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been at length removed from the fragment of a shaft mentioned, which contains in an oval 2in. by 14 in. on which it stood, and has been mounted on a pedestal a well executed bust of a winged Nike. The sanain two shades of cipollino marble, with a plinth of torium must have flourished for a long time, for to. black marble. Experiments are further being made gether with coins of Augustus' and Vespasian's time, with a view to substituting marble pedestals for the Arabian and Norman gold coins have been found.' Pediment groups, in place of the wooden boxes on -C. S. which they have so long stood.

The transfer of the collection of Glass to its new CHESTER.—The comparative age of the walls of quarters is nearly accomplished, and the room thus Chester has been a fertile subject in recent numbers vacated will be available for the exhibition of terra- of the Academy: some fresh discoveries have given a cottas. A few cases have already been moved in. new turn to the discussion. In a small pit which --C. S.

has been sunk at either side of the wall which divides

the ‘Dean's Field' from the scarped face of the canal ATHENS.—It is now some time since the founda

towing path has been found a rich harvest of sculptions were laid bare of the small temple of Roma and

tured slabs, architectural mouldings, and inscribed Augustus, close by the E. side of the Parthenon.

stones : these are shortly to be published by the This building was of white marble, circular in form,

Chester Archaeological Society. At a meeting of of about 7 metres in diameter, and was surrounded this Society on Jan. 17, Mr. Brock urged that by nine Ionic columns. It is referred to in an inscription from the Akropolis noted by Cyriac of admittedly mediaeval, the lower part is Roman

although the upper part of the existing wall is Ancona, Böckh c.i. 478, where its priest is men

throughout. This, he said, is proved by peculiarities tioned – ιερέως θεάς Ρώμης και Σεβαστου Σωτήρος of construction ; it is built on the rock, and all the επ' ακροπόλει.

Roman inscribed stones come from this lower portion. It will be remembered that some two years ago The general tone of the discussion that followed fragments were found of two very archaic pediments

was opposed to this theory, as it was considered im. in poros' stone, with sculptnres in low relief, the one probable that, if it were of Roman construction, group representing Herakles and the Hydra, the

Roman tombstones would be found built in : furtherother Herakles and Triton. Some additional frag- more, it was asked, what did the Roman inhabitants ments recently discovered have been added to the

do for a wall at the time when these tombstones were second of these groups, by which the interest of this

still standing ?-C. S. composition has gained considerably. (Berliner Phil. Woch., Jan.)

CYPRUS. — The Hellenic Society has taken up the A bill is shortly to be presented which provides for cause of Cyprus excavation in earnest. An appeal the erection of a complete museum of casts at the has just been issued in the names of a large and imback of the Central Museum : it is to be as far as posing committee, from which we learn that a conpossible representative of all the principal works of siderable sum has already been promised for this ancient art, wherever existing. Fortunate Athenians ! purpose. The entire available staff of the British Shall we ever see a really complete museum of casts School at Athens will betake itself to Cyprus, where at the back of the British Museum, I wonder ?--C. S. I understand Mr. E. Gardner is already busily

engaged in searching for a site. As regards the CASTELFORTE.—The Times of Jan. 3 gives (p. 13)

objects which may result from the proposed diggings, an account of the discovery at Suzo, in this locality, it is satisfactory to note that the British Museum of the remains of Roman mineral baths. The atrium

will naturally be regarded as having the right to a is entered through a portal adorned with columns, first choice among them. In apportioning the reits floor being laid in black and white mosaic, and its mainder, care will be taken to satisfy the legitimate roof probably formerly supported by four columns.

claims of Oxford and Cambridge according to the Between these columns is the impluvium, a square amount which may be contributed to the Fund on marble basin, round which are seats. In the middle behalf of either University.'—C. S. of the impluvium a hollow marble column supported a smaller basin of alabaster, into which the water Kos.-Remains have been found here which seem rose through the column, flowing over its edges into to point to the site of the famous temple of Aescuthe large basin. The further wall of the atrium lapius described by Strabo (xiv. c. ii.). It was from opens into a large hall ; through its side wall corri

the study of the numerous votive offerings and indors lead into chambers to the right and left, the scriptions recording cures in this temple that Hippouse of which for bathing is indicated by the whole krates was said to have learnt much of his medical arrangement of water basins, and a network of water

lore. At present a marble snake and an altar have conduits, some of which are placed in the walls. On been found. Judging from the results obtained in the other side of the main road two buildings are the similar case at Epidauros, the site should prolocated, in front of which a row of columns with mise well for excavation. (Berliner Phil. Woch., walled parapet probably enclosed a garden. Between

Dec. 10).-C. S. the two buildings, containing rooms of various sizes, all of which give into outer corridors surrounding KYTHERA.-In the Academy of Dec. 29, 1887, them, a colonnade provided with seats has been Dr. Karl Blind informs us that Dr. Schliemann has erected. It is concluded that this group of buildings discovered the remains of the temple of Aphrodite formed a hospitium or inn for the bathing guests ; which Herodotus (i. 105) speaks of as having been set that is to say, a hostelry for those staying for their up on this island by the Phoenicians.' Pausanias cure. The purpose of the whole establishment is also no doubt refers to the same fact when he says also shown by the statuary found in a more or less (I. xiv. 7) that the people of Kythera learnt the cult damaged condition in the atrium : including an of Aphrodite Ourania from the Phoenicians. ProAesculapius, several female wall-statues, and a statu- bably, like Paphos, it was another head-centre of the ette of a nymph. The marble of the statuary has cult of Aphrodite Ourania : it was here, Hesiod tells been much injured by the mineral water, and its us, that Aphrodite sprang from the sea-foam to land : probable merit cannot therefore be easily estimated. from here she took in Homer her epithet of Kythereia. Among the other finds a large cut amethyst may be The Phoenicians settled in the island from very early

times (see Bursian, Geog. 2. 140) for the sake of the slave of Priscus, and from the names of the Consuls purple fishery. They were succeeded by the Argives, referred to in two of them the year (61 A. D.) may be and subsequently by a colony of Spartan perioikoi fixed. In one of them Dicidia buys of Poppaea two (Thuc. iv. 53): in the Peloponnesian War Kythera young slaves, Simplicius and Petrinus ; another also was a bone of contention between Sparta and Athens. has reference to a sale of slaves ; the third contract If the report of Dr. Blind is correct, we may look for mentions a sum of 1,450 sesterces, which Poppaea important new light on the religious and artistic re- Note undertakes to pay to Dicidia Margaris in case lations between the Hellenic and Phoenician peoples the slaves should not turn out profitable. The silver in early times.

plate of Dicidia formed a set for four persons; but as From a second note in the Academy of Jan. 21, it it was gathered up in haste, it is incomplete. It appears that the site of the temple is identical with comprises four goblets with four trays, four cups with that of the church of the holy Kosmas, nearly in the handles, four smaller cups, four others, four cups with centre of the enclosure walls of the old town of feet, a cup without a handle, a filter, a small bottle Kythera : the stones used in building this church with perforated bottom, a spoon, and a sinall scoop. seem to have been almost entirely furnished by the The total weight of the articles is a little under 127 ruins of the temple. It was a closed structure of tufa, oz. troy. There was also found a silver statuette of with two rows of Doric coluinns, four on each side, of Jupiter on a bronze pedestal, as well as a large bronze & very archaic style. They are all still preserved in dish with raised edge and inlaid with a finely chiselled the church, with their capitals and enrichment, but silver plate ; and finally, three pair of ear-pendants. only two, and the base of a third, are now in situ. Numerous surgical instruments (mostly of bronze) These columns are also of tufa.

have also been found. They seem to have been kept On an adjoining hill-top are remains of Cyclopean in a wooden box. A small pair of apothecary's scales fortifications, which Schliemann thinks cannot be and a set of weights, equivalent to 14, 17.5, 21, 24.9 earlier than the seventh century B.C., as no potsherds and 35.8 grammes respectively, are among the recent are found there to which an earlier date can be as- discoveries. Among various domestic utensils found signed.

may be mentioned as noteworthy a beautiful stew-pan All former excavators had sought for the temple on of bronze, the silver inlay of which represents a head the lower slopes of the range of hills, without success. in raised work, and a bronze lamp, still containing While digging there, Schliemann laid bare a mass of the wick ; finally various glass vessels, terra-cottas, large building stones, but they appear to belong to a gold rings, and ear-pendants. Among the finds of wall-tower of the Macedonian epuch. The great peri- coin are a sesterce of Vespasian with Fortuna on the bolos of the town, which is formed of the same reverse and the inscription 'Fortunae reduci,' and a material, and is in the same architectural style, dupondius of Nero with the temple of Janus, and evidently dates from the same epoch. For a long time the inscription, ‘Pace per ubiq. parta Janum clusit.' this wall was used by the inhabitants as a convenient -C. S. source of building material, but there are nevertheless considerable remains in several places.

SIKYON. (Athencum, Jan. 21).—'In the excavaIn the old harbour-town of the island, at Skandeia,

tions here by the American School have been found Schliemann dug also, but found nothing interesting.

up to the present date two very fine heads, of the best A full description, with plates, is shortly to be

period of Greek art, the one of a man, the other of a publisbed in the Athenische Mittheilungen.-C. S.

woman: and the torso or bust of a woman, of which

the head is wanting : these have all been placed in the POMPEII.—The Builder of Dec. 17, 1887 (p. 833) Central Museum at Athens : the excavations still reports the discovery of a fountain decorated with a

continue.'-C. S. mosaic of fine workmanship. The fountain is in the form of a niche, on the ceiling of which is Venus issuing from a shell. An Eros rises from the water

THEBES.—The Standard of Jan. 10 reports the beside the goddess, who holds him by the hand. discovery near this site of the temple of the Kabeiroi, Below this group are a number of Nereids and boys in the course of some excavations by the German on dolphins. On the shore stand two draped women Archaeological School at Athens. This building is in attitudes of amazement at the birth of Venus, and mentioned in Paus. ix. 25 as being seven stadia from two others. The ground of the whole is blue, with a the grove of Demeter Kabeiria, and as of peculiar border of shells. The house in which stood this sanctity. The Persians left uuder Mardonius who fountain, said to be the finest ever discovered, is not

entered this shrine .either from desire of gain or out yet completely excavated.

of contempt,' were seized with madness and, like the

When Further discoveries are reported in the St. James's

biblical swine, cast themselves into the sea. Gazette of Dec. 27. Many silver vessels and three

Alexander overcame the Thebans and wasted their books were found in the Regio VIII., isola 2a, casa 23,

land, some of his Macedonians entered the fane and under conditions which lead to the conclusion that

were killed with thunder and lightning from heaven: the owner of those valuables, a lady named Dicidia ούτω μεν το ιερόν τούτό έστιν εξ αρχής άγιον. Let us Margaris, had packed them at the moment of the hope neither of these fates awaits the present explocatastrophe in a cloth, in order to take them with

* Besides the remains of this temple, various her in her flight, but that she perished in the attempt.

other important objects have been discovered, io. Her name we learn from the books, important docu- cluding vases, numerous small bulls and goats in ments, and title-deeds which she would not leave be- bronze and lead, a bronze statuette of one of the hind. These are the usual wood tablets, 8 in. by 5 in.,

female divinities or Kabeirides wearing a crown of coated with wax, and several of them are fastened ivy leaves, with a mask behind her head, while her together in book form. For the first few days after son is pouring out wine for her.' (!)-C.S. their discovery they were perfectly legible, except in a few places where damp had destroyed the wood ; TRIESTE.-Signor Puschi has kindly sent me the after that time, probably because the wood began to following further information (see C. R. 1887, p. 318): dry, the layers of wax peeled partly off, splitting up •The rainy weather has prevented our recommeninto small portions. The contracts are all between cing the excavations at Barcola, but some discoveries the owner mentioned and a Poppaea Note, a liberated were made a few days ago at Nabresina, the ancient

rers,

Aurisina, a small place about half an hour's journey During the excavations at Eleusis in 1885 a head by rail north of Trieste. The spot where these dis- was found, rather over life-size, in Parian marble of coveries took place lies on the sea-coast, which is the warm tone with which we are familiar in the much indented here, and, like Barcola, is also only Hermes by Praxiteles. The type corresponds exactly a few paces from the shore. At the little bay of with the so-called Vergil heads in Mantua and on the Grignano, where a station existed in Roman times, Capitol, and these are evidently ancient copies of the calcareous cliffs fringe the shore and in parts are some famous original. This original could not have washed by the sea. After passing the remains of the been a portrait, but from its character rather a god aqueduct of Aurisina (ancient Sistilianum), these or hero. An inscription of the fifth century tells us cliffs are replaced by a slope of sandy formation, cul. that among the other deities honoured at Eleusis was tivated throughout with vines and Olives. Here, on Euboulos or Eubouleus; and close by the marble the property of a certain Leopold Radovich, in pre- head was found a dedicatory inscription to this per. paring the soil for the planting of a vineyard, were sonage, whose name, like those of Eukles, Klymenos found the traces of an ancient building. As soon as and Plouton, is only another synonym for Hades. ever the news of the discovery reached me I repaired According to the beliefs of Eleusis, he was a herdsto the place, but found that it had already been much man who figured in the scene where Kore was carried disturbed by the peasants, so that I have had to be off by Plouton. So that there may well have been content with supplementing my own observations by at Eleusis a cult-statue of Eubouleus as a demigod. the statements which they have furnished.

Now in the Vatican there has long been known to The place is reached by a winding path which exist a headless term with the inscription Eubova eùs starts from the spot where the Trieste railway bran. spatirémovs. This was always considered to be the ches off in the direction of Italy on one hand, and signature of an artist, son of some unknown Praxithe interior of Austria on the other. Following this teles; but there is no doubt now that this interprepath you descend the slope as far as a small level tation is erroneous, and that the missing head of the space which has been excavated out of the cliff, and term was rather a copy of the Eubouleus by the great is like a terrace overhanging the sea at a height of Praxiteles. about 16 metres. On this terrace, a space of about The Eleusis head presents close analogies to the 200 metres square, a building has been discovered Hermes of Praxiteles in the moulding of the forehead, consisting of three compartments paved with mosaics ; the treatment of the hair, and in the general indiin two instances these were white, with a black band viduality and inventiveness of style. In form it most at the sides ; the third was ornamented with black resembles the Ganymede of Leocharcs. On the whole stars on a white ground. Each strip of wall was still it seems the outcome of the more mature age, as the covered with slabs of the finest marble in various Hermes was of the youth, of the artist. colours—white, red with veins and markings of white, The above is merely a brief summary of Benndorf's and black with white veins. At a fourth spot were arguments. At present the head is only known from found five large vases (doliaria) of terra-cotta, which the photograph in 'Eonuepls 'Apx. 1886, pl. 10; but may have served for receiving the wine from the casts may now be had at Vienna, and it is to be press, or else for the preparation of the olive oil. hoped that the South Kensington Collection will Among the ruins were found several covers, necks, lose no time in securing one.-C. S. feet, and handles of amphorae and other vases, and two imbrices, with these marks in relief,

In the Revue Anthropologie, 1887, p. 408, is a curious paper by Dr. Dally on · La Selection Ethnique et la consanguinité chez les Grecs anciens.' The

writer discusses at some length the extraordinary L.VEDI.CERIAL L.BARBI.L·L·EV

successes achieved by the Greeks in every sphere of life, as compared with their relatively diminutive

proportions as a nation ; not only as regards mental made in the factories of Aquileia.

culture, but equally in respect to organic perfection From the statements of the local peasantry it ap

of bodily condition.

The reason he finds in what he calls their 'consan. pears that on a neighbouring property in the Com. mune of Nabresina discoveries have been made in re

guinité hygide,' which he distinguishes from 'consan. cent years of late Roman coins; and near the aqueduct

guinité morbide' as the most advantageous form of

ethnical selection. Attika is the most striking above mentioned is the site of the tombs of which in 1881 Signor Ermanno Breindl gave a very confused

example : of her it was said, not altogether without description in the Bolletino della Societa Adriatica di

reason, that the soil had been from all time occupied

by the same stock. The natural characteristics of Scienze Naturali of Trieste. On the whole, then, I have no doubt that we have

the country kept it exclusive, and the race which inhere one of those numerous villas which in Roman

habited it during the sixth to fourth centuries B.C. times sprung up along the Istrian coast from Timavo

was homogeneous, a pure fixed type of Pelasgic to Pola, wherever such a site as this presented itself :

Ionians. The Athenian held his autochthony and a gentle slope, rich in springs of limpid water, offer

pure Athenian descent as a point of superiority, only ing & shelter unmolested by the land winds, and

admitting with strict selection a small number of which was open to the warm sea-breezes. Such a

alien Greeks such as were already Atticised by conspot would be in great request, not only among the

tact and admixture of Athenian blood. The only families of the immediate locality, but also among

legal form of marriage was that between two citizens. those of the neighbouring Aquileia, and perhaps of

Their history during the Peloponnesian Wars is a still more distant parts of the country.'-C. S.

gradual sapping of this exclusive social system, which culminates in the final catastrophe of Chaeroneia,

when a large number of slaves and metoiks were by In the Anzeiger der phil. hist. Classe of Vienna, vote admitted to the citizenship. Then the aristoNov. 16 (1887, No. 25) is a paper by Benndorf of cratic sentiment which represented the permanence great importance, inasmuch as, if the anthor's view is and stability of the Athenian Democracy yielded to correct, we learn from it the existence of a hitherto a more cosmopolitan idea of fraternity, as we sce unsuspected work of Praxiteles.

reflected in the poets of the New Comedy.

From the example of Athens Dr. Dally draws a general conclusion: that given a high condition of culture, ethical consanguinity is as desirable for the human race as it has shown itself to be in the animal world.-C. S.

Revue Archéologique. September-October, 1887. Paris.

1. De Witte : the triumphal arch of Orange was probably erected to commemorate the victories of Domitius Ahenobarbus and Fabius Maximus over the Arverni and Allobroges. 2. Hamdy Bey: the royal necropolis recently discovered at Saïda: three cuts. 3. Vernaz: excavations at Carthage 1884-5, continued: the necropolis at Bordj-Djedid, which contained ostrich eggs and Greek vases, and of which the tombs are orientated towards Tyre, probably belongs to the first colony: the thermae of Antoninus : three cuts. 4. Cagnat: note on the inscription of the above thermae. 5. Vercontre : the necropolis of Sfax and burial in jars (continued): this method of burial was practised by the Christians of Africa, and not before the 4th cent. A.D.: these Christians were probably Punic. 6. Prost: ancient Christian sarcophagi of Gaul (continued): 7. Néroutsos-Bey : Greek and Latin inscriptions from Alexandria. 8. Guillemaud : the Gaulish inscription of Voltino. 9. T. Reinach: coins and the ancient calendar systems.

Under the head of news are described a series of Gaulish coins found at Hédouville (Seine-et-Oise).

Reviews. -Perrot et Chipiez, "Histoire de l'Art,' vol. iv. : Jullian, 'Inscriptions Rom. de Bordeaux': Molandon et Beaucorps, "Le tumulus de Reuilly': a double plate from this work is reproduced in the Revue.-C. S.

Gazette Archéologique, 1887. Nos. 7, 8. Paris. 1. Bapst : the Siverskaia find (continued): a silver gilt cup, a circular plaque, gold on bronze, and a gold phalerum with three figures in reporussé : two plates. 4. Bazin : Roman and Gallo-Roman types of Hercules : two bronze statuettes found in 1866 at Vienne : plate.

Reviews. Babelon's 'Monnaies de la Rep. Romaine': Perrot et Chipiez, 'Histoire de l'Art,' vol. iv.-C. S.

Builder. - Dec. 3. Review of Bie's Musen in der Ant. Kunst.'

Dec. 10. Note on recent discoveries at Mantineia. The temple of Roma and Augustus on the Akropolis.

Dec. 17. Archaic architecture at Corinth. Professor Gardner's inaugural address. Discoveries at Pompeii.

Dec. 24. Prospects in Cyprus. Discoveries in Kos.

Dec. 31. Programme for Cyprus.-C. S.
Gazette des Beaux Arts. Paris, 1887.

In the October number, pp. 265-274, and in the December number, pp. 478-487, M. Froehner gives an account of the collection of terra-cotta statuettes in the possession of Madame Darthès, better known as Madame Basilewski. To some interesting criti. cism on the original motive of these 'figurines' he adds a number of woodcuts and two plates in heliogravure. The first of these, facing p. 274, appears to be a striking example of the so-called 'Asia Minor' groups, which have recently been the subject of so much discussion. I must confess that in this instance, at any rate, I cannot share M. Froehner's admiration.

January, 1888, pp. 60-77, M. Reinach gives, in his annual Courrier de l’Art Antique,' a succinct account, excellently illustrated, of the important discoveries of the year, including the Akropolis excavations and their results, the excavations at Mantaneia of M. Fougères, and the important reliefs recently found in the gardens of Sallust at Rome. -C. S.

Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-lettres : Comples Rendus des Séances. Paris. 1887. April-June. Communications :-5. Bihot de Kersers : Gaulish tomb found near Lunery (Cher). 11. Fouquet : discovery of Graeco-Egyptian tomb in Egypt, with paintings on wood, and inscription. 13. Waille : the excavations of Cherchel, with sketch plan. 14. Cler. mont-Ganneau : suggestion for metal reproduction of paper impressions of inscriptions. 15. De Witte : a bronze statuette representing the Emperor Postumus. 16. De Villefosse : a Latin inscription from Gouraya (Algeria); another from near Praeneste ; and a terra. cotta statuette of Venus found at Caudebec-lezElbeuf signed by an artist Rextugenos. 17. PierrotDeseilligny : the Roman amphitheatre recently found at Lyons. 18. De Villefosse : three milestones from Tagremaret (Algeria). 2, 4, 7. Le Blanc : discoveries in Rome.

C. S. Bullettino della Commissione Archeologica Comunale di Roma. 1887. Rome. Part x. 1. Visconti : in the Via Leonina was found in Sept. & marble pedestal on which has been a figure seated on a chlamys and lion-skin, evidently Mars : around are sculptured shields, cuirasses and an elephant's head : from a comparison with a nedallion from the Arch of Constantine, and two similar pedestals in the Vatican and his own collection, V. refers

The same, November-December. 1887. Paris. 1. De Villefosse : fragments of the frieze of the temple of Magnesium, on the Maeander, recently discovered on the site of the temple : with the slabs in the Louvre, they constitute about of the entire frieze : two plates. 3. Revellat : a new reading of the epitaph of Carina, found at Antibes in 1883. 4. De Villefosse : Roman inscriptions from (i) Tangiers, (ii) Carthage, (iii) Tunisia : plate. 4. Deloche : signet rings of the Merovingian period, continued. 5. Guillemaud : the interpretation of Gaulish inscriptions, continued. 6. De Nolhac: Nicolas Audebert, who travelled in Italy in 1574, and who left an account of his journey, now in the British Museum : with a new fragment. 7. Bazin : the 'bronze tablet' referred to in a roadside inscription near Antibes was probably a route map, such as we know must have existed in antiquity. 9. Monceaux : the chronology of the works of Apuleius : we only have two certain dates as to discourses, and two general indications as to the Apology and the Metamorphoses.

M. Reinach's Chronique d'Orient' is mainly devoted to the publication of a letter from Professor Ramsay, who describes his travels and discoveries in Asin Minor during the spring of 1887.

Under 'Nouvelles,' M. Waille describes the discov. ery at Cherchell in Algeria of the chamber containing (i) two vases, each containing more than 3000 coins (of Constantine, &c.): (ii) part of a statue of Venus on an inscribed pedestal : and adds woodcut and description of a large female head recently discovered.

Review : Friederich's Matronarum Monumenta.'

In future a 'supplement épigraphique' will be added to each number of the Revue, and the annual subscription will be raised to 30 francs.-C. S.

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it to the colossal Mars of Skopas mentioned by Pliny : Babelon's ' Description des monnaies de la République
two plates. 2. Gatti : an inscription stating the erec- romaine' by M. Prou.-W. W.
tion of cippi recording the demarcation of the Tiber
banks by the curatores riparum in the reign of Recueil d'Archéologie Orientale : par Ch Clermont.
Claudius: this cippus recently found was the limit

Ganneau. Paris.
from the Trigarium' to the 'Pons Agrippae,' which 1885. 1. Forty-six unedited Greek inscriptions of
G. identifies with the modern Ponte Sisto. 3. Gatti : Hauran and other Syrian sites. 5. Herodotos (ii. 95)
the Capitoline Museum has acquired a marble relief describes a certain people whose custom it was to
originally found in Rome, representing Jupiter sleep in their fishing-nets, by which means they kept
Caelius, Hercules Julianus, and the Genius of Caeli. off mosquitoes : an analogous custom exists among
mons (as this hill was undoubtedly named) all identi- the people of Carpentras and the neighbourhood, who
fied by inscriptions below : plate. Among recent hang their nets over their doors.
finds are an inscribed pig of lead, perhaps from Spain : 1886. 3. Dedication, in Greek, to Baal Marcod,
and under the church of SS. John and Paul a Roman from a site near Beyrut. 4. Greek inscription from
room of fourth century with Christian paintings, Joppa, recording the purchase of a tomb by a Jew
including Hippocamps, scenic masks, Moses climbing named Saul. 5. Three Greek and eighteen Roman
the mountain, and a Christian lady praying. He inscriptions from the site of a temple of Baal
publishes, from private collections, the gold ring of a Marcod (see no. 3.), unpublished, with a plan of the
Christian named Euplus : and the bronze seal of temple.
Cleander, the cubicularius of Commodus, mentioned 1887. 4. The Christian epitaph at Qaloniè near
by Lampridius (in Commod. 6).-C. S.

Jerusalem. 5. A propos of the Tamassos vase, con

necting the etymology of Πήγασος and πήγνυμι. 6. Arch. Epig. Mittheilungen aus Oesterreich. 1887,

The Reseph-Heg of Cypriote Phoenician inscriptions part 1. Vienna.

= 'Axbxwv 'Ayieus. 7. Four Graeco-Phoenician 1. The excavations in Carnuntum : i. Hauser :

names. 8. The suppression of nasals in Cypriote compte rendu of last year : ii. Domaszewski : seven

writing. 9. Explanation of a passage in the bilin. teen Roman inscriptions : iii. v. Schneider : sculpt

gual inscription of Tamassos. 13. A method of ures, including a dancing Maenad, two reliefs of

casting from squeezes. 14. The Carthaginian name marble and bronze representing votive offerings to

Kaisar which elephant' suggested the popular the Dioscuri, and a fine portrait intaglio of Ant.

etymology of the Roman Caesar. 15. The cult of Pius : nine cuts, three plates.

Aesculapius and the sacred dogs of his temple at 2. Tocilescu : 144 new inscriptions from the

Epidauros.-C. S.
Dobrudscha : see especially no. 60 a metrical dedica-

Leben und Sitten der Griechen, von H. BLÜMNER.
tion of a statue by the priest of the Bacchic thisaso
of Paso. 3. Frankfurter : inscriptions from Hungary,

8vo. 3 Abth. Pp. 570. Leipzig : G. Freytag. 3 Mk. Steiermark, Krain, and Kärnten. 4. Bormann : re

This is a popular account of Greek life and manners cently found inscriptions. ó. Gomperz: note on the in a little book of a very portable form. It is Simalos inscription in Bull. de Corr. Hell. 1887, p.

admirably illustrated with pictures taken chiefly 253. 6. Schenkl: note on a Lesbos inscription

from vase-paintings, most of them hitherto unused Athen. Mittheil. xi. p. 269. 7. Bormann : i. an

for such a purpose. inscription from Tarquinii which throws light on the

There is no need to add that the letter-press by Tarquitius Priscus mentioned by Macrobius and

Dr. Blümner is good, and though professedly popular others as a writer of libri rituales : ii. on the com.

it will be of real ase to serious workers, in supplying position of the Etruscan Städtebund.-C. S.

the present want of a larger book up to date.

To those beginning the study of vase-painting it Annuaire de la Société française de Numismatique.

ought to be especially helpful as a guide to the inter. Nov.-Dec., 1887.

pretation of the non-mythological side of the repreE. Revillont, 'Second Letter to M. Lenormant on sentations. Its cheapness is surprising, for it arEgyptian coins' (continued): deals with the relative pears in three parts at a mark each. value of gold and silver and of silver and copper in

W. C. F. ANDERSON. Egypt.

Beiträge zür Kenntnis der griechischen Küppelgräber, A. de Belfort, 'Roman Imperial coins not described

von Dr. CHRISTIAN BELGER, mit 4 abbildungen. in Cohen's work' (continued): the descriptive list (of

4to. Pp. 40. Berlin. 1887. 1 Mk. coins of Probus) occupies 13 pages. Reviews. Laugier's Monnaies Massaliotes' (1887). This consists of a short account of the structure of

Greek 'beehive graves, followed by a collection of Revue Numismatique. 3rd sect. vol. v. (1887), the accounts of ancient and modern authors and quatrième trimestre.

travellers, with a running commentary, chiefly of the Th. Reinach, 'An Essay on the numismatics of the destructive kind. We are told that Pausanias was Kings of Bithynia.' Concluded.

wrong in calling them onoaupol, that they cannot be A. Sorlin-Dorigny and E. Babelon, 'Inedited called Oóton, that the Treasury of Atreus' was Nabathaean coins.' Coins of Malchus and Sekilah, decorated not with metal plates but rosettes, &c., Obodas I., Aretas IV, etc.

and the conclusion of the whole is that we know E. Babelon, 'Tarcondimotus, Dynast of Cilicia': practically nothing about the purposes or the origins a bronze coin of this ruler in the French collection. of such buildings. Naturally enough such a treatThe legend had previously been incorrectly read. ment implies in the reader a considerable acquaintance

A. Engel, 'Notes on some ancient countermarks with the literature of the subject, e.g. much in it is on Greek coins and on coins of the Roman Republic quite unintelligible without Steffen's Karte, and and Empire.

would be of little use to one new to the subject. Reviews. Gardner's 'Peloponnesus' by E. Babelon.

W. C. F. ANDERSON.

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