« ForrigeFortsett »
root from every joint, and soon compleatly establish themselves.
Should the proprietor of these arid grounds be able to procure, from any reasonable distance, ashes, or even a small quantity of compost very rich and friable ; he would do well (though it be not absolutely necessary) to throw a light sprinkling over his strings late in March: he will thus stimulate his fiorin into early luxuriance, and will have made a rich fkin on his surface for the stolones, so soon as they project, to strike their radicles into.
By early luxuriance, a fiorin fleece will have clothed the surface, before it be burned up; will preserve any moisture that falls in rain or dew; and will prevent the approaching drought from penetrating to the roots of the grass.
In the description of land you inquire about, the summer vegetation of the fiorin will be more faint than in deeper or moister foils; but I expect, when in autumn the moisture shall be more abundant, that vegetation will be more powerful, and will continue longer in the latter ; especially where the surface fhall have been made very rich. And I repeat, that the natural disadvantage of these foils, and their inaptitude for fiorin culture, can alone be counteracted by rich manure, kept well to the surface.
While the difficulty and expense of raising fiorin crops on dry shallow foils are greater than on those
of more favourable description, the advantages and conveniences to be derived from them are less.
My Cumberland and Scotch friends exulted, when I assured them, I would supply them with an abundance of rich green food from the first of September until near May, relying on the store of alhes they commanded : But in the dry heaths and fandy foils you mention, the proprietor cannot with prudence use his scythe before the middle of November ; from that time I conceive he will be pretty much on a footing with the proprietors of deeper and moister foils.
Dry hay is necessary to every agriculturist ; and I have repeatedly boasted of the superior quality of fiorin hay, and theenormous crops this grassproduces.
Giving me full credit for these positions, you with to extend its culture; and you naturally alk me, can such crops be also raised from the grounds which form the subječt of your present inquiries?
When I say yes, I must next proceed to the mea. fures to be pursued. Here I shudder at answering you; dreading an abatement of that confidence, which you have hitherto so boldly placed in me.
I have already limited the period for fiorin haymaking to the month of October ; but then I had fupposed the soil to be favourable; of course that the vegetation of the grass had been long in action, and that in O&tober the crop had attained an high degree of luxuriance.
Will that be the case in the circumstances now under discussion? Byno means. The drought of summer will have retarded the growth of cur grass, until again stimulated by the autumnal moisture; and far from having attained its perfection in October, it will then be in its highest paroxysm of vegetation, and of course mowed at great loss.
Should our anxiety for increase induce us to defer mowing until some weeks later, our hay harvest is thrown into the thortest days; a season in which, although I have ascertained that fiorin hay can always to a certainty be saved, yet I discouraged the practice, and suspect I shall be excused from troubling you with my wise reasons.
If we abstain from mowing, our vegetation is still going on, our stolones continue to lengthen, and our crops to increase. Can we, then, venture them to stand until a longer day shall enable us to save and store them with ease and certainty?
This question is not brought forward in aid of the present discusŲon, nor is this late period of mowing suggested merely for the accommodation of the
proprietors of dry fandy soils. The question is already before you; I have already intreated the Bath Society to inspect my process of spring hay-making early in March ; I have already requested my friend Mr. Græme to conduct their Committee ; and I have done this without the inducements I have just now ftared for deferring the mowing of light, dry grounds; the crops I liave reserved for late operations, growing on loamy, rich, and moist grounds.
This measure must to you have appeared a bold one; it is not so now to me, who have practised it for years with success. The advantages of delaying to mow a vegetable in uninterrupted increase are obvious : you, and your Society, are called upon to discover the difficulties that occur in the practice, and if you cannot discover any such, to sanction the new measure, by your testimony in its favour.
Should your Society decline my proposal, already satisfied of the impossibility of my succeeding, remember they pronounce from theory on the success of a practice they never tried; while I, led by plausible theory, have repeatedly made the experiment, and invariably found theory and practice to be in perfect unison. Remember the materials I use (the stolones of grass) were neverattempted to be converted into hay by any one before me; that I was the first who ever tried to make hay of an animated substance, impregnated through all its parts with vegetable life; while the hay hitherto made by others has been composed of dead inanimate materials, (the culmi of grass,) deprived of their life by the scythe, and of course proceeding to a state of putrefaction.
I am, Sir,
Your much obliged and very humble servant,
W. RICHARDSON, D. D.
On the Measures adopted by Parliament for lessena
ing the Expense of Inclosure Acts, &c. &c.
[By the President, BenjaMIN HOBHOUSE, Esq; M. P, in 1
Letter to the Secretary.]
Whitton-Park, May 27, 1812. 'N the ninth Volume, page 55, of the Transactions
of the Bath and West of England Society, over which, through the partiality of that respectable body, I have had the honour to preside for the last seven years, you will find a letter addressed by me, on the 17th of October 1798, to the Secretary of that day, on a subject which appeared to me of very considerable importance. As no reasonable expectation could then be entertained, that Parliament would put an end to private AAs for the Inclosure of Lands by giving to England a law in favour of General Inclosure ; I turned my thoughts towards the means of multiplying the number of private Acts, by abridging, as much as possible, the great expence with which they were attended.
In the Spring of the year 1800, the same subject, which had attracted my attention, engaged the con. fideration of the House of Commons; and a Select Committee was appointed, to, “consider of the most