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gage in stimulating, alcohol-free recreational and leisure activities.
(3) The institution should enforce a "zero tolerance” policy on the illegal consumption of alcohol by students at the institution.
(4) The institution should vigorously enforce the institution's code of disciplinary sanctions for those who violate campus alcohol policies. Students with alcohol or other drug-related problems should be referred for assistance, including oncampus counseling programs if appropriate.
(5) The institution should adopt a policy to discourage alcoholic beverage-related sponsorship of on-campus activities. It should adopt policies limiting the advertisement and promotion of alcoholic beverages on campus.
(6) The institution should work with the local community, including local businesses, in a "Town/Gown" alliance to encourage responsible policies toward alcohol consumption and to
address illegal alcohol use by students. SEC. 120. (20 U.S.C. 10111) DRUG AND ALCOHOL ABUSE PREVENTION.
(a) RESTRICTION ON ELIGIBILITY.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no institution of higher education shall be eligible to receive funds or any other form of financial assistance under any Federal program, including participation in any federally funded or guaranteed student loan program, unless the institution certifies to the Secretary that the institution has adopted and has implemented a program to prevent the use of illicit drugs and the abuse of alcohol by students and employees that, at a minimum, includes
(1) the annual distribution to each student and employee of
(A) standards of conduct that clearly prohibit, at a minimum, the unlawful possession, use, or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol by students and employees on the institution's property or as part of any of the institution's activities;
(B) a description of the applicable legal sanctions under local, State, or Federal law for the unlawful possession or distribution of illicit drugs and alcohol;
(C) a description of the health-risks associated with the use of illicit drugs and the abuse of alcohol;
(D) a description of any drug or alcohol counseling, treatment, or rehabilitation or re-entry programs that are available to employees or students; and
(E) a clear statement that the institution will impose sanctions on students and employees (consistent with local, State, and Federal law), and a description of those sanctions, up to and including expulsion or termination of employment and referral for prosecution, for violations of the standards of conduct required by subparagraph (A); and
(2) a biennial review by the institution of the institution's program to
(A) determine the program's effectiveness and implement changes to the program if the changes are needed; and
(B) ensure that the sanctions required by paragraph (1)(E) are consistently enforced. (b) INFORMATION AVAILABILITY.-Each institution of higher education that provides the certification required by subsection (a) shall, upon request, make available to the Secretary and to the public a copy of each item required by subsection (a)(1) as well as the results of the biennial review required by subsection (a)(2). (c) REGULATIONS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.- The Secretary shall publish regulations to implement and enforce the provisions of this section, including regulations that provide for
(A) the periodic review of a representative sample of programs required by subsection (a); and
(B) a range of responses and sanctions for institutions of higher education that fail to implement their programs or to consistently enforce their sanctions, including information and technical assistance, the development of a compliance agreement, and the termination of any form of Federal financial assistance.
(2) REHABILITATION PROGRAM.—The sanctions required by subsection (a)(1)(E) may include the completion of an appropriate rehabilitation program.
(d) APPEALS.–Upon determination by the Secretary to terminate financial assistance to any institution of higher education under this section, the institution may file an appeal with an administrative law judge before the expiration of the 30-day period beginning on the date such institution is notified of the decision to terminate financial assistance under this section. Such judge shall hold a hearing with respect to such termination of assistance before the expiration of the 45-day period beginning on the date that such appeal is filed. Such judge may extend such 45-day period upon a motion by the institution concerned. The decision of the judge with respect to such termination shall be considered to be a final agency action. (e) ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION GRANTS.
(1) PROGRAM AUTHORITY.—The Secretary may make grants to institutions of higher education or consortia of such institutions, and enter into contracts with such institutions, consortia, and other organizations, to develop, implement, operate, improve, and disseminate programs of prevention, and education (including treatment-referral) to reduce and eliminate the illegal use of drugs and alcohol and the violence associated with such use. Such grants or contracts may also be used for the support of a higher education center for alcohol and drug abuse prevention that will provide training, technical assistance, evaluation, dissemination, and associated services and assistance to the higher education community as determined by the Secretary and institutions of higher education.
(2) AWARDS. Grants and contracts shall be awarded under paragraph (1) on a competitive basis.
(3) APPLICATIONS.—An institution of higher education, a consortium of such institutions, or another organization that desires to receive a grant or contract under paragraph (1) shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing or accompanied by such information as the Secretary may reasonably require by regulation. (4) ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
(A) PARTICIPATION.—In awarding grants and contracts under this subsection the Secretary shall make every effort to ensure
(i) the equitable participation of private and public institutions of higher education (including community and junior colleges); and
(ii) the equitable geographic participation of such institutions.
(B) CONSIDERATION.—In awarding grants and contracts under this subsection the Secretary shall give appropriate consideration to institutions of higher education with limited enrollment.
(5) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $5,000,000 for fiscal year 1999 and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years. (f) NATIONAL RECOGNITION AWARDS.
(1) PURPOSE.—It is the purpose of this subsection to provide models of innovative and effective alcohol and drug abuse prevention programs in higher education and to focus national attention on exemplary alcohol and drug abuse prevention efforts. (2) AWARDS.
(A) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall make 5 National Recognition Awards for outstanding alcohol prevention programs and 5 National Recognition Awards for outstanding drug abuse prevention programs, on an annual basis, to institutions of higher education that
(i) have developed and implemented innovative and effective alcohol prevention programs or drug abuse prevention programs; and
(ii) with respect to an application for an alcohol prevention program award, demonstrate in the application submitted under paragraph (3) that the institution has undertaken efforts designed to change the culture of college drinking consistent with the review criteria described in paragraph (3)(C)(iii).
(B) CEREMONY.—The awards shall be made at a ceremony in Washington, D.C.
(C) DOCUMENT.—The Secretary shall publish a document describing the alcohol and drug abuse prevention programs of institutions of higher education that receive the awards under this subsection and disseminate the document nationally to all public and private secondary school guidance counselors for use by secondary school juniors and seniors preparing to enter an institution of higher education. The document shall be disseminated not later than January 1 of each academic year.
(D) AMOUNT AND USE.-Each institution of higher education selected to receive an award under this subsection shall receive an award in the amount of $50,000. Such award shall be used for the maintenance and improvement of the institution's outstanding prevention program for the academic year following the academic year for which the award is made. (3) APPLICATION.
(A) IN GENERAL.-Each institution of higher education desiring an award under this subsection shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and accompanied by such information as the Secretary may require. Each such application shall contain
(i) a clear description of the goals and objectives of the prevention program of the institution;
(ii) a description of program activities that focus on alcohol or drug policy issues, policy development, modification, or refinement, policy dissemination and implementation, and policy enforcement;
(iii) a description of activities that encourage student and employee participation and involvement in activity development and implementation;
(iv) the objective criteria used to determine the effectiveness of the methods used in such programs and the means used to evaluate and improve the programs' efforts;
(v) a description of special initiatives used to reduce high-risk behavior or increase low-risk behavior; and
(vi) a description of coordination and networking efforts that exist
in the community in which the institution is located for purposes of such programs.
(B) APPLICATION REVIEW.-The Secretary shall appoint a committee to review applications submitted under this paragraph. The committee may include representatives of Federal departments or agencies the programs of which include alcohol abuse prevention and education efforts and drug abuse prevention and education efforts, directors or heads (or their representatives) of professional associations that focus on alcohol and drug abuse prevention efforts, and non-Federal scientists who have backgrounds in social science evaluation and research methodology and in education. Decisions of the committee shall be made directly to the Secretary without review by any other entity in the Department.
(C) REVIEW CRITERIA.- The committee described in subparagraph (B) shall develop specific review criteria for reviewing and evaluating applications submitted under this paragraph. The review criteria shall include
(i) measures of the effectiveness of the program of the institution, that includes changes in the campus alcohol or other drug environment or the climate and
changes in alcohol or other drug use before and after the initiation of the program;
(ii) measures of program institutionalization, including—
(I) an assessment of needs of the institution;
(II) the institution's alcohol and drug policies, staff and faculty development activities, drug prevention criteria, student, faculty, and campus community involvement; and
(III) whether the program will be continued after the cessation of Federal funding; and
(iii) with respect to an application for an alcohol prevention program award, criteria for determining whether the institution has policies in effect that
(I) prohibit alcoholic beverage sponsorship of athletic events, and prohibit alcoholic beverage advertising inside athletic facilities;
(II) prohibit alcoholic beverage marketing on campus, which may include efforts to ban alcohol advertising in institutional publications or efforts to prohibit alcohol-related advertisements at campus events;
(III) establish or expand upon alcohol-free living arrangements for all college students;
(IV) establish partnerships with community members and organizations to further alcohol prevention efforts on campus and the areas surrounding campus; and
(V) establish innovative communications programs involving students and faculty in an effort
to educate students about alcohol-related risks. (4) ELIGIBILITY.-In order to be eligible to receive a National Recognition Award an institution of higher education shall
(A) offer an associate or baccalaureate degree;
(B) have established an alcohol abuse prevention and education program or a drug abuse prevention and education program;
(C) nominate itself or be nominated by others, such as professional associations or student organizations, to receive the award; and
(D) not have received an award under this subsection during the 5 academic years preceding the academic year for which the determination is made. (5) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—
(A) IN GENERAL.There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection $750,000 for fiscal year 1999.
(B) AVAILABILITY.-Funds appropriated under sub
paragraph (A) shall remain available until expended. SEC. 121. (20 U.S.C. 1011J) PRIOR RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS.
(a) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.—