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This had its name given to it by Mr. Kirke, who received it from abroad some years ago, without any name being attached to it.

97, LONDON PIPPIN. G. Lindl. in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 67.

Five-crowned Pippin. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 99.

Fruit middle-sized, about two inches and three quarters in diameter, and two inches and a quarter deep, having five regularly formed, equidistant ribs, slightly marked at the base, progressively increasing to the crown, where they are acute and prominent. Eye rather small, with a closed calyx, somewhat shallow. Stalk half an inch long, slender, rather deeply inserted. Skin clear, pale yellowish green, becoming pale lemon, of a dull red where exposed to the sun. Flesh firm, crisp, of a yellowish white. Juice plentiful, sub-acid, of a good flavour.

A culinary sort from October till January.

This is a real Norfolk apple; the most common and best known of any in the Norwich market. The tree is a small grower, and an excellent bearer.

98. LUCOMBE'S SEEDLING. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 575. Pom. Mag. t. 109.

Fruit pretty large, roundish, slightly angular, contracted at the eye, which is small, and surrounded with small plaits. Stalk short, thick, in a moderately deep cavity. Skin pale, greenish yellow, spotted with innumerable black and green specks; on the sunny side very distinctly dashed with a vivid carmine over a ground spotted with the same colour, only more faint. Flesh whitish, firm, juicy, and agreeable, but not high flavoured.

A very handsome culinary fruit from October till February or March. Raised by Mr. Lucombe, of Exeter, to whom we are indebted also for the well known Lucombe's Oak.

99. MALCARLE. Hort. Trans. Vol. vii. p. 259. t.7. Charles Apple. Ib.

Mela Carla. Pomona Italiana, Vol. i. p. 1. t. 1.

Fruit nearly round, inclining to ovate, with a very regular outline, about the size of a Golden Reinette. Eye small, destitute of angles, and rather deeply sunk, with a closed calyx. Stalk an inch long, slender, inserted in a small deep cavity. Skin of a delicate waxen texture, without spots, except a very faint mottling of green appearing through the skin near the eye; pale clear yellow on the shaded side, and brilliant crimson next the sun, the two colours scarcely melting into each other, but separating rather abruptly. Flesh white, tender, very delicate, sweet, with a delicate perfume, like that of roses, which is sensibly perceived before the fruit is cut open.

Ripe in September, and will keep till the spring. This description is taken from fruit sent from Turin to the Horticultural Society, and exhibited the 18th of December, 1827.

The Malcarle is a native of the territory of Finale, in Liguria. It is an important article of trade in the whole Genoese territory, and of exportation to Nice, Marseilles, Barcelona, and Cadiz. The climate of the Italian territory is so entirely different from that of England, that we cannot expect the delicatę Malcarle should succeed here, unless trained against a south or south-east wall, and in a warm and kind soil. Its great beauty in the dessert renders it an interesting object of cultivation.

100. MARGIL. Hooker, Pom. Lond. t. 33. Hort, . Soc. Cat. 589. Pom. Mag. t. 36.

Fruit small, ovate, about two inches or two and a half deep, and one inch and a half or two inches in diameter. Eye small, angular, as are also the sides. Stalk short.

Skin light bright orange, streaked and mottled with rich red and brown, occasionally a little russetty. Flesh yellow, firm, breaking. Juice sweet, with a high aromatic flavour.

A dessert fruit from November till March.

This very excellent apple has been many years known all over England, and has no doubt originated here, as it has not been recognised in any foreign publication. It is a hardy tree, and a very excellent bearer.

101. MinchaLL CRAB. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 114. Minshull Crab. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 609.

Fruit above the middle size, round, somewhat flattened, with a few obtuse angles on its sides, about two and a half inches deep, and three or three and a half inches in diameter. Eye rather large, open, with a very short calyx, placed in a flat shallow basin, surrounded by a few rather slight obtuse plaits. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender, inserted in a shallow cavity, one half of which protrudes beyond the base. Flesh almost white, firm. Juice smart, sub-acid.

A culinary apple from November till March.

This apple derives its name from a village in Cheshire, where it is a great favourite. It is common in all the principal markets of that and the adjoining counties, and is particularly abundant in that of Manchester.

102. MINIER’s DUMPLING. Hort. Trans. Vol.i.p.70.

Fruit large, from three to three inches and a half in diameter, but not so deep; contracted at the crown, depressed, and swelled into a few imperfect angles on its sides. Stalk an inch long, rather thick. Skin deep green, striped with a still deeper on the shaded side, and of a dark red next the sun. Flesh firm. Juice plentiful, sub-acid, with a very pleasant flavour.

A very good culinary apple from November till May. 103. NEWTOWN PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.635. American Newtown Pippin. Ib.

Fruit middle-sized, rather flat, and somewhat irregular in its outline, having broad, obtuse, unequal ribs, which increase from the base, becoming more prominent at the crown ; about two inches and a quarter deep, and three inches in diameter. Eye open, with a very short

slender calyx, which leaves the eye nearly naked, deeply sunk in a somewhat oblique cavity. Stalk half an inch long, slender, wholly sunk within the base, in a wide, funnel-shaped cavity. Skin of a dull green, changing to an olive yellow, becoming more yellow as it acquires maturity, having a thin russet covering the greatest part of the base. Flesh pale yellow, or yellowish white, firm. Juice saccharine, and possessing an exceedingly rich and highly aromatic flavour.

In eating from December till April.

The specimen from which this description is written was grown in the Horticultural Society's garden, at Chiswick, in 1830, and may be relied upon as the true Newtown Pippin, although several other apples are sold under this name ; the Canadian Reinette particularly.

104. Newtown SPITZEMBERG. Pom. Mag. t. 144.

Newtown Spitzemberg. Coxe's View, p. 126., according to the Pom. Mag.

Matchless, Hort. Soc. Cat. 597., according to the Pom. Mag.

Fruit middle sized, depressed, globular, not angular, bearing much resemblance in shape to a Nonesuch, about two inches and a quarter deep, and three inches and a quarter in diameter. Eye open, in a moderatesized basin, very little plaited. Stalk short, rather thick, inserted in a tolerably deep cavity. Skin pale yellow, with a tinge of green where shaded, and of a reddish colour streaked with darker next the sun. Towards the crown, in particular, the skin is set with whitish spots. Flesh firm, yellowish, rich, and very good.

A dessert kind from November till the end of January.

This very beautiful apple is of American origin, and has been sold by Mr. Cobbett under the name of the Matchless Apple. It is well deserving of cultivation.

105. NORFOLK BEAUFIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 45. Norfolk Beefin. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 124.

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Fruit pretty large, of a somewhat irregular flattish figure, and having a few broad obtuse angles extending from the base to the crown, generally about three inches in diameter, and two inches and a half or two inches and three quarters deep. Eye large, deep, surrounded by irregular plaits. Stalk half an inch long, fleshy, deeply inserted. Skin deep green, with livid red, nearly round the fruit, but deepest on the sunny side. Flesh very firm. Juice not plentiful, sub-acid.

A culinary apple from November till May or June.

The Beaufin, undoubtedly a Norfolk apple, is a fruit of great merit. Independently of its general use in the kitchen, it furnishes a luxury at the table as a sweetmeat throughout the winter. Many thousands of these apples are dried by the bakers in Norwich, annually, and sent in boxes as presents to all parts of the kingdom, where they are universally admired. The trees, being somewhat tender, require to be planted on a good soil and in a warm situation, otherwise they are apt to canker and become short lived.

106. REINETTE FRANCHE. Duhamel, No. 22. Reinette Franche. Knoop. Pom. p. 53. t. 9.

Fruit pretty large, of a flattish figure, about three inches and a quarter in diameter at its base, and two inches and a half deep. Eye small, rather deep, surrounded by some broad plaits, the termination of rather obscure ribs, from the sides of the fruit. Stalk thick, short, deeply inserted. Skin smooth, pale yellow when ripe, marked with numerous russetty specks and patches, which ramify thinly over a good part of the surface. Flesh yellowish white, firm. Juice saccharine and highly flavoured.

A dessert apple from November to February.

107. Robinson's PIPPIN.. Forsyth, Ed. 7. No. 176. Hooker. Pom. Lond. t. 42.

Fruit about the size of a Golden Pippin, oval, flat

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