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esť monsters, and most favage and cruel ty.' rants of all. The first of them was Ottomanus. '. The fecond Bajazethes. The third Anurathes. These made bloody wars against the Christians. - I mean the Papists in Europe, and enlarged the Turks dominions very far.
They did from time to time so cruelly... murder and massacre the inhabitants of the West, with their huge and bloody armies, that at last both the Pope, the emperor, the king of Hungary, the king of Poland, the king of France, the duke of Burgundy, and the duke of Venice, and almost all the potentates in Europe, did join together tờ make war against the Turks, with great armies, but yet could not prevail; fo ftrong were the Turks, fo huge and dreadful were their armies: then we fee that verified which here was foretold, to wit, that the mon<strous armies of the Turks with their
horses and horse-men, should slay the "third part of men:' that is, the idolaters in Europe, by heaps and infinite numbers." To set down the particular battles betwixt : the Turks and the Chriftians in Europe, and their horrible-blood-thedding, would require a volume; but this which I have briefly fet down, may serve to give some light unto it, and may fuffice for the underf!anding of this text. Now it is said in the
next verse, that notwithstanding this heavy hand of God, which was upon the Papists in Europe, and these fearful judgments and massacres, they repented not of their idolatries, but waxed worse and worse: for no judgments, no plagues can make the wicked any whit better, as we see in the examples of Pharaoh and Saul. And here it is
faid, “That the remnant of men which 1 were killed by these plagues, repented not
of the works of their hands, that they ( shouldnot worship devils, and idols of gold
and filver, and of brass, and of stone,
and of wood which neither can fee, nor 'hear, nor talk. Also they repented not of
their murder, and of their forceries, nei. Ý "ther of their fornication, nor of their theft,'
Rer. ix. 20, 21. And thus we see how the
devils, which were bound at Euphrates, be| . ing let loose upon the world, in the wrath
and just judgment of God, did fearfully. plague both the Turks, in their souls, and the Papists in their bodies. The one with false religion, the other with bloudy swords: •and so was the desire of the devil fully satisfied.
CH A P. X.
L AVING opened and expounded the Il two first woes which fell out upon the blowing of the fifth and fixth trumpet, containing the two great plagues of Popery and Turkism, wherewith the world was punished many hundred years: now in this chapter we are to hear of good news, and great comfort, after fo much forrow. For here Jesus Christ cometh down from heaven to deliver his poor affli&ted church, and to be revenged of all his cruel enemies. For now before the third and last wo, containing the greatest plague of all upon the world, which is, the last judgment: wherein the wicked shall be tormented in hell-fire for ever, both in body and soul, I say, before. the blowing of the seventh trumpet, by the seventh angel, of which we shall hear in the next chapter. Now in the mean time is fhewed in this chapter, what care God had for his little fiock, which no doubt were hid in those days, and did not appear and yet were scattered in corners, even in the midft of the darkness of Popery, and the most furious and hellish rage of the Turkish armies. And therefore the principle scope of this chapter, is to shew how the gospel should be preached in many kingdoms: Now'after this general darkness for the discovering and overthrow, both of Popery and Turkism, and to shew what Thould fall out in the church now in the middle tie, before the seventh and last trumpet blow: for then cometh the last judgment, as 'the angel fweareth in this chapter, verse 6, 7.
This chapter doth contain four principle parts.
First, A description of Christ and his glory.
Secondly, Shewing how the gospel should be preached in many nations and kingdoms, by the ministers of this last age, whereby all adversary power should be on verthrown.
Thirdly,. A watch-word, given to the world by Christ, that when the seventh an. gel should blow the trumpet, the world should end..
Lastly, To show, how all faithful preach : ers being called and authorized by Chrift, should travel and take pains in the study of God's book, and afterward should pub. lifh the knowledge thereof far and near,
And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud, .' and a rain-bow was upon his head, and his
face was as the sun, and his feet as pillars of brass,' Rev. X. 1,
: This angel of might is Christ, as appeareth by the description of him, and by all the consequents following: for he is said to be cloathed with a cloud,' which fignifieth his great glory and majesty: For he « shall come in the clouds of heaven to
judge the world;' that is, with great pomp and glory. "The rain-bow was up.
on his head," which signifieth the cove. nant of peace with his church, as before, Rev. iv. 3. " His face was as the fun, which signifieth, comfort and deliverance to his church, and the dispelling of all the smoke of the bottomless pit, as the sun scattereth and driveth away the thick mifts.
His feet are pillars of brass,' which fignifieth that he should tread down all his enemies under his feet, both Pope and Turk: - For he must reign till he have de<stroyed them all,' 1 Cor. xv. 25. The Pope a long time kept all the kings of Eur rope in subjection. The locusts were of great power. The Turks prevailed exceedingly. But what are they all to this mighty and glorious angel, Christ? What is their power to withstand him? What can Abaddon, the king of the locusts do, against this mighty king of Zion? What can the Turks most terrible horses and horse-men do against this angel which fitreth upon the white-horfe? Alas, alas, they are able to