growing in a garden belonging to Michael Bland, Esq., in the city of Norwich, as one example out of the many which might be produced, in corroboration of what I have stated.

If the Golden Pippin be planted upon a good soil on a dry bottom, and in a warm or sheltered situation, well exposed to the sun, where its blossoms are secured from cold blasts in the spring, and where it can ripen its wood perfectly, it will be found hardy, without exhibiting those alarming signs of decay which have been held out as a presage of its speedy death.

Ripe in October, and will keep two months, or till past Christmas.

27. HAWTHORNDEN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.440. Pom. Mag. t. 34.

White Hawthornden. Nicol's Fr. Gard. p. 256. According to the Pom. Mag.

Fruit above the middle size, rather irregularly formed, generally about three inches in diameter in one direction, and three inches and a quarter in another. When this irregularity happens, for it is not always the case, it arises from a broad protuberant rib, which extends from the base to the crown. This has occasioned the Hawthornden to be represented in the figure quoted above as having a cleft on its side ; but neither this nor yet any other apple has one naturally. Sutures, or channels in fruit, are no where to be found, except in those which are termed drupaceous, or stone fruit. Its depth is from two inches and a quarter to two inches and a half. Eye rather small, with a converging calyx, rather deep, and surrounded by a few obtuse plaits. Stalk half an inch long, slender, rather deeply inserted. Skin very smooth, white, of a very pale greenish yellow, sometimes a little tinged with a blush on the sunny side towards the base. Flesh white. Juice plentiful, and well flavoured.


An excellent culinary fruit from Michaelmas to Christmas. This is a very valuable apple, and a most excellent bearer. The extreme buds are mostly blossom buds, which occasion the branches to become pendulous when the fruit is fully grown.

It is said to have originated at Hawthornden, near Edinburgh, where Drummond the poet was born.

28. HOARY MORNING. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 455. Pom. Mag. t. 53.

Dainty apple. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 234., according to the Pom. Mag.

Fruit rather large, round, depressed, angular, with a very small close-plaited eye. Stalk generally rather short, in a wide cavity. Skin covered with a fine bloom, with broad, broken, irregular stripes of red next the sun, and paler and more distant marking of the same kind in the shade. Flesh firm, yellowish white, occasionally tinged with pink next the skin, with a rich and brisk flavour.

A culinary apple from Michaelmas till Christmas. A very handsome and useful kind, supposed to have had its origin in Somersetshire, from whence specimens were first communicated to the Horticultural Society by Charles Worthington, Esq. several years ago.

29. Hughes's GOLDEN PIPPIN. Hooker, Pom. Lond. t. 26. Pom. Mag. t. 132.

Hughes's New Golden Pippin. Forsyth, p. 108.

Fruit below the middle size, round, slightly flattened at the eye and stalk. Eye large, open, sometimes almost level with the top, but generally in a shallow depression, surrounded by a few plaits.

Stalk short, thick, inserted in a very slight cavity, or frequently not at all sunk, but forming a knob projecting on the base of the fruit. Skin "yellow, thickly set with green spots and small russetty specks, and tinged with the stalk. Flesh yellowish, firm, juicy, with a rich, agreeable, sharp flavour.

green around

A very neat and most excellent dessert apple, from October till January,

30. KERRY PIPPIN. Hooker, Pom. Lond. t. 20.

Kerry Pippin. Pom. Mag. t. 107. Hort. Trans.
Vol. iii. p. 454.
Fruit middle sized, oval, flattened at the eye,

round which are small regular plaits. Stalk short, sometimes thickened and fleshy, inserted in a contracted cavity, with a projection of the fruit on one side ; one or more sharp ridges or lines are almost always distinguishable from the eye to the stalk. Skin pale straw colour, mixed with a deeper yellow, streaked and marbled with red, highly polished. Flesh yellow, crisp, tender, juicy, sugary, and high flavoured.

An excellent dessert apple from September till November. This has been long known in the county of Kerry, in Ireland, where it is esteemed one of their best dessert apples. Mr. Robertson, of Kilkenny, describes the tree as broom-headed : the young shoots erect, of a greenish brown, full of spurs, downy at the extremities. In this country it does not appear to be a very plentiful bearer ; but it is very deserving of cultivation, and succeeds best grafted on the Doucin stock, and trained in the garden as an espalier.

31. KIRKE'S GOLDEN PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 386.

Fruit small, formed with the most perfect regularity of outline, a little more long than broad. Crown quite flat. Eye large, in proportion to the size of the fruit, but very shallow, surrounded by a fine thin russet. Skin pale green on the shaded side ; on that exposed to the sun, of a very pure, clear yellow, free from specks. Flesh pale greenish yellow, firm, crisp. Juice abundant, saccharine, and highly flavoured. A dessert apple from Michaelmas to Christmas. This is a very beautiful little fruit, raised a few


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ago from a seed of the old Golden Pippin by Mr. Kirke, in his nursery at Old Brompton, near London, and is highly deserving of cultivation. Like all other Golden Pippins, it is too tender for an orchard tree in cold situations. It succeeds best when grafted upon

the Doucin stock and planted in the garden.

32. NONESUCH. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 677.
Nonsuch. Forsyth Ed. 3. 121.
Langton Nonesuch. Hanbury.

Fruit middle sized, of a very regular round figure, and free from angles on its sides, about two inches and

half in diameter, and two inches and a quarter deep. Eye small, with a short, closed calyx, in a very regular, rather shallow, saucer-shaped basin, without plaits, . Stalk short, slender, inserted in a shallow cavity, seldom projecting beyond the base. Skin pale yellow, spotted and marbled with orange, with numerous broken stripes and patches of brick-red on the sunny side. Flesh white, soft, and tender. Juice plentiful, a little saccharine, and slightly perfumed. A handsome dessert apple from Michaelmas till nearly Christmas. Ray has a Nonsuch Apple, in 1668; but, as he has placed it among his winter or keeping apples, it is not certain whether that is the same as this.

33. OAKE'S APPLE. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 698.

Fruit iniddle-sized, round, a little irregular in its outline, having two or three obtuse ribs swelling and lengthening one of its sides more than the other, about three inches in diameter, and two inches and a quarter deep. Eye small, nearly closed by the short segments of the calyx, rather deeply sunk in an irregular, uneven bason.

Stalk very short, thick, wholly inserted within the base in a narrow cavity. Skin thick, pale green, with several imbedded white dots, and slightly marked with many short, broken streaks of pale brown, with russetty specks on the sunny side, particularly in the


crown and round the eye. Flesh rather soft, greenish white, with a slightly saccharine juice, but not much flavour.

A culinary apple in November and December, described from a fruit grown in the Horticultural garden at Chiswick in 1830.

34. PADLEY'S PIPPIN. Hort. Trans. Vol. iii. 69. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 720. Pom. Mag. t. 151.

Fruit rather small, and somewhat flat, one inch and a half deep, and two inches in diameter. Eye small, with a very small closed calyx, placed in a shallow and rather angular basin. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, very slender, one half projecting beyond the base of the fruit. Skin pale, dull yellow, very much covered with a rough grey russet, and a little tinged with orange on the sunny side. Flesh greenish yellowish, crisp. Juice saccharine, with a very pleasant, aromatic flavour. A

very neat and excellent dessert apple in November and December. Raised about twenty years ago by the late Mr. William Padley, gardener to His Majesty, at Hampton Court, and first propagated by Mr. Ronalds of Brentford. 35. PHILADELPHIA PIPPIN. G. Lind. Cat. 1815. Ditchingham Pippin.

ib. Fruit rather above the middle size, round, but somewhat flat at the crown Eye small. Stalk half an inch long, inserted in a rather deeply hollowed base. Skin yellowish grey, with a faint blush on the sunny side. Flesh white. Juice brisk and well flavoured.

A culinary apple from Michaelmas to Christmas. An American apple, brought into this country about seventy years ago. Four of these trees are now growing in the gardens of J. J. Bedingfeld, Esq. at Ditchingham Hall, in Norfolk. They grow to a large size, are very hardy, and great bearers.

The fruit are, for the most part, produced singly on the branches : they are, in

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