In Pursuit of Lakshmi: The Political Economy of the Indian State

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University of Chicago Press, 15. apr. 1987 - 529 sider
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The pursuit of Lakshmi, the fickle goddess of prosperity and good fortune, is a metaphor for the aspirations of the state and people of independent India. In the latest of their distinguished contributions to South Asian studies, scholars Lloyd I. Rudolph and Susanne Hoeber Rudolph focus on this modern-day pursuit by offering a comprehensive analysis of India's political economy.

India occupies a paradoxical plane among nation states: it is both developed and underdeveloped, rich and poor, strong and weak. These contrasts locate India in the international order. The Rudolphs' theory of demand and command polities provides a general framework for explaining the special circumstances of the Indian experience.

Contrary to what one might expect in a country with great disparities of wealth, no national party, right or left, pursues the politics of class. Instead, the Rudolphs argue, private capital and organized labor in India face a "third actor"—the state. Because of the dominance of the state makes class politics marginal, the state is itself an element in the creation of the centrist-oriented social pluralism that has characterized Indian politics since independence.

In analyzing the relationship between India's politics and its economy, the Rudolphs maintain that India's economic performance has been only marginally affected by the type of regime in power—authoritarian or democratic. More important, they show that rising levels of social mobilization and personalistic rule have contributed to declining state capacity and autonomy. At the same time, social mobilization has led to a more equitable distribution of economic benefits and political power, which has enhanced the state's legitimacy among its citizens.

The scope and explanatory power of In Pursuit of Lakshmi will make it essential for all those interested in political economy, comparative politics, Asian studies and India.

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Utvalgte sider

Innhold

Centrist Politics Class Politics and the Indian State
19
Building and Wasting Assets
60
Judicial Review versus
103
Deinstitutionalization and
127
A Competitive Party System Aborts
159
Decline of Congress Dominance and the Emergence of
178
Demand Polity and Command Polity
211
Demand Groups and Pluralist Representation
247
The Pay Commission Model in Industrial
286
Educational Policy
290
The Incidence of Student Protest and Its Goals
299
Unemployment among the Educated and Student
306
Policies and Politics of the Agricultural Sector
312
Agrarian Producers as a Demand Group
333
Conclusion
393
Indias Hundred Largest Firms
403

Involuted Pluralism and State Domination of
259
The Nature of the Industrial Relations Regime
268
The Emergency Regime as an Experiment
274
Enervating
280
Notes
411
Index
501
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Om forfatteren (1987)

Lloyd I. Rudolph is professor of political science at the University of Chicago and Susanne Hoeber Rudolph is William Benton Distinguished Service Professor of Political Science at the University of Chicago. They are the authors of numerous books on India, including The Modernity of Tradition and Gandhi, both published by the University of Chicago Press.

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