Lord Milton opposed it ject which well deserves farther at. upon the genuine opposition princitention from Mr Wilberforce. The ple, that he could not consent to ingreat Gustavus derived as much ad. crease the burdens of the country vantage from the moral and religious for the sake of putting a large disdiscipline of his army, as from his posable force in the hands of the improvements in the art of war. present ministers ! But never was

For recruiting the army, Lord there a time in which it was of so Castlereagh had recourse to the mi- much importance that this country litia ; this, in fact, being the chief, if should possess a strong disposable not the only real use of that expen- force ;--the manner in which it was

sive and burthensome esta- squandered, even those who thought Jan. 25. blishment.

" It was now

most contemptuously of the existing ascertained,” his lordship administration could not have fore. said, “ that there was no mode by seen, so grievously did the impru. which the disposable force of the dence of the Walcheren expedition country could be so rapidly and ea. surpass all that could be expected or fily increased. He proposed that no feared. militia regiment should be reduced Lord Milton could not see to what below three-fifths of its full establish- part of the world British troops could ment, and to fill up the transfer by be sent with advantage. This was raising 24,000 men. It was, he fear. the common cry of the husbanding ed, impossible to get rid of the ballot politicians. He objected also to the altogether; but, to relieve the coun- mischievous effect which the proposed measure would have upon the disci- country 726,0001., calculating the pline and morality of the militia regi. bounty originally paid for substitutes, ments, by exposing the privates to be and that which was paid for the transtampered with by intoxication, and fer. One-third of this sum only came other means equally destructive to from the fund of general taxes, while morals and discipline, in order to in- one-third was extracted from the duce them to enlist ; “even if it were pockets of such individuals as were objectionable upon no other ground," subjected to the ballot, and the other he said, “it was highly so upon this." from the landed interest—from the But when a man is taken from his poor-rates. Was this an equitable agricultural or handicraft pursuits to or a judicious way of providing for be made a soldier, it matters little the defence of the country ? Every for his morals whether he be in the man obtained for the line in this man: militia or the regulars, except indeed ner cost 281. ; and was it not practi. that in the former he cannot attain cable, under wise regulations, to prothat dignity of character which grows cure men for that bounty by ordi. out of a daily familiarity with dan- nary recruiting, without having resort ger, while all the vices which spring to the circuitous, expensive, and opfrom ignorance and idleness ripen to pressive progress of the ballot ?" It their full perfection. It was ob- was forcibly argued also, both by jected to Lord Castlereagh upon bet. Mr Giles and Mr Windham, that it ter grounds, that the sum which he was absurd to suppose the recruiting proposed towards a bounty for sub. could proceed successfully with a stitutes, would only raise the price, small bounty, while the men who were

and increase the public willing to enlist knew that the ballot Feb. 20. burthens. And in the must necessarily cause a great aug.

Upper House, Lord Sid. mentation of it. Lord Castlereagh's mouth regretted, with some reason, address to them was, “ Come, come, " that ministers had not availed them- my lads, make haste, take ten guiselves of the popular feeling to recruit neas; for if you do not, you will be the army ; had that been done, the soon compelled to take forty.” In present measure would have been the Upper House, Earl wholly unnecessary.

But as the ar- Fitzwilliam regretted that May 9. my must be kept up, he would not,” the militia should be made he said, “oppose the bill.". a crimping fund for the supply of the

The plan for filling up the militia regular army. There were not want. met with greater opposition when the ing, however, members who pointed bill for the purpose was brought for- out, that it was the only way in which ward. Lord Archibald the militia was made of

any Mar. 24. Hamilton, saying that it vice to the country. Far better, in

militated against the prin- deed, would it be to abolish the miciple of all the statutes upon which litia altogether, and apply the sum that body was founded, moved that which it annually costs to the augthe bill should be read that day six mentation of the regular army. Till months. Mr Giles said, “ that the this is done, it is better thus indi, men who were transferred into the rectly to make it of some use, than line by this process of Lord Castle. to let it remain useless as well as bur. reagh's, in the last year cost the thensome to the country,-heavily

real ser

and oppressively burthensome, not the noble lord had put the country for the amount of the expence, but to great expence, for which he had for the manner in which it is raised.

got worse than nothing, inasmuch as The experiment of the he had only locked up tle men who Mar. 27. local militia, Lord Cas- would otherwise have been disposa.

tlereagh informed Parlia- ble.” ment, had been eminently successful; When the navy estimates were 125,000 volunteers in Great Britain brought forward, 130,000 had transferred their services, and the seamen, including 31,400 Feb. 3. whole number exceeded 195,000; marines, were voted for the when the yeomanry cavalry were add- service of the year. Mr Ward then ed, the force then amounted to 200,000 stated, “ that the estimates for thia of such fine athletic troops as no other number were precisely the same in country ever did or could produce; amount as they had been last year, prime men, inferior no doubt in dis- though some alterations had been cipline to the troops of the line, but made in the comparative amount of

equipment every way equal to some of the branches. The allow. them. This provoked the satire of ance for wear and tear was then taken Mr Windham. “ Prime men !” he at 31. per man, while the provision repeated : “ No doubt the men were for victual was estimated only at ll. good, as men; but the question was, 19s. monthly per man. The latter what sort of soldiers they would fell greatly short of the actual exmake under this measure, and whe-penditure, the former allowance was ther they would be of more value in considerably above it; both would be this situation than another. Here brought nearer the mark by taking was an army, his lordship said, such a guinea* from the one allowance and as no other country could produce; adding it to the other.” He there. they had more money in their pock- fore moved for wages for 130,000 ets, better clothes on their backs, and men for thirteen months, at Il. 178. officers of greater property than any per man per month, 3,126,500l.; for other country could produce-respec- wear and tear of ships during the table shopkeepers, and attornjes in same period, at 11. 198. per man per great business. He spoke of an army month, 3,2-5,5001. ; for victuals duwhich might way, like Cloten in the ring the same, at 21. 198. per man play, Don't you know me by my per month, 4,985,500l. and for ord. clothes ?' as if he thought that its nance for the same number of men, greatest merit belonged to the tai- 591,6001. The estimates exceeded lors. He spoke also of the feel- those of last year by a million and a ing of the regular army, in case of half, of which 1,275,0001. was for invasion, when thus supported; but transports, the feeling of the regular army, see.

Sir C. Pole took this opportunity ing troops so organized and so offi- of expressing his hope, that miniscered, would be terror. The whole ters would regulate the proceedings measure was only an augmentation of at Doctors Commons, giving it as his the militia upon a very bad plan, and opinion that the offices of King's

Thus the speech is reported. It appears, however, that though a guinea is taken from the wear and tear, only a pound is added to the other charge.

the navy

Advocate and King's Proctor should this fund. After some years, the pay be divided. He did not object to of an additional widows man was addthe vote of any sum for the navy; ed. Occasionally, of latter years, the but he must add, that he should like fund had been inadequate ; but it to see those who were to manage the was now rich, having a stock of expenditure of it, such as the com. 170,0001. in the 3 per cents., and the missioners of the navy and of victu. number of widows relieved in the last alling, selected from among naval year was no less than 1800. The men. The whole system of selecting rate of allowance began with 801. to. officers of the army for such offices captains' widows, and descended in he deemed altogether improper ; for proportionate gradation to those of the appointment of persons not ac. warrant officers. But great inconquainted with naval affairs must ne-' venience and distress arose, in consecessarily be most mischievous. He quence of their being obliged to aplamented also that he did not see in ply annually in London for their althese estimates any provision made lowance. One object of the bill, for the orphans of marine officers, and therefore, was to enable them to rehoped that before the end of the ceive it at their own houses, wheresession some establishment, corre. ever resident. The Board of Admi. spondent to the Compassionate Fund ralty had addressed his Majesty, prayfor the army, would be instituted for ing he would be graciously pleased

This, he said, he looked to order that the donations to persons upon as a proper time for mention. upon the Compassionate Fund should ing the subject ; and if it should not in like manger be paid to them quarbe taken up by his Majesty's mini- terly. His Majesty was pleased to sters, in whose hands it most pro- approve of this : and it was another perly ought to be left, he should purpose of the bill to enable the feel it his duty to submit the matter Board of Admiralty to select such to the House.

objects as were properly entitled to The next business rela. aid from that fund, to allow them Feb. 28. tive to the navy was a mo. such sums as they should think fit,

tion of Mr W. Wellesley and transmit their allowance quarPole for leave to bring in a bill for terly: these sums to be charged the more convenient payment of the yearly in the ordinary estimates of annuities and other allowances to the the navy. He thought it fair that widows of naval and marine officers, he should at the same time abolish and those on the Compassionate List. the allowance called in-doors men, “ About the year 1732,” he said, “a which were now regularly charged fund was established for the relief of in the accounts of every vessel in the officers' widows, towards which a de- service. It was also intended to duction of three-pence in the pound transmit the half-pay of the marine was levied upon the pay of all com- officers to them, in the same manner missioned and warrant officers, and as to those of the army. an allowance from all ships in the Leave was also given to service established, under the deno- bring in a bill for establish. Mar. 3. mination of widows men; that is, the ing a new police for Plypayment of one man out of every mouth Dock, for the purpose of prehundred was appropriated in aid of venting depredations upon the King's

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