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The merits of Gregory were treated by the Byzan- C or. tine court with reproach and insult; but in the Co-, attachment of a grateful people, he found the ..." purest reward of a citizen, and the best right of a Rome.
HE conflićt of Rome and Persia was pro
longed from the death of Crassus to the reign of Heraclius. An experience of seven hundred years might convince the rival nations of the impossibility of maintaining their conquests, beyond the fatal limits of the Tigris and Euphrates. Yet the emulation of Trajan and Julian was awakened by the trophies of Alexander, and the sovereigns of Persia indulged the ambitious hope of restoring the empire of Cyrus'. Such extraordinary efforts of power and courage will always command the
attention of posterity; but the events by which the
* Missis qui. . . reposceremt . . . veteres Persarum ac Macedonum terminos, sequi invasurum possessa Cyro et post Alexandro, per wn ni!equentiam ac minus jaciebat. Tacit. Annal. vi. 31. Such was the language of the Arsacids: I have repeatedly marked the lofty claims of the Sasanians.
fate of nations is not materially changed, leave a
hitted without many limitatious, is blindly asserted in a separate - dissertation
dissertation of the authors of the Universal History, vol.xx. p. 196 –250. A perpetual miracle is supposed to have guarded the prophecy in favour of the posterity of Ishmael; and these learned bigots are not afraid to risk the truth of Christianity on this frail and slippery foundation. 4 D'Herbelot, Biblioth. Orient. p. 477. Pocock, Specimen. Hist. Arabum, p. 64, 65. Father Pagi (Critica, tem. ii. p. 646.) has proved that after ten years peace, the Persian war, which continued twenty years, was renewed A. D. 571. Mahomet was born A. D. 569, in the year of the elephant, or the defeat of Abrahah (Gagnier, Vie de Mahomet, tom. i. p. 89,90. 98.); and this account allows two years for the conquest of Yemen.
- - same
same instant by the united forces of Europe, of AEthiopia, and of Scythia. At the age of fourscore, the sovereign of the East would perhaps have chosen the peaceful enjoyment of his glory and greatness: but as soon as war became inevitable, he took the field with the alacrity of youth, whilst the aggressor trembled in the palace of Constantinople. Nushirvan, or Chosroes, condućted in person the fiege of Dara; and although that important fortress had been left destitute of troops and magazines, the valour of the inhabitants refifted above five months the archers, the elephants, and the military engines of the great king. Hm the
mean while his general Aderman advanced front.
Syria at the feet of his master, whose perseverance in the midst of winter at length subverted the bulwark of the East. But these losses, which astonished the provinces and the court, produced a salutary effect in the repentance and abdication of the emperor Justin: a new spirit arose in the Byzantine councils; and a truce of three years was obtained by the prudence of Tiberius. That seasonable interval was employed in the preparations of war; and the voice of rumour proclaimed to the world, that from the distant countries of the Alps and the Rhine, from Scythia, Maesia, Pannonia, Illyricum, and Isauria, the strength of the Imperial cavalry was reinforced with one hundred and fifty thousand soldiers. Yet the king of Per8 fia,