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necessity of abstaining from excess of all kinds when afflicted with this peculiar disease. The sanitarium is designed especially for indigent persons, because they of all others are the greatest menace to the public health. This is true for two reasons; first, because they have not the means to purchase the necessary wholesome food and comfortable clothing and to carry out the ordinary rules of living with an eye to the preservation of health ; and secondly, because they are in the most cases people of a roving disposition and drift from pillar to post, coming in contact with hundreds of other indigent persons who are in a debilitated condition and, consequently, very susceptible to disease of any kind, and especially to this particular malady, which of all diseases takes hold most readily upon a broken and enervated constitution.
The measure also provides for the care of non-indigent public patients who may pay to the State a certain stipulated amount for the care and treatment they receive. This provision is for the benefit of those who are afflicted with tuberculosis and are desirous of taking treatment under modern rules and methods for its treatment. When I say rules of treatment, I speak advisedly, for it is a well known fact that the average person afflicted with this trouble is the most sanguine person on earth, and unless placed under the strictest rule, he will, as soon as he has gained a little strength, persuade himself that he is well, and sound, when, in fact, he has only made one step in the right direction. A careful study of the disease by modern methods has proven beyond a doubt that the treatment lies almost entirely in proper sanitation and hygiene, careful dieting and right living. Few persons, even those who have one very near to them, to keep constant watch over them, and care for their needs, observe the proper rules of living in such cases, and it is, therefore, most essential that all persons so afflicted be placed under the enforcement of that rule.
In providing for the care and treatment of private patients, the measure is designed to accommodate people of means who desire the most modern treatment it is possible to obtain and whose pay will assist in maintaning the institution. Perhaps many of you, gentlemen, do not realize the necessity of this, but I desire to state that unless some means, some adequate means, is procured right in this line the time will come, indeed, the time has come, when a man is almost taking his life in his own hands when he enters a first-class hotel in certain sections of Texas; these people do not want to place your life in jeopardy, if they could help it, but they are simply acting upon a law that God made inherent in the heart of every living creature—the natural law of self-preservation. They have learned from various sources that the climate of certain sections of Texas is peculiarly beneficial to persons suffering from consumption; in fact, this has been most widely advertised by Texas people themselves and the world has been invited here, and sometimes I think that most of them accepted the invitation.
This bill does not seek to locate the sanitarium at any particular point. No bonus is asked of the citizens of the community where it is to be located, because it is not to be supposed that the people of any community will be especially anxious to have it. The territory in which the bill provides for the location of this sanitarium comprises that large area of rough, broken country in the State which has long been the haven of people suffering from tubercular and pulmonary troubles. These lands are very cheap now, and the State can acquire title to them at a very reasonable figure. The best authorities on the treatment of tuberculosis agree that outdoor exercise and light employment is very essential. It is the object of the supporters of this bill, and, indeed, the bill itself, incorporates the idea of farming and stockraising upon the lands, and it is believed that with proper management, the institution can be made almost self-supporting. Whether this be true or not, the necessity for the establishment is none the less great.
I know the condition of the public treasury of the State, and I fully realize the inadvisability of creating a further burden upon the State at this time, nor would I attempt to do so in any other cause than that of humanity. When emergencies arise, it is the part of wisdom to meet them squarely, and it sometimes becomes necessary to do so without considering the cost. Would you not think it exceedingly strange if some frightful contagion were devastating the homes of the people, and the State had not sufficient funds at hand to meet the emergency, if the Governor did not call this body to meet in special session and devise some means of combating the malady? To be sure you would, and should such an emergency arise, I know every brave soul of you would hurry to your places in this hall, and when you were assembled and were told that no funds were on hand for the purpose, there would be a perfect babel of voices among you, trying to see who should be first to say, “We must get it, we will get it!"
I have no doubt that you discovered by this time that I am not an orator. I make no pretense to such distinction; I wish that I might do so. I have wished many times in my life that I had some ability along those lines, but never more devoutly than at this moment. Had I all the eloquence of all the orators the world has ever known and the wisdom of a thousand oracles, I would gladly spend it all here in one effort, could I portray to your minds the great need of prompt action in this matter. The necessity exists, the grave danger to the public health confronts you on every hand, it is not as if a virulent plague was raging in the land and orphaned children were crying on the doorsteps of our people. In such case there can be no question as to what Texas would do--the whole world knows.
Mr. Speaker, gentlemen, what I so earnestly desire to impress upon your minds is that there is right now abroad in the State a "great white plague” that, according to reliable statistics, destroys more lives each year than yellow fever, which has long been recognized as the scourge of the Southland, has destroyed in the past hundred years.
Yellow fever caused one hundred thousand deaths in the United States in the past one hundred years; tuberculosis caused one hundred and fifty thousand deaths in this Republic in 1906.
Possibly very few of you are in such a position as I am to realize the urgent necessity to take prompt action in this matter, and I most earnestly hope that you may never be. I wish it were possible for me to know that no one who hears my voice today shall ever know from any other source than observation the horrors of this terrible malady; but no such assurance can be afforded me. I tell you that so subtle in its action is this terrible plague that it has gone almost unnoticed by men of affairs all these years. It does not wage open warfare upon the people, but, like a cowardly strangler, it takes them unawares and dooms them to a frightful and lingering death.
Oh, if you could but see the homeless orphans this relentless monster has made, the widowed mothers bowed in grief, and strong men broken by adversity, after the home and all the little savings of life have been spent upon the battle only to lose in the end. If you could but see, as I have seen, parents watching day by day this monster as it saps the life of a cherished son or daughter, whom they had hoped would be their comfort in old age, you would not hesitate to hold out a helping hand to the world of suffering humanity by providing for the establishment of this sanitarium.
Perhaps I do not know how to approach a conservative business man upon business principles; indeed, I will grant that I do not, but there is one thing I do know, and that is this: I have not lived in this State but seven years, but I lived right on your borders for twenty years before I came here, and I know that every Texan has a heart; I also know that when you have opened the door to his heart, you have broken the lock to his strongbox.
I shall not make an effort to convince the judgment of the coldblooded business man upon this occasion, but I make a direct appeal to the great, throbbing, sympathetic heart of Texas through the broad minds of her representative men, and ask you, in the name of charity, in the name of humanity, to pass this bill.
I shall' not claim the honor for this achievement. I have but assisted in making the plans and specifications. I call upon this House to lay the foundation, the Texas Senate to erect the superstructure, and when the Governor has, with his signature, completed the edifice, the Thirtieth Legislature will have builded a temple of humanitarianism that will out rival the rare palaces of the Orient, and a monument to its own usefulness that will live throughout the ages to come.
TIE NEED OF THE HOUR.
Now Molly scrub the kitchen clean
And fumigates the food,
And also boils the wood;
To do the milking now,
And also boils the cow.
With antiseptic black,
The hackster gives her back;
The kitchen comes inside
In strong formaldehyde.
It from the pantry shelf,
And fumigates herself.
Her teeth, so clean and white,
She scrubs with stuff before she takes
Her antiseptic bite.
With prophylactic stuff,
Until it cries enough.
Of sulphur put a-soak,
To sterilize the smoke.
Go wagging as it will,
When others fare but ill;
In any septie nook,
-J. W. Foley.
TRUE GRIT.—With his left hand torn to pieces and his forearm crushed and firmly held between the rolls of a “fodder shredder," Dr. Charles McCullough, a well-known young farmer and physician, who lives in Buckingham county, forty miles from Lynchburg, Va., cut his arm off below the elbow with his pocketknife. After freeing himself he directed the farm hands in taking up the several arteries, thus saving his life.—Atlanta Journal Record of Medicine.
NEW TEXAS DISEASE.—Cheer up. Don't look so down-hearted and sour. People will accuse you of having the bailey-ache.i tascosa County News.
Here again grand old Texas excels. It is the only State in the Union where this new disease can exist.
Books and Magazines.
AIDS TO THE DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT OF DISEASES OF CHIL
DREN. By John McCaw, J. D., R. U. I., L. R. C. P., Edinburgh. Physician to the Belfast Hospital for Sick Children. Third edition. Wm. Wood & Co., Publishers, New York. Price, $1.25.
This little volume of 383 pages is certainly a practical, condensed work upon the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of chil