« ForrigeFortsett »
Lumbering Company in the county; that he made reports to the office in Detroit of shipments of lumber made by him under the direction of the office in Detroit; that he also made a like report to A. Weston & Sons. They were made from the shipments, as it was measured onto the vessel. The scaler in the yard makes the measurements, and the books from which the scales are kept are in the office. This witness was the secretary and treasurer of the Weston Lumber Company, and the treasurer of the Chicago Lumbering Company, and a director of both companies. Aside from being the secrctary and treasurer of the Weston Lumber Company, he had charge of the office work. He further testified that when he received notices from Detroit of lumber to be shipped he merely filed them in his office as reference for the price that the lumber is sold for, and that was all. He never notified anybody to carry out these orders and directions he received. The means whereby they were carried out were that A. Weston & Sons ordered the lumber as they wanted, “and we filled their orders.” They send their orders to the Chicago Lumbering Company usually, and the superintendent of that company attends to the shipping of the lunber. He has charge of shipping all the lumber manufactured at the mills. It appears from the testimony of this witness that the Chicago Lumbering Company keeps an account of all the sawing done at each of the mills, as well its own as the two mills belonging to the Weston Lumber Company, and also the expense of tallying, and the amount of luunber shipped at Manistique sold by the plaintiff, the amount of lumber piled in the different piles, and the quantity, when known. Everything is entered upon the books of the Chicago Luinbering Company, and from these books the reports are made to the plaintiff at Detroit, monthly; and at the end of the year the expense of tallying is settled up. A. Weston & Sons notify and direct the Chicago Lumbering Company from Tonawanda the kind and dimension, as well as quantity, they desire shipped at Manistique of the lumber purchased from plaintiff, and this company fills the order froin plaintiff's lumber on the dock, it enters the shipment upon its books, and sends plaintiff a copy thereof, and another copy to A. Weston & Sons.
The witness, William H. Hill, who was the superintendent of the Chicago Lumbering Company, gives a very clear and distinct statement of the mode of operations at the mills, and the piling and shipment of lumber. IIe says that he has charge of shipping the lunber belonging to the Manistique Lumbering Company cut at the mills of the other two companies ; that he receives his directions as to shipping principally from A. Weston & Sons of Tonawanda-sometimes by letter and sometimes verbally from Mr. Weston, when at Manistique--and he ships according to those orders; that the luinber is stacked up for seasoning before shipment. The average time would be three months, if before navigation closes ; after that it would be six, nine months, or a year. That which is made in the latter part of the season remains over until the next shipping season.
It is an admitted fact in this case that the plaintiff had quite a large amount of lumber and logs in the township of Manistiqne, upon which a tax of $2317.7+ had been assessed for the year 1891, and by virtue of the tax-roll and warrant, the defendant, as township treasurer, had seized the lumber replevied in this case ; that plaintiff refused to pay the tax, claiming that it was not liable to be taxed upon said logs and lumber.
The statute (Act No. 9, Sess. Laws 1882) under which the property of plaintiff was assessed, reads as follows:
“Sec. 10. All personal property, except as hereinafter provided, shall be assessed to the owner in the township of which he is an inhabitant, on the second Monday of April of the year for which the assessment is made.
Sec. 11. The excepted cases referred to in the preceding section are as follows, viz. : First. All goods and chattels situ. ate in soine township other than where the owner resides shall be assessed in the town where situate, and not elsewhere if the owner or person having control thereof hires or occupies a store, mill, place for sale of property, shop, office, mine, farm, storage, manufactory or warehouse therein, for use in connection with such goods and chattels."
Another section provides that all corporations not paying a specific tax shall be assessed the same as natural persons, and their residence shall be deemed to be where their principal office for the transaction of business in this State is located.
The defendant claiins that the personal property of the plaintiff which was assessed in the township of Manistique was properly and legally assessable there, and not elsewhere, for three reasons, specified in the statute above quoted, namely:
First. It hires and occupies a place for the storage of its lumber in Manistique township.
Second. It has a place for sale of property in that towuship; and
Third. The plaintiff, or person having control of its personalty, has an office in the township of Manistique.
The contract for sawing the logs which plaintiff runs down the Manistique river, and for piling the lumber on the docks, and the testimony relative to the disposition of the lumber so piled, strongly impresses me with the correctness of the first position taken. In the first place, in regard to the logs, which constituted a portion of the property assessed. They had reached their destination when delivered into the store booins of the Weston Lumber Company. They were then in control of the Weston Lumber Company, to be manufactured under the contract, and it occupied these booms as a place of storage, and used it as such in connection with the logs. I think, while these logs were stored in the booms of the Weston Lumber Company, they were legally assessable as the personal property of the plaintiff in that town. Of course, it is understood that I allude to such logs as were delivered to the Weston Lumber Company, and were stored in its booms, at the time the law requires property to be assessed for taxation, in the township of Manistique. As to the lumber there piled on the docks, the case is much clearer in favor of the legality of the assessment. By express stipulation between the parties to the contract, “the $3 per thousand feet saw bill, before mentioned, to cover costs of piling lumber, use of dock, and all other charges upon said lumber; the Manistiqne Lumbering Company to take said lumber from the piles hereinbefore mentioned.” Here, by the contemplation and intent of the parties, the lumber was to be stored upon the dock where piled, and compensation for the use of the dock for that purpose was included in the three dollars called the saw bill. It was piled upon the dock, and was to remain there until seasoned and fitted for market, precisely the same as it would be had plaintiffs rented or occupied a distinct and separate mill-yard for the same purpose. They sold the whole cut of their logs to A. Weston & Sons, of Tonawanda, but plaintiffs were to deliver the lumber to them at Manistique, on board their vessels, and froin these piles. Weston & Sons directed as to the inanu. facture of the lumber, and they selected from the lumber so piled the kind and particular lumber to be delivered, under orders which they drew as they desired, in just the same manner as they would in making purchases from any other lumber-yard. The law required the supervisor to assess all property to the owner on the second Monday of April of the year in which the assessment is made. The proofs showed that lumber not sufficiently seasoned for shipment at the close of navigation was stored in piles on the docks until the next season of navigation opened. The lumber, therefore, which the supervisor found to assess had been upon the docks at least six months. During all the time itreinained on the docks the title and possession of the lumber remained in the plaintiffs. It did not pass to A. Weston & Sons until delivery on board their vessels. The Chicago Lumbering Company acted for the plaintiffs in making such delivery. It received the orders from A. Weston & Sons ; caused the lumber to be shipped according to those orders, at plaintiff's expense; furnished to plaintiffs and to A. Weston & Sons a bill of lading or statement, showing the quality, kind and price. It entered every transaction upon its books, which were the recognized source of information to all parties concerned in the lumbering business at that point. The number of the piles of lumber, and the time when each was capped or completed, was made and kept, in form of a chart, by the Chicago Lumbering Company. In all these things the Chicago Lumbering Company acted as the agent of the Manistique Lumbering Company.
The facts appearing in the record are abundant to show that the Chicago Lumbering Company was the agent of the Manistique Lumbering Company, and, aside from making contracts for sawing and sale of lumber, its business was carried on through its agent at Manistique. This portion of its business was local in its character, and perinanent in duration, so long as the business is or shall be carried on under existing arrangements.
These facts plainly distinguish this case from the foriner decisions of this Court, which are relied upon by the counsel for the plaintiff as sustaining its claim that the assessment upon which the tax was levied was illegal; and calls for a decision contrary to those. By so holding, no injustice is done to the corporation plaintiff. It is not denied that it owned the property assessed. Neither is any claim made that its property was overvalued. It was assessable therefor either at Detroit or Manistique; and it was not assessed in Detroit. We refrain from passing at this time upon the question as to whether this is the appropriate or even permissible remedy under the statute regulating the action of replevin, as no point is made upon it, and the parties have stated in their stipulation that it is their desire to litigate only the question of the liability of the plaintiff to be taxed in said township npon logs and lumber.
Under the facts disclosed in the record we hold that the plaintiff is liable for the tax assessed in the township of Manistique, and therefore
Reverse the judgment of the circuit court, and order a new trial.
CAMPBELL, C. J. and Morse, J. concurred. Sherwood, J. concnrred in the result.