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leagues in office were unanimous, and honourably distinguished himself in were all ready to share in the respon- the battle of Vimiera, justified upon sibility of it. They could have no this occasion the opinion which the personal bias in his favour ; but, on country entertained of him. He was account of the confidence with which not of rank, he said, to be consulted he had inspired the Spaniards, and upon the convention ; but if he had the correspondence he had kept up been so consulted, it should have met with them, he was deemed a fit and his decided negative. Mr Yorke, on proper person to take the command. the conírary, declared, that after all Desirable as it might be that Sir the general officers had expressed their Arthur Wellesley should not have approbation of the terms, he could not been stopt in his brilliant career, it see upon what grounds he could disshould be recollected that it was the approve of it. The debate was closed undoubted right of his Majesty to by Lord Henry Petty. He said select his commanders ; that he was that the grounds upon which his reknown to exercise that right for the solutions were opposed seemed to rest good of the military service; and upon this proposition, that although that it was a right not to be interfe. his Majesty, and almost every public red with. The almost contempora. body, had recorded an opinion upon neous arrival of Generals Burrard the merits of the question under conand Dalrymple was also matter of sideration, that House should be reaccusation, but that was owing to strained from declaring any opinion the wind ; and surely this was not whatever respecting it. This mode a thing which the secretary at war

of conduct encouraged the dangerous could be expected to calculate. Upon doctrine, that the people should look the whole, he strongly and sincerely any where for decision upon a great felt that great objects had been ob. public event, rather than to the House tained by the convention, and that of Commons. The previous question whatever it failed in was neither im. was then carried, by 203 voices against putable to the generals who com- 153, leaving him in a minority of 50.* manded, nor to the government which The convention of Cintra, like appointed them.”

every thing else, was made a party General Fergusson, who had so question in England; yet never was

* List of the Minority. Abercrombie, hon. J. Bastard, J. P. Adam, W.

Bathurst, right hon. C.
Adams, c.

Bradshaw, hon, A. C.
Addington, right hon. J.H. Brogden, J.
Agar, E. F.

Brand, T.
Allan, A.

Byng, G. Althorpe, visc.

Calcraft, J. Anson, G.

Calvert, Nich. Antonie, W.L.

Cocks, James Astley, sir J. H.

Coinbe, H. C. Aubrey, sir J.

Craig, J. Barham, G. F.

Creevey, Thomas Baring, A.

uthbert, J. R. Baring, T.

Colborne, N. W.R.

Cooke, B.
Daly, right hon. D. B.
Dundas, hon. C. L.
Dundas, hon. R. L.
Dundas, hon. L.
Eden, hon. W.F.
Egerton, J.
Elliot, right hon. W.
Estcourt, T. G.
Euston, earl of
Fellowes, hon. N.
Fergusson, general
Fitzacrald, lord
Fitzgerald, right hon. M.

there a question in which it more like an unruly pack, however loudly behoved us to have laid all party con- they opened upon their game, any siderations aside. The manner in thing which might start up during which ministers would consider it was the pursuit would lure them from the manifest as soon as the news was scent. They calculated rightly upon made known, when they exerted their the chance of accidents. The popular whole influence to prevent or oppose emotion, in this instance, did not even the county meetings upon the sub- endure for the short time in which ject. The general feeling was de. such fevers naturally spend themcidedly against them; but they knew selves. While it was at its height, their strength in Parliament, and they Covent-Garden Theatre took fire, knew the nature of the public,—that, and supplied the newspapers with a

Fitzpatrick, right hon R.
Fites, sir M. B.
Folkestone, visc.
frarkland, William
Freemantle, W. H.
Gover, earl
Grattan, right hon. H.
Giles, D.
Greenhil, Robert
Greafel, P.
Giddy, D.
Grosvenor, T.
Hall, sir J.
Halsey, Joseph
Herbert, H. A.
Hibbert, G.
Hobhouse, B.
Howard, H.
Horarth, hon. W.
Howard, H.
Huzhes, W.L.
Hume, W. H.
Harst, R.
Hussey, William
Hutchinson, hon. C. H.
Jackson, John
Keck, G. A. L.
Ken-ington, lord
Knapp, G.
Knox, hon. T.
Lambe, hon. W.
Langton, W. G.
Latouche, J.
Latouche, R.
Leach, J.
Lefevre, C. S.
Lemon, sir W.
Lemon, colonel
Lloyd, sir E.

Lyttleton, hon. W. H. Romilly, sir S.
M'Donald, J.

Russell, lord Wm.
Madocks, W. A.

St Aubin, sir J.
Mahon, viscount

Scudamore, R. P.
Maitland, G.

Sebright, sir J.
Martin, H.

Sharp, Rd.
Matthew, hon. M. Shelly, H.
Maule, hon. W.

Shelly, T.
Maxwell, w.

Shipley, w.
Mexborough, earl of Simpson, G.
Milbanke, sir R.

Smith, J.
Miller, sir T.

Smith, S.
Mills, C.

Smith, W.
Mills, w.

Sinith, G.
Milner, sir W.

Stanley, lord
Milton, viscount

Symmonds, T.P.
Moore, P.

Talbot, R. W.
Morpeth, viscount Tarleton, B.
Mosley, sir 0.

Taylor, E.
Mostyn, sir T.

Taylor, M. A.
Neville, hon. R.

Tempest, sir H. V.
Newport. right hon. sir J. Temple, earl
North, D.

Templetown, lord
Northey, W.

Tracey, C. .
O’Callaghan, James Tierney, right hon. G.
O'Hara, Charles

Tighe, W.
Ossulston, lord

Vansittart, right hon. N.
Percy, earl

Vernon, G. V.
Petty, lord H.

Walpole, hon. G.
Pigott, sir A.

Ward, hon. J.
Pole, sir C. M.

Warrender, sir G.
Ponsonby, hon. F. Western, C. C.
Ponsonby, right hon. G. Whitbread, S.
Porchester, lord

Williams, 0.
Prittie, hon. F. A.

Williams, sir R.
Pym, F.

Windham, right hon. W.
Quin, hon. W.

Wynn, sir W. W.
Ridley, sir M.

Wynn, C. W. W.

new topic, and the people with a new tions ? where had they been tried ? wonder. The propositions from Er. what had they done? This assuredly furth, the dispersion of the Spanish was a grievous fault. They had erred armies, the betrayal of Madrid, and also in ratifying a convention which the retreat and death of Sir John they disapproved : but on neither of Moore, then followed in such rapid these points were they arraigned. It succession, that the convention, ha- seemed, indeed, to have been agreed ving been regarded only as to im- on all sides that the generals were to mediate interests, not with reference be spoken of with the utmost respect; to principles which are of eternal and not a suspicion was intimated application, seemed like a thing that that the convention ought to have no longer concerned us, but was al. been broken. Ministers, therefore, ready obsolete, and out of date. This in this debate had the victory, as well advantage ministers obtained from the in argument as in numbers: but it recess of Parliament ; they derived was a poor victory, affording to themanother from the manner in which selves no other advantage than that their antagonists attacked them. No it closed an irksome discussion ; and man could blame them, except in the to the public no other satisfaction spirit of opposition, for having sent than the mournful one, that however an expedition to Portugal: the pub. inadequate to their station the prelic sense of what had been lost by sent ministers might be, they who the armistice sufficiently proved the would fain displace them were in wisdom of its destination; and that nothing better. it was sufficient for its purpose, we

It was confessed by ministry, had the authority of Sir Arthur Wel. they could not but confess it,-that lesley, and the conclusive evidence of they disapproved the convention. the victory which he had gained. Nay, it appeared that when the arAll arguments, therefore, against the mistice * first reached them, (which direction of the force were fallacious; it did by a strangely circuitous route and as to the deficiency of its equip- — from the junta of Oviedo, through ment, it only appeared that there the Portugueze ambassador,) so monhad been some roguery in the Irish strous did they think the terms, that commissariat. Two faults the mi- they could not bring themselves to nistry had committed. They su- believe it. Mr Canning admitted perseded Sir Arthur by men who this,-admitted that he and his col. were unfit for command.-Moore we leagues disbelieved the armistice, beknew, (or thought we knew,) and cause the matter appeared incredible. Wellesley we knew; but who were What then did it behove them to the generals to whom they gave have done ? Not, assuredly, to have place? what were their qualifica- withstood the public feeling, never

* There can be little doubt that measures would have been taken to prevent the convention, liad the armistice been duly communicated to our government. This is apparent from the King's final declaration upon the proceedings of the Court of Inquiry, where it is said, “that Sir Hew's delaying to transmit the armistice concluded on the 22d of August till the 4th of September, when the ratified convention was transmitted at the same time, was calculated produce great public inconvenience; and that such inconvenience had in fact resulted therctrom.'

more unanimously nor more gene- them illegal, with whatever forms rously excited;—not to have resisted, they may be fenced. In the law of and baffled, and disarmed it ; but to nations it is the same. That law was have answered it, and gone with it, violated by the convention of Cintra, and acted with the nation, and made palpably and grossly violated ; and themselves strong in the strength of the English government, having no the people :-not to have confused other alternative than that of breakthe plain state question with military ing faith with its enemy or its allies, details and formalities; not to have should have chosen the lesser evil. overlaid it with the bulky proceed. Had they done this, and met Parliaings of a military court; but at once ment with an avowal of what they to have displaced the three generals, had done, France might have railed annulled the convention, and detained against an action which it would have Junot and his whole army prisoners felt so sorely, and the journalists of of war. The highest and truest the opposition might have assailed principles of justice required this; them with the puny morals and false and in proportion as policy deviates philosophy of a miserable school; but from those principles, it necessarily they would have been justified before becomes feeble and inefficacious, un- God, their country, and the world. less, as in the instances of Cæsar Portugal and Spain would have blest Borgia, and Buonaparte, it derives a them; they would have acquired a portentous strength from the aban- strength in public opinion which they donment of all principles. All con- have never yet possessed ; and they tracts which involve a breach of law, would have felt in their own heart's or are contrary to good morals, are an unerring earnest of the approbaTull and void ; the law pronouncing tion of future times.

CHAP. III.

State of public Opinion respecting Spain at the time of Sir John Moore's

Retreat. Return of his Army. Vote of Thanks to the Army, and of a Monument to the General. Řeason why the Ministry and the Opposition agreed upon these Points. Curiosity excited concerning Sir John Moore's last Dispatch. De ate upon Mr Ponsonby's Motion for an Inquiry into the Conduct of the Campaign in Spain. Mr Frere's Correspondence called for, and laid before the House.General Moore's last Dispatch made public. Remarks on its Contents.

The expedition to Spain occasioned it may be successful to our arms we more frequent and more angry dis- do not despair.” There was the cussions than the campaign in Por- right spirit in this language, the spi. tugal. Events were more recent, and rit of our forefathers, the right old the disgrace which we had sustained English spirit ; but the event was was apparent and glaring, both to our expected with a different temper by friends and foes; nor was it possible to the opponents of ministry. They, conceal our loss and humiliation from when the first acclamation of geneourselves. It was known when the rous sympathy with the Spanish pasession opened that Sir John Moore triots had subsided, true to their was on the retreat. "How ardently do belief in the omnipotence of Buonawe wish,”--this was the language* of parte, began again to expatiate upon our best and wisest political writers, the folly of opposing one against

-“ how ardently do we wish that whom it was impossible to succeed. for every man under his command Spain, according to them, was soon there had been two! The result would to be subdued : he had declared that not then have been matter of trem- he would subdue it ; and the pabling apprehension. Nay, had there triots would inevitably be crushed. been but 20,000 more ; had we but Thus they reasoned : They calcu. 50,000 in the field, who would have lated upon the skill of his generals, dreaded the issue? But even as it is, the wisdom of his cabinet, the inexand great as are the odds against us, haustible number of his armies, and that it will be honourable to the their irresistible force ; but they British name we do not doubt,—that overlooked the circumstances which

Times, January 19.

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