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SEC. 607. (20 U.S.C. 1127) SELECTION OF CERTAIN GRANT RECIPIENTS.
(a) COMPETITIVE GRANTS.—The Secretary shall award grants under section 602 competitively on the basis of criteria that separately, but not less rigorously, evaluates the applications for comprehensive and undergraduate language and area centers and programs. (b) SELECTION CRITERIA.—
The Secretary shall set criteria for grants awarded under section 602 by which a determination of excellence shall be made to meet the differing objectives of graduate and undergraduate institutions.
(c) EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION OF GRANTS.—The Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, award grants under this part (other than section 602) in such manner as to achieve an equitable distribution of the grant funds throughout the United States, based on the merit of a proposal as determined pursuant to a peer review process involving broadly representative professionals. SEC. 608. (20 U.S.C. 1128) EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION OF CERTAIN
FUNDS. (a) SELECTION CRITERIA.—The Secretary shall make excellence the criterion for selection of grants awarded under section 602.
(b) EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION.—To the extent practicable and consistent with the criterion of excellence, the Secretary shall award grants under this part (other than section 602) in such a manner as will achieve an equitable distribution of funds throughout the United States.
(c) SUPPORT FOR UNDERGRADUATE EDUCATION. The Secretary shall also award grants under this part in such manner as to ensure that an appropriate portion of the funds appropriated for this part (as determined by the Secretary) are used to support undergraduate education. SEC. 609. (20 U.S.C. 1128a] AMERICAN OVERSEAS RESEARCH CENTERS.
(a) CENTERS AUTHORIZED.—The Secretary is authorized to make grants to and enter into contracts with any American overseas research center that is a consortium of institutions of higher education (hereafter in this section referred to as a "center") to enable such center to promote postgraduate research, exchanges and area studies.
(b) USE OF GRANTS. Grants made and contracts entered into pursuant to this section may be used to pay all or a portion of the cost of establishing or operating a center
(1) the cost of faculty and staff stipends and salaries;
(3) the cost of the operation and maintenance of overseas facilities;
(4) the cost of teaching and research materials;
(5) the cost of acquisition, maintenance, and preservation of library collections;
(6) the cost of bringing visiting scholars and faculty to a center to teach or to conduct research;
(7) the cost of organizing and managing conferences; and
(8) the cost of publication and dissemination of material for the scholarly and general public.
(c) LIMITATION.—The Secretary shall only award grants to and enter into contracts with centers under this section that,
(1) receive more than 50 percent of their funding from public or private United States sources;
(2) have a permanent presence in the country in which the center is located; and
(3) are organizations described in section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 which are exempt from taxation under section 501(a) of such Code.
(d) DEVELOPMENT GRANTS.—The Secretary is authorized to make grants for the establishment of new centers. The grants may be used to fund activities that, within 1 year, will result in the creation of a center described in subsection (c). SEC. 610. (20 U.S.C. 1128b) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
There are authorized to be appropriated to carry out this part $80,000,000 for fiscal year 1999, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the 4 succeeding fiscal years. PART B-BUSINESS AND INTERNATIONAL
SEC. 611. (20 U.S.C. 1130) FINDINGS AND PURPOSES. (a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that,
(1) the future economic welfare of the United States will depend substantially on increasing international skills in the business and educational community and creating an awareness among the American public of the internationalization of our economy;
(2) concerted efforts are necessary to engage business schools, language and area study programs, professional international affairs education programs, public and private sector organizations, and United States business in a mutually productive relationship which benefits the Nation's future economic interests;
(3) few linkages presently exist between the manpower and information needs of United States business and the international education, language training and research capacities of institutions of higher education in the United States, and public and private organizations; and
(4) organizations such as world trade councils, world trade clubs, chambers of commerce and State departments of commerce are not adequately used to link universities and business for joint venture exploration and program development. (b) PURPOSES. It is the purpose of this part
(1) to enhance the broad objective of this Act by increasing and promoting the Nation's capacity for international understanding and economic enterprise through the provision of suitable international education and training for business personnel in various stages of professional development; and
(2) to promote institutional and noninstitutional educational and training activities that will contribute to the ability of United States business to prosper in an international economy.
SEC. 612. (20 U.S.C. 1130-1) CENTERS FOR INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS
(1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary is authorized to make grants to institutions of higher education, or combinations of such institutions, to pay the Federal share of the cost of planning, establishing and operating centers for international business education which
(A) will be national resources for the teaching of improved business techniques, strategies, and methodologies which emphasize the international context in which business is transacted;
(B) will provide instruction in critical foreign languages and international fields needed to provide understanding of the cultures and customs of United States trading partners; and
(C) will provide research and training in the international aspects of trade, commerce, and other fields of study.
(2) SPECIAL RULE. In addition to providing training to students enrolled in the institution of higher education in which a center is located, such centers shall serve as regional resources to businesses proximately located by offering programs and providing research designed to meet the international training needs of such businesses. Such centers shall also serve other faculty, students, and institutions of higher education located within their region.
(b) AUTHORIZED EXPENDITURES.- Each grant made under this section may be used to pay the Federal share of the cost of planning, establishing or operating a center, including the cost of,
(1) faculty and staff travel in foreign areas, regions, or countries;
(2) teaching and research materials;
(4) bringing visiting scholars and faculty to the center to teach or to conduct research; and
(5) training and improvement of the staff, for the purpose of, and subject to such conditions as the Secretary finds necessary for, carrying out the objectives of this section. (c) AUTHORIZED ACTIVITIES. —
(1) MANDATORY ACTIVITIES.- Programs and activities to be conducted by centers assisted under this section shall include
(A) interdisciplinary programs which incorporate foreign language and international studies training into business, finance, management, communications systems, and other professional curricula;
(B) interdisciplinary programs which provide business, finance, management, communications systems, and other professional training for foreign language and international studies faculty and degree candidates;
(C) programs, such as intensive language programs, available to members of the business community and other
professionals which are designed to develop or enhance their international skills, awareness, and expertise;
(D) collaborative programs, activities, or research involving other institutions of higher education, local educational agencies, professional associations, businesses, firms, or combinations thereof, to promote the development of international skills, awareness, and expertise among current and prospective members of the business community and other professionals;
(E) research designed to strengthen and improve the international aspects of business and professional education and to promote integrated curricula; and
(F) research designed to promote the international competitiveness of American businesses and firms, including those not currently active in international trade.
(2) PERMISSIBLE ACTIVITIES.—Programs and activities to be conducted by centers assisted under this section may include
(A) the establishment of overseas internship programs for students and faculty designed to provide training and experience in international business activities, except that no Federal funds provided under this section may be used to pay wages or stipends to any participant who is engaged in compensated employment as part of an internship program;
(B) the establishment of linkages overseas with institutions of higher education and other organizations that contribute to the educational objectives of this section;
(C) summer institutes in international business, foreign area studies, foreign language studies, and other international studies designed to carry out the purposes of subparagraph (A) of this paragraph;
(D) the development of opportunities for business students to study abroad in locations which are important to the existing and future economic well-being of the United States;
(E) Outreach activities or consortia with business programs located at other institutions of higher education for the purpose of providing expertise regarding the internationalization of such programs, such as assistance in research, curriculum development, faculty development, or educational exchange programs; and
(F) other eligible activities prescribed by the Secretary. (d) ADVISORY COUNCIL.
(1) ESTABLISHMENT.-In order to be eligible for assistance under this section, an institution of higher education, or combination of such institutions, shall establish a center advisory council which will conduct extensive planning prior to the establishment of a center concerning the scope of the center's activities and the design of its programs.
(2) MEMBERSHIP ON ADVISORY COUNCIL.—The center advisory council shall include
(A) one representative of an administrative department or office of the institution of higher education;
(B) one faculty representative of the business or management school or department of such institution;
(C) one faculty representative of the international studies or foreign language school or department of such institution;
(D) one faculty representative of another professional school or department of such institution, as appropriate;
(E) one or more representatives of local or regional businesses or firms;
(F) one representative appointed by the Governor of the State in which the institution of higher education is located whose normal responsibilities include official oversight or involvement in State-sponsored trade-related activities or programs; and
(G) such other individuals as the institution of higher education deems appropriate, such as a representative of a community college in the region served by the center.
(3) MEETINGS.--In addition to the initial planning activities required under subsection (d)(1), the center advisory council shall meet not less than once each year after the establishment of the center to assess and advise on the programs and activities conducted by the center. (e) GRANT DURATION; FEDERAL SHARE. —
(1) DURATION OF GRANTS.—The Secretary shall make grants under this section for a minimum of 3 years unless the Secretary determines that the provision of grants of shorter duration is necessary to carry out the objectives of this section.
(2) FEDERAL SHARE.- The Federal share of the cost of planning, establishing and operating centers under this section shall be
(A) not more than 90 percent for the first year in which Federal funds are received;
(B) not more than 70 percent for the second such year; and
(C) not more than 50 percent for the third such year and for each such year thereafter.
(3) NON-FEDERAL SHARE.—The non-Federal share of the cost of planning, establishing, and operating centers under this section may be provided either in cash or in-kind.
(4) WAIVER OF NON-FEDERAL SHARE.-In the case of an institution of higher education receiving a grant under this part and conducting outreach or consortia activities with another institution of higher education in accordance with section 612(c)2(E), the Secretary may waive a portion of the requirements for the non-Federal share required in paragraph (2) equal to the amount provided by the institution of higher education receiving such grant to such other institution of higher education for carrying out such outreach or consortia activities. Any such waiver shall be subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretary deems necessary for carrying out the purposes of this section. (f) GRANT CONDITIONS.
Grants under this section shall be made on such conditions as the Secretary determines to be nec