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3. AMANDE Douce A Coque TENDRE. — Much resembles the last in appearance and colour, but it has a tender shell; one side is usually straight, and the other rounded. This sort is budded upon the others, and is grown in gardens to produce the young almonds, which in France are eaten fresh in July, the kernel being sweet and well flavoured. 4. AMANDE DES DAMEs. – This is eaten dry, and cultivated as an article of commerce, in the southern parts of France. The nut exceeds an inch in length, is of an oval shape, and thicker in proportion than the others; the shell being light-coloured, porous, and tender ; the kernel plump, rich, and sweet. 5. AMANDE SULTANA.—This resembles the amande des dames, but is smaller. 6. AMANDE PISTAcHE. – Is similar to the last, but still smaller. The two last varieties are peculiar to the south of France, and are not in general cultivation. 7. AMANDE PRINCEsse. — This approaches to the amande des dames in its qualities and size, but has a much thinner shell, which is rough externally, appearing as if the outer part were removed. 8. AMANDE AMERE.-Of this, which is the bitter almond, there are several varieties, differing in the size of their nuts, which are dark coloured, with hard shells, and bitter kernels.
Propagation and Cultivation.
All the varieties of the almond in this country may be propagated by budding them upon the muscle stock, in the same manner as directed for peaches and nectarines.
Being natives of Barbary, their cultivation in this country, for the purpose of obtaining fruit, cannot be expected to be successful, unless the trees are trained against an east or south-east wall, and subjected to the same management as the peach. This may be done by those who have extent of wall to spare, and as an object of curiosity.
Almonds obtained in this way may be preserved in dry sand for use; but they must be thoroughly dried on shelves, or boards, in an airy place, before they are put up, otherwise they will get mouldy.
Those, however, who require almonds for the dessert, will find it far more to their advantage to purchase the imported fruit.
1. BoroviTsKY. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 94, ; Pom. Mag. t. 10.
Fruit middle-sized, roundish, and rather angular. Eye seated in a rather large cavity, and surrounded by a few small plaits. Stalk about an inch long, inserted in a deep and rather wide cavity. Skin pale green on the shaded side, sometimes broken by a silvery appearance of the epidermis; on the sunny side, striped with crimson red on a ground of paler red; rather transparent. Flesh white, firm, juicy, with a sweet, brisk, sub-acid, very pleasant flavour.
An early dessert fruit, ripe the middle of August.
This beautiful apple was sent from the Taurida Gardens,
near St. Petersburgh, to the Horticultural Society of London, in 1824. 2. EARLY JULIEN. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 216. Fruit middle-sized, of an irregular globular form, with several ribs or angles on the sides, which become quite prominent round the eye. Skin of a pale yellow, without any mixture of colour. Flesh approaching to yellow, firm and crisp, with a pleasant brisk juice, having much the highest flavour of any of the very early apples. A Scotch dessert apple, ripe the beginning and middle of August. 3. IRISH PEACH APPLE. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 740. Pom. Mag. t. 100. Early Crofton, Hort. Trans. Vol. iii. p. 321. and 453. Fruit middle-sized, depressed, globular, obtusely angular. Eye nearly closed by the segments of the calyx. Stalk short, not deeply inserted. Skin marked with brownish red, intermixed with some streaks of deeper red ; the shaded side yellowish green, sprinkled with small brown dots. Flesh white, tender, juicy, rich, and very highly flavoured. A dessert apple, ripe in August. 4. JUNEATING. Ray (1688), No. 1. Langley Pom. t. 74. f. 2. Fruit small, round, somewhat flattened at both ends, about one inch and three quarters in diameter, and one inch and a half deep. Eye small, with a closed calyx in a depressed wrinkled basin. Stalk slender, three quarters of an inch long, inserted in a small narrow cavity. Skin pale yellow, with a slight pale tinge of red on the sunny side. Flesh crisp, but soon becomes mealy. Juice a little sugary, with a slight perfume. Ripe the end of July and beginning of August. 5. MARGARET. Miller, No. 2.
Magdalene. Ray (1688), No. 2. Fruit below the middle size, two inches and a quarter in diameter, and two inches deep, slightly angular on its sides. Eye small, with a closed calyx, placed in a narrow basin, surrounded by several unequal plaits. Stalk short, slender, in a funnel-shaped cavity, even with the base. Skin pale yellow, with numerous small pearl-coloured imbedded specks, and slightly tinged with orange on the sunny side. Flesh white, very crisp and tender. Juice plentiful, saccharine, and highly perfumed. A dessert apple, of first-rate excellence, from the middle of August to the end. This is the true Margaret apple of MILLER, and has been in our gardens since the time of RAY, in 1688; but it is not the Margaret of Forsyth, and of many collections of the present day (See No. 13). The tree is readily known from every other variety of apple, by its upright growth, by its short erect branches, and by the excessive pubescence of its leaves. 6. Oslin. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 5. ; Pom. Mag. t. 5. Oslin Pippin. Nicol Ed. 4. p. 164. Oslin, or Arbroath Pippin. Forsyth. Ed. 7. p. 119. Orgeline, or Orieline. I. Ed. 5. p. 119. Fruit roundish, depressed, without angles. Eye rather prominent, with a few moderately sized plaits. Stalk short, thick, not deeply inserted. Skin verythick and tough, pale bright lemon colour when fully ripe, intermixed with a little bright green, and sprinkled with numerous spots of the same. Flesh inclining to yellow, firm, crisp, juicy, very rich, and highly flavoured. Ripe about the middle of August, and very excellent. This is supposed to have been raised at Arbroath, in Forfarshire; although there is a tradition of its havin been brought from France by the monks of the abbey of Arbroath ; but it is not to be found at the present time among the continental writers. 7. RED AstracAN. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 522. Pom. Mag. t. 123. Fruit rather above the middle size, roundish, slightly angular. Eye in a tolerably deep basin, surrounded by a few knobby protuberances. Stalk short, deeply inserted. Skin greenish yellow in the shade, deep crimson on the exposed side, and over great part of the surface spotted with russet, with a little coarse russet surrounding the stalk. The greatest part of the red colour is covered with a delicate white bloom like that of a plum, which gives it somewhat the appearance of a peach. Flesh white, crisp. Juice abundant, with a rich saccharine acid, but soon becomes mealy. Ripe about the middle of August. This very beautiful apple was imported from Sweden, and first fruited by William Atkinson, Esq. of Grove End, Paddington, in 1816. Fruit of it was exhibited at the Horticultural Society, in 1820. 8. RED QUARENDEN. Hooker Pom. Lond. t. 13. Devonshire Quarenden. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 822. Pom. Mag. t. 94. Sack apple, Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 1012. according to the Pom. Mag. Fruit below the middle size, oblate, or round, and depressed, the outline tolerably regular. Eye slightly or not at all depressed, entirely closed by the long segments of the calyx, and surrounded by little knotty protuberances. Stalk thick, rather short, deeply inserted. Skin of an uniform deep rich crimson, with a great many green dots intermixed; greenish on the shaded side. Flesh greenish white; when newly gathered, crisp, very juicy, mixed with a most agreeable acid. Ripe in August, and will keep till the end of September. This is said to be a Devonshire apple, although