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c H.A.P. ing the weakness of the empire; the son of Chos. Co. roes abandoned without regret the conquests of his father; the Persians who evacuated the cities of Syria and Egypt were honourably condućted to the frontier, and a war which had wounded the vitals

o of the two monarchies, produced no change in their external and relative situation. The return of Heraclius from Tauris to Constantinople, was a perpetual triumph; and after the exploits of six glorious campaigns, he peaceably enjoyed the sabbath of his toils. After a long impatience, the senate, the clergy, and the people, went forth to meet their hero, with tears and acclamations, with olive branches and innumerable lamps: he entered the capital in a chariot drawn by four elephants; and as soon as the emperor could disengage himself from the tumult of public joy, he tasted more genuine satisfaction in the embraces of his mother

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memorated iro The burthen of Corneille's song, “ Montrez Heraclius au peuple qui l’attend,” is much better suited to the present occasion. See his triumph in Theophanes (p. 272,273.) and Nicephorus (p. 15, 16.). The life of the mother and tenderness of the son are attested by George of Pisidia (Bell. Abar. 255, &c. p. 49.). The metaphor of the Sabbath is used, somewhat profanely, by these Byzantine Christians. * See Baronius (Annal, Eccles A.D. 628, No 1–4.), Eutychius (Annal, tom. ii. p. 240-248.), Nicephorus (Brev. p. 15.). The seals of

memorated by the annual festival of the exaltation C o, Pe of the cross. Before the emperor presumed to Jo-y tread the consecrated ground, he was instructed to strip himself of the diadem and purple, the pomp and vanity of the world: but in the judgment of his clergy, the persecution of the Jews was more easily reconciled with the precepts of the gospel. He again ascended his throne to receive the congratulations of the ambassadors of France and India: and the fame of Moses, Alexander, and Hercules”, was eclipsed, in the popular estimation, by the superior merit and glory of the great Heraclius. Yet the deliverer of the East was indigent and feeble, Of the Persian spoils, the most valuable portion had been expended in the war, distributed to the soldiers, or buried, by an unlucky tempest, in the waves of the Euxine. The conscience of the emperor was oppressed by the obligation of restoring the wealth of the clergy, which he had borrowed for their own defence: a perpetual fund was required to satisfy these inexorable creditors; the provinces, already wasted by the arms and avarice of the Persians, were compelled to a second payment of the same taxes; and the arrears of a simple citizen, the treasurer of Damascus, were commuted to a fine of one hundred thousand pieces of gold, The loss of two hundred thousand sol

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and population, in this long and destrućtive war: and although a vićtorious army had been formed under the standard of Heraclius, the unnatural ef. fort appears to have exhausted rather than exercised their strength. While the emperor triumphed at Constantinople or Jerusalem, an obscure town on the confines of Syria was pillaged by the Saracens, and they cut in pieces some troops who advanced to its relief: an ordinary and trifling occurrence, had it not been the prelude of a mighty revolution. These robbers were the apostles of Mahomet; their fanatic valour had emerged from the desert; and in the last eight years of his reign, Heraclius lost to the Arabs, the same provinces which he had rescued from the Persians.

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c H.A.P. a modest inquiry into the doćtrines of the primitive

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