The Commercial Power of Congress, Considered in the Light of Its Origin: The Origin, Development, and Contemporary Interpretation of the Commerce Clause of the Federal Constitution, from the New Jersey Representations, of 1778, to the Embargo Laws of Jefferson's Second Administration, in 1809
G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1910 - 284 sider
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1st Cong Alexander Hamilton amendment Annals Annapolis Annapolis Convention Articles of Confederation asserted Bancroft bestow bill body central government commerce clause commercial powers Committee Confederacy Congress to regulate Const Constitutional Convention construction contemporary Continental Congress corporations Cumberland Road delegates duties upon imports Elliot Elliot's Debates embargo enact enlarge enumerated powers exercise favor Federal foreign commerce foreign nations grant gress Hamilton highways of interstate Hist History Ibid impose indicated internal improvements interstate commerce interstate trade James Monroe Jefferson Jersey Jersey plan land legislation legislature limited Massachusetts ment merce monopolies Monroe navigation objection opinion Philadelphia Philadelphia Convention port power of Congress power over commerce power to regulate President principle prohibit proposed purpose ratification regulate commerce regulate interstate resolution respect restrictions Session stitution tariff Tenth Amendment tion tution Union United vessels vested in Congress vesting Congress veto Virginia Virginia plan Washington western
Side 219 - If, as has always been understood, the sovereignty of Congress, though limited to specified objects, is plenary as to those objects, the power over commerce with foreign nations, and among the several States, is vested in Congress as absolutely as it would be in a single government, having in its constitution the same restrictions on the exercise of the power as are found in the constitution of the United States.
Side 73 - States, to devise such further provisions as shall appear to them necessary to render the constitution of the federal government adequate to the exigencies of the Union ; and to report such an act for that purpose to the United States in Congress assembled, as, when agreed to by them, and afterwards confirmed by the legislatures of every state, will effectually provide for the same.
Side 117 - RESOLVED, that each branch ought to possess the right of originating acts; that the National Legislature ought to be empowered to enjoy the legislative rights vested in Congress by the Confederation, and moreover to legislate in all cases to which the separate states are incompetent, or in which the harmony of the United States may be interrupted by the exercise of individual legislation...
Side 217 - We admit, as all must admit, that the powers of the government are limited, and that its limits are not to be transcended. But we think the sound construction of the Constitution must allow to the national legislature that discretion, with respect to the means by which the powers it confers are to be carried into execution, which will enable that body to perform the high duties assigned to it, in I the manner most beneficial to the people.
Side 119 - Experience has taught us, that men will not adopt and carry into execution measures the best calculated for their own good, without the intervention of a coercive power. I do not conceive we can exist long as a nation without having lodged somewhere a power, which will pervade the whole Union in as energetic a manner as the authority of the State governments extends over the several States.
Side 14 - ... that no treaty of commerce shall be made whereby the legislative power of the respective states shall be restrained from imposing such imposts and duties on foreigners as their own people are subjected to, or from prohibiting the exportation or importation of any species of goods or commodities whatsoever...
Side 40 - Entering into treaties and alliances; provided that no treaty of commerce shall be made whereby the legislative power of the respective States shall be restrained from imposing such imposts and duties on foreigners as their...
Side 173 - That every power vested in a government is in its nature sovereign, and includes, by force of the term, a right to employ all the means requisite and fairly applicable to the attainment of the ends of such power, and which are not precluded by restrictions and exceptions specified in the Constitution, or not immoral, or not contrary to the essential ends of political society.
Side 215 - This government is acknowledged by all to be one of enumerated powers. The principle, that it can exercise only the powers granted to it, would seem too apparent to have required to be enforced by all those arguments which its enlightened friends, while it was depending before the people, found is necessary to urge. That principle is now universally admitted.